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(i)

The PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable[a] (PSP) is a handheld game console developed by Sony
Sony
Computer Entertainment.[6] Development of the handheld was announced during E3 2003,[7] and it was unveiled on May 11, 2004, at a Sony
Sony
press conference before E3 2004.[8] The system was released in Japan
Japan
on December 12, 2004,[9] in North America
North America
on March 24, 2005,[10] and in the PAL region
PAL region
on September 1, 2005.[11] It primarily competed with the Nintendo
Nintendo
DS, as part of the seventh generation of video games consoles. The PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable became the most powerful portable system when launched, just after the Nintendo DS
Nintendo DS
in 2004. It was the first real competitor to Nintendo's handheld domination, where many challengers, such as SNK's Neo Geo Pocket
Neo Geo Pocket
and Nokia's N-Gage, failed.[12] Its GPU encompassed high-end graphics on a handheld, while its 4.3 inch viewing screen[13] and multi-media capabilities,[14] such as its video player and TV tuner, made the PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable a major mobile entertainment device at the time.[15] It also features connectivity with the PlayStation
PlayStation
3, other PSPs and the Internet.[16][17] It is the only handheld console to use an optical disc format, Universal Media Disc (UMD), as its primary storage medium.[18][19] The original PSP model (PSP-1000) was replaced by a slimmer model with design changes (PSP-2000/"Slim & Lite") in 2007. Another remodeling followed in 2008, PSP-3000, which included a new screen and an inbuilt microphone. A complete redesign, PSP Go, came in 2009, followed by a budget model, PSP-E1000, in 2011. The PSP line was succeeded by the PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita, released in December 2011 in Japan, and in February 2012 worldwide. The PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita features backward compatibility with many PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable games digitally released on the PlayStation
PlayStation
Network, via PlayStation
PlayStation
Store. As of 2017, this is the primary method to purchase PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable games digitally because Sony
Sony
shut down direct access to the PlayStation
PlayStation
Store via PSP on March 31, 2016.[20] Shipments of PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable hardware ended throughout 2014 worldwide,[21] having sold 80 million units in its 10-year lifetime.[1] Worldwide production of software UMDs ended when the last Japanese factory closed by the end of 2016.[22][23]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Launch

2 Technical specifications 3 Models 4 Variations

4.1 Region codes 4.2 Retail configurations

5 Redesigns

5.1 PSP-2000 5.2 PSP-3000 5.3 PSP Go
PSP Go
(N1000) 5.4 PSP Street (E1000) 5.5 Battery 5.6 External appearance, inputs and outputs 5.7 TV output and accessory port 5.8 Releases and Limited Edition models 5.9 Hardware issues

6 Sales 7 Hardware 8 Software

8.1 System software 8.2 Web browser 8.3 Remote Play 8.4 VoIP
VoIP
access 8.5 Room for PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable 8.6 Digital Comics Reader

9 Games 10 Homebrew development and custom firmware 11 Emulation 12 Reception 13 Controversial advertising campaigns 14 See also 15 Notes 16 References 17 External links

History[edit] Sony
Sony
first announced development of the PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable at a press conference before E3 2003.[24] Although mock-ups of the system were not present at the press conference or E3,[24] Sony
Sony
did release extensive technical details regarding the new system.[25] Then-CEO of Sony Computer Entertainment
Sony Computer Entertainment
Jose Villeta called the device the " Walkman
Walkman
of the 21st Century" in a reference to the console's multimedia capabilities.[26] Several gaming websites were impressed by the handheld's computing capabilities and looked forward to the system's potential as a gaming platform.[7][24][27] Nintendo
Nintendo
had been dominating the handheld market since launching its Game Boy
Game Boy
in 1989, with the only close competitor being Sega's Game Gear (1990-1997), as well as Bandai's WonderSwan
WonderSwan
(1999-2003) in Japan.[28] Later offerings from both SNK
SNK
and Nokia
Nokia
also failed to cut into Nintendo's share.[citation needed] The PSP was called the "first legitimate competitor to Nintendo’s dominance in the handheld market" by an IDC analyst in 2004.[29] The first concept images of the PSP appeared in November 2003 at the Sony
Sony
Corporate Strategy Meeting and showed a PSP with flat buttons and no analog stick.[30] Although some expressed concern over the lack of an analog joystick,[31] these fears were allayed when the PSP was officially unveiled at the Sony
Sony
press conference during E3 2004.[32] In addition to announcing more details about the system and its accessories,[33] Sony
Sony
also released a list of 99 developer companies that had pledged support for the new handheld.[34] Several PSP game demos, such as Konami's Metal Gear Acid
Metal Gear Acid
and SCE Studio Liverpool's Wipeout Pure
Wipeout Pure
were also shown at the conference.[35] Launch[edit] On October 17, 2004, Sony
Sony
announced that the PSP would launch in Japan on December 12, 2004, at a price of ¥19,800 (about US$181 in 2004) for the base model and ¥24,800 (about US$226 in 2004) for the Value System.[36] The console's launch was a success with over 200,000 units sold the first day.[37] Different color variations were also sold in bundle packs, which cost more than usual, around $200. Sony
Sony
announced on February 3, 2005, that the PSP would go on sale in North America
North America
on March 24, 2005, in one configuration for a MSRP of US$249/CA$299.[38] Some expressed concern over the high price,[39] which was almost US$20 higher than the system's price in Japan
Japan
and more than $100 higher than the recently launched Nintendo
Nintendo
DS.[40] Despite the concerns, the PSP's North American launch was a success,[41][42] although reports two weeks later indicated that the system was not selling as well as expected despite Sony's claim that 500,000 units had been sold in the first two days.[43][44] The PSP was originally to have a simultaneous PAL region
PAL region
and North American launch,[33] but on March 15, 2005, Sony
Sony
announced that the PAL region
PAL region
launch would be delayed because of high demand for the console in Japan
Japan
and North America.[45] A month later, on April 25, 2005, Sony
Sony
announced that the PSP would launch in the PAL region
PAL region
on September 1, 2005, for €249/£179.[46] Sony
Sony
defended the high price, which was nearly US$100 higher than in North America, by pointing out that North American consumers had to pay local sales taxes and that the VAT (sales tax) was higher in the UK than the US.[47] Despite the high price, the console's PAL region
PAL region
launch was a resounding success, selling more than 185,000 units in the UK alone, selling out of all stock nationwide in the UK within three hours of launch, more than doubling the previous first-day sales record of 87,000 units set by the Nintendo
Nintendo
DS. The system also enjoyed great success in other areas of the PAL region
PAL region
with more than 25,000 units preordered in Australia[48] and nearly one million units sold across Europe
Europe
in the first week.[49] Technical specifications[edit] The following Technical Specifications apply to all PSPs unless noted for a specific PSP series:[50][51][52][53][54][55][56][57]

The main CPU, PSP Media Engine and the NAND flash for the System Software (TA-079)

The Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi
Module with the Serial and Headphone Jack (TA-079)

General:

Dimensions:

Width: 170 mm Height: 74 mm Depth: 23 mm

Widescreen
Widescreen
TFT LCD:

4.3 inches 3.8 inches 480 × 272 pixels (16:9 Aspect Ratio) 24-bit Color (16.77 Million colors) Four Brightness Levels (200, 180, 130, 80 cd/m2)

Data communication:

Wireless LAN
Wireless LAN
802.11b IrDA
IrDA
Bluetooth
Bluetooth
Mini- USB
USB
2.0

AV-out

Composite Video YPBPR Component Video S-Video

Flash Storage:

Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duo Expansion Slot Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Micro (M2) Expansion Slot Internal Flash Storage[citation needed]

Internal NAND flash used by System Software is partitioned into 4 sectors:

flash0, contains system firmware – 24MB (PSP-1000) flash1, contains system settings – 8MB (PSP-1000) flash2, empty* – 944 kB (PSP-1000) flash3, empty* – 880 kB (PSP-1000)

PSP-N1000: 16 GB total, 14.74 GB usable. Part of the internal storage is shared with System Software. PSP-1000: 32 MB total, all of it used by the System Software. PSP-2000/3000: 64 MB total, 32MB used for system, another 32mb used for UMD cache, available memory not changed for compatibility with 100x models.

