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The Place de la République
Place de la République
(formerly known as the Place du Château d'Eau)[1] is a square in Paris, located on the border between the 3rd, 10th and 11th arrondissements. The square has an area of 3.4 ha (8.4 acres).[2] It is named after the French Republic, was called the Place du Château-d'Eau until 1879, and contains a monument which includes a statue of the personification of France, Marianne. The Métro station of République lies beneath the square.

Contents

1 History and architecture 2 Metro stations 3 Streets meeting at the Place de la République 4 References 5 Sources 6 External links

History and architecture[edit] The square was originally called the Place du Château d'Eau, named after a huge fountain designed by Pierre-Simon Girard
Pierre-Simon Girard
and built on the site in 1811.[3] Émile de La Bédollière wrote that the water came from la Villette and that the fountain was "superb" in character. In 1867, Gabriel Davioud
Gabriel Davioud
built a more impressive fountain in the square, which (like the first fountain) was decorated with lions.[4] The square took its current shape as part of Baron Hausmann's vast renovation of Paris.[5] Haussmann also built new barracks on the cities, to garrison troops useful in times of civil unrest.[6] At the center of the Place de la République
Place de la République
is a 31 feet (9.4 m) bronze statue of Marianne, the personification of the French Republican, "holding aloft an olive branch in her right hand and resting her left on a tablet engraved with Droits de l'homme (the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen)."[7] The statue sits atop a monument which is 75 feet (23 m) high.[8] Marianne
Marianne
is surrounded with three statues personifying liberty, equality, and fraternity, the values of the French Republic.[9] These statues also evoke the three medieval theological virtues.[10] Also at the base is a lion guarding a depiction of a ballot box.[11] The monument has been described as "an ordinary one, acceptable to a committee in the 1880s and inoffensively unarresting today."[12] The monument was created by the brothers Charles and Léopold Morice. Leopold executed the sculptural segments, while Charles executed the architectural segments.[13] The monument was chosen as part of an art competition announced in early 1879 by the Paris
Paris
City Council, which sought to create a "Monument to the French Republic" in honor of the 90th anniversary of the French Revolution, to be erected on the Place de la République.[14] The Morice statue was chosen by the jury, but a "vociferous minority opinion among jury members claimed precedence for the second prize", the submission of Jules Dalou, who had just returned from exile in England.[15] Dalou's statue, which was completely different in style, impressed the jury so much that it was decided in early 1880 to erect his monument to the Republic on the adjacent Place de la Nation.[16] Two inauguration ceremonies for the Morice monument took place, the first on 14 July 1880 with a gypsum model, and the second on 14 July 1883 with the final version in bronze.[17] The monument replaced the second fountain.[18] Paris
Paris
mayor Bertrand Delanoë
Bertrand Delanoë
made a renovation of the Place de la République one of his campaign promises in the 2008 campaign for re-election.[7] The project involved the transformation of the square from a "glorified roundabout" into a pedestrian zone, with 70% of the square's 3.4 hectares and surroundings roads being reserved for pedestrians.[7] The Paris
Paris
City Council allocated twelve million euros for renovating the square in 2010, and the project began the same year.[19] The project was completed in 2013.[7][19] The total cost of the project was 20.4 GBP, about 5 million GBP over budget.[7] The renovation was a finalist for the European Prize for Urban Public Space.[19] The pedestrian area now occupies "some two hectares in the sunniest part on the north-eastern side" while the "other third, to be used by vehicular traffic, is the shadier part on the south-western side."[19] The statue of Marianne
Marianne
was cleaned of graffiti and footprints as part of the renovations.[7]

Voting at the square - 2016.05.14

After terrorist attacks against France in January 2015, crowds gathered in the square to mourn and express solidarity against the threat of Islamic extremism.[20] The French Interior Ministry estimated that as many as 1.6 million people participated, making it the largest demonstration in modern French history.[20] Crowds again rallied on the Place de la République
Place de la République
following the November 2015 Paris
Paris
attacks.[21] Metro stations[edit] The Place de la République
Place de la République
is:

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Located near the Métro station: République.

It is served by lines 3, 5, 8, 9, and 11.

Streets meeting at the Place de la République[edit]

Boulevard de Magenta Rue Beaurepaire Rue Léon-Jouhaux Rue du Faubourg du Temple Avenue de la République Boulevard Voltaire Boulevard du Temple Passage du Vendôme Rue du Temple Boulevard Saint-Martin Rue René Boulanger

References[edit]

^ Warner, p. 250 ^ "Quelle place de la république pour demain ?". mairie10.paris.fr. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2014.  ^ Hazan, p. 84. ^ Hazan, p. 84. ^ Borrus, p. 111. ^ Borrus, p. 111; Kirkland, p. 112. ^ a b c d e f Kim Willsher, Paris
Paris
mayor praises beauty of revamped Place de la République: Bertrand Delanoë
Bertrand Delanoë
says £20.4m renovation of French capital's historic square has allowed it to be reclaimed by the people, Guardian (June 16, 2013). ^ Michalski, p. 18. ^ Michalski, p. 17. ^ Michalski, pp. 17-18. ^ Michalski, pp. 18-19. ^ Warner, p. 250 ^ Michalski, p. 17. ^ Michalski, pp. 16-17. ^ Michalski, pp. 17-18. ^ Michalski, pp. 17-18. ^ Quand Paris
Paris
dansait avec Marianne, 1879-1889, exhibition catalog, Musée du Petit Palais, Paris, 1989. ^ Hazan, p. 84. ^ a b c d Réaménagement de la place de la République: Paris (France), 2013, Centre de Cultura Contemporània de Barcelona. ^ a b Liz Alderman & Dan Bilefsky, Huge Show of Solidarity in Paris
Paris
Against Terrorism, New York Times (January 11, 2015). ^ Caroline Chauvet & Rick Rojas, At Place de la République, a Defiant Gathering to Mourn, New York Times (November 14, 2015).

