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Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture (大阪府, Ōsaka-fu) is a prefecture located in the Kansai region
Kansai region
on Honshu, the main island of Japan.[1] The capital is the city of Osaka. It is the center of Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto
Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto
area.[2] Osaka is one of the two "urban prefectures" (府, fu) of Japan, Kyoto being the other ( Tokyo
Tokyo
became a "metropolitan prefecture", or to, in 1941).

Contents

1 History

1.1 Reform

2 Geography

2.1 Cities 2.2 Towns and villages 2.3 Mergers

3 Economy

3.1 Major companies 3.2 Major factories and research institutes

4 Demographics 5 Temples and Shrines 6 Museums 7 Education

7.1 Universities

8 Parks 9 Transportation

9.1 Rail 9.2 People movers 9.3 Road

9.3.1 Expressways 9.3.2 National highways

9.4 Airports

10 Sports

10.1 Football (soccer)

10.1.1 League 10.1.2 Non-league

10.2 Baseball 10.3 Basketball 10.4 Volleyball 10.5 Rugby union

11 Prefectural symbols 12 See also 13 Notes 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] See also: Historic Sites of Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture and Osaka
Osaka
§ History Until the Meiji Restoration, the area of Osaka
Osaka
prefecture was known as Kawachi, Izumi,[3][4] and Settsu provinces.[5] Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture was created on June 21, 1868, at the very beginning of the Meiji era.[6] During the instigation of Fuhanken Sanchisei
Fuhanken Sanchisei
in 1868, the prefecture received its suffix fu, designating it as an urban prefecture. On September 1, 1956, the city of Osaka
Osaka
was promoted to a city designated by government ordinance and thereby divided into 24 wards. In 2000, Fusae Ota became Japan's first female governor when she replaced Knock Yokoyama, who resigned after prosecution for sexual harassment.[7] On April 1, 2006: the city of Sakai was promoted to a city designated by government ordinance and thereby divided into seven wards. In 2008, Tōru Hashimoto, previously famous as a counselor on television, was elected at the age of 38 as the youngest governor in Japan. Reform[edit] Main article: Osaka
Osaka
Metropolis plan In 2010, the Osaka
Osaka
Restoration Association was created with backing by Governor Tōru Hashimoto, attempting to reform Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture into Osaka
Osaka
Metropolis reducing affiliated organizations of Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture and the City of Osaka. In the 2011 local elections the association was able to win the majority of the prefectural seats. The plan was narrowly defeated in the 2015 referendum (49.62% yes and 50.38% no). Geography[edit] Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture neighbors the prefectures of Hyōgo and Kyoto in the north, Nara in the east and Wakayama in the south. The west is open to Osaka
Osaka
Bay. The Yodo and Yamato Rivers flow through the prefecture. Prior to the construction of Kansai
Kansai
International Airport, Osaka
Osaka
was the smallest prefecture in Japan. The artificial island on which the airport was built added enough area to make it slightly larger than Kagawa Prefecture.[8][9] As of 1 April 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Kongō-Ikoma-Kisen and Meiji no Mori Minō Quasi-National Parks and Hokusetsu and Hannan-Misaki Prefectural Natural Parks.[10] Cities[edit]

Map of Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture

Osaka
Osaka
Prefectural Office

Sakai

Takatsuki

Thirty-three cities are located in Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture:

Daitō Fujiidera Habikino Hannan Higashiōsaka Hirakata Ibaraki Ikeda Izumi Izumiōtsu Izumisano Kadoma Kaizuka Kashiwara Katano Kawachinagano Kishiwada Matsubara Minoh Moriguchi Neyagawa Osaka
Osaka
(capital) Ōsakasayama Sakai Sennan Settsu Shijōnawate Suita Takaishi Takatsuki Tondabayashi Toyonaka Yao

Towns and villages[edit] These are the towns and villages in each district:

Minamikawachi District

Chihayaakasaka Kanan Taishi

Mishima District

Shimamoto

Senboku District

Tadaoka

Sennan District

Kumatori Misaki Tajiri

Toyono District

Nose Toyono

Mergers[edit] Main article: List of mergers in Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture Economy[edit]

Diamond district in Umeda

Herbis ENT

Osaka
Osaka
castle

Osaka
Osaka
Castle park and Osaka
Osaka
business park

Universal Studios Japan

Kansai
Kansai
International Airport

Umeda
Umeda
Sky Building

Famous advertisement by Glico
Glico
man in Dōtonbori
Dōtonbori
(middle-left)

