Pakistanis (Urdu: پاكِستانى قوم; Pakistani Qaum) are
the people who are citizens of the modern Islamic Republic of
Pakistan is a multi-ethnic and multilingual state: the
majority of its people belong linguistically to the Indo-Iranian group
while the remaining minority mainly belongs to a small amount of other
language groups and families. As per the 2017 Census, the estimated
Pakistan was over 207 million making it the world's
fifth most-populous country.
1 Ethnic sub-groups
6 See also
8 Further reading
Main article: Ethnic groups in Pakistan
Pakistan has one of the world's fastest growing populations. As the
country is located in South Asia, Pakistani people are a mixture of
various indigenous ethnic groups.
Pakistani people belong predominantly to seven main ethno-linguistic
groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Saraiki, Pashtun,
Urdu Speakers, Baloch, and
Kashmiri, with substantial numbers of Brahui, Hindkowan, Pahari, Shin,
Burusho, Wakhi, Balti, Chitrali and other minority ethnic groups in
the remote north of the country.
The Punjabi people, the largest ethnic group in
Pakistan followed by
Pashtuns who reside predominantly in North West regions of Pakistan.
Pashtuns are the largest ethnic group in neighboring Afghanistan. The
Sindhi people, on the other hand have been settled in the southeast of
the country and gave their name to the mighty Indus/Sindhu river,
while regional groups such as the
Saraiki people have inhabited the
regions between Punjab and Sindh. The
Kashmiri people are an
important ethnic group of the Kashmir region in the north. There are
other important indigenous people like the Balti, Hunzakots, and
Gilgiti people(s) of the northern territories of Gilgit through whose
territory ran the ancient
Silk Route connecting
Asia and Europe. The
Chitrali people are another indigenous people who live high in the
mountains in the northwest. Along with these main groups, there are
smaller communities of Sheedi's who are descendants of African sailors
and warriors who are believed to have arrived from the horn of Africa,
as well as
Urdu Speakers who came as migrants from India when Pakistan
attained its independence from Britain in 1947. There are countless
other ethnic groups that make up part of Pakistani's mosaic such as
the Bengali, Burmese, Hazara, Uzbek, Tajik and Hakka.
Main article: Culture of Pakistan
Pakistan has a heterogeneous culture, with all of the provinces
maintaining differing social mores. However,
Islam is the driving
force behind the unity of varying ethnic groups from different parts
of the country, and has significantly shaped the values and traditions
of Pakistanis. Pakistani culture falls in the category of high
context. and Pakistani wear the qamiz shalwar that is the culture of
Main article: Languages of Pakistan
Urdu, a major standard register of Hindustani, is Pakistan's national
Urdu was chosen as a token of unity and as a lingua franca
so as not to give any native Pakistani language preference over the
other. It is mostly learned as a second language, with nearly 93% of
Pakistan's population having a mother tongue other than Urdu.
spoken as a first, second or at times third tongue by almost all
Pakistani people. Numerous regional and provincial languages are
spoken as first languages by the ethno-linguistic groups making up the
country, with Punjabi having a plurality of native speakers with 45%
of the total population. English is spoken at an official level and in
most elite circles, as a legacy of the long
British Raj colonial rule
in the region.
Pakistanis worldwide speak the various regional languages of
Pakistan such as: Urdu, Saraiki, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, and
Main article: Religion in Pakistan
Islam in Pakistan
The largest religion practiced in
Pakistan is Islam. Other religious
Pakistan include Judaism, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism,
Hinduism and Christianity.
Main article: Pakistani diaspora
There are large populations of Pakistani ancestry around the world,
due to emigration. The population of
Pakistanis abroad is considered
to exceed seven million and can be found in the Middle East, North
Asia and Australia.
Ethnic groups in Pakistan
List of Pakistanis
^ "U.S. and World Population Clock".
United States Census
^ "2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in the United
Kingdom". Office for National Statistics. 11 October 2013. Retrieved
28 February 2015.
^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder -
Results". Retrieved 17 March 2015.
^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household
Survey: Data tables – Ethnic Origin (101), Age Groups (10), Sex (3)
and Selected Demographic, Cultural, Labour Force, Educational and
Income Characteristics (327) for the Population in Private Households
of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and
Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey". 12.statcan.ca.
Retrieved 11 December 2017.
^ Al-Qarari, Hussein (2009-03-29). "
Pakistanis celebrate National Day
Kuwait Times. Archived from the original on 2011-06-17.
Europe and Russian Federation", Yearbook of
Relations, 2003-2004, Pakistan: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2004,
archived from the original on 2007-10-19, retrieved 2008-11-18
^ Husain, Irfan (2002-11-09), "The Italian jobs", Dawn, Pakistan,
^ Qatar´s population by nationality Archived 2013-12-22 at the
Wayback Machine. bq magazine Retrieved 15 December 2014
^ "TablaPx". Ine.es. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
^ 출입국·외국인정책본부. "통계연보(글내용) <
통계자료실 < 출입국·외국인정책본부".
Immigration.go.kr. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
^ "Standard Outputs - Census Data Explorer - Scotland's Census - Log
^ Dawn.com (2017-08-28). "Census results show 59.7pc growth in
Karachi's population, 116pc in Lahore's since 1998". DAWN.COM.
^ a b "Pakistan". Infoplease.com. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
Abbasi, Nadia Mushtaq. "The
Pakistani diaspora in
Europe and its
impact on democracy building in Pakistan." International Institute for
Democracy and Electoral Assistance (2010).
Awan, Shehzadi Zamurrad. "Relevance of Education for Women's
Empowerment in Punjab, Pakistan." Journal of International Women's
Studies 18.1 (2016): 208+ online
Bolognani, Marta, and Stephen Lyon, eds.
Pakistan and its diaspora:
multidisciplinary approaches (Springer, 2011).
Eglar, Zekiya. A Punjabi Village in Pakistan: Perspectives on
Community, Land, and Economy (Oxford UP, 2010).
Kalra, Virinder S., ed. Pakistani Diasporas: Culture, conflict, and
change (Oxford UP, 2009).
Lukacs, John, ed. The people of South Asia: the biological
anthropology of India, Pakistan, and Nepal (Springer, 2013).
Marsden, Magnus. "Muslim village intellectuals: the life of the mind
in northern Pakistan." Anthropology today 21.1 (2005): 10-15.
Mughal, M. A. Z. "An anthropological perspective on the mosque in
Pakistan." Asian Anthropology 14.2 (2015): 166-181.
Rauf, Abdur. "Rural women and the family: A study of a Punjabi village
in Pakistan." Journal of Comparative Family Studies (1987): 403-415.
Alphabetical index of topics
Muhammad bin Qasim
East India Company
First Anglo-Afghan War
First Anglo-Sikh War
Second Anglo-Sikh War
Second Anglo-Afghan War
Third Anglo-Afghan War
Two nation theory
Jinnah's 14 Points
Direct Action Day
Dominion of Pakistan
War in North-West Pakistan
World Heritage Sites
National Security Council (C2NS
Senate (upper house)
National Assembly (lower house)
Jirga (tribal assembly)
Criminal Investigation (CID)
Pakistan Remote Sensing Satellite
Water supply and sanitation
Securities and Exchange Commission
Redundant Islamic economisation
Society and culture
Mausolea and shrines
World Heritage Sites