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Padstow
Padstow
(/ˈpædstoʊ/; Cornish: Lannwedhenek[1]) is a town, civil parish and fishing port on the north coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The town is situated on the west bank of the River Camel estuary approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) northwest of Wadebridge, 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Bodmin
Bodmin
and 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Newquay.[2] The population of Padstow
Padstow
civil parish was 3,162 in the 2001 census,[3] reducing to 2,993 at the 2011 census.[4] In addition an electoral ward with the same name exists but extends as far as Trevose Head. The population for this ward is 4,434[5]

Contents

1 History 2 Churches 3 Economy 4 Transport

4.1 Maritime traffic 4.2 Railway 4.3 Footpaths

5 Culture

5.1 'Obby 'Oss festival 5.2 Mummers' or Darkie Day

6 Notable residents 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Padstow
Padstow
was originally named Petroc-stow, Petroc-stowe, or 'Petrock's Place', after the Welsh missionary Saint Petroc, who landed at Trebetherick
Trebetherick
around AD 500. After his death a monastery (Lanwethinoc, the church of Wethinoc, an earlier holy man) was established here which was of great importance until "Petroces stow" (probably Padstow) was raided by the Vikings in 981, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.[6] Whether as a result of this attack or later, the monks moved inland to Bodmin, taking with them the relics of St Petroc.[7] The cult of St Petroc
St Petroc
was important both in Padstow
Padstow
and Bodmin. Padstow
Padstow
is recorded in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
(1086) when it was held by Bodmin
Bodmin
Monastery. There was land for 4 ploughs, 5 villeins who had 2 ploughs, 6 smallholders and 24 acres of pasture. It was valued at 10/- (10 shillings or 50p).[8] In the medieval period Padstow
Padstow
was commonly called Aldestowe ('old place' in contrast to Bodmin, the 'new place').[9] or Hailemouth ("hayle" being Cornish for estuary). The modern Cornish form Lannwedhenek derives from Lanwethinoc and in a simpler form appears in the name of the Lodenek Press, a publisher based in Padstow. The seal of the borough of Padstow
Padstow
was a ship with three masts, the sails furled and an anchor hanging from the bow, with the legend "Padstow." [10] Time Team
Time Team
visited Padstow
Padstow
for the episode "From Constantinople to Cornwall," broadcast on 9 March 2008. There are two Cornish crosses in the parish: one is built into a wall in the old vicarage garden and another is at Prideaux Place (consisting of a four-holed head and part of an ornamented cross shaft). There is also part of a decorated cross shaft in the churchyard.[11] Churches[edit] The church of St Petroc
St Petroc
is one of four said to have been founded by the saint, the others being Little Petherick, Parracombe and Bodmin. It is quite large and mostly of 13th and 14th century date. There is a fine 15th century font of Catacleuse; the pulpit of c. 1530 is also of interest. There are two fine monuments to members of the Prideaux family (Sir Nicholas, 1627 and Edmund, 1693): there is also a monumental brass of 1421.[12] Economy[edit]

Rick Stein's Seafood Restaurant, Padstow

Traditionally a fishing port, Padstow
Padstow
is now a popular tourist destination. Although some of its former fishing fleet remains, it is mainly a yachting haven on a dramatic coastline with few easily navigable harbours. The influence of restaurateur Rick Stein
Rick Stein
can be seen in the port, and tourists travel from long distances to eat at his restaurant and cafés. This has led to the town being dubbed "Padstein", by food writers in the British media.[13][14][15] However, the boom in the popularity of the port has caused house price inflation both in the port and surrounding areas, as people buy homes to live in, or as second or holiday homes.[citation needed] This has meant significant numbers[citation needed] of locals cannot afford to buy property in the area, with prices often well over 10 times the average salary of around £15,000. This has led to a population decline.[citation needed] Plans to build a skatepark in Padstow
Padstow
have been proposed and funds are being raised to create this at the Recreation Ground (Wheal Jubilee Parc).[16] Transport[edit] Maritime traffic[edit] During the mid-19th century, ships carrying timber from Canada (particularly Quebec City) would arrive at Padstow
Padstow
and offer cheap travel to passengers wishing to emigrate. Shipbuilders in the area would also benefit from the quality of their cargoes. Among the ships that sailed were the barques Clio, Belle[17] and Voluna; and the brig Dalusia.[18]

