Osaka Prefecture (大阪府, Ōsaka-fu) is a prefecture located in the
Kansai region on Honshu, the main island of Japan. The capital is
the city of Osaka. It is the center of
Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto area. Osaka
is one of the two "urban prefectures" (府, fu) of Japan, Kyoto being
the other (
Tokyo became a "metropolitan prefecture", or to, in 1941).
2.2 Towns and villages
3.1 Major companies
3.2 Major factories and research institutes
5 Temples and Shrines
9.2 People movers
9.3.2 National highways
10.1 Football (soccer)
10.5 Rugby union
11 Prefectural symbols
12 See also
15 External links
See also: Historic Sites of
Osaka Prefecture and
Osaka § History
Until the Meiji Restoration, the area of
Osaka prefecture was known as
Kawachi, Izumi, and Settsu provinces.
Osaka Prefecture was created on June 21, 1868, at the very beginning
of the Meiji era. During the instigation of
Fuhanken Sanchisei in
1868, the prefecture received its suffix fu, designating it as an
On September 1, 1956, the city of
Osaka was promoted to a city
designated by government ordinance and thereby divided into 24 wards.
Fusae Ota became Japan's first female governor when she
replaced Knock Yokoyama, who resigned after prosecution for sexual
On April 1, 2006: the city of Sakai was promoted to a city designated
by government ordinance and thereby divided into seven wards.
In 2008, Tōru Hashimoto, previously famous as a counselor on
television, was elected at the age of 38 as the youngest governor in
Osaka Metropolis plan
In 2010, the
Osaka Restoration Association was created with backing by
Governor Tōru Hashimoto, attempting to reform
Osaka Prefecture into
Osaka Metropolis reducing affiliated organizations of
and the City of Osaka.
In the 2011 local elections the association was able to win the
majority of the prefectural seats.
The plan was narrowly defeated in the 2015 referendum (49.62% yes and
Osaka Prefecture neighbors the prefectures of Hyōgo and Kyoto in the
north, Nara in the east and Wakayama in the south. The west is open to
Osaka Bay. The Yodo and Yamato Rivers flow through the prefecture.
Prior to the construction of
Kansai International Airport,
the smallest prefecture in Japan. The artificial island on which the
airport was built added enough area to make it slightly larger than
As of 1 April 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was
designated as Natural Parks, namely Kongō-Ikoma-Kisen and Meiji no
Mori Minō Quasi-National Parks and Hokusetsu and Hannan-Misaki
Prefectural Natural Parks.
Osaka Prefectural Office
Thirty-three cities are located in
Towns and villages
These are the towns and villages in each district:
Main article: List of mergers in
Diamond district in Umeda
Osaka Castle park and
Osaka business park
Universal Studios Japan
Kansai International Airport
Umeda Sky Building
Famous advertisement by
Glico man in
The gross prefecture product of
Osaka for the fiscal year 2004 was
¥38.7 trillion, second after
Tokyo with an increase of 0.9% from the
previous year. This represented approximately 48% of the Kinki region.
The per capita income was ¥3.0 million, seventh in the nation.
Commercial sales the same year was ¥60.1 trillion.
Overshadowed by such globally renowned electronics giants as Panasonic
and Sharp, the other side of Osaka's economy can be characterized by
its Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) activities. The number of SMEs
Osaka in 2006 was 330,737, accounting for 99.6% of the total
number of businesses in the prefecture. While this proportion is
similar to other prefectures (the average nationwide was 99.7%), the
manufactured output of the SMEs amounted to 65.4% of the total within
the prefecture, a rate significantly higher than Tokyo's 55.5%, or
Kanagawa's 38.4%. One model from
Osaka of serving the public
interest and restimulating the regional economy, combined with
industry-education cooperation efforts, is the Astro-Technology
SOHLA, with its artificial satellite project. Having
originally started from a gathering of
Higashiosaka based SMEs,
Astro-Technology SOHLA has not only grown into a
group but has also won support from the government, through technology
and material support from
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
(JAXA), and financial support from NEDO.
Osaka Securities Exchange, specializing in derivatives such as
Nikkei 225 Futures, is based in Osaka.
