PHILIPP BOUHLER (11 September 1899 – 19 May 1945) was a senior Nazi
Party official who was both a
Reichsleiter (National Leader) and Chief
of the Chancellery of the Führer of the
* 1 Early life * 2 Nazi functionary
* 3 War crimes
* 3.1 Death
* 4 Awards and
* 7 References
* 7.1 Citations * 7.2 Bibliography
* 8 External links
Bouhler was born in
He joined the
In August 1934, Bouhler became police chairman of Munich, and only a
month later, he was appointed chief of Adolf Hitler\'s Chancellery , a
post specially created on 17 November 1934 that was first and foremost
set aside for party business. He held that position until 23 April
1945. In this job, for instance, secret decrees might be prepared, or
internal business managed, before being brought before
Bouhler's office was responsible for all correspondences for Hitler
which included private and internal communications as well as
responding to public inquiries (for example, requests for material
help, godfathership, jobs, clemency,
Bouhler was responsible for the killing of disabled German citizens.
By order of Hitler (backdated to 1 September 1939), Bouhler with Karl
Brandt developed the Nazis' early euthanasia program,
Aktion T4 in
which mentally ill and physically handicapped people were killed.
The actual implementation was supervised by Bouhler. Various methods
of killing were tried out. The first killing facility was Schloss
Hartheim in Upper
In 1941 Bouhler and
The scheme operated under the Concentration Camps Inspector and the Reichsführer-SS under the name " Sonderbehandlung 14f13". The combination of numbers and letters was derived from the SS record-keeping system and consists of the number "14" for the Concentration Camps Inspector, the letter "f" for the German word "deaths" (TodesFälle) and the number "13" for the means of killing, in this case, for gassing in the T4 killing centers . " Sonderbehandlung " ("special action"—literally "special handling") was the euphemistic term for execution or killing.
In 1942, Bouhler published the book "Napoleon – Kometenbahn eines Genies" (Napoleon – A Genius's Cometary Path), which became a favorite of Hitler's. He had also published a National Socialist publication Kampf um Deutschland (Fight for Germany) in 1938.
Bouhler and his wife, Helene, were arrested by American troops at Schloss Fischhorn in Bruck near Zell-am-See on 10 May 1945. Thereafter, both committed suicide. His wife Helene jumped from a window at Schloss Fischhorn. On 19 May 1945, Bouhler used a cyanide capsule while in the US internment camp at Zell-am-See. The couple had no children.
AWARDS AND NAZI PARTY DECORATIONS
* ^ Natural deaths were recorded with the code number "14f1", suicide or death by accident with "14f2", "14f3" meant shot while trying to escape. The executions of Soviet prisoners of war in concentration camps were recorded as "14f14" and the forced sterilization of prisoners was recorded as "14h7".
* ^ A B Miller 2006 , p. 155. * ^ A B Short biography of Bouhler, photo of letter from Hitler, ordering him to begin a "euthanasia" program Retrieved May 17, 2010 (in German) * ^ Miller 2006 , pp. 155, 160. * ^ Miller 2006 , p. 156. * ^ Miller 2006 , p. 157. * ^ Ailsby, Christopher (1997). SS: Roll of Infamy, p. 19 * ^ Miller 2006 , p. 158. * ^ "The \'euthanasia" crime in Hadamar" University of Minnesota, Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies. Retrieved May 17, 2010 * ^ "Inmate euthanasia as part of Action 14f13" Retrieved May 17, 2010 * ^ Miller 2006 , pp. 155, 159–160. * ^ A B C D Miller 2006 , p. 159. * ^ Miller 2006 , p. 160.
* Miller, Michael (2006). Leaders of the SS and German Police, Vol. 1. San Jose, CA: R. James Bender. ISBN 978-93-297-0037-2 .