The gross prefecture product of Osaka
Osaka
for the fiscal year 2004 was ¥38.7 trillion, second after Tokyo
Tokyo
with an increase of 0.9% from the previous year. This represented approximately 48% of the Kinki region. The per capita income was ¥3.0 million, seventh in the nation.[11] Commercial sales the same year was ¥60.1 trillion.[12] Overshadowed by such globally renowned electronics giants as Panasonic and Sharp, the other side of Osaka's economy can be characterized by its Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) activities. The number of SMEs based in Osaka
Osaka
in 2006 was 330,737, accounting for 99.6% of the total number of businesses in the prefecture.[13] While this proportion is similar to other prefectures (the average nationwide was 99.7%), the manufactured output of the SMEs amounted to 65.4% of the total within the prefecture, a rate significantly higher than Tokyo's 55.5%, or Kanagawa's 38.4%.[14] One model from Osaka
Osaka
of serving the public interest and restimulating the regional economy, combined with industry-education cooperation efforts, is the Astro-Technology SOHLA,[15] with its artificial satellite project.[16] Having originally started from a gathering of Higashiosaka
Higashiosaka
based SMEs, Astro-Technology SOHLA has not only grown into a Kansai
Kansai
region-wide group but has also won support from the government, through technology and material support from Japan
Japan
Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA),[17] and financial support from NEDO.[18][19] The Osaka
Osaka
Securities Exchange, specializing in derivatives such as Nikkei 225 Futures, is based in Osaka. There are many electrical, chemical, pharmaceutical, heavy industry, food, and housing companies in Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture.

Osaka
Osaka
city skyline at dusk viewed from the Umeda
Umeda
Sky Building

Major companies[edit] Main page: Category:Companies based in Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture Major factories and research institutes[edit] Main articles: Hanshin Industrial Region and Kansai
Kansai
Science City Demographics[edit] According to the 2005 Population Census of Japan, Osaka
Osaka
prefecture has a population of 8,817,166, an increase of 12,085, or 0.14%, since the Census of year 2000.[20] As of 2013 this prefecture has about 200,000 ethnic Korean persons, the largest such population of any prefecture in Japan. Osaka
Osaka
City. As of 2013 most ethnic Korean children attend ordinary Japanese public schools, although some Korean schools operated by the Chongryon
Chongryon
and classes for ethnic Koreans had opened in the prefecture. During the Japanese rule of Korea many ethnic Koreans came to the Osaka
Osaka
area to look for work. Many people from Jeju came to the Osaka
Osaka
area after a 1922 ferry line between Osaka
Osaka
and Jeju opened. During World War II Japanese authorities forced additional ethnic Koreans to move to the Osaka
Osaka
area.[21]

Temples and Shrines[edit]

Shitennō-ji Kanshin-ji Sumiyoshi Taisha

Museums[edit]

National Museum of Ethnology, Japan
Japan
[2] Open-Air Museum of Old Japanese Farm Houses (Hattori Ryokuchi Park) OSTEC ( Osaka
Osaka
Science and Technology Center) Exhibition Hall Japan
Japan
Folk Crafts Museum, Osaka
Osaka
[3]

Education[edit] Public elementary and junior high schools in the prefecture are operated by the municipalities. Public high schools are operated by the Osaka
Osaka
Prefectural Board of Education. Universities[edit]

Kansai
Kansai
Medical University (Hirakata, Osaka) Osaka
Osaka
University (Toyonaka and Suita) former Osaka
Osaka
University of Foreign Studies (Minoh) Osaka
Osaka
Kyoiku University (Kashiwara) Osaka
Osaka
City University ( Osaka
Osaka
city) Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture University (Sakai) Kansai
Kansai
University (Suita, Takatsuki, Osaka
Osaka
city) Kinki University
Kinki University
(Higashiosaka) Kansai
Kansai
Gaidai University (Hirakata) ( Kansai
Kansai
University of Foreign Studies) Osaka
Osaka
International Educational University (Moriguchi) Osaka
Osaka
University of Health and Sport sciences (Kumatori) Osaka
Osaka
University of Commerce (Higashiosaka) Osaka
Osaka
University of Economic and Law (Yao) Osaka
Osaka
College of Music (Toyonaka) Osaka
Osaka
Electro Communication University (Neyagawa) Osaka
Osaka
Gakuin University (Suita) Otemon Gakuin University
Otemon Gakuin University
(Ibaraki) Hannan University
Hannan University
(Matsubara) Setsunan University (Neyagawa) St Andrews University (Momoyama Gakuin University) (Izumi) Taisei Gakuin University
Taisei Gakuin University
(Mihara, Sakai) Tezukayama Gakuin University
Tezukayama Gakuin University
(Ōsakasayama, Sakai)

Parks[edit]

The Expo Commemoration Park
Expo Commemoration Park
(Suita) Expo '70
Expo '70
held here. About 260 ha. Includes a Japanese garden, National Museum of Art, Osaka, and the amusement park "Expoland". Hattori Ryokuchi Park
Hattori Ryokuchi Park
(Toyonaka) about 150 ha. Tsurumi Ryokuchi Park (Osaka) about 100 ha. Expo '90 of horticulture held here.[22] Nagai Park (Osaka) about 66 ha. The IAAF World Championships in Athletics were held in 2007 at Nagai Stadium
Nagai Stadium
in this park. Osaka
Osaka
Castle Park (Osaka) about 106 ha. Nakanoshima Park
Nakanoshima Park
(Osaka) - The Museum of Oriental Ceramics, public hall (1911, Renaissance Revival architecture), Osaka
Osaka
Prefectural Nakanoshima Library (1904, Baroque Revival architecture), and the city hall of Osaka.