There are many electrical, chemical, pharmaceutical, heavy industry,
food, and housing companies in
Osaka city skyline at dusk viewed from the
Umeda Sky Building
Main page: Category:Companies based in
Major factories and research institutes
Hanshin Industrial Region and
Kansai Science City
According to the 2005 Population Census of Japan,
Osaka prefecture has
a population of 8,817,166, an increase of 12,085, or 0.14%, since the
Census of year 2000.
As of 2013 this prefecture has about 200,000 ethnic Korean persons,
the largest such population of any prefecture in Japan.
Osaka City. As
of 2013 most ethnic Korean children attend ordinary Japanese public
schools, although some Korean schools operated by the
classes for ethnic Koreans had opened in the prefecture. During the
Japanese rule of Korea many ethnic Koreans came to the
Osaka area to
look for work. Many people from Jeju came to the
Osaka area after a
1922 ferry line between
Osaka and Jeju opened. During World War II
Japanese authorities forced additional ethnic Koreans to move to the
Temples and Shrines
National Museum of Ethnology,
Open-Air Museum of Old Japanese Farm Houses (Hattori Ryokuchi Park)
Osaka Science and Technology Center) Exhibition Hall
Japan Folk Crafts Museum,
Public elementary and junior high schools in the prefecture are
operated by the municipalities. Public high schools are operated by
Osaka Prefectural Board of Education.
Kansai Medical University (Hirakata, Osaka)
Osaka University (Toyonaka and Suita)
Osaka University of Foreign Studies (Minoh)
Osaka Kyoiku University (Kashiwara)
Osaka City University (
Osaka Prefecture University (Sakai)
Kansai University (Suita, Takatsuki,
Kinki University (Higashiosaka)
Kansai Gaidai University (Hirakata) (
Kansai University of Foreign
Osaka International Educational University (Moriguchi)
Osaka University of Health and Sport sciences (Kumatori)
Osaka University of Commerce (Higashiosaka)
Osaka University of Economic and Law (Yao)
Osaka College of Music (Toyonaka)
Osaka Electro Communication University (Neyagawa)
Osaka Gakuin University (Suita)
Otemon Gakuin University
Otemon Gakuin University (Ibaraki)
Hannan University (Matsubara)
Setsunan University (Neyagawa)
St Andrews University (Momoyama Gakuin University) (Izumi)
Taisei Gakuin University
Taisei Gakuin University (Mihara, Sakai)
Tezukayama Gakuin University
Tezukayama Gakuin University (Ōsakasayama, Sakai)
Expo Commemoration Park
Expo Commemoration Park (Suita)
Expo '70 held here. About 260 ha.
Includes a Japanese garden, National Museum of Art, Osaka, and the
amusement park "Expoland".
Hattori Ryokuchi Park
Hattori Ryokuchi Park (Toyonaka) about 150 ha.
Tsurumi Ryokuchi Park (Osaka) about 100 ha. Expo '90 of horticulture
Nagai Park (Osaka) about 66 ha. The IAAF World Championships in
Athletics were held in 2007 at
Nagai Stadium in this park.
Osaka Castle Park (Osaka) about 106 ha.
Nakanoshima Park (Osaka) - The Museum of Oriental Ceramics, public
hall (1911, Renaissance Revival architecture),
Nakanoshima Library (1904, Baroque Revival architecture), and the city
hall of Osaka.
Tokaido Shinkansen (Shin-
Sanyo Shinkansen (Shin-
Osaka Loop Line
Osaka Higashi Line
Tokaido Main Line
JR Kyoto Line
JR Kobe Line
JR Tozai Line
JR Yumesaki Line
Kansai Airport Line
Osaka Municipal Subway
Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line
Keihan Electric Railway
Keihan Main Line
Keihan Nakanoshima Line
Hankyu Kyoto Line
Hankyu Senri Line
Hankyu Takarazuka Line
Hankyu Minoo Line
Hankyu Kobe Line
Nose Electric Railway
Hanshin Electric Railway
Hanshin Main Line
Hanshin Namba Line
Nankai Electric Railway
Nankai Main Line
Senboku Rapid Railway
Osaka Kyuko Railway
Nanko Port Town Line
Second Keihan Highway
Second Hanna Highway
Minami Hanna Highway
National Route 1
National Route 2
National Route 25
National Route 26
National Route 43
National Route 163
National Route 165
National Route 166
National Route 168
National Route 170
National Route 171
National Route 173
National Route 176
National Route 307
National Route 308
National Route 309
National Route 310
National Route 371
National Route 423
National Route 477
National Route 479
National Route 480
National Route 481
Osaka International Airport - Domestic flights
Kansai International Airport - International and domestic flights
The sports teams listed below are based in Osaka.
