PETER EDMUND HILLARY (born 26 December 1954) is a New Zealand
mountaineer, philanthropist and writer. He is the son of adventurer
Edmund Hillary , who, along with Nepalese Sherpa mountain climber
Tenzing Norgay , completed the first successful ascent of Mount
Everest . When
Peter Hillary summited Everest in 1990, he and his
father were the first father/son duo to achieve the feat. Hillary has
achieved two summits of Everest, an 84-day trek across
South Pole , and an expedition guiding astronaut
Neil Armstrong to
land a small aircraft at the
North Pole . He has climbed many of the
world's major peaks, and on 19 June 2008, completed the Seven Summits
, reaching the top of the highest mountains on all seven continents,
when he summited
* 1 Personal life
* 3 Philanthropy
* 4 Media
* 5 Awards
* 6 References
* 7 External links
Peter Hillary as an infant, with his parents, Louise and Edmund
Edmund Hillary was born in
Auckland , New Zealand on 26
December 1954. He had two younger sisters, Sarah Louise and Belinda
Mary, and was the eldest of the three children of Sir Edmund Hillary
and his first wife, Louise Mary Rose.
Peter Hillary received his
education at King\'s College,
Auckland and at
Auckland University .
As a child, Hillary travelled the world extensively. In 1962, when he
was seven, his family travelled all over the
United States and Canada
while Sir Edmund was on an extended lecture tour. On the way back to
New Zealand, the Hillary family capped off their year abroad in Nepal
for a visit with
Tenzing Norgay . Additional travels included trips to
the United Kingdom; drives in the deserts of Australia; learning to
ski on New Zealand's South Island; climbing New Zealand's highest
Mount Cook ; and sitting around campfires in the
Himalayas . At
age eleven, his father took him to climb Mount Everest.
On 31 March 1975, after having spent a year in
Nepal , Hillary's
mother and youngest sister, sixteen-year-old Belinda, were killed when
their plane crashed shortly after taking off from a Kathmandu
airfield. Hillary, then twenty, was in
Assam, India , visiting a
friend, when he received the news that there were no survivors in the
crash. He described Lady Hillary and Belinda as 'the glue that bonded
the family together'.
Hillary's climbing friend, Australian Mark Moorhead, died on 15
October 1983 attempting to ascend
Makalu , a Himalayan mountain that
is the fifth-highest in the world. When Hillary went to pay his
respects to the family, he met Moorhead's sister Ann, whom he would
later marry. They separated in 1993 when Hillary began talking about
resuming his mountaineering career after a three-year hiatus, and were
subsequently divorced. :57 Hillary later married Yvonne Oomen, with
whom he has two children, Alexander and Lily; he also has two
children, Amelia and George, from his first marriage.
On 11 January 2008, Hillary was in
Lisbon, Portugal at a dinner with
some clients when he was informed his father had died of a sudden
heart attack at
Auckland Hospital . Sir Edmund lay in state at the
Auckland Cathedral of the Holy Trinity and his funeral on 22 January
2008 at Auckland's St. Mary's Church was televised live throughout New
Zealand. Hillary delivered a eulogy for his father in which he said,
recalling his childhood, 'Growing up in the Hillary family, was quite
an adventure... Adventure was compulsory'. On 29 February 2008,
Hillary, his sister Sarah, and Sir Edmund's widow, Lady Hillary
(formerly June Anderson Mulgrew) scattered most of his ashes, in a
private ceremony held on Auckland's
Hauraki Gulf , from the youth sail
training ship Spirit of New Zealand.
Apa Sherpa , who has summited
Everest more than anyone else, proposed a small portion of Sir
Edmund's ashes should be held in reserve to be scattered on the summit
of Mount Everest, and Hillary transferred them to a nearby Nepalese
monastery. However, in 2010, a committee of Sherpas decided against
it, concerned that it could set a precedent.
After Sir Edmund's death, there was an immediate clash between his
son and his widow over the future of the
Himalayan Trust that Sir
Edmund had established to assist the people of Nepal, resulting in
Hillary not being appointed to its board of directors. In 2010,
Hillary and his sister had to get an injunction to stop Lady Hillary
from having their father's watches sold through a Swiss auction house,
including one that was presented to him after his Everest triumph.
