Empire (Persian: شاهنشاهی ایران, translit.
Šâhanšâhiye Irân, lit. 'Imperial Iran') is a series of imperial
dynasties centered in Persia/
Iran since the 6th century BC in the
Achaemenid era, to the 20th century AD in the
2 Parthians and Sasanians
4 List of the dynasties described as a Persian Empire
5 See also
7 External links
The first dynasty of the Persian
Empire was created by Achaemenids,
Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great in 550 BC with the conquest of Median,
Lydian and Babylonian empires. It covered much of the Ancient world
and controlled the largest percentage of the earth's population in
history when it was conquered by Alexander the Great.
the most famous historical site related to Persian
Empire in the
Achaemenid era and it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since
Parthians and Sasanians
From 247 BC to 224 AD, Persia was ruled by the Parthian
Empire, which supplanted the
Hellenistic Seleucid Empire, and then by
the Sassanian Empire, which ruled up until the mid-7th century.
Empire in the
Sasanian era was interrupted by the Arab
conquest of Persia in 651 AD, establishing the even larger
Islamic caliphate, and later by the Mongol invasion. The main religion
of ancient Persia was the native Zoroastrianism, but after the seventh
century, it was replaced by Islam.
Shah Abbas I, the most powerful king of Persia in Safavid era
Empire was the first Persian
Empire established after the
Arab conquest of Persia
Arab conquest of Persia by Shah Ismail I. From their base in Ardabil,
the Safavid Persians established control over parts of Greater
Iran and reasserted the Persian identity of the region,
becoming the first native Persian dynasty since the
establish a unified Persian state.
Literature, art and architecture flourished in the Safavid era once
again, and it is often cited as the "rebirth of the Persian Empire".
Safavids also announced Shia
Islam as the official religion in the
empire versus the Sunni
Islam in the neighbouring Ottoman Empire.
List of the dynasties described as a Persian Empire
Empire (550–330 BC)
Empire (224–651 AD)
Safavid dynasty (1501–1736 AD)
Afsharid dynasty (1736–1796 AD)
Qajar dynasty (1785–1925 AD)
Extent of the first Persian Empire, the
Extent of the
Empire in 621
The maximum extent of the Safavid
Empire under Shah Abbas I
Extent of the Afsharid
Empire under Nader Shah
List of monarchs of Persia
List of Iranian dynasties and countries
List of tombs of Iranian people
^ Herodotus. "Halicarnassus". The Histories. pp. (page needed).
^ History of the World in 1,000 Objects (DK Publishing, 2014).
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article
The dictionary definition of Persian
Empire at Wiktionary
Empire travel guide from Wikivoyage
Media related to Persian
Empire at Wikimedia Commons
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