Padstow-Rock ferry

The approach from the sea into the River Camel
River Camel
is partially blocked by the Doom Bar, a bank of sand extending across the estuary which is a significant hazard to shipping and the cause of many shipwrecks. For ships entering the estuary, the immediate loss of wind due to the cliffs was a particular hazard, often resulting in ships being swept onto the Doom Bar. A manual capstan was installed on the west bank of the river (its remains can still be seen) and rockets were fired to carry a line to ships so that they could be winched to safety. There have been ferries across the Camel estuary for centuries and the current service, the Black Tor Ferry, carries pedestrians between Padstow
Padstow
and Rock daily throughout the year. Railway[edit] From 1899 until 1967 Padstow
Padstow
railway station was the westernmost point of the former Southern Railway. The railway station was the terminus of an extension from Wadebridge
Wadebridge
of the former Bodmin
Bodmin
and Wadebridge Railway and North Cornwall
Cornwall
Railway. These lines were part of the London and South Western Railway
London and South Western Railway
(LSWR), then incorporated into the Southern Railway in 1923 and British Railways
British Railways
in 1948, but were proposed for closure during the Beeching Axe
Beeching Axe
of the 1960s. The LSWR (and Southern Railway) promoted Padstow
Padstow
as a holiday resort; these companies were rivals to the Great Western Railway
Great Western Railway
(which was the larger railway in the West of England). Until 1964, Padstow
Padstow
was served by the Atlantic Coast Express
Atlantic Coast Express
– a direct train service to/from London (Waterloo) – but the station was closed in 1967. The old railway line is now the Camel Trail,[19] a footpath and cycle path which is popular owing to its picturesque route beside the River Camel. One of the railway mileposts is now embedded outside the Shipwright's Arms public house on the Harbour Front. Today, the nearest railway station is at Bodmin
Bodmin
Parkway, a few miles south of Bodmin. Plymouth Bus operate buses to the station. Footpaths[edit] The South West Coast Path
South West Coast Path
runs on both sides of the River Camel estuary and crosses from Padstow
Padstow
to Rock via the Black Tor ferry. The path gives walking access to the coast with Stepper Point
Stepper Point
and Trevose Head within an easy day's walk of Padstow. The Saints' Way
Saints' Way
long-distance footpath runs from Padstow
Padstow
to Fowey
Fowey
on the south coast of Cornwall. The Camel Trail
Camel Trail
cycleway follows the course of the former railway (see above) from Padstow. It is open to walkers, cyclists and horse riders and suitable for disabled access. The 17.3-mile (27.8 km) long route leads to Wadebridge
Wadebridge
and on to Wenford Bridge
Wenford Bridge
and Bodmin, and is used by an estimated 400,000 users each year[20] generating an income of approximately £3 million a year.[20] Culture[edit] 'Obby 'Oss festival[edit] Main article: 'Obby 'Oss festival

The 'Old Oss' capturing a passing maiden during the Mayday festival

Padstow
Padstow
is best known for its "'Obby 'Oss" festival. Although its origins are unclear, it most likely stems from an ancient fertility rite, perhaps the Celtic festival of Beltane. The festival starts at midnight on May Eve when townspeople gather outside the Golden Lion Inn to sing the "Night Song." By morning, the town has been dressed with greenery and flowers placed around the maypole. The excitement begins with the appearance of one of the 'Obby 'Osses. Male dancers cavort through the town dressed as one of two 'Obby 'Osses, the "Old" and the "Blue Ribbon" 'Obby 'Osses; as the name suggests, they are stylised kinds of horses. Prodded on by acolytes known as "Teasers," each wears a mask and black frame-hung cape under which they try to catch young maidens as they pass through the town. Throughout the day, the two parades, led by the "Mayer" in his top hat and decorated stick, followed by a band of accordions and drums, then the 'Oss and the Teaser, with a host of people - all singing the "Morning Song."[1] - pass along the streets of the town. Finally, late in the evening, the two 'osses meet, at the maypole, before returning to their respective stables where the crowd sings of the 'Obby 'Oss death, until its resurrection the following May Eve.

The 'Old Oss' party attending the Oss with dozens of accordions and drums

Mummers' or Darkie Day[edit] On Boxing Day
Boxing Day
and New Year's Day, it is a tradition for some residents to don blackface and parade through the town singing 'minstrel' songs. This is an ancient midwinter celebration that occurs every year in Padstow
Padstow
and was originally part of the pagan heritage of midwinter celebrations that were regularly celebrated all over Cornwall
Cornwall
where people would guise dance and disguise themselves by blackening up their faces or wearing masks. Recently (since 2007), the people of Penzance
Penzance
have revived its midwinter celebration with the Montol Festival which like Padstow
Padstow
at times would have had people darkening or painting their skin to disguise themselves as well as masking.) Folklorists associate the practice with the widespread British custom of blacking up for mumming and morris dancing, and suggest there is no record of slave ships coming to Padstow. Once an unknown local charity event, the day has recently become controversial, perhaps since a description was published.[21] Also some now suggest it is racist for white people to "black up" for any reason.[22] Although "outsiders" have linked the day with racism, Padstonians insist that this is not the case and are incredulous at both description and allegations. Long before the controversy Charlie Bate, noted Padstow
Padstow
folk advocate, recounted that in the 1970s the content and conduct of the day were carefully reviewed to avoid potential offence.[23] The Devon and Cornwall
Cornwall
Constabulary have taken video evidence twice and concluded there were no grounds for prosecution.[24] Nonetheless protests resurface annually. The day has now been renamed Mummers' Day in an attempt to avoid offence and identify it more clearly with established Cornish tradition.[25] The debate has now been subject to academic scrutiny.[26] Other similar traditions that use the black-face disguise and are still celebrated within the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
are the Border Morris dancers, and Molly dancers of the East Midlands
East Midlands
and East Anglia. Notable residents[edit]