Hillary said he and his sister owned the watches as per their father's
will. It was ruled that, under New Zealand's heritage laws, the
Everest watch should never have left the country and was a violation
of the Protected Objects Act. Lady Hillary had to withdraw the items
from auction. Hillary then spent a year in mediation attempting to
establish ownership of the watches and other items that were of great
significance to the family, as Lady Hillary had given away an
additional 17 items of sentimental value without consulting the
family. When the courts awarded ownership of the watches to Sir
Edmund's children, Hillary donated them to the
Auckland War Memorial
Museum . Finally, in October 2011, Lady Hillary resigned as the head
of the Himalayan Trust, with five additional board members going with
Hillary has been to Everest five times, once reaching 8,300 metres on
the West Ridge and twice reaching the summit by the
South Col route.
With his first summit of
Mount Everest in 1990, he and Sir Edmund
became the first father and son to achieve the feat. His second
ascent in May 2002 was part of a National Geographic Society
expedition to mark the 50th anniversary of Sir
Edmund Hillary and
Tenzing Norgay's historic first ascent in 1953. The anniversary
expedition brought together Peter Hillary, Jamling Norgay and Brent
Bishop, the sons of Sir Edmund, Tenzing Norgay, and Dr Barry Bishop ,
a member of the first successful American team to reach the summit in
1963. The 1990 expedition was led by veteran Everest climber Pete
Athans , who holds the record for the most summits of Everest by a
Peter Hillary now devotes most of his time to fundraising in support
of his father's
Himalayan Trust , which was established in 1960 to
fund capital projects in the
Khumbu Valley region of Nepal. He is also
a director of the Australian Himalayan Foundation.
Hillary is also the patron for the Everest Rescue Trust, a
non-profit, independent trust set up to operate and manage a
self-funding rescue helicopter service for the high altitude regions
Peter Hillary has written and co-written several books, including: A
Sunny Day in the
Himalayas (1980); First Across the Roof of the
World: The First-ever Traverse of the Himalayas, 5,000 Kilometres from
Sikkim to Pakistan (with Graham Dingle, 1982); Two Generations (with
his father, Sir Edmund Hillary, 1984); Ascent: Two Lives Explored –
The Autobiographies of Sir Edmund and
Peter Hillary (also with his
father, 1986); Rimo: Mountain on the Silk Road (1992); Bridgit was
Bored (a children's book written with his first wife, Ann Moorhead,
1992); and In the Ghost Country: A Lifetime Spent on the Edge (with
John Elder, 2003).
Hillary wrote the afterword for the book Letters from Everest: A
First-hand Account from the Epic First Ascent by
George Lowe , who was
Sir Edmund Hillary's best friend and accompanied him on the 1953
Everest expedition. In the wake of the 1996
Mount Everest disaster ,
Hillary wrote an article for
The New York Times Magazine
The New York Times Magazine entitled
Everest is Mighty, We are Fragile. He also wrote an article called In
the Name of the Father, describing what it was like on K2 in August
1995 when the mountain claimed the lives of seven summiters, leaving
him as one of three survivors of that expedition.
Like many successful adventurers,
Peter Hillary has made a career as
a professional public speaker, writer, and designer of speciality
outdoor equipment. He has also worked as an adventure travel operator
and guide, specialising in the
Himalayas and Antarctica. Hillary has
done numerous television, radio, and satellite interviews in the
United States, United Kingdom, Australia, and his native New Zealand,
and participated in several documentaries such as National
Geographic's Surviving Everest, celebrating the 50th anniversary of
Sir Edmund Hillary's first summit
* New Zealand Commemoration Medal (1990)
* Fellow of the
Royal Geographical Society
Royal Geographical Society (2001)
Explorers Club Lowell Thomas Award (2003)
* Mountain Institute Mountain Hero Award (2004)
* Circumnavigators Club
Order of Magellan (2006)
Tenzing Norgay Award for Mountaineering (2009)
* ^ "National Geographic Speakers Bureau: Peter Hillary". National
Geographic Society . Retrieved 13 November 2007.
* ^ "
Peter Hillary completes climb of seven summits". The New
Zealand Herald .
NZPA . 19 June 2008. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
* ^ A B Calder, Peter (11 January 2008). "Sir Edmund Hillary\'s
life". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ "Keynote Speakers". Retrieved 18 May 2013.
