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Pakistanis
Pakistanis
(Urdu: پاكِستانى قوم‬‎; Pakistani Qaum) are the people who are citizens of the modern Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Pakistan
Pakistan
is a multi-ethnic and multilingual state: the majority of its people belong linguistically to the Indo-Iranian group while the remaining minority mainly belongs to a small amount of other language groups and families. As per the 2017 Census, the estimated population of Pakistan
Pakistan
was over 207 million making it the world's fifth most-populous country.[12]

Contents

1 Ethnic sub-groups 2 Culture 3 Languages 4 Religion 5 Diaspora 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading

Ethnic sub-groups[edit] Main article: Ethnic groups in Pakistan Pakistan
Pakistan
has one of the world's fastest growing populations. As the country is located in South Asia, Pakistani people are a mixture of various indigenous ethnic groups. Pakistani people belong predominantly to seven main ethno-linguistic groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Saraiki, Pashtun, Urdu
Urdu
Speakers, Baloch, and Kashmiri, with substantial numbers of Brahui, Hindkowan, Pahari, Shin, Burusho, Wakhi, Balti, Chitrali and other minority ethnic groups in the remote north of the country. The Punjabi people, the largest ethnic group in Pakistan
Pakistan
followed by Pashtuns who reside predominantly in North West regions of Pakistan. Pashtuns are the largest ethnic group in neighboring Afghanistan. The Sindhi people, on the other hand have been settled in the southeast of the country and gave their name to the mighty Indus/Sindhu river, while regional groups such as the Saraiki people
Saraiki people
have inhabited the regions between Punjab and Sindh.[13] The Kashmiri people
Kashmiri people
are an important ethnic group of the Kashmir region in the north. There are other important indigenous people like the Balti, Hunzakots, and Gilgiti people(s) of the northern territories of Gilgit through whose territory ran the ancient Silk Route
Silk Route
connecting Asia
Asia
and Europe. The Chitrali people
Chitrali people
are another indigenous people who live high in the mountains in the northwest. Along with these main groups, there are smaller communities of Sheedi's who are descendants of African sailors and warriors who are believed to have arrived from the horn of Africa, as well as Urdu
Urdu
Speakers who came as migrants from India when Pakistan attained its independence from Britain in 1947. There are countless other ethnic groups that make up part of Pakistani's mosaic such as the Bengali, Burmese, Hazara, Uzbek, Tajik and Hakka.[13] Culture[edit] Main article: Culture of Pakistan Pakistan
Pakistan
has a heterogeneous culture, with all of the provinces maintaining differing social mores. However, Islam
Islam
is the driving force behind the unity of varying ethnic groups from different parts of the country, and has significantly shaped the values and traditions of Pakistanis. Pakistani culture falls in the category of high context. and Pakistani wear the qamiz shalwar that is the culture of Pakistan Languages[edit] Main article: Languages of Pakistan Urdu, a major standard register of Hindustani, is Pakistan's national language. Urdu
Urdu
was chosen as a token of unity and as a lingua franca so as not to give any native Pakistani language preference over the other. It is mostly learned as a second language, with nearly 93% of Pakistan's population having a mother tongue other than Urdu. Urdu
Urdu
is spoken as a first, second or at times third tongue by almost all Pakistani people. Numerous regional and provincial languages are spoken as first languages by the ethno-linguistic groups making up the country, with Punjabi having a plurality of native speakers with 45% of the total population. English is spoken at an official level and in most elite circles, as a legacy of the long British Raj
British Raj
colonial rule in the region. Many Pakistanis
Pakistanis
worldwide speak the various regional languages of Pakistan
Pakistan
such as: Urdu, Saraiki, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, and Kashmiri. Religion[edit] Main article: Religion in Pakistan Further information: Islam
Islam
in Pakistan The largest religion practiced in Pakistan
Pakistan
is Islam. Other religious groups in Pakistan
Pakistan
include Judaism, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Hinduism
Hinduism
and Christianity. Diaspora[edit] Main article: Pakistani diaspora There are large populations of Pakistani ancestry around the world, due to emigration. The population of Pakistanis
Pakistanis
abroad is considered to exceed seven million and can be found in the Middle East, North America, Europe, Asia
Asia
and Australia. See also[edit]