Transportation[edit] Rail[edit]

JR Central

Tokaido Shinkansen
Tokaido Shinkansen
(Shin- Osaka
Osaka
Station)

JR West

Sanyo Shinkansen
Sanyo Shinkansen
(Shin- Osaka
Osaka
Station) Osaka
Osaka
Loop Line Osaka
Osaka
Higashi Line Tokaido Main Line

JR Kyoto Line JR Kobe Line

Gakkentoshi Line Yamatoji Line Hanwa Line JR Tozai Line JR Yumesaki Line Kansai
Kansai
Airport Line

Osaka
Osaka
Municipal Subway

Midosuji Line Tanimachi Line Yotsubashi Line Chuo Line Sennichimae Line Sakaisuji Line Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line Imazatosuji Line

Keihan Electric Railway

Keihan Main Line Keihan Nakanoshima Line Keihan Katano
Katano
Line

Kintetsu

Osaka
Osaka
Line Nara Line Shigi Line Keihanna Line Minami Osaka
Osaka
Line Domyoji Line Nagano Line

Hankyu

Hankyu
Hankyu
Kyoto Line Hankyu
Hankyu
Senri Line Hankyu
Hankyu
Takarazuka Line Hankyu
Hankyu
Minoo Line Hankyu
Hankyu
Kobe Line

Nose Electric Railway Hanshin Electric Railway

Hanshin Main Line Hanshin Namba Line

Nankai Electric Railway

Nankai Main Line Takashinohama Line Tanagawa Line Airport Line Koya Line

Senboku Rapid Railway Mizuma Railway Kita- Osaka
Osaka
Kyuko Railway

People movers[edit]

Osaka
Osaka
Monorail Nanko Port Town Line

Road[edit] Expressways[edit]

Meishin Expressway Chugoku Expressway Hanshin Expressway Nishi-Meihan Expressway Second Keihan Highway Hanwa Expressway Second Hanna Highway Minami Hanna Highway

National highways[edit]

National Route 1 National Route 2 National Route 25 National Route 26 National Route 43 National Route 163 National Route 165 National Route 166 National Route 168 National Route 170 National Route 171 National Route 173 National Route 176 National Route 307 National Route 308 National Route 309 National Route 310 National Route 371 National Route 423 National Route 477 National Route 479 National Route 480 National Route 481

Airports[edit]

Osaka
Osaka
International Airport - Domestic flights Kansai
Kansai
International Airport - International and domestic flights

Sports[edit] The sports teams listed below are based in Osaka. Football (soccer)[edit] League[edit]

Gamba Osaka Cerezo Osaka

Non-league[edit]

F.C. Osaka

Baseball[edit]

Orix Buffaloes

Basketball[edit]

Osaka
Osaka
Evessa

Volleyball[edit]

Osaka
Osaka
Blazers Sakai Suntory Sunbirds Panasonic Panthers

Rugby union[edit]

Kintetsu Liners

Prefectural symbols[edit] The symbol of Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture, called the sennari byōtan or "thousand gourds," was originally the crest of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the feudal lord of Osaka
Osaka
Castle. See also[edit]

Politics of Osaka Osaka
Osaka
Eco Agricultural Products Osaka
Osaka
Metropolis plan List of twin towns and sister cities in Japan

Notes[edit]

