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OBERFüHRER ( , "senior leader") was an early paramilitary rank of the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
(NSDAP) dating back to 1921. Translated as "senior leader", an Oberführer
Oberführer
was typically a NSDAP member in charge of a group of paramilitary units in a particular geographical region. From 1921 to 1925, the phrase Oberführer
Oberführer
was used as a title in the Sturmabteilung
Sturmabteilung
(SA), but became an actual SA rank after 1926.

Oberführer
Oberführer
was also a rank of the Schutzstaffel
Schutzstaffel
(SS, at that time a branch of the SA), established in 1925 as Gauführer , a rank for SS officers in charge of SS personnel in the several Gaue throughout Germany; in 1928 the rank was renamed Oberführer, and used of the commanders of the three regional SS-Oberführerbereiche. In 1930, the SS was reorganized into SS-Gruppen and Brigaden, at which time Oberführer
Oberführer
became subordinate to the higher rank of Brigadeführer
Brigadeführer
. By 1932, Oberführer
Oberführer
was an established rank of the SA, SS and NSKK .

Oberführer
Oberführer
wore two oak leaves on the uniform collar rank patch, along with the shoulder boards and lapels of a general officer. In 1938, the status of SS- Oberführer
Oberführer
began to change with the rise of the SS-Verfügungstruppe which would later become the Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
. Since Brigadeführer
Brigadeführer
was rated equal to a Generalmajor , and Standartenführer
Standartenführer
to an Oberst
Oberst
, Oberführer
Oberführer
had no military equivalent and quickly became regarded as a senior colonel rank. This distinction continues in historical circles with most texts referring to Oberführer
Oberführer
as a senior colonel rank while some others state it has a military equivalent to a British Army brigadier .

INSIGNIA

*

Shoulder mark ( Infantry
Infantry
) *

SS-Medical corps *

Gorget patches *

Military camouflage
Military camouflage

Junior Rank STANDARTENFüHRER SS RANK and SA RANK OBERFüHRER Senior Rank BRIGADEFüHRER

SEE ALSO

* Corps colours (Waffen-SS)
Corps colours (Waffen-SS)
* Table of ranks and insignia of the Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS

NOTES

* ^ A B McNab (II) 2009 , p. 15. * ^ McNab 2009 , pp. 29, 30. * ^ Flaherty 2004 , p. 148. * ^ A B Yerger 1997 , p. 235. * ^ Miller 2006 , p. 521. * ^ McNab 2009 , p. 186.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Flaherty, T. H. (2004) . The Third Reich: The SS. Time-Life Books, Inc. ISBN 1-84447-073-3 . * McNab, Chris (2009). The SS: 1923–1945. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-49-5 . * McNab (II), Chris (2009). The Third Reich. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-51-8 . * Miller, Michael (2006). Leaders of the SS and German Police, Vol. 1. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 93-297-0037-3 . * Yerger, Mark C. (1997). Allgemeine-SS: The Commands, Units and Leaders of the General SS. Schiffer Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7643-0145-4 .

* v * t * e

Nazi Germany paramilitary ranks

COMBAT RANKS

* Anwärter * Junker * Schütze * Oberschütze * Sturmmann * Volkssturmmann * Stabsscharführer * Rottenführer
Rottenführer
* Unterscharführer * Scharführer * Oberscharführer * Hauptscharführer * Sturmscharführer * Zugführer (Volkssturm) * Untersturmführer * Obersturmführer * Kompanieführer (Volkssturm) * Hauptsturmführer * Bataillonsführer (Volkssturm) * Sturmbannführer
Sturmbannführer
* Obersturmbannführer
Obersturmbannführer
* Standartenführer
Standartenführer
* Oberführer * Brigadeführer
Brigadeführer
* Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
* Obergruppenführer
Obergruppenführer
* Oberst- Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer

NON-COMBAT RANKS

* Bewerber * Aufseherin * Mann * Oberrottenführer HJ * Staffelführer * Truppführer * Obertruppführer * Haupttruppführer * Sturmführer * Rapportführer * Sonderführer * Sturmhauptführer * Schutzhaftlagerführer * Gauführer * Untergruppenführer * Stabsführer * Reichsjugendführer * Bannführer * Korpsführer * Stabschef (SA) * Reichsführer-SS
Reichsführer-SS

NAZI PARTY RANKS

* Blockleiter * Zellenleiter * Ortsgruppenleiter * Kreisleiter * Gauleiter
Gauleiter
* Reichsleiter

OTHER RANKS

* RLB-Präsident

ORGANIZATIONS

* Nazi Party
Nazi Party
* Sturmabteilung
Sturmabteilung
* Schutzstaffel
Schutzstaffel
* Allgemeine SS * SS-Verfügungstruppe * Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
* SS-Totenkopfverbände * Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
* National Socialist Motor Corps
National Socialist Motor Corps
* National Socialist Flyers Corps
National Socialist Flyers Corps
* V

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