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Oberführer
Oberführer
([ˈoːbɐ.fyːʀɐ], "senior leader") was an early paramilitary rank of the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
(NSDAP) dating back to 1921. Translated as "senior leader", an Oberführer
Oberführer
was typically a NSDAP member in charge of a group of paramilitary units in a particular geographical region.[1] From 1921 to 1925, the phrase Oberführer
Oberführer
was used as a title in the Sturmabteilung
Sturmabteilung
(SA), but became an actual SA rank after 1926. Oberführer
Oberführer
was also a rank of the Schutzstaffel
Schutzstaffel
(SS, at that time a branch of the SA), established in 1925 as Gauführer, a rank for SS officers in charge of SS personnel in the several Gaue throughout Germany; in 1928 the rank was renamed Oberführer, and used of the commanders of the three regional SS-Oberführerbereiche. In 1930, the SS was reorganized into SS-Gruppen and Brigaden, at which time Oberführer
Oberführer
became subordinate to the higher rank of Brigadeführer. By 1932, Oberführer
Oberführer
was an established rank of the SA, SS and NSKK.[1][2] Oberführer
Oberführer
wore two oak leaves on the uniform collar rank patch, along with the shoulder boards and lapels of a general officer.[3] In 1938, the status of SS- Oberführer
Oberführer
began to change with the rise of the SS-Verfügungstruppe
SS-Verfügungstruppe
which would later become the Waffen-SS. Since Brigadeführer
Brigadeführer
was rated equal to a Generalmajor, and Standartenführer
Standartenführer
to an Oberst, Oberführer
Oberführer
had no military equivalent and quickly became regarded as a senior colonel rank.[4] This distinction continues in historical circles with most texts referring to Oberführer
Oberführer
as a senior colonel rank[4][5] while some others state it has a military equivalent to a British Army brigadier.[6] Insignia[edit]

Shoulder mark (Infantry)

SS-Medical corps

Gorget patches

Military camouflage

Junior Rank Standartenführer SS rank and SA rank Oberführer Senior Rank Brigadeführer

See also[edit]

Corps colours (Waffen-SS) Table of ranks and insignia of the Waffen-SS

Notes[edit]

^ a b McNab (II) 2009, p. 15. ^ McNab 2009, pp. 29, 30. ^ Flaherty 2004, p. 148. ^ a b Yerger 1997, p. 235. ^ Miller 2006, p. 521. ^ McNab 2009, p. 186.

Bibliography[edit]

Flaherty, T. H. (2004) [1988]. The Third Reich: The SS. Time-Life Books, Inc. ISBN 1-84447-073-3.  McNab, Chris (2009). The SS: 1923–1945. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-49-5.  McNab (II), Chris (2009). The Third Reich. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-51-8.  Miller, Michael (2006). Leaders of the SS and German Police, Vol. 1. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 93-297-0037-3.  Yerger, Mark C. (1997). Allgemeine-SS: The Commands, Units and Leaders of the General SS. Schiffer Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7643-0145-4. 

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Nazi Germany paramilitary ranks          

Combat ranks

Anwärter Junker Schütze Oberschütze Sturmmann Volkssturmmann Stabsscharführer Rottenführer Unterscharführer Scharführer Oberscharführer Hauptscharführer Sturmscharführer Zugführer (Volkssturm) Untersturmführer Obersturmführer Kompanieführer (Volkssturm) Hauptsturmführer Bataillonsführer (Volkssturm) Sturmbannführer Obersturmbannführer Standartenführer Oberführer Brigadeführer Gruppenführer Obergruppenführer Oberst-Gruppenführer

Non-combat ranks

Bewerber Aufseherin Mann Oberrottenführer HJ Staffelführer Truppführer Obertruppführer Haupttruppführer Sturmführer Rapportführer Sonderführer Sturmhauptführer Schutzhaftlagerführer Gauführer Untergruppenführer Stabsführer Reichsjugendführer Bannführer Korpsführer Stabschef
Stabschef
(SA) Reichsführer-SS

Nazi Party
Nazi Party
ranks

Blockleiter Zellenleiter Ortsgruppenleiter Kreisleiter Gauleiter Reichsleiter

Other ranks

RLB-Präsident

Organizations

Nazi Party Sturmabteilung Schutzstaffel Allgemeine SS SS-Verfügungstruppe Waffen-SS SS-Totenkopfverbände Hitler Youth National Socialist Motor Corps National Socialist Flyer

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