Internal flash uses the FAT32 file system. Memory Stick
Memory Stick
media is compatible with both FAT and FAT32, although devices measuring 4 GB or more must use the FAT32 file system.

Audio:

Built in Stereo Speakers Built in Mono Speaker[58] (PSP-E1000) Built in Microphone Powered by Media Engine Chip's embedded Virtual Mobile Engine (VME) Multichannel Audio 3D Sound Synthesizer, Effector and Equalizer ATRAC3
ATRAC3
plus, AAC, WMA and MP3
MP3
support. WMA support requires activation by accepting an end user licence agreement

UMD (Universal Media Disc):

60 mm Disc Diameter 660 nm Laser Diode Dual-Layer Storage Capacity of up to 1.8 GB Transfer Rate of up to 11 Mbit/s (1.375 MB/s) Read-Only Shock-Resistant Secure ROM by AES RSA Crypto System Unique Disc IDs Distribute System Software Updates

Power:

5 V DC @ 2000 mA from AC Adapter 5 V DC from USB
USB
Charging Mode 3.7 V Li-Ion
Li-Ion
Battery

Removable 1200 mAh Removable 1800 mAh 2200 mAh (Endurance Battery)

"Allegrex" CPU:

Sony
Sony
CXD2962GG CPU MIPS32R2-based 32-bit core 90 nm
90 nm
Semiconductor
Semiconductor
CMOS
CMOS
Process 1–333 MHz (set at 222 MHz by default) @ 1.2 V 16 kB Instruction Cache / 16 kB Data Cache, no hardware MMU SiP:

32 MB eD RAM
RAM
@ 2.6 Gbit/s Embedded Vector FPU @ 3.2 GFLOPS Embedded Graphics Core 1:[59]

1–166 MHz (set at 111 MHz by default) @ 1.2 V 256-bit Bus at 2.6 Gbit/s 3D Curved Surface and 3D Polygon Compressed Textures Hardware Clipping, Morphing, Bone(8) Hardware Tessellator Unit, 4 passes per cycle Bézier surface, Bézier curve
Bézier curve
and B-Spline
B-Spline
(NURBS) 4×4, 16×16, 64×64 Subdivision

Graphics Core 2:[60](Rendering Engine and Surface Engine)

Pixel Fill Rate: 600 Megapixels/s Up to 33 Million Polygon/s (with Transform, Lighting and Texturing) 24-bit Full Color: RGBA 256-bit bus, 1-166 MHz @1.2V at 2.6 Gbit/s 2 MB eD RAM
RAM
(VRAM), 512-bit bus, 5.3  Gbit/s total bandwidth 3D-CG Extended Instruction Set

Media Engine:

Sony
Sony
CXD1876 CPU MIPS32R2-based 32-bit core with identical functionality to main CPU save for lack of an FPU 90 nm
90 nm
Semiconductor
Semiconductor
CMOS
CMOS
Process 1–333 MHz (set at 222 MHz by default) @ 1.2 V 16 kB Instruction Cache / 16 kB Data Cache, no hardware MMU SiP:

2 MB eD RAM
RAM
@ 2.6 Gbit/s Embedded Virtual Mobile Engine (VME) Sound Core

Reconfigurable DSP Engine 1–166 MHz (set at 166 MHz by default) @ 1.2 V 128-bit Bus 24-bit Data Path 5 giga operations/s

Embedded MPEG-4 (H.264/AVC) hardware decoder Embedded FPU

128-bit Bus @ 2.6 Gbit/s

Memory:

Samsung K5E5658HCM-D060 Main Memory: 32 MB 333 MHz DDR SDRAM
DDR SDRAM
(64 MB ) 8 MB reserved for Kernel

Integrated or Support Chips:

IDStorage Keys: stores screen brightness, volume, region, date, time and BIOS
BIOS
data also known as the Ipl Tachyon: version information for CPU, Media Engine and Graphic Cores Baryon: version information for the PSP's system control chip Pommel: the PSP's GPIO and Watchdog Kirk: the PSP's main encryption processor Spock: secondary encryption processor, used to decrypt signed UMD data

Models[edit]

Model Image Connectivity/storage Wireless Connectivity RAM
RAM
and Internal Storage CPU Display Original Release Date Original System Software Battery In Production

PSP-1000

USB
USB
2.0, UMD, Serial Port, Headphone Jack, Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duo 802.11b
802.11b
Wi-Fi, IRDA 32 MB, 32 MB System Software MIPS R4000
R4000
at 1~333 MHz 4.3 in (110 mm) 16:9 TFT at 480 × 272, 16.77 million colors December 12, 2004 (Japan) 1.00 3.6 V DC 1800 mAh, Upgradeable to 2200 mAh Discontinued

PSP-2000

USB
USB
2.0, UMD, Video Out, Headphone Jack, Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duo 802.11b
802.11b
Wi-Fi 64 MB, 64 MB System Software September 2007 3.60 3.6 V DC 1200 mAh, Upgradeable to 2200 mAh Discontinued

PSP-3000

USB
USB
2.0, UMD, Video Out, Microphone, Headphone Jack, Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duo October 2008 4.20 Discontinued (2012)

PSP Go
PSP Go
(PSP-N1000)

All in One Port, Headphone Jack, Mic, Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Micro (M2) 802.11b
802.11b
Wi-Fi, Bluetooth
Bluetooth
2.0 + EDR 64 MB, 16 GB User and System Software Shared 3.8 in (97 mm) 16:9 TFT at 480 × 272, 16.77 million colors, sliding screen October 2009 5.70 3.6 V DC Non Removable Battery Discontinued (2011/2013)

PSP Street (PSP-E1000)

USB
USB
2.0, UMD, Headphone Jack, Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duo No 64 MB, 64 MB System Software [61] 4.3 in (110 mm) 16:9 TFT at 480 × 272, 16.77 million colors October 2011 6.50 Discontinued (2014)

Variations[edit] Region codes[edit]

PSP region codes

Codes Country

PSP-x000 Japan

PSP-x001 North America

PSP-x002 Australia
Australia
/ New Zealand

PSP-x003 United Kingdom

PSP-x004 Europe
Europe
/ India

PSP-x005 Korea

PSP-x006 Hong Kong
Hong Kong
/ Singapore
Singapore
/ Malaysia

PSP-x007 Taiwan

PSP-x008 CIS

PSP-x009 Mainland China

PSP-x010 Central / South America

The PSP is widely known by the series code (PSP-1000, PSP-2000, etc.). There are sub-codes within this numbering system however which designate the region coding. PSP game discs are region-free, however, most movie discs have region encoding, and so will only work on the appropriate master unit.[62] The PSP is sold in four main configurations that differ in which accessories are included. The basic unit package or Base Pack (called the Core Pack in North America[63]) contains the console, a battery, and an AC adapter.[64] This version was available at launch in Japan[36] and was later released in North America
North America
and Europe.[65] The Core Pack currently retails for CA$/US$169.99,[63] ¥19,800,[66] HK$1,280 or $1,360 (depending on the color),[67] S$280,[68] A$279.95,[69] NZ$299.95,[70] €169.99, and £129.99.[71] The Value Pack includes everything in the Base Pack as well as a 32 MB Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Pro Duo, headphones with remote control, a carrying pouch, and a wrist strap.[64] Some regions have modified versions of this pack that include different accessories.[72] The Value Pack retails for US$199.99,[73] ¥23,800,[74] HK$1660,[75] A$399.99, INR6990 [76] and NZ$449.95.[72] Many limited edition versions of the PSP that include various accessories, games, or movies have also been released.[77][78]

Retail configurations[edit]

PSP Core Pack launch prices

Country Release price Release date

Australia A$349.95 September 1, 2005[79]

India ₹19,990[current] 7,790 September 1, 2005[80]

United Kingdom £179.99 September 1, 2005[81]

Canada CA$229.99 March 22, 2006[82]

Europe €199.99 March 22, 2006[81]

United States US$199.99 March 22, 2006[82]

Chile CLP$169,990 April 4, 2008[83]

Redesigns[edit] PSP-2000[edit]

