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The Persian Empire
Empire
(Persian: شاهنشاهی ایران‎, translit. Šâhanšâhiye Irân, lit. 'Imperial Iran') is a series of imperial dynasties centered in Persia/ Iran
Iran
since the 6th century BC in the Achaemenid
Achaemenid
era, to the 20th century AD in the Qajar
Qajar
era.

Contents

1 Achaemenids 2 Parthians and Sasanians 3 Safavids 4 List of the dynasties described as a Persian Empire 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Achaemenids The first dynasty of the Persian Empire
Empire
was created by Achaemenids, established by Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great
in 550 BC with the conquest of Median, Lydian and Babylonian empires.[1] It covered much of the Ancient world and controlled the largest percentage of the earth's population in history when it was conquered by Alexander the Great. Persepolis
Persepolis
is the most famous historical site related to Persian Empire
Empire
in the Achaemenid
Achaemenid
era and it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979. Parthians and Sasanians From 247 BC to 224 AD, Persia was ruled by the Parthian Empire, which supplanted the Hellenistic
Hellenistic
Seleucid Empire, and then by the Sassanian Empire, which ruled up until the mid-7th century.[2] The Persian Empire
Empire
in the Sasanian
Sasanian
era was interrupted by the Arab conquest of Persia in 651 AD, establishing the even larger Islamic caliphate, and later by the Mongol invasion. The main religion of ancient Persia was the native Zoroastrianism, but after the seventh century, it was replaced by Islam. Safavids

Shah Abbas I, the most powerful king of Persia in Safavid era

The Safavid Empire
Empire
was the first Persian Empire
Empire
established after the Arab conquest of Persia
Arab conquest of Persia
by Shah Ismail I. From their base in Ardabil, the Safavid Persians established control over parts of Greater Persia/ Iran
Iran
and reasserted the Persian identity of the region, becoming the first native Persian dynasty since the Sasanian
Sasanian
Empire
Empire
to establish a unified Persian state. Literature, art and architecture flourished in the Safavid era once again, and it is often cited as the "rebirth of the Persian Empire". Safavids also announced Shia Islam
Islam
as the official religion in the empire versus the Sunni Islam
Islam
in the neighbouring Ottoman Empire. List of the dynasties described as a Persian Empire

Achaemenid
Achaemenid
Empire
Empire
(550–330 BC) Sasanian
Sasanian
Empire
Empire
(224–651 AD) Safavid dynasty
Safavid dynasty
(1501–1736 AD) Afsharid dynasty
Afsharid dynasty
(1736–1796 AD) Qajar
Qajar
dynasty (1785–1925 AD)

Extent of the first Persian Empire, the Achaemenid
Achaemenid
Empire

Extent of the Sasanian
Sasanian
Empire
Empire
in 621

The maximum extent of the Safavid Empire
Empire
under Shah Abbas I

Extent of the Afsharid Empire
Empire
under Nader Shah

See also

List of monarchs of Persia Iranian monarchy List of Iranian dynasties and countries Persia Iranian peoples Persian people List of tombs of Iranian people

References

^ Herodotus. "Halicarnassus". The Histories. pp. (page needed). ISBN 978-0143107545.  ^ History of the World in 1,000 Objects (DK Publishing, 2014). p. 71.

External links

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Persia.

The dictionary definition of Persian Empire
Empire
at Wiktionary Persian Empire
Empire
travel guide from Wikivoyage Media related to Persian Empire
Empire
at Wikimedia Commons

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