Ethnic groups in Pakistan List of Pakistanis

References[edit]

^ "U.S. and World Population Clock". United States
United States
Census Bureau.  ^ "2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in the United Kingdom". Office for National Statistics. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2015.  ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder - Results". Retrieved 17 March 2015.  ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables – Ethnic Origin (101), Age Groups (10), Sex (3) and Selected Demographic, Cultural, Labour Force, Educational and Income Characteristics (327) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey". 12.statcan.ca. Retrieved 11 December 2017.  ^ Al-Qarari, Hussein (2009-03-29). " Pakistanis
Pakistanis
celebrate National Day in Kuwait". Kuwait
Kuwait
Times. Archived from the original on 2011-06-17. Retrieved 2012-04-14.  ^ " Europe
Europe
and Russian Federation", Yearbook of Pakistan
Pakistan
Foreign Relations, 2003-2004, Pakistan: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2004, archived from the original on 2007-10-19, retrieved 2008-11-18  ^ Husain, Irfan (2002-11-09), "The Italian jobs", Dawn, Pakistan, retrieved 2008-11-18  ^ Qatar´s population by nationality Archived 2013-12-22 at the Wayback Machine. bq magazine Retrieved 15 December 2014 ^ "TablaPx". Ine.es. Retrieved 11 December 2017.  ^ 출입국·외국인정책본부. "통계연보(글내용) < 통계자료실 < 출입국·외국인정책본부". Immigration.go.kr. Retrieved 11 December 2017.  ^ "Standard Outputs - Census Data Explorer - Scotland's Census - Log in". www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk.  ^ Dawn.com (2017-08-28). "Census results show 59.7pc growth in Karachi's population, 116pc in Lahore's since 1998". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-09-01.  ^ a b "Pakistan". Infoplease.com. Retrieved 11 December 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

Abbasi, Nadia Mushtaq. "The Pakistani diaspora
Pakistani diaspora
in Europe
Europe
and its impact on democracy building in Pakistan." International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (2010). Awan, Shehzadi Zamurrad. "Relevance of Education for Women's Empowerment in Punjab, Pakistan." Journal of International Women's Studies 18.1 (2016): 208+ online Bolognani, Marta, and Stephen Lyon, eds. Pakistan
Pakistan
and its diaspora: multidisciplinary approaches (Springer, 2011). Eglar, Zekiya. A Punjabi Village in Pakistan: Perspectives on Community, Land, and Economy (Oxford UP, 2010). Kalra, Virinder S., ed. Pakistani Diasporas: Culture, conflict, and change (Oxford UP, 2009). Lukacs, John, ed. The people of South Asia: the biological anthropology of India, Pakistan, and Nepal (Springer, 2013). Marsden, Magnus. "Muslim village intellectuals: the life of the mind in northern Pakistan." Anthropology today 21.1 (2005): 10-15. Mughal, M. A. Z. "An anthropological perspective on the mosque in Pakistan." Asian Anthropology 14.2 (2015): 166-181. Rauf, Abdur. "Rural women and the family: A study of a Punjabi village in Pakistan." Journal of Comparative Family Studies (1987): 403-415.

v t e

Pakistan
Pakistan
topics

Basic topics Alphabetical index of topics

History

Ancient

Stone age Soanian Mehrgarh Indus Valley Indo-Iranics Indo-Aryan Achaemenid Greco-Bactrian Maurya Gandhara Indo-Greek Indo-Scythians Indo-Parthian Kushan Indo-Sassanid

Medieval

Indo-Hephthalite Kamboja Rai Dynasty Shahi Pala Solanki Muhammad bin Qasim Ghaznavid Ghurid Mamluk Khalji Tughlaq Sayyid Lodi Timurid

Modern

Pre-colonial

Mughal East India Company Durrani Sikh Confederacy Sikh Empire First Anglo-Afghan War First Anglo-Sikh War Second Anglo-Sikh War Rebellion