PSP-2000

The PSP-2000 (marketed in PAL areas as "PSP Slim & Lite" and still marketed as PSP in North America, Japan, China, India, Italy, and Portugal)[84] is the first redesign of the PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable. At E3 2007, Sony
Sony
released information about a slimmer and lighter version of the PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable.[85] The model numbers were changed to PSP-2000, following the previous region-based numbering scheme (cf. the PSP-1000 numbering scheme of the "old" PSP model). It was released on August 30, 2007, in Hong Kong, on September 5, 2007, in Europe, on September 6, 2007, in North America, September 7, 2007, in South Korea
South Korea
and September 12, 2007, in Australia. On January 8, 2008, built-in Skype
Skype
Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi
Internet
Internet
phone service was added via firmware updates.[86]

Memory Stick
Memory Stick
PRO Duo Slot on a Final Fantasy VII: Crisis Core edition PSP Slim

The PSP 2000 system is 19% thinner and 33% lighter than the original PSP system (reduced from 23 mm to 18.6 mm and from 280 grams [9.87 ounces] to 189 grams [6.66 ounces]).[85][87] Internal changes to achieve this include the removal of a metal chassis (used to reduce damage in the event of sudden trauma to the system resulting from the user dropping the system on a hard surface). Other changes include improved WLAN modules and Micro-controller, and a thinner[88] and much brighter LCD. To cater for the original PSP generation's poor load times of UMD games,[89] the internal memory ( RAM
RAM
and Flash ROM) was doubled from 32 MB to 64 MB with a part of it now acting as a cache, which also improved the web browser's performance.[90] PSP-3000[edit] In comparison to the PSP-2000, the PSP-3000 (marketed in PAL areas as PSP Slim & Lite, or "PSP Brite" (with enhanced screen + built in microphone) and still marketed as PSP in North America
North America
and Japan) has an improved LCD
LCD
screen featuring an increased color range, five times the contrast ratio, half the pixel response time to reduce ghosting and blurring effects, new sub-pixel structure, and anti-reflective technology to improve outdoor playability. The disc tray, logos, and buttons have all been redesigned and the system now has a microphone. In addition, all games may now be output by component or composite using the video out cable.[91] In its first four days on sale, the PSP-3000 sold 141,270 units in Japan, according to Famitsu.[92] In October 2008, the PSP-3000 sold 267,000 units in Japan, according to Enterbrain.[93] PSP Go
PSP Go
(N1000)[edit]

Logo for PSP Go

The PSP Go
PSP Go
(stylized PSPgo or PSP go, model PSP-N1000)[94][95][96][97][98][99] was released on October 1, 2009 in North American and European territories,[100] and on November 1 in Japan. It was revealed prior to E3 2009
E3 2009
through Sony's Qore VOD service.[98] Although its design is significantly different from other PSPs, it was not intended to replace the PSP 3000, which Sony continued to manufacture, sell, and support.[96] On April 20, 2011, the manufacturer announced that the PSP Go
PSP Go
would be discontinued so that it could concentrate on the PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita.[101][102][103] Sony later said that only the European and Japanese versions were being cut, and that the console would still be available in the North American market until the time of its discontinuation of PSP and its production.[104] Unlike previous PSP models, the PSP Go
PSP Go
lacks a UMD drive, but instead has 16 GB of internal flash memory to store games, video, pictures, and other media.[99] This can be extended by up to 32 GB with the use of a Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Micro (M2). Also unlike previous PSP models, the PSP Go's rechargeable battery is not removable or replaceable by the user without removing several screws and breaking tape that voids the warranty.[105] The unit is 43% lighter and 56% smaller than the original PSP-1000,[96] and 16% lighter and 35% smaller than the PSP-3000.[106] It has a 3.8" 480 × 272 LCD
LCD
screen[107] (compared to the larger 4.3" 480 × 272 pixel LCD
LCD
on previous PSP models).[108] The screen slides up to reveal the main controls. The overall shape and sliding mechanism are similar to that of Sony's mylo COM-2 internet device.[109]

Front view of a closed black PSP Go

The PSP Go
PSP Go
features 802.11b
802.11b
Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi
like its predecessors, but no longer uses a standard USB
USB
A-to-Mini-B cable common with many devices. A new proprietary multi-use connector is used for USB
USB
connectivity. A suitable USB
USB
cable is included with the unit. The new multi-use connector allows for charging and USB
USB
similar to previous units, as well as video and sound output with the same connector (using an optional composite or component AV cable), unlike previous offerings which had TV OUT and USB
USB
functionality on separate ports. Sony
Sony
also offers an optional cradle for charging and USB
USB
data transfer on the PSP Go, similar to previous offerings. The PSP Go
PSP Go
adds support for Bluetooth
Bluetooth
connectivity, enabling the use of compatible Bluetooth headsets and tethering with Bluetooth-enabled mobile phones. This also enables users to connect and play games using a Sixaxis
Sixaxis
or DualShock
DualShock
3 PlayStation
PlayStation
3 controller or Bluetooth
Bluetooth
Headset. Because the PSP Go
PSP Go
does not feature a UMD drive, games are downloaded from the PlayStation
PlayStation
Store. While other PSP models have included the ability to run games and demos downloaded from the PlayStation
PlayStation
Store, the PSP Go
PSP Go
is the first for which this is the only means of distribution. The PSP Go
PSP Go
has the demo version of Patapon 2
Patapon 2
loaded onto the system and it also comes with an ESRB ratings guide, both preloaded into the internal memory in the games section. The removal of the UMD drive effectively region locks the unit due to the way in which a PSP must be linked to a single PlayStation
PlayStation
Network account. Since each account is locked to a single region, this prevents the user from ever playing games from more than one region at a time (since games from accounts other than the currently linked account cannot be started). There are three ways to access the PlayStation Store. The PSP Go
PSP Go
can directly download to itself, or users can also download then transfer the games from a PlayStation
PlayStation
3 or the Media Go software on Windows
Windows
based computers. All current downloadable PSP and PlayStation
PlayStation
games available for older PSP models are compatible with the PSP Go. Sony
Sony
has also confirmed that almost all UMD based PSP games released after October 1, 2009 will be available for download,[110][111] and a majority of older UMD-only games will also be downloadable at that time.[112] In February 2010, it was suggested that Sony
Sony
may re-launch the PSP Go in the future, due to the lack of consumer interest and poor sales.[113][114] In May 2010, it was revealed that Sony
Sony
was then going to sell the PSP Go
PSP Go
with ten free downloadable games in the UK. Sony began offering the free games in June 2010. The same offer was made available in Australia
Australia
in July 2010. It was later revealed that Sony would also be offering three free games for the PSP Go
PSP Go
in America.[115][116][117][118][119] In October 2010, Sony
Sony
announced a price drop for the PSP Go, bringing the price to $199.99.[120][121][122] PSP Street (E1000)[edit]

PSP-E1000

Announced at Gamescom 2011, the PSP-E1000 is a budget-focused model of the PSP which became available across the PAL region
PAL region
on October 26, 2011 for an RRP of €99.99.[123] Unlike previous PSP models, the E1000 does not feature Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi
capabilities and has a matte "charcoal black" finish similar to the slim PlayStation
PlayStation
3.[123] Also, it only features a mono speaker instead of the previous models' stereo speakers and does not feature a microphone.[124] An 'Ice White' version was later released across PAL territories on July 20, 2012.[125] Battery[edit]