Donald Rawe, Cornish publisher, dramatist, novelist, and poet, was born in Padstow. He became a member of Gorseth Kernow
Gorseth Kernow
in 1970, under the Bardic name of Scryfer Lanwednoc ('Writer of Padstow').[27] Rick Stein, restaurateur and celebrity chef, owns several restaurants and businesses in the town. Enys Tregarthen, author and folklorist Paul Ainsworth, Michelin starred chef, runs several businesses in Padstow

See also[edit]

Padstow
Padstow
lifeboat

References[edit]

^ "List of Place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel" (PDF). Cornish Language Partnership. May 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.  ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay
Newquay
& Bodmin ISBN 978-0-319-22938-5 ^ Parish population for North Cornwall
Cornwall
district, Cornwall
Cornwall
County Council and ONS, 2001 ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 10 February 2015.  ^ "Ward population 2011 census". Retrieved 10 February 2015.  ^ Orme, Nicholas (2007) Cornwall
Cornwall
and the Cross. Chichester: Phillimore; p. 10 "[either Padstow
Padstow
or Bodmin] ... presumably by a Viking attack" ^ Orme (2007); p. 10 ^ Thorn, C., et al., eds. (1979) Cornwall. (Domesday Book; 10.) Chichester: Phillimore; entry 4,4 ^ Henderson, C. "Parochial history [of] Padstow", in: Cornish Church Guide (1925). Truro: Blackford, pp. 173-74) ^ Pascoe, W. H. (1979). A Cornish Armory. Padstow, Cornwall: Lodenek Press. p. 134. ISBN 0-902899-76-7.  ^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard; pp. 196-97, 396-98 & 407-10 ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed. Penguin Books; pp. 129-130 ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/celebritynews/3195730/Rick-Stein-defends-impact-of-his-seafood-empire-on-Padstow.html ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-460297/The-battle-Padstein-TV-chef-Rick-Stein-war-locals.html ^ Gerard, By Jasper. "Rick Stein's Seafood Restaurant in Padstow". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 7 September 2017.  ^ Padstow
Padstow
Skate Park: Home Page ^ Immigrants to Canada: Vessels Arriving at Quebec 1843 ^ John Eynon's Journal: Voyage to Quebec in 1833 from Padstow ^ Camel Trail
Camel Trail
website ^ a b North Cornwall
Cornwall
District Council (June 2003). "North Cornwall Matters - Partnership Improves The Trail" (PDF). North Cornwall Matters. North Cornwall
Cornwall
District Council. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 October 2007. Retrieved 11 October 2007.  ^ J. R. Daeschner, True Brits (Arrow, London, 2004) ^ "Way out West", The Guardian 3 January 2007 ^ M. O'Connor, Ilow Kernow 3 (St Ervan, 2005) p27 ^ "No action on town's 'Darkie Day'". BBC News. 10 March 2005. Retrieved 3 January 2010.  ^ "MP calls for 'Darkie Day' to stop". BBC News. 11 January 2006. Retrieved 3 January 2010.  ^ M. Davey, Guizing: Ancient Traditions and Modern Sensitivities, In: P. Payton (ed), Cornish Studies 14 (Exeter, 2006) p.229 ^ "Passionate patriot's book is a cracking yarn full of originality and enthusiasm". This Is Cornwall. 8 June 2010. Archived from the original on 15 March 2011. 

Henderson, Charles (1938) " Padstow
Padstow
Church and Parish" in: Doble, G. H. Saint Petrock, a Cornish Saint; 3rd ed. [Wendron: the author]; pp. 51–59

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Padstow.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Padstow.

Padstow
Padstow
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Padstow
Padstow
Tourist Information Centre Charles Henderson - Padstow
Padstow
Church: Its History and List of Vicars, 1927 Historical information on Padstow
Padstow
from Genuki Padstow
Padstow
OCS Cornwall
Cornwall
Record Office Online Catalogue for Padstow

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Bodmin Bude Callington Camborne Camelford Falmouth Fowey Hayle Helston Launceston Liskeard Looe Lostwithiel Marazion Newlyn Newquay Padstow Par Penryn Penzance Porthleven Redruth Saltash St Austell St Blazey St Columb Major St Ives St Just in Penwith St Mawes Stratton Torpoint Truro Wadebridge See also: List of civil parishes in Cornwall

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Advent Altarnun Blisland Bodmin Boyton Bude–Stratton Camelford Cardinham Davidstow Egloshayle Egloskerry Forrabury and Minster Helland Jacobstow Kilkhampton Laneast Lanhydrock Lanivet Launceston Launcells Lawhitton
Lawhitton
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