Sources[edit]

Kathy Borrus, Five Hundred Buildings of Paris
Paris
(Black Dog & Leventhal: 2003). Eric Hazan, The Invention of Paris: A History in Footsteps (Verso: 2010; trans. David Fernbach). Stephane Kirkland, Paris
Paris
Reborn: Napoléon III, Baron Haussmann, and the Quest to Build a Modern City (Macmillan: 2013). Sergiusz Michalski, Public Monuments: Art in Political Bondage 1870-1997 (Reaktion: 1998). Marina Warner, Monuments & Maidens: The Allegory of the Female Form (University of California: 1985).

External links[edit]

Media related to Place de la République
Place de la République
(Paris) at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Tourism in Paris

Landmarks

Arc de Triomphe Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe
du Carrousel Arènes de Lutèce Bourse Catacombs Conciergerie Eiffel Tower Flame of Liberty Grand Palais
Grand Palais
and Petit Palais Institut de France Jeanne d'Arc Les Invalides Louvre
Louvre
Pyramid Luxor Obelisk Odéon Opéra Bastille Opéra Garnier Panthéon Philharmonie de Paris Porte Saint-Denis Porte Saint-Martin Sorbonne Tour Montparnasse

Museums

Bibliothèque nationale Carnavalet Centre Pompidou/Beaubourg Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie Jeu de Paume Louis Vuitton Foundation Musée des Arts Décoratifs Musée des Arts et Métiers Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris Musée Cognacq-Jay Musée Grévin Musée Guimet Maison de Victor Hugo Musée Jacquemart-André Musée du Louvre Musée Marmottan Monet Musée de Montmartre Musée National d'Art Moderne Musée national Eugène Delacroix Musée national Gustave Moreau Musée national des Monuments Français Muséum national d'histoire naturelle Musée national du Moyen Âge Musée de l'Orangerie Musée d'Orsay Musée Pasteur Musée Picasso Musée du quai Branly Musée Rodin Palais de la Légion d'Honneur

Musée de la Légion d'honneur

Musée de la Vie Romantique

Religious buildings

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral American Cathedral American Church Chapelle expiatoire Grand Mosque Grand Synagogue La Madeleine Notre-Dame de Paris Notre-Dame-de-Bonne-Nouvelle Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Notre-Dame-des-Victoires Sacré-Cœur Saint Ambroise Saint-Augustin Saint-Étienne-du-Mont Saint-Eustache Saint-François-Xavier Saint-Germain-des-Prés Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois Saint-Gervais-Saint-Protais Saint-Jacques Tower Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre Saint-Paul-Saint-Louis Saint-Pierre de Montmartre Saint-Roch Saint-Sulpice Saint-Vincent-de-Paul Sainte-Chapelle Sainte-Clotilde Sainte-Trinité Temple du Marais Val-de-Grâce

Hôtels particuliers and palaces

Élysée Palace Hôtel de Beauvais Hôtel de Charost Hôtel de Crillon Hôtel d'Estrées Hôtel de la Païva Hôtel de Pontalba Hôtel de Sens Hôtel de Soubise Hôtel de Sully Hôtel de Ville Hôtel Lambert Hôtel Matignon Luxembourg Palace
Luxembourg Palace
(Petit Luxembourg) Palais Bourbon Palais de Justice Palais-Royal

Areas, bridges, streets and squares

Avenue Foch Avenue George V Champ de Mars Champs-Élysées Covered passages

Galerie Véro-Dodat Choiseul Panoramas Galerie Vivienne Havre Jouffroy Brady

Latin Quarter Le Marais Montmartre Montparnasse Place Dauphine Place de la Bastille Place de la Concorde Place de la Nation Place de la République Place Denfert-Rochereau Place des États-Unis Place des Pyramides Place des Victoires Place des Vosges Place du Carrousel Place du Châtelet Place du Tertre Place Saint-Michel Place Vendôme Pont Alexandre III Pont d'Iéna Pont de Bir-Hakeim Pont des Arts Pont Neuf Rive Gauche Rue de Rivoli Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré Saint-Germain-des-Prés Trocadéro

Parks and gardens

Bois de Boulogne Bois de Vincennes Jardin d'Acclimatation Jardin du Luxembourg Parc des Buttes Chaumont Parc Montsouris Tuileries Garden

Cemeteries

Montmartre
Montmartre
Cemetery Montparnasse
Montparnasse
Cemetery Passy Cemetery Père Lachaise Cemetery Picpus Cemetery

Région parisienne

Chantilly La Défense

Grande Arche

Disneyland Paris Écouen Fontainebleau France Miniature Malmaison Musée de l’air et de l’espace Musée Fragonard d'Alfort Parc Astérix Provins Rambouillet La Roche-Guyon Basilica of St Denis Saint-Germain-en-Laye Sceaux Stade de France U Arena Vaux-le-Vicomte Palace and Gardens of Versailles Vincennes

Events and traditions

Bastille Day military parade Fête de la Musique Nuit Blanche Paris
Paris
Air Show Paris-Plages Republican Guard

Other

Le Bateau-Lavoir La Ruche Café des 2 Moulins Café Procope Les Deux Magots Maxim's Moulin de la Galette Moulin Rouge

Related

Paris
Paris
Musées Axe historique

Paris
Paris
Métro Bateaux Mouches

Coordinates: 48°52′02.20″N 2°21′50.60″E / 48.8672778°N 2.3640556°E / 48.

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