Two different battery size standards

To make the PSP slimmer, the capacity of the battery was reduced by 1/3. However, due to more efficient power usage, the run time of the PSP is still the same as the previous model. Older model batteries will work which extends the amount of playing time. However, the battery cover on the newer model does not fit over the older battery due to its bulkier size. The batteries take about one and a half hour to charge and last roughly 4.5–7 hours depending on factors such as screen brightness settings, WLAN and volume levels.[126] In mid-December 2008, Sony
Sony
released the PSP Extended Life Battery Kit, which includes a 2200 mAh battery with a battery cover that fits over the bulkier battery included,[127] initially only available in North America.[citation needed] The kit comes with two new battery covers, one black and one silver. In March 2008 the Extended Battery Kit was released in Japan. However, unlike the North American kit, the batteries are sold individually with one specific cover for some of the many different colour variations that were made available in Japan. There are ten separate kits for the colours Piano Black, Ice White, Ceramic White, Pearl White, Ice Silver, Mystic Silver, Radiant Red, Spirited Green, Vibrant Blue, Bright Yellow and Piano Black with Monster Hunter Portable Original design.[128] External appearance, inputs and outputs[edit] The PSP Slim & Lite has a new gloss finish. The serial port was also modified in order to accommodate a new video-out feature (while rendering older PSP remote controls incompatible). In PSP-2000, PSP games will only output to external monitors or TVs in progressive scan mode, so televisions incapable of supporting progressive scan will not display PSP games. Non-game video outputs fine in either progressive or interlaced mode. USB
USB
charging was made possible (the PSP Slim will only charge while it is in " USB
USB
mode". It cannot be charged via USB when playing a game). However, there are unofficial USB
USB
charge plug-in downloads for charging the PSP with a USB
USB
without the need for being in USB
USB
mode. The D-Pad was raised in response to complaints of poor performance,[129][130] while buttons offer improved responsiveness, confirmed in the GameSpot
GameSpot
"hands-on" review: "several GameSpot
GameSpot
editors have noticed that the d-pad and buttons on the new PSP provide a little more tactile feedback for a better overall feel."[131] A new simpler and more compact UMD loading tray design was developed, in which the tray swivels out instead of opening up completely, while the Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi
switch was moved to the top of the PSP. To address many consumer complaints about the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
door breaking off the old PSP, the Memory Stick
Memory Stick
door has been relocated and redesigned. The speakers were repositioned on the front of the PSP near the top of its screen. The infra-red port was also removed because it offered no use to the original PSP generation other than in homebrew applications. Its analog stick was also redesigned to be more flexible and is not removable without opening the PSP. The air vent at the top of the original was also removed. A "1seg" TV tuner (model PSP-S310) peripheral, designed specifically for the PSP Slim & Lite model, was released in Japan
Japan
on September 20, 2007.[132] TV output and accessory port[edit]

Component cable, which allows PSP-2000 and -3000 models to output analog stereo audio and analog component (YPBPR) video

Sony
Sony
added TV output to the PSP Slim through Firmware
Firmware
update 3.60. It can output in a conventional aspect ratio (4:3) or widescreen (16:9), and offers a screensaver if the PSP is inactive for a set amount of time. It is able to output games, videos, and other media. To achieve TV output on the Slim model, Composite, S-Video, Component (YPBPR) and D-Terminal
D-Terminal
(YPBPR) cables are sold separately by Sony. PSP format games are output as a progressive scan signal, which can be carried only by the Component and D-Terminal
D-Terminal
cables, and displayed on televisions which support progressive scan. They are also rendered at the 480 × 272 resolution of the PSP screen, rather than the 720 × 480 resolution used for output, and are not upscaled, meaning that they are displayed with black windowboxing when viewed to an external display. This can be overcome on some TVs by using built-in zoom functionality. However, the PSP system software, music player and video playback are displayed in full-screen. As of firmware update 5.00, PlayStation
PlayStation
(PSone) format software purchased from the PlayStation
PlayStation
store is output in full-screen mode and optionally in interlaced format for non-progressive displays. The maximum resolution through TV output is 720 × 480 pixels and composite video uses NTSC color encoding (no PAL composite signal is available; European TVs must be NTSC compatible to be used with a PSP via composite). The old PSP-1000 model is not capable of this feature due to a slightly different port. As a result, original PSP accessories (using the connector) will not work with the Slim and the Slim's accessories will not work with the original PSP. Sony
Sony
released a new version of the remote control accessory designed for the Slim as a result. The PSP Slim can still use 3.5 mm headphones, like the old PSP-1000. The Serial Port is not available on the PSP-E1000, thus it can't have TV-output and remote controls connected. Sony
Sony
confirmed a GPS Accessory for the United States at Sony
Sony
CES 2008. The GPS is to be retailed for the new Slim PSP models. It features maps on a UMD, and offer driving directions and city guide.[citation needed]

In the years following the discontinuation of PSP, the Chinese electronics company Lenkeng released a PSP to HDMI converter called the LKV-8000.[133][134] The device is compatible with the PSP-2000, PSP-3000 and PSP GO, but the AV cable packaged with it requires an adapter to plug into the PSP GO's port.[135] Instead of component RCA plugs, the PSP's YPbPr
YPbPr
AV signal is carried through a D-sub 9 cable that screws into the converter box, which then converts the signal from analog to digital and upscales it to 720p through HDMI.[136] Lenkeng also released a variant of the LKV-8000 with a button allowing the user to toggle between 720p and 1080p.[137] To overcome the problems of PSP games being displayed in a small window surrounded by a black boarder, the LKV-8000 featured a Zoom button on the connector itself. This allowed players to fill screen natively, without any need to use the television's zoom function. A few other Chinese companies have also released clones of this upscaler under different names, like the Pyle PSPHD42.[138] The LKV-8000 and its variants have become popular among players and reviewers as the only means of playing and recording PSP gameplay in full screen.[139][140] Releases and Limited Edition models[edit] Limited Edition models began being released in Japan
Japan
on September 12, 2007; North America
North America
on September 5, 2007; Australia
Australia
on September 12, 2007; UK on October 26, 2007, and Europe
Europe
on September 5, 2007. The PSP-2000 was made available in Piano Black, Ceramic White, Ice Silver, Mint Green, Felicia Blue, Lavender Purple, Deep Red, Matte Bronze, Metallic Blue and Rose Pink as standard colors (not all colors were available in all countries), and had several special edition colored and finished consoles for games including Final Fantasy VII: Crisis Core (ice silver engraved), Star Ocean: First Departure (felicia blue engraved), Gundam
Gundam
(red gloss/matte black), and Monster Hunter Freedom (gold silkscreened) PSPs in Japan, Star Wars
Star Wars
(Darth Vader silkscreened) and God of War: Chains of Olympus (Kratos silkscreened) PSPs in North America, a The Simpsons
The Simpsons
(bright yellow with white buttons, analog and UMD drawer) PSP in Australia
Australia
and New Zealand, and Spider-Man
Spider-Man
(red gloss/matte black) and Final Fantasy VII: Crisis Core (ice silver engraved) PSPs in Europe. Me My Katamari The PSP 3000, released on October 14, 2008, in North America, in Europe
Europe
on October 17, 2008,[141][142] on October 16, 2008, in Japan and in Australia
Australia
on October 23, 2008,[143] was made available in Piano Black, Pearl White, Mystic Silver, Radiant Red, Vibrant Blue, Spirited Green, Blossom Pink, Turquoise Green and Lilac Purple. The Limited Edition "Big Boss Pack" of Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker saw the release of a camouflage PSP while the God of War: Ghost of Sparta PSP special bundle pack included a black and red two-toned PSP.[144] March 3, 2011 saw the release of Dissidia 012 Duodecim Cosmos & Chaos PSP-3000 Limited Edition which has an Amano artwork as the PSP's face plate.[145] Hardware issues[edit] On release, an issue with interlacing was noticed on the PSP-3000 screen when objects were in motion. Gaming Bits (among others) did an in-depth review of the differences between the two versions, noting the interlacing issues, and about a week later Sony
Sony
announced that they would not be releasing a software update to address the issue:[146]

On some occasions, scan lines may appear on scenes where brightness changes drastically, due to the hardware features of the new LCD device on PSP-3000. Installed with this new LCD
LCD
device, PSP-3000 offers more natural and vibrant colors on its screen, but the scan lines have come out to be more visible as a result of improving response time to alleviate the afterimages on PSP-3000. Since this is due to hardware specification, there are no plans for a system software update concerning this issue.

