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Pezizomycotina
Pezizomycotina
make up majority of the Ascomycota
Ascomycota
fungi and includes most lichenized fungi too. Pezizomycotina
Pezizomycotina
contains the filamentous ascomycetes and is a subdivision of the Ascomycota
Ascomycota
(fungi that form their spores in a sac-like ascus). It is more or less synonymous with the older taxon Euascomycota.[2] These fungi reproduce by fission rather than budding and this subdivision includes almost all the ascus fungi that have fruiting bodies visible to the naked eye (exception: genus Neolecta, which belongs to the Taphrinomycotina). See the taxobox for a list of the classes that make up the Pezizomycotina. The old class Loculoascomycetes (consisting of all the bitunicate Ascomycota) has been replaced by the two classes Eurotiomycetes
Eurotiomycetes
and Dothideomycetes. The rest of the Pezizomycotina also include the previously defined hymenial groups Discomycetes (now Leotiomycetes) and Pyrenomycetes (Sordariomycetes). Some important groups in Pezizomycotina
Pezizomycotina
include: Pezizomycetes
Pezizomycetes
(the operculate discomycetes), Leotiomycetes
Leotiomycetes
(the inoperculate discomycetes), Laboulbeniomycetes, Sordariomycetes, Dothideomycetes. Paleopyrenomycites from the Early Devonian
Devonian
Rhynie Chert
Rhynie Chert
is the oldest known fossil member of Pezizomycotina, although its position within this subdivision is unclear.[3] References[edit]

^ Eriksson, O.E. & K. Winka (1997). "Supraordinal taxa of Ascomycota". Myconet. 1: 1–16.  ^ Spatafora, JW; Sung, G-H; Johnson, D; Hesse, C; O'Rourke, B; Serdani, M; Spotts, R; Lutzoni, F; Hofstetter, V; Miadlikowska, J; Reeb, V; Gueidan, C; Fraker, E; Lumbsch, T; Lücking, R; Schmitt, I; Hosaka, K; Aptroot, A; Roux, C; Miller, AN; Geiser, DM; Hafellner, J; Hestmark, G; Arnold, AE; Büdel, B; Rauhut, A; Hewitt, D; Untereiner, WA; Cole, MS; Scheidegger, C; Schultz, M; Sipman, H; Schoch, CL (2006). "A five-gene phylogeny of Pezizomycotina". Mycologia. 98: 1018–1028. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.1018.  ^ Beimforde, C.; Feldberg, K.; Nylinder, S.; Rikkinen, J.; Tuovila, H.; Dörfelt, H.; Gube, M.; Jackson, D. J.; Reitner, J.; Seyfullah, L. J.; Schmidt, A. R. (2014). "Estimating the Phanerozoic history of the Ascomycota
Ascomycota
lineages: Combining fossil and molecular data". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 78: 386–398. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.04.024. PMID 24792086. 

External links[edit]

Tree of Life Pezizomycotina The Pezizomycotina
Pezizomycotina
in the Paleos site.

v t e

Opisthokont: True fungi classification, fungal orders

Domain Archaea Bacteria Eukaryota (Supergroup Plant Hacrobia Heterokont Alveolata Rhizaria Excavata Amoebozoa Opisthokonta

Animal Fungi)

Dikarya

Ascomycota (sac fungi)

Pezizomycotina

Leotiomyceta

Dothideomyceta

Coniocybomycetes Lichinomycetes Arthoniomycetes Dothideomycetes Eurotiomycetes Lecanoromycetes

Sordariomyceta

Xylonomycetes Geoglossomycetes Leotiomycetes Laboulbeniomycetes Sordariomycetes

Other

Orbiliomycetes Pezizomycetes

Saccharomycotina

Saccharomycetes

Taphrinomycotina

Archaeorhizomycetes Neolectomycetes Pneumocystidomycetes Schizosaccharomycetes Taphrinomycetes

Basidiomycota (with basidia)

Pucciniomycotina

Tritirachiomycetes Mixiomycetes Agaricostilbomycetes Cystobasidiomycetes Microbotryomycetes Classiculomycetes Cryptomycocolacomycetes Atractiellomycetes Pucciniomycetes

Ustilaginomycotina

Monilielliomycetes Malasseziomycetes Ustilaginomycetes Exobasidiomycetes

Agaricomycotina

Hymenomycete

Dacrymycetales Agaricomycetes

Other

Wallemiomycetes Bartheletiomycetes Tremellomycetes

Entorrhizomycota

Entorrhizomycetes

Glomeromycota

Glomeromycetes

Zygomycota (paraphyletic)

Mucoromycotina

Mortierellomycetes Mucoromycetes

Kickxellomycotina

Zoopagomycetes Kickxellomycetes

Entomophthoromycotina

Neozygitomycetes Basidiobolomycetes Entomophthoromycetes

Zoosporic fungi (paraphyletic)

Olpidiomycota

Olpidiomycetes

Blastocladiomycota

Blastocladiomycetes

Chytridiomycota

Neocallimastigomycetes Hyaloraphidiomycetes Monoblepharidomycetes Chytridiomycetes

Fungal phyla are underlined. See also: fungi imperfecti (polyphyletic group).

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q387893 EoL: 2858292 EPPO: 1PEZIQ Fungorum: 501468 ITIS: 610625 MycoBank: 501468 NCBI: 147538 WoRMS: 437297

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