* ^ Salter, Jessica (10 February 2012). "The great adventures of
Sir Edmund Hillary\'s family". The Telegraph . London. Retrieved 18
* ^ "
Peter Hillary – About". Peterhillary.com. Retrieved 18 May
* ^ A B "In his father\'s footsteps".
The Sydney Morning Herald
The Sydney Morning Herald . 9
August 2008. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ Laxon, Andrew (13 October 2012). "Sir Edmund Hillary: Down to
earth". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ Hillary, Peter; Elder, John E. (2003). In the Ghost Country: A
Lifetime Spent on the Edge.
Simon & Schuster
Simon & Schuster . ISBN 978-0-7432-4369-8
. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
* ^ du Chateau, Carroll (23 January 2008). "Two families share long
connection". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ McManus, Ruth; Du Plessis, Rosemary. "Death and dying - Funeral
and memorial services: Sir Edmund Hillary\'s state funeral". Retrieved
4 March 2014.
* ^ "Minute by minute coverage: Sir Edmund\'s funeral". The New
Zealand Herald. 22 January 2008. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ "Sir
Edmund Hillary takes final voyage, ashes scattered at
sea". The New Zealand Herald. NPZA. 29 February 2008. Retrieved 4
* ^ "Sherpas cancel plan to spread Hillary ashes on Everest". BBC.
9 April 2010. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
* ^ Powley, Kathryn (7 November 2010). "Hillary family rift
widens". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ "Lady Hillary unlikely to be charged over watch row". The New
Zealand Herald. NZPA. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ Irvine, Katherine (13 November 2010). "Sir Ed\'s children stop
sale of historic watches". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 4 March
* ^ Wade, Ameila (27 October 2011). "Sir Ed\'s Rolex on show at
museum". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ Douglas, Ed (5 October 2011). "
Edmund Hillary family feud comes
to a head as widow quits charity".
The Guardian . London. Retrieved 4
* ^ Daly, Michael (29 May 2013). "Everest\'s history marked in
Stuff.co.nz . Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ Arnold, Elizabeth (25 April 2013). "NPR: Everest: To the Top of
the World". NPR. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013.
Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ "
Peter Hillary – Giving Back". Peterhillary.com. Retrieved 30
* ^ "Lindblad gExpeditions". Retrieved 30 July 2013.
* ^ Hillary, Peter (1980). "A Sunny Day in the Himalayas". Google
Hodder and Stoughton
Hodder and Stoughton . ISBN 978-0-340-25685-5 . Retrieved 4
* ^ Dingle, Graham; Hillary, Peter (1982). "First Across the Roof
of the World: The First-ever Traverse of the Himalayas, 5,000
Kilometres from Sikkim to Pakistan". Google Books. Hodder and
Stoughton . ISBN 978-0-340-32040-2 . Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ Hillary, Edmund; Hillary, Peter (1984). Two Generations. Hodler
& Stoughton. ISBN 978-0-340-35420-9 .
* ^ Hillary, Edmund; Hillary, Peter (1986). Accent Two Lived
Explored - The Autobiographies of Sir Edmund and Peter Hillary. Google
Books. Doubleday . ISBN 978-0-385-19831-8 . Retrieved 4 March 2014.
* ^ Hillary, Peter (1992). "Rimo: Mountain on the Silk Road".
Google Books. Ulverscroft Large Print Books. ISBN 978-0-708-98632-5 .
Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ Hillary, Peter (1992). "Bridgit Was Bored". Google Books.
Contributed to by Ann Moorhead.
Hodder and Stoughton
Hodder and Stoughton . ISBN
978-0-340-57844-5 . Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ Hillary, Peter; Elder, John (2003). "In the Ghost Country: A
Lifetime Spent on the Edge". Google Books. Simon and Schulster. ISBN
978-0-7432-4369-8 . Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ "Letters from Everest: A First-hand Account from the Epic First
Ascent". Google Books. ISBN 978-1-775-54033-5 . Retrieved 4 March
* ^ Hillary, Peter (26 May 1996). "Everest is Mighty, We are
Fragile". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
* ^ Hillary, Peter. "In the Name of the Father". Peterhillary.com.
Retrieved 5 May 2013.
* ^ Guynup, Sharon (24 April 2003). "On TV: Surviving Everest Tells
of Triumph, Tragedy". National Geographic. Retrieved 4 March 2015.