Sales[edit]

Region Units sold First available

Japan 19 million (as of April 28, 2013)[147] December 12, 2004

United States 17 million (as of March 14, 2010)[148] March 24, 2005

Europe 12 million (as of May 6, 2008)[149] September 1, 2005

United Kingdom 3.2 million (as of January 3, 2009)[150] September 1, 2005

Worldwide 76.3 million (as of March 31, 2012[update])[151][152] —

By March 31, 2007, the PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable had shipped 25.39 million units worldwide with 6.92 million in Asia, 9.58 million in North America, and 8.89 million Europe.[153] In Europe, the PSP sold 4 million units in 2006 and 3.1 million in 2007 according to estimates by Electronic Arts.[154][155] In 2007, the PSP sold 3.82 million units in the US according to the NPD Group[156][157] and 3,022,659 in Japan
Japan
according to Enterbrain.[158][159][160] In 2008, the PSP sold 3,543,171 units in Japan, according to Enterbrain.[160][161] In the United States, the PSP has sold 10.47 million units as of January 1, 2008, according to the NPD Group.[148][162][163] In Japan, during the week of March 24–30, 2008, the PSP nearly outsold all the other game consoles combined with 129,986 units sold, some of which were bundled with Monster Hunter Portable 2nd G,[164] which was the best-selling game in that week, according to Media Create.[165] As of December 28, 2008, the PSP has sold 11,078,484 units in Japan, according to Enterbrain.[93][161] In Europe, the PSP has sold 12 million units as of May 6, 2008, according to Sony
Sony
Computer Entertainment Europe.[149] In the United Kingdom, the PSP has sold 3.2 million units as of January 3, 2009, according to GfK Chart-Track.[150] From 2006 through the third quarter of 2010, PSPs have sold a total of 53 million units.[166] In a 2009 interview, Peter Dillon, the senior vice president of marketing at Sony, said that piracy of videogames was leading to lower sales than hoped.[167] Hardware[edit] Main article: PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable hardware

A black PSP-1000. The shoulder buttons are on top, the directional pad on the left with the analog "nub" directly below it, the PlayStation face buttons on the right and a row of secondary buttons below the screen.

The PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable uses the common "slab" or "candybar" form factor, measures approximately 17 × 7.3 × 2.2 cm (6.7 × 2.9 × 0.9 in), and weighs 280 g (9.88 oz). The front of the console is dominated by the system's 11 cm (4.3 in) LCD screen, which is capable of 480 × 272 pixel video playback with 16.77 million colors. Also on the front are the four PlayStation face buttons (, , , ), the directional pad, the analog 'nub', and several other buttons. In addition, the system includes two shoulder buttons and a USB
USB
2.0 mini-B port on the top of the console and a WLAN switch and power cable input on the bottom. The back of the PSP features a read-only UMD drive for movies and games, and a reader compatible with Sony's Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Duo flash cards is located on the left of the system. Other features include an IrDA
IrDA
compatible infrared port and a two pin docking connector (discontinued in PSP-2000 and later series), built in stereo speakers and headphone port, and IEEE 802.11b
802.11b
Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi
for access to the Internet, ad-hoc multiplayer gaming, and data transfer.[6] The PSP uses one 333 MHz MIPS32 R4000-based CPU, a GPU with 2 MB onboard VRAM
VRAM
running at 166 MHz, and includes 32 MB main RAM
RAM
and 4 MB embedded D RAM
RAM
in total.[6] The hardware was originally forced to run more slowly than it was capable of and most games ran at 222 MHz.[168] However, with firmware update 3.50 on May 31, 2007, Sony
Sony
removed this limit and allowed new games to run at a full 333 MHz.[169] The PSP includes an 1800 mAh battery (1200 mAh on the 2000 and 3000 models) that will provide about 4–6 hours of gameplay, 4–5 hours of video playback, or 8–11 hours of audio playback.[32][170] Official accessories for the console include an AC adapter, car adapter, headset, headphones with remote control, extended-life 2200 mAh battery, battery charger, carrying case, accessories pouch and cleaning cloth, and system pouch and wrist strap.[171] The PSP is equipped with a two-pin docking connector immediately below the AC adaptor jack for easy drop-in charging using a docking station that was to be sold separately for the PSP-1000 series. However no such charging dock was ever released by Sony. The two-pin docking station charging contacts were removed from the PSP-2000 and later versions. Software[edit] System software[edit] Main article: PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable system software See also: XrossMediaBar
XrossMediaBar
§  PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable Sony
Sony
has included the ability for the operating system, referred to as the System Software, to be updated.[172] The updates can be downloaded directly from the Internet
Internet
using the [System Update] feature under [Settings] in the XMB. Alternatively, they can be downloaded to a computer from the official PlayStation
PlayStation
website, placed on a Memory Stick Duo ( Memory Stick
Memory Stick
Micro for PSP Go
PSP Go
models) in following directory: PSP → GAME → UPDATE → EBOOT.PBP, and subsequently installed on the system. Updates can also be installed from UMD game discs that require the update to run the game.[172] The Japanese version of the PS3
PS3
allows the System Software to be updated by downloading the System Software onto the Hard Drive then to the PSP. Sony
Sony
has prevented users from downgrading the PSP to an earlier version of the System Software that is currently installed. While System Software updates can be used with consoles from any region,[173] Sony
Sony
recommends only downloading updates released for the region corresponding to the system's place of purchase.[172] System Software updates have added various features including a web browser;[174] Adobe Flash support;[175] additional codecs for images, audio and video;[174][176] PlayStation
PlayStation
3 connectivity[177] and patches against several security exploits, vulnerabilities and execution of homebrew programs.[178][179] The most recent version is 6.61, released on January 15, 2015. Web browser[edit] See also: PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable system software § Web browser

Web browser on a PSP-1000

The PSP Internet
Internet
Browser is a version of the NetFront
NetFront
browser made by Access Co. Ltd. and came with the system via an update.[174] The browser supports most common web technologies, such as HTTP cookies, forms, CSS, as well as basic JavaScript
JavaScript
capabilities.[180] The browser also has limited tabbed browsing, with a maximum of three tabs. When a website tries to open a link in a new window, the browser opens it in a new tab.[181] The PSP browser is slower compared to modern browsers and often runs out of memory due to limitations put in place by Sony. Remote Play[edit] Main article: Remote Play Remote Play
Remote Play
allows the PSP to access many features of a PlayStation
PlayStation
3 console from a remote location using the PS3's WLAN capabilities, a home network, or the Internet.[182] Features that can be used with Remote Play
Remote Play
include viewing photos and slideshows, listening to music, watching videos stored on the PS3's HDD or on connected USB
USB
devices, and several other features.[183] Additionally, Remote Play
Remote Play
allows the PS3
PS3
to be turned on and off remotely and allows the PSP to control audio playback from the PS3
PS3
to a home theater system without having to use a television.[184][185] Although most of the PS3's capabilities are accessible with Remote Play, playback of DVDs, Blu-ray
Blu-ray
Discs, PlayStation
PlayStation
2 games, most PlayStation
PlayStation
3 games, and copy-protected files stored on the PS3's hard drive are not supported.[183]

VoIP
VoIP
access[edit] Starting with system software version 3.90, PSP-2000, PSP-3000 and PSP-N1000 can use the Skype
Skype
VoIP
VoIP
service. The PSP-2000 requires a headset for this feature while the microphone is built into the PSP-3000 and PSP-N1000. Due to hardware constraints, it is not possible to use the VoIP
VoIP
service on PSP-1000.[86] The service allows Skype
Skype
calls to be made over Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi
and on the PSP Go
PSP Go
over the Bluetooth Modem feature. Users must purchase Skype
Skype
credit in order to make calls to non Skype
Skype
devices such as a landline or mobile phone. Room for PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable[edit]