Colonial

British Raj Second Anglo-Afghan War Durand Line Third Anglo-Afghan War Aligarh Movement Hindi– Urdu
Urdu
controversy Pakistan
Pakistan
Movement

Muslim League Two nation theory Jinnah's 14 Points Lahore Resolution Direct Action Day

Partition Independence

Dominion

Dominion of Pakistan Princely states 1947 War Liaquat–Nehru Pact Baghdad Pact

Republic

Indus Treaty 1965 War 1971 War Project-706 Islamisation Baloch insurgency Kargil War Liberalization War in North-West Pakistan

Geography

Features

Beaches Deserts Glaciers Islands Lakes Mountains Passes Rivers Valleys Waterfalls Wetlands

Areas

Arabian Sea Gwadar Bay Indus Plain Pothohar Plateau Salt Range Sistan Basin

Geology

Coal fields Gas fields Minerals Oil fields Tectonics Volcanoes Floods

Environment

Botanical gardens Ecoregions Environmental issues Forests Protected areas

national parks game reserves sanctuaries

Wildlife

flora fauna

Zoos

Other topics

Archaeological sites Climate

weather records

Borders Natural disasters

earthquakes floods

Subdivisions

provinces districts cities

World Heritage Sites

Governance

State

President National Security Council (C2NS ECC AEDB NCA)

Government

National government

Cabinet Ministries Prime Minister

Provincial governments

Governors Chief Ministers

Local government

Union councils

Legislative

Parliament (Majlis-e-Shoora)

Senate (upper house)

Chairman

National Assembly (lower house)

Speaker

Provincial assemblies Jirga
Jirga
(tribal assembly)

Judicial

Supreme Council Supreme Court

Chief Justice

Shariat Court High Courts District Courts

Politics

Elections Foreign relations Feudalism Intelligence community Political parties Martial law

Law

Constitution

LFO PPC WPB PCO

Human rights

Forced disappearance LGBT

LGBT history Law enforcement

Police Criminal Investigation (CID) Anti-Narcotics (ANF) Capital punishment

Terrorism

State terrorism

Military

History Army Air force Navy Marines Coast Guard Paramilitary Nuclear

Economy

Infrastructure

Electricity

Thermal Hydro nuclear solar wind

Foreign aid Fuel extraction Housing Planning Commission Post Poverty Tallest buildings Telecommunications

Pakistan
Pakistan
Remote Sensing Satellite

Transportation

bridges

Water management

Water supply and sanitation

Industry

Aerospace Agriculture Defence Automobile Fishery Forestry Husbandry Labour

child

Media Mining Pharmaceuticals Textiles

Silk

Tourism

Commerce

Banking

banks

Companies Investment board Rupee (currency) Securities and Exchange Commission Stock markets Trading Corporation

Policy programmes

Corporatisation Directive investment Industrialisation Military economisation Nationalisation Privatisation Public-private partnering Redundant Islamic economisation

Society and culture

Society

Crime Culture Education

institutions

Feudalism Gender discrimination Healthcare

hospitals

Human rights

LGBT

Marriage Media Naming Pakistanis
Pakistanis
(list) Prostitution Religion Time Urbanisation Women

Demographics

Diaspora Ethnicity Immigration Languages

Urdu

Arts

Architecture Cinema

films

Dance Festivals Folklore Literature

Mushaira

Music Philosophy Textiles Theatre

Lifestyle

Clothing

Shalwar kameez Mehndi

Cuisine Etiquette Gun culture Nationalism

flags public holidays songs symbols

Sports

Athletics Baseball Boxing Cricket Cycling Field hockey Football Gilli-danda Golf Kabaddi Motorsport Marathon (Lahore) Olympics Paralympics Polo Rugby Squash Swimming Tennis

Places

Botanical gardens Cemeteries Churches Forts Gurdwaras Hindu temples Libraries Mausolea and shrines Mosques Museums Parks Stadiums World Heritage Sites Zoos

Categor

.