^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Osaka-fu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 759, p. 759, at Google Books; "Kansai" in p. 477, p. 477, at Google Books ^ Nussbaum, "Osaka" in p. 759, p. 759, at Google Books ^ 大阪府教育委員会 (2002-03-29). "岸和田城跡". Comprehensive Database of Archaeological Site Reports in Japan. Retrieved 2016-09-02.  ^ 泉南市教育委員会 (1987-09-21). "海会寺". Comprehensive Database of Archaeological Site Reports in Japan. Retrieved 2016-09-02.  ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books ^ "大阪のあゆみ (History of Osaka)" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2007-03-12. The creation of Osaka
Osaka
prefecture took place slight earlier than many other prefectures, that had to wait for abolition of the han system in 1871. ^ Tolbert, Kathryn. "Election of First Female Governor Boosts Japan's Ruling Party", The Washington Post, February 8, 2000. ^ "平成10年全国都道府県市区町村の面積の公表について(Official announcement on the national territory and area of 1998, by prefectures, cities, districts, towns and villages)" Archived 2003-06-11 at the Wayback Machine., Geographical Survey Institute, Government of Japan, January 29, 1999. ^ "コラム Vol.017 全国都道府県市区町村面積調 (Column: "National Area Investigation" vol.017)" Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine., Alps Mapping K.K., March 8, 2001. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 9 August 2012.  ^ "平成16年度の県民経済計算について (Prefectural Economy for the fiscal year 2004 based on 93SNA) Cabinet Office, Government of Japan" (PDF) (in Japanese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2007-03-13.  ^ "大阪府民経済計算 ( Osaka
Osaka
Prefectural Economy based on 93SNA) Osaka
Osaka
Prefectural Government" (PDF) (in Japanese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2007-03-13.  ^ "2006 White Paper on Small and Medium Enterprises in Japan, Japan Small Business Research Institute (Japan)" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-03-13.  ^ "なにわの経済データ (The Naniwa Economy Data)" (PDF) (in Japanese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2007-03-13.  ^ "Astro-Technology SOHLA" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2007-03-14.  ^ " Japan
Japan
Advertising Council". Archived from the original on 2007-03-01. Retrieved 2007-03-14.  For details on the campaign featuring SOHLA, navigate through the Japanese page to the 2003 campaign listing, at entry "東大阪の人工衛星" (Higashiosaka's Satellite) [1] ^ ""Smaller firms build a satellite" City of Osaka, Chicago Office". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-03-14.  ^ The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization ^ ""Study of PETSAT" NEDO, 2005" (PDF) (in Japanese and English). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2007-03-14.  ^ "Table 1: 大阪府の人口の推移 ( Population Change of Osaka Prefecture)" (in Japanese). Osaka
Osaka
Prefectural Government. Archived from the original on 2007-01-05. Retrieved 2007-03-13.  ^ Aoki, Eriko. "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices in Japanese primary schools" (Chapter 8). In: Ryang, Sonia. Koreans in Japan: Critical Voices from the Margin ( Routledge
Routledge
Studies in Asia's Transformations). Routledge, October 8, 2013. ISBN 1136353054, 9781136353055. Start: p. 157. CITED: p. 166. ^ 財団法人 国際花と緑の博覧会記念協会:English:Expo'90 Foundation Archived 2011-10-21 at the Wayback Machine.

References[edit]

Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Osaka
Osaka
prefecture.

Official Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture homepage Osaka
Osaka
Tourism & Convention Guidance homepage Comprehensive Database of Archaeological Site Reports in Japan

v t e

Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture

Osaka
Osaka
(capital)

Wards of Osaka

Abeno Asahi Chūō Fukushima Higashinari Higashisumiyoshi Higashiyodogawa Hirano Ikuno Jōtō Kita Konohana Minato Miyakojima Naniwa Nishi Nishinari Nishiyodogawa Suminoe Sumiyoshi Taishō Tennōji Tsurumi Yodogawa

Wards of Sakai

Higashi Kita Naka Nishi Mihara Minami Sakai

Core cities

Higashiōsaka Hirakata Takatsuki Toyonaka

Special
Special
cities

Ibaraki Kishiwada Neyagawa Suita Yao

Cities

Daitō Fujiidera Habikino Hannan Ikeda Izumi Izumiotsu Izumisano Kadoma Kaizuka Kashiwara Katano Kawachinagano Matsubara Minoh Moriguchi Ōsakasayama Sennan Settsu Shijōnawate Takaishi Tondabayashi

Minamikawachi District

Chihayaakasaka Kanan Taishi

Mishima District

Shimamoto

Senboku District

Tadaoka

Sennan District

Kumatori Misaki Tajiri

Toyono District

Nose Toyono

List of mergers in Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan

Regions

Hokkaido Tōhoku Kantō

Nanpō Islands

Chūbu

Hokuriku Kōshin'etsu Shin'etsu Tōkai

Kansai Chūgoku

San'in San'yō

Shikoku Kyushu

Northern Southern Okinawa

47 Prefectures

Hokkaido

Hokkaido

Tōhoku

Aomori Iwate Miyagi Akita Yamagata Fukushima

Kantō

Ibaraki Tochigi Gunma Saitama Chiba Tokyo Kanagawa

Chūbu

Niigata Toyama Ishikawa Fukui Yamanashi Nagano Gifu Shizuoka Aichi

Kansai

Mie Shiga Kyoto Osaka Hyōgo Nara Wakayama

Chūgoku

Tottori Shimane Okayama Hiroshima Yamaguchi

Shikoku

Tokushima Kagawa Ehime Kōchi

Kyushu

Fukuoka Saga Nagasaki Kumamoto Ōita Miyazaki Kagoshima Okinawa

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 145129174 LCCN: n80024169 ISNI: 0000 0001 2177

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