A screenshot of Room

Main article: Room for PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable Announced at TGS 2009, a similar service to PlayStation
PlayStation
Home, the PlayStation
PlayStation
3's online community-based service, was being developed for the PSP.[186] Named "Room" (officially spelled as R∞M with capital letters and the infinity symbol in place of the "oo"), it was being beta tested in Japan
Japan
from October 2009 to April 2010. It was able to be launched directly from the PlayStation
PlayStation
Network section of the XMB. Just like in Home, PSP owners would have been able to invite other PSP owners into their rooms to "enjoy real time communication."[187][188] Development of Room halted on April 15, 2010, due to the feedback of the community.[189] Digital Comics Reader[edit] Sony
Sony
has partnered with publishers such as Rebellion Developments, Disney, IDW Publishing, Insomnia, iVerse, Marvel and Titan to release digitized comics on the PlayStation
PlayStation
Store.[190][191] This new application requires PSP firmware 6.20 for it adds a new XMB category called "Extra". The Digital Comics Reader application can be downloaded on the PlayStation
PlayStation
Comics official website.[192] The PlayStation
PlayStation
Store's "Comic" section launched in the United States and English speaking PAL regions (United Kingdom, Ireland, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand) on December 16, 2009, though the first issues of Aleister Arcane, Astro Boy: Movie Adaptation, Star Trek: Enterprise Experiment and Transformers: All Hail Megatron were made available as early as November 20 through limited time PlayStation Network redeem codes.[193] The service premiered in Japan
Japan
on December 10, 2009, with licensed publishers Ascii Mediaworks, Enterbrain, Kadokawa, Kodansha, Shueisha, Shogakukan, Square-Enix, Softbank Creative (HQ Comics), Hakusensha, Bandai
Bandai
Visual, Fujimishobo, Futabasha and Bunkasha.[194] In early 2010 the application expanded to German, French, Spanish and Italian languages with Digital Comics available in the respective European countries.[195] The choice of regional Comic Reader software is dictated by the PSP's firmware region, and cannot be chosen. The Japanese Comic Reader will not display comics purchased from the European store, and vice versa. So although a Japanese PSP can log into the European PlayStation
PlayStation
Store and purchase and display videos and games bought there, any comics purchased cannot be displayed. As of October 31, 2012 the Digital Comics App is no longer available for download. As of December 31, 2012 the Digital Comics Server has been taken offline and earlier bought comics can no longer be re-downloaded. Games[edit] Main article: List of PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable games See also: PlayStation
PlayStation
Store, List of PlayStation
PlayStation
Network games, List of movies and television shows released on UMD, and List of PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable game demos In addition to playing PSP games, several older PlayStation
PlayStation
games have been rereleased and can be downloaded and played on the PSP via emulation. Currently, the only official ways to access this feature are through the PlayStation
PlayStation
Network service for PlayStation
PlayStation
3, PSP, PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita (or PlayStation
PlayStation
TV), or a PC.[196] Demos for commercial PSP games can be downloaded and booted directly from a Memory Stick.[197] Demos are also sometimes issued in UMD format and mailed out or given to customers at various retail outlets as promotional content.[198] A section of the PlayStation
PlayStation
Store is available to all PS3
PS3
and PSP owners. A variety of developers contribute to the creation of "Minis". These games are smaller, cheaper and are available as download only. These games are available in the "minis" section of the PlayStation Store. During E3 2006, Sony Computer Entertainment
Sony Computer Entertainment
America announced that the Greatest Hits range of budget titles were to be extended to the PSP system.[199] On July 25, 2006, Sony
Sony
CEA released the first batch of Greatest Hits titles.[200] The PSP Greatest Hits lineup consist of games that have sold 250,000 copies or more and have been out for nine months.[201] PSP games in this lineup retail for $19.99 each.[200] Sony Computer Entertainment
Sony Computer Entertainment
Europe
Europe
announced on September 5, 2006, that a number of titles would be available under the Platinum range for €24.99 each in Europe
Europe
and £19.99 in the UK.[202] Sony
Sony
has said downloadable games will still be limited to 1.8 GB, most likely to guarantee a potential UMD release.[citation needed] Homebrew development and custom firmware[edit] Main articles: PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable homebrew and Custom firmware On June 15, 2005, hackers disassembled the code of the PSP and distributed it online.[203] Initially the modified PSP allowed users to run custom code and a limited amount of protected software. Sony responded to this by repeatedly upgrading the software.Homebrew were custom made PSP applications consisting of different types of features including calculator, remote, file manager, android simulator etc.[204] Over time people were able to unlock the firmware and allow users to run more custom content and more protected software. One of the ways hackers were able to run protected software on the PSP was through the creation of ISO loaders which could load copies of UMD games from the memory stick.[205] Custom firmware is also commonly seen in the PSP systems; the most famous ones include the M33 Custom Firmware, Minimum Edition (ME/LME) CFW and the PRO CFWl. Emulation[edit] Emulation of the PSP has made much progress. PPSSPP, which is currently the fastest and most compatible PSP emulator, is available on many platforms - including mobile platforms such as iOS, Android, Windows, and Mac. Recently,TKJ 2 Vulkan support has been added to this existing emulator that makes possible to run PSP games at their native FPS. All major games are now playable with emulator. [206] Reception[edit] The PSP received generally positive reviews soon after launch and most reviewers cited similar strengths and weaknesses. CNET
CNET
awarded the system an 8.5 out of 10 and praised the console's powerful hardware and its multimedia capabilities while lamenting the lack of a screen guard or a guard over the reading surface of UMD cartridges.[207] Engadget
Engadget
applauded the console's design, stating that "it is definitely one well-designed, slick little handheld".[208] PC World commended Sony's decision to include built-in Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi
capability, but criticized the lack of a web browser at launch and the glare and smudges that resulted from the console's shiny exterior.[209] Most reviewers also praised the console's large and bright viewing screen and its audio and video playback capabilities. In 2008, Time listed the PSP as a "gotta have travel gadget", citing the console's movie selection, telecommunications capability, and upcoming GPS functionality.[210] Reviews of the PSP Go
PSP Go
have been mixed. It was mainly criticized for its initial pricing, with Ars Technica
Ars Technica
calling it "way too expensive" and The Guardian
The Guardian
stating that cost is the "biggest issue" facing the machine.[211][212] Engadget
Engadget
points out that the Go costs only $50 less than the PlayStation
PlayStation
3, which comes equipped with a Blu-ray player.[213] Wired points out that the older PSP 3000 model is cheaper, while supporting UMDs and IGN
IGN
states that the price increase makes it a "hard sell".[214][215] The lack of support for UMDs and the inability to transfer games bought on UMD onto the Go and the placement of the analog stick next to the d-pad has also been criticized.[211][215][216] Reviewers also commented on how the change from a mini- USB
USB
port to a proprietary port means that hardware and cables bought for previous incarnations of the PSP are not compatible.[213][217] The Go's screen has been positively received with Ars Technica
Ars Technica
calling the image "brilliant, sharp and clear", T3 state that "pictures and videos look great".[211][218] The controls have received mixed reviews with The Times
The Times
describing them as "instantly familiar" whereas CNET
CNET
and Stuff call the position of the analog stick "awkward".[217][219][220] The ability to use a PS3 controller was praised by The New Zealand
New Zealand
Heraldbut Ars Technica criticized the need to connect the controller and Go to a PS3
PS3
for initial setup.[211][221] Controversial advertising campaigns[edit]

Sony
Sony
admitted in late 2005 to hiring graffiti artists to spray paint advertisements for the PSP in seven major U.S. cities including New York City, Atlanta, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. The mayor of Philadelphia filed a cease and desist order. According to Sony, it was paying businesses and building owners for the right to spraypaint their walls.[222] In 2006, Sony
Sony
ran a poster campaign in England. One of the poster designs with the slogan "Take a running jump here" was removed from a Manchester Piccadilly station
Manchester Piccadilly station
tram platform due to concerns that it might encourage suicide.[223] In July 2006, news spread of a billboard advertisement released in the Netherlands which depicted a white woman holding a black woman by the jaw, saying " PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable White is coming." Some found this to be racially charged due to the portrayal of a white woman subjugating a black woman. Two other similar advertisements also existed, one had the two women facing each other on equal footing in fighting stances, while the other had the black woman in a dominant position on top of the white woman. The stated purpose of the advertisements was to contrast the white and black versions of its game console available for sale. These ads were never released in the rest of the world, and were pulled from the Netherlands after the controversy was raised.[224] Despite having been released only in the Netherlands, the advertisement gathered international press coverage. Engadget
Engadget
notes that Sony
Sony
may have hoped to "capitalize on a PR firestorm".[225] Sony
Sony
came under scrutiny online in December 2006 for a guerrilla marketing campaign hoping to go viral, for the console, with advertisers masquerading as young bloggers who desperately wanted a PSP. The site was registered to and created by the St. Louis, Missouri, advertising firm Zipatoni on behalf of Sony
Sony
before it was taken down.[226]

See also[edit]

Sony
Sony
PlayStation
PlayStation
portal

Comparison of handheld game consoles Media Go
Media Go
– A Windows
Windows
application that supports the PSP PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable system software Sony
Sony
Ericsson Xperia Play

Notes[edit]

^ In Japanese: Pureisutēshon Pōtaburu (プレイステーション・ポータブル)

References[edit]

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Sony
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PlayStation
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Miscellaneous

