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THE PERSIAN EMPIRE is one of a series of imperial dynasties centered in Persia
Persia
(modern–day Iran
Iran
). The first of these was the Achaemenid Empire
Empire
established by Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great
in 550 BC with the conquest of Median , Lydian and Babylonian empires . It covered much of the Ancient world when it was conquered by Alexander the Great . Several later dynasties "claimed to be heirs of the Achaemenids". Persia
Persia
was then ruled by the Parthian Empire
Empire
which supplanted the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire
Empire
, and then by the Sassanian Empire
Empire
which ruled up until the mid-7th century.

While many of these empires referred to themselves as Persian, they were often ruled by ethnic Medes, Babylonians, or Parthians. Iranian dynastic history was interrupted by the Arab conquest of Persia
Persia
in 651 AD, establishing the even larger Islamic caliphate , and later by the Mongol invasion .

The main religion of ancient Persia
Persia
was the native Zoroastrianism , but after the seventh century, it was replaced by Islam
Islam
.

The Safavid Empire
Empire
was the first Persian empire established after Arab conquest of Persia
Persia
by Shah Ismail I
Shah Ismail I
.

CONTENTS

* 1 List of Iranian dynasties described as a Persian Empire
Empire
* 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links

LIST OF IRANIAN DYNASTIES DESCRIBED AS A PERSIAN EMPIRE

* Achaemenid Empire
Empire
(550–330 BC) * Sasanian Empire
Empire
(224–651) * Safavid dynasty (1501–1736) * Afsharid dynasty
Afsharid dynasty
(1736–1796) * Qajar dynasty (1785–1925) * Pahlavi dynasty (1925–1979)

* Extent of the first Persian Empire, the Achaemenid Empire
Empire

* Extent of the Sasanian Empire
Empire
in 621 * The maximum extent of the Safavid Empire
Empire
under Shah Abbas I * Extent of the Afsharid Empire
Empire
under Nader Shah

SEE ALSO

_ Look up PERSIAN EMPIRE _ in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

* List of monarchs of Persia
Persia
* Iranian monarchy * List of Iranian dynasties and countries * Persia
Persia
* Iranian peoples * Persian people * List of tombs of Iranian people

REFERENCES

* ^ Herodotus. _The Histories_. Halicarnassus. ISBN 978-0143107545 . * ^ _History of the World in 1,000 Objects_ (DK Publishing, 2014), p. 71.

EXTERNAL

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