Parsa Wildlife Reserve is a protected area in the Inner Terai lowlands
of south-central Nepal. Established in 1984 A.D, it covers an area of
637.37 km2 (246.09 sq mi) in the Parsa, Makwanpur and
Bara districts and is the largest wildlife reserve in the country. A
bufferzone declared in 2005 comprises 298.2 km2
(115.1 sq mi). In altitude it ranges from 435 m
(1,427 ft) to 950 m (3,120 ft) in the Siwalik Hills.
In 2015, the protected area has been extended by 128 km2
(49 sq mi).
In the north of the protected area the Rapti River and Siwalik Hills
form a natural boundary to human settlements. In the east it extends
up to the
1 Vegetation 2 Fauna 3 References 4 External links
Vegetation The typical vegetation of the park is tropical and subtropical forest types with sal forest constituting about 90% of the vegetation. Chir pine grows in the Churia Hills. Khair, sissoo and silk cotton trees occur along watercourses. Sabai grass grows well on the southern face of the Churia Hills. An estimated 919 species of flora have been recorded including 298 vascular plants, 234 dicots, 58 monocots, five pteridophytes, and one gymnosperm. Fauna In May 2008, a census conducted in the reserve confirmed the presence of 37 gaurs. A survey combined with extensive camera-trapping conducted in 2008 estimated four adult Bengal tigers resident in the reserve. A camera-trapping survey conducted in February 2017 for three months revealed the presence of 19 Bengal tigers. This indicates the rise in tiger population by three times in three years. References
^ a b c Bhuju, U. R., Shakya, P. R., Basnet, T. B., Shrestha, S.
Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation: Parsa National Park BirdLife International Important Bird Areas factsheet: Parsa Wildlife Reserve Information of ICIMOD's Conservation Portal: Parsa Wildlife Reserve
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National Parks, Reserves and Ramsar Sites of Nepal
Banke Bardiya Chitwan Khaptad Langtang Makalu Barun Rara Sagarmatha Shey Phoksundo Shivapuri Nagarjun Shuklaphanta Parsa
Annapurna Api Nampa Blackbuck Gaurishankar Kanchenjunga Manaslu
Bishazari Tal Ghodaghodi Tal Gokyo Lake Complex Gosaikunda Jagdishpur Reservoir Mai Pokhari Phoksu