Osaka Blazers Sakai
The symbol of
Osaka Prefecture, called the sennari byōtan or
"thousand gourds," was originally the crest of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the
feudal lord of
Politics of Osaka
Osaka Eco Agricultural Products
Osaka Metropolis plan
List of twin towns and sister cities in Japan
^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Osaka-fu" in Japan
Encyclopedia, p. 759, p. 759, at Google Books; "Kansai" in p. 477, p.
477, at Google Books
^ Nussbaum, "Osaka" in p. 759, p. 759, at Google Books
^ 大阪府教育委員会 (2002-03-29). "岸和田城跡".
Comprehensive Database of Archaeological Site Reports in Japan.
^ 泉南市教育委員会 (1987-09-21). "海会寺". Comprehensive
Database of Archaeological Site Reports in Japan. Retrieved
^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google
^ "大阪のあゆみ (History of Osaka)" (in Japanese). Retrieved
2007-03-12. The creation of
Osaka prefecture took place slight
earlier than many other prefectures, that had to wait for abolition of
the han system in 1871.
^ Tolbert, Kathryn. "Election of First Female Governor Boosts Japan's
Ruling Party", The Washington Post, February 8, 2000.
announcement on the national territory and area of 1998, by
prefectures, cities, districts, towns and villages)" Archived
2003-06-11 at the Wayback Machine., Geographical Survey Institute,
Government of Japan, January 29, 1999.
^ "コラム Vol.017 全国都道府県市区町村面積調 (Column:
"National Area Investigation" vol.017)" Archived 2007-09-28 at the
Wayback Machine., Alps Mapping K.K., March 8, 2001.
^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"
(PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
^ "平成16年度の県民経済計算について (Prefectural
Economy for the fiscal year 2004 based on 93SNA) Cabinet Office,
Government of Japan" (PDF) (in Japanese). Archived from the original
(PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
^ "大阪府民経済計算 (
Osaka Prefectural Economy based on 93SNA)
Osaka Prefectural Government" (PDF) (in Japanese). Archived from the
original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
^ "2006 White Paper on Small and Medium Enterprises in Japan, Japan
Small Business Research Institute (Japan)" (PDF). Retrieved
^ "なにわの経済データ (The Naniwa Economy Data)" (PDF) (in
Japanese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved
^ "Astro-Technology SOHLA" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2007-03-14.
Japan Advertising Council". Archived from the original on
2007-03-01. Retrieved 2007-03-14. For details on the campaign
featuring SOHLA, navigate through the Japanese page to the 2003
campaign listing, at entry "東大阪の人工衛星" (Higashiosaka's
^ ""Smaller firms build a satellite" City of Osaka, Chicago Office".
Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-03-14.
^ The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization
^ ""Study of PETSAT" NEDO, 2005" (PDF) (in Japanese and English).
Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-14. Retrieved
^ "Table 1: 大阪府の人口の推移 ( Population Change of Osaka
Prefecture)" (in Japanese).
Osaka Prefectural Government. Archived
from the original on 2007-01-05. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
^ Aoki, Eriko. "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices
in Japanese primary schools" (Chapter 8). In: Ryang, Sonia. Koreans in
Japan: Critical Voices from the Margin (
Routledge Studies in Asia's
Transformations). Routledge, October 8, 2013. ISBN 1136353054,
9781136353055. Start: p. 157. CITED: p. 166.
Archived 2011-10-21 at the Wayback Machine.
Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan
encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
Wikimedia Commons has media related to
Osaka Prefecture homepage
Osaka Tourism & Convention Guidance homepage
Comprehensive Database of Archaeological Site Reports in Japan
Wards of Osaka
Wards of Sakai
List of mergers in
Regions and administrative divisions of Japan
ISNI: 0000 0001 2177