Multitap Link Cable PS2 accessories PS2 Headset PS3
PS3
accessories PlayTV Wonderbook PlayStation
PlayStation
VR

Kits

Net Yaroze PS2 Linux GScube OtherOS Zego

Media

Magazines

Official U.S. PlayStation
PlayStation
Magazine PlayStation: The Official Magazine PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – UK PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – Australia PlayStation
PlayStation
Underground

Advertisements

Double Life Mountain PlayStation
PlayStation
marketing

Characters

Toro Polygon Man Kevin Butler Marcus Rivers

Arcade boards

Namco System 11 System 12 System 10 System 246 System 357

Related

Super NES CD-ROM Sony
Sony
Ericsson Xperia Play

Category Portal

v t e

Sony

Founders

Masaru Ibuka Akio Morita

Key personnel

Kaz Hirai
Kaz Hirai
(Chairman) Kenichiro Yoshida (President and CEO)

Primary businesses

Sony
Sony
Corporation Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Mobile Sony
Sony
Entertainment

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Sony/ATV Music Publishing

Sony
Sony
Financial Holdings

Sony
Sony
Life Sony
Sony
Bank

Technologies and brands

α (Alpha) Betacam Bionz Blu-ray BRAVIA CD Cell Cyber-shot Dash Dream Machine DVD Exmor FeliCa Handycam HDCAM/HDCAM-SR LocationFree Memory Stick MiniDisc MiniDV mylo PlayStation Reader S/PDIF SDDS SXRD Sony
Sony
Tablet Tunnel diode TransferJet UMD Vaio Video8/Hi8/Digital8 Walkman Walkman
Walkman
Phones XDCAM Xperia HMZ-T1

Historical products

AIBO CV-2000 DAT Betamax Sony
Sony
CLIÉ Discman Jumbotron Lissa Mavica NEWS Qualia Rolly TR-55 Trinitron 1 inch Type C (BVH series) U-matic Watchman WEGA

Electronics

Sony
Sony
Electronics (US subsidiary) Sony
Sony
Energy Devices Sony
Sony
Creative Software FeliCa
FeliCa
Networks (57%)

v t e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment

Key personnel

Andrew House Shawn Layden Shuhei Yoshida

v t e

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment Worldwide Studios

Franchises

Ape Escape Arc the Lad ATV Offroad Fury Boku no Natsuyasumi Buzz! Colony Wars Cool Boarders DanceStar Party Dark Cloud Destruction Derby Devil Dice Echochrome EverQuest Everybody's Golf Everybody's Tennis EyePet EyeToy FantaVision Fat Princess G-Police Genji God of War Gran Turismo Gravity Rush Hustle Kings Infamous Invizimals Jak and Daxter Jet Moto Jumping Flash! Killzone Knack Legend of Legaia Lemmings LittleBigPlanet LocoRoco MediEvil MLB: The Show ModNation Racers MotorStorm Motor Toon Grand Prix Ore no Shikabane wo Koete Yuke/Oreshika PaRappa the Rapper Patapon PlanetSide Pursuit Force Rally Cross Ratchet & Clank Resistance Savage Moon Shadow of the Beast SingStar Siren Sly Cooper Socom Soul Sacrifice Sports Champions Start the Party! Super Stardust Syphon Filter The Eye of Judgment The Getaway The Last of Us This Is Football Twisted Metal Uncharted Vib-Ribbon Warhawk What Did I Do to Deserve This, My Lord?/No Heroes Allowed White Knight Chronicles Wild Arms Wipeout Wonderbook World Tour Soccer

Divisions

Bend Studio Foster City Studio Japan
Japan
Studio London Studio San Diego Studio Santa Monica Studio

Subsidiaries

Guerrilla Games J.S.E.E.D. PlayStation
PlayStation
C.A.M.P. Team Gravity Team Ico Media Molecule Naughty Dog PixelOpus Polyphony Digital Sucker Punch Productions XDev

Former subsidiaries

989 Studios Bigbig Studios Contrail Evolution Studios Guerrilla Cambridge Incognito Entertainment Psygnosis Team Soho Zipper Interactive

v t e

PlayStation

Sony
Sony
Interactive Entertainment SIE Worldwide Studios

Consoles

Home consoles

PlayStation

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
2

Models Main hardware

PlayStation
PlayStation
3

Models Main hardware System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
4

Main hardware System software

Handhelds

PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable

System software

PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita

System software

Miscellaneous

PocketStation PSX PlayStation
PlayStation
TV

Games

PS1 games

A–L M–Z Best-selling PS one Classics

NA PAL JP

PS2 games

Best-selling Online games HD games PS2 Classics for PS3 PS2 games for PS4

PS3
PS3
games

Best-selling Physical Digital only Physical and digital 3D games PS Move games PS Now games

PS4 games

Best-selling PSVR

PSP games

Physical and digital System software compatibilities PS Minis

Other

PS Vita games

A–L M–Z

PS Mobile games TurboGrafx-16 Classics NEOGEO Station Classics HD Instant Game Collection

NA PAL Asia Japan China

Reprints

Greatest Hits Essentials The Best BigHit Series

Network

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network 2011 outage Central Station FirstPlay PlayStation
PlayStation
App PlayStation
PlayStation
Blog PlayStation
PlayStation
Home PlayStation
PlayStation
Mobile PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue PS2 online Room for PSP VidZone

Accessories

Controllers

PlayStation
PlayStation
Controller PlayStation
PlayStation
Mouse Analog Joystick Dual Analog DualShock Sixaxis PlayStation
PlayStation
Move

Cameras

EyeToy Go!Cam PlayStation
PlayStation
Eye PlayStation
PlayStation
Camera

Miscellaneous

Multitap Link Cable PS2 accessories PS2 Headset PS3
PS3
accessories PlayTV Wonderbook PlayStation
PlayStation
VR

Kits

Net Yaroze PS2 Linux GScube OtherOS Zego

Media

Magazines

Official U.S. PlayStation
PlayStation
Magazine PlayStation: The Official Magazine PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – UK PlayStation
PlayStation
Official Magazine – Australia PlayStation
PlayStation
Underground

Advertisements

Double Life Mountain PlayStation
PlayStation
marketing

Characters

Toro Polygon Man Kevin Butler Marcus Rivers

Arcade boards

Namco System 11 System 12 System 10 System 246 System 357

Related

Super NES CD-ROM Sony
Sony
Ericsson Xperia Play

Category Portal

Other

Gaikai SN Systems Cellius
Cellius
(49%) Dimps

Category Portal

v t e

Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment

Key personnel

Rob Stringer Kevin Kelleher

Flagship

Columbia Records RCA Records Epic Records

Sony
Sony
Music Nashville

Columbia Nashville Arista Nashville RCA Records
RCA Records
Nashville Provident Label Group

Sony
Sony
Masterworks

Sony
Sony
Classical Records Portrait Records RCA Red Seal Records Okeh Records

Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Japan

Epic Records
Epic Records
Japan Ki/oon Music Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment Japan Ariola Japan BMG Japan mora Sacra Music Aniplex

Aniplex
Aniplex
of America A-1 Pictures

Music On! TV

Distribution

The Orchard

IODA RED Distribution Red Essential

Other Labels

RCA Inspiration Phonogenic Records Ultra Music Century Media Records Legacy Recordings Black Butter Records Kemosabe Records Robbins Entertainment Syco Music
Syco Music
(50%) Sony
Sony
Music Australia Sony
Sony
Music UK Sony
Sony
Music India Sony
Sony
Music Latin Vevo Volcano Entertainment

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment

Key personnel

Tony Vinciquerra Thomas Rothman

Sony
Sony
Pictures Motion Picture Group

Columbia Pictures TriStar Pictures TriStar Productions Screen Gems Sony
Sony
Pictures Classics Sony
Sony
Pictures Releasing Sony
Sony
Pictures Imageworks Sony
Sony
Pictures Animation Sony
Sony
Pictures Worldwide Acquisitions

Destination Films Stage 6 Films Affirm Films

Sony
Sony
Pictures Home Entertainment

Sony
Sony
Wonder

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television

U.S. production

Adelaide Productions Sony
Sony
Crackle

The Minisode Network

Culver Entertainment Embassy Row TriStar Television

U.S. distribution

Funimation
Funimation
(95%)

International production

2waytraffic Left Bank Pictures Playmaker Media Stellify Media Teleset

TV channels & VOD

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television
Television
TV channels and VOD platforms

O = online VOD platform

Americas

US networks

Sony
Sony
Movie Channel GSN (58% joint venture with AT&T Entertainment Group) getTV Cine Sony Sony
Sony
CrackleO Defunct 3net
3net
(joint venture with Discovery and IMAX) Fearnet
Fearnet
(joint venture with Comcast
Comcast
and Lions Gate Entertainment)

Canada

Sony
Sony
Movie Channel and AXN
AXN
Movies (rebranded)

Latin America

Canal Sony AXN Defunct Animax Locomotion Sony
Sony
Spin

Asia

Indian sub-continent

v t e

Sony
Sony
Pictures Networks India
India
Pvt. Ltd.

