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Phraortes (from Old Persian: 𐎳𐎼𐎺𐎼𐎫𐎡𐏁, Fravartiš,[1][2] or Frâda via Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
Φραόρτης; died c. 653 BC), son of Deioces, was the second king of the Median Empire. Like his father Deioces, Phraortes started wars against Assyria, but was defeated and killed by Ashurbanipal, the king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire (668 – c. 627 BC). All information about him is from Herodotus. According to him (1.102), Phraortes was the son of Deioces
Deioces
and united all Median tribes into a single state. He also subjugated the Persians and Parthians
Parthians
while still a vassal of the Assyrian kings Esarhaddon
Esarhaddon
and Ashurbanipal, and began to conquer other nations of Ancient Iran. After a rule of twenty-two years (c. 675 – c. 653 BC), he fell in battle against the Assyrians, who reasserted their subjugation of the Medes, Persians and Parthians. However, some scholars assume that he ruled for fifty-three years, c. 678 – c. 625. Phraortes is commonly identified with Kashtariti, a chieftain in Media, although some scholars consider such an identification doubtful.[3] References[edit]

^ Akbarzadeh, D.; A. Yahyanezhad (2006). The Behistun Inscriptions (Old Persian Texts) (in Persian). Khaneye-Farhikhtagan-e Honarhaye Sonati. p. 87. ISBN 964-8499-05-5.  ^ Kent, Ronald Grubb (1384 AP). Old Persian: Grammar, Text, Glossary (in Persian). translated into Persian by S. Oryan. p. 406. ISBN 964-421-045-X.  Check date values in: date= (help) ^ Medvedskaya, I. (20 Jul 2004). "PHRAORTES". Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 18 Dec 2012. 

External links[edit]

Ancient Near East portal

Phraortes  Died: c. 653 BC

Regnal titles

Preceded by Deioces King of Media c. 675 BC – c. 653 BC Succeeded by Madius

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Median and Achaemenid kings

Family tree

Median (728–550 BC)

Deioces Phraortes Madius Cyaxares Astyages

Achaemenid (550–330 BC)

Achaemenes Ariaramnes Arsames Teispes Cyrus I Cambyses I Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great
(Cyrus II) Cambyses II Smerdis Gaumata Darius the Great (Darius I) Xerxes the Great (Xerxes I) Artaxerxes I Xerxes II Sogdianus Darius II
Darius II
Nothus Artaxerxes II Mnemon Artaxerxes III
Artaxerxes III
Ochus Artaxerxes IV Arses Darius III
Darius III
Codomannus Artaxerxes V Bessus

Italics indicate kings not directly attested and so possibly legendary.

v t e

Median topics

Language

Median language, Iranian language

Cities

Ecbatana
Ecbatana
(Hamadan) Rhagae
Rhagae
(Shahre Rey, Tehran) Laodicea (Nahavand)

Battles involving Lydia

Eclipse of Thales

Battles involving Persia

Persian Revolt Battle of Hyrba Battle of the Persian Border Siege of Pasargadae
Pasargadae
Hill Battle of Pasargadae Fall of Ecbatana

Kings/Satraps

Deioces Phraortes Madius Cyaxares Astyages Cyaxares
Cyaxares
II

Other Medians

Amytis of Media Artembares Datis Gubaru Mazares Aryenis Mandane

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