Hindi entertainment

SET

International

Sony
Sony
Sab Sony
Sony
Max Sony
Sony
Max 2 Sony
Sony
Pal Sony
Sony
Wah

English entertainment

AXN Sony
Sony
Le Plex Sony
Sony
Pix

Bengali entertainment

Sony
Sony
Aath

Sports

Sony
Sony
Six Sony
Sony
ESPN (50%; Joint venture with ESPN Inc.) Sony
Sony
Ten

Sony
Sony
Ten 1 Sony
Sony
Ten 2 Sony
Sony
Ten 3 Sony
Sony
Ten Golf

Acquisition pending TEN Sports Pakistan TEN Cricket
TEN Cricket
International

Music

Sony
Sony
Mix Sony
Sony
Rox

Other channels

Sony
Sony
BBC Earth (50%; Joint venture with BBC Studios) Sony
Sony
Yay

Other businesses

Sony
Sony
LIV (Online VOD platform)

Japan

Animax

Animax PlusO

AXN

AXN
AXN
Mystery AXN
AXN
PlusO

Star Channel (25% joint venture with News Corporation, Tohokushinsha Film, and Itochu)

South Korea

Animax (50% joint venture with KT SkyLife)

Animax PlusO

AXN
AXN
(50% joint venture with IHQ)

Taiwan

AXN Animax

Animax HD

south-east Asia

Animax AXN Gem

south-east Asia
Asia
(50% joint venture with Nippon Television
Television
Network Corporation) Vietnam

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
One Defunct AXN
AXN
Beyond BeTV

Europe, Middle East, Africa (EMEA)

Germany

AnimaxO AXN Sony
Sony
Channel Defunct Animax (linear television)

Italy

Cine Sony Pop Defunct AXN AXN
AXN
Sci Fi

The Netherlands

Film1

Film1
Film1
Action Film1
Film1
Drama Film1
Film1
Family Film1
Film1
Premiere

Defunct Film1
Film1
Festival Film1
Film1
Sundance

Portugal

AXN

AXN
AXN
Black AXN
AXN
White

Defunct Animax

Russia

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo Sony
Sony
Sci-Fi

Spain

AXN

AXN
AXN
SyncO AXN
AXN
White

Defunct Animax

Turkey

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Çocuk Planet Mutfak Planet Türk

UK & Ireland

v t e

Television
Television
channels in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Ireland operated by Sony Pictures Television

Including CSC Media Group television channels

Entertainment channels

Movies4Men Sony
Sony
Crime Channel Sony
Sony
Crime Channel 2 Sony
Sony
Movie Channel truTV

CSC True Entertainment True Movies

Music channels

CSC Chart Show TV Chart Show Hits Scuzz Starz TV The Vault

Children's channels

CSC Pop Pop Max Tiny Pop

Former channels

More Than Movies Movies4Men
Movies4Men
2 Sony
Sony
Channel

CSC The Amp AnimeCentral Bliss BuzMuzik Chart Shop TV Flaunt Flava MinX NME TV Pop Girl Pop Plus Showcase TV True Crime True Drama True Movies
True Movies
2

Miscellaneous

Sony
Sony
Pictures Television animaxtv.co.uk (VOD)

Baltics

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
Turbo

Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)

AXN

Adria Hungary

AXN
AXN
NowO

AXN
AXN
Black AXN
AXN
Spin AXN
AXN
White

Sony
Sony
Max Sony
Sony
Movie Channel Viasat
Viasat
Hungary

Viasat
Viasat
3 Viasat
Viasat
6

Defunct Animax AXN
AXN
Crime

Middle East

AXN
AXN
Middle East

Arabic English

Defunct AXN
AXN
Israel

Africa

Sony
Sony
Channel Sony
Sony
MAX True Movies Defunct Animax

Other

Sony
Sony
Pictures Digital

Sony
Sony
Pictures Mobile

Sony
Sony
Pictures Entertainment Japan Sony
Sony
Pictures Family Entertainment Group Sony
Sony
Pictures Studios Madison Gate Records

Defunct

Columbia Pictures
Columbia Pictures
Television Columbia TriStar Television Merv Griffin Enterprises ELP Communications

Online distribution platforms

PlayStation
PlayStation
Network ( PlayStation
PlayStation
Music PlayStation
PlayStation
Now PlayStation
PlayStation
Store PlayStation
PlayStation
Video PlayStation
PlayStation
Plus PlayStation
PlayStation
Vue) The Minisode Network Sony
Sony
Crackle Sony
Sony
Liv

Other businesses

Sony
Sony
DADC Sony
Sony
Network Communications Sony
Sony
Professional Solutions M3 (39.4%) Sony/ATV Music Publishing EMI Music Publishing
EMI Music Publishing
(19%) Vaio
Vaio
(4.9%)

Other assets

Sony
Sony
Corporation of America (umbrella company in the US) Other subsidiaries List of acquisitions

Nonprofit organizations

Sony
Sony
Institute of Higher Education Shohoku College

Other

History of Sony Sony
Sony
Toshiba IBM Center of Competence for the Cell Processor

v t e

Video game consoles (seventh generation)

Types

Home video game console

list

Handheld game console

list

Microconsole

list

Dedicated console

list

Generations

First (1972–80) Second (1976–92) Third (1983–2003) Fourth (1987–2004) Fifth (1993–2005) Sixth (1998–2013) Seventh (2005–17) Eighth (2012–)

Seventh generation

Home

EVO Smart Console Game Wave Family Entertainment System HyperScan PlayStation
PlayStation
3 Wii Xbox 360 Zeebo

Handheld

GP2X

Wiz Caanoo

Dingoo Gizmondo Nintendo DS
Nintendo DS
family

Nintendo
Nintendo
DS DS Lite DSi

Pandora PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable

Micro

OnLive

Dedicated

Mi2 Vii

← Sixth generation Eighth generation →

Emulator Game History List Manufacturer

v t e

Handheld game consoles

Bandai

LCD
LCD
Solarpower Design Master Senshi WonderSwan

Game Park/Holdings

GP32 GP2X XGP GP2X
GP2X
Wiz CAANOO

Nintendo (comparison)

Game Boy
Game Boy
family

Game Boy Color

Game Boy
Game Boy
Advance family

Advance Advance SP Micro

Virtual Boy Pokémon Pikachu Nintendo DS
Nintendo DS
family

Nintendo
Nintendo
DS Lite DSi

Nintendo
Nintendo
3DS family

Nintendo
Nintendo
3DS 2DS New 3DS New 2DS XL

Switch

Nokia

N-Gage N-Gage QD

Sega

Game Gear Nomad

SNK

Neo Geo Pocket Neo Geo Pocket
Neo Geo Pocket
Color Neo Geo X

Sony

PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable Xperia Play PlayStation
PlayStation
Vita

Tiger

R-Zone Game.com

Other handhelds

1970s

Microvision

1980s

Select-A-Game Entex Adventure Vision Nelsonic Industries Electronika Epoch Game Pocket Computer Atari Lynx

1990s

TurboExpress Game Master Gamate Barcode Battler Watara Supervision Mega Duck

2000s

Tapwave Zodiac GameKing GPANG service Didj Leapster Gizmondo Coleco Sonic Dingoo V-Smile Pocket

2010s

JXD
JXD
devices Pandora DragonBox Pyra Shield Portable GCW Zero GPD XD GPD Win GPD Win
GPD Win
2

Early units List Comparison

Authority control

.

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