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The OFC Nations Cup
OFC Nations Cup
is an international association football tournament held among the Oceania
Oceania
Football Confederation (OFC) member nations. It was held every two years from 1996 to 2004; before 1996 there were two other tournaments held at irregular intervals, under the name Oceania
Oceania
Nations Cup. No competition was held in 2006, but in the 2008 edition, which also acted as a qualification tournament for the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup
FIFA Confederations Cup
and for a play-off for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, the New Zealand
New Zealand
national football team emerged as winners. Historically, a very large gulf separated Australia
Australia
and New Zealand from the smaller island competitors, and little attention was paid to the tournament by the rest of the football world. In fact, after the first eight editions the trophy had been won only by two teams: Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. In the 2012 OFC Nations Cup, Tahiti became the first team other than Australia
Australia
and New Zealand
New Zealand
to be crowned Oceania
Oceania
champions. Australia
Australia
ceased to be a member of the OFC on 1 January 2006, having elected to join the Asian Football Confederation
Asian Football Confederation
(AFC), and hence no longer participate in the tournament.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early Times (1973–1980) 1.2 Return Every Two Years (1996–2004) 1.3 A New Era (2006–Today)

2 Format 3 Results

3.1 Summaries 3.2 Teams reaching the top four

4 Records and statistics 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] Early Times (1973–1980)[edit] This tournament began in 1973 as the " Oceania
Oceania
Cup". This first edition, played in New Zealand, without qualifying round, was won by the host in the final match played in Auckland
Auckland
against Tahiti, with the result of 2–0, and was characterized by the absence of the Australian team and the presence of some teams not members of FIFA, such as New Hebrides, which became Vanuatu
Vanuatu
after gaining independence in 1980. A second edition of the Oceania
Oceania
Cup took place in 1980 in New Caledonia, at that time not a FIFA
FIFA
member, and was won by Australia
Australia
in the final match played in Nouméa
Nouméa
against Tahiti, with the result of 4–2, and was characterized by a poor result for New Zealand: out in the Group Stage losing against Tahiti (3–1) and Fiji (4–0), however two years after they qualified for the 1982 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup. These two editions were the only without qualifying rounds. After this edition the tournament was discontinued. So Australia
Australia
maintained the Oceania
Oceania
Champion title for 16 years without play any tournament. Between the years of absence (1981–1995) the most important Oceanian tournament was the Trans-Tasman Cup played only between Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. Return Every Two Years (1996–2004)[edit] In 1996, when OFC reached the official status of Confederation for FIFA, the tournament reappeared as the " Oceania
Oceania
Nations Cup" and served as a qualifier for the Confederations Cup. The 1996 edition, without an host nation but for the first time with a qualifying round, was contested with only four teams playing semifinals and final match on two legs both: Australia
Australia
and New Zealand, who played the semifinal also for the Trans-Tasman Cup, and the second semifinal match between Tahiti as Polynesia Cup holders and Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
as Melanesia Cup holders. The Cup was won for the second time by the Australian side winning easily in the final match, on two legs, against Tahiti (6–0 and 5–0). The topscorer of this tournament, Kris Trajanovski, scored all his seven goals in the final match: four on the first leg in Papeete
Papeete
(Tahiti) and three on the second leg in Canberra
Canberra
(Australia). Thanks to this result, this Australian team, managed by the English Terry Venables and not by the Scottish Oceania
Oceania
Champion Eddie Thomson, took part to the 1997 FIFA Confederations Cup
FIFA Confederations Cup
in Saudi Arabia, finishind second losing the final match against Brazil. In the 1998 edition, played in Australia, six teams took part, dominated by giants Australia
Australia
and New Zealand: in the final match, played in Brisbane, New Zealand
New Zealand
beat the host Australia
Australia
1–0 with a goal by Mark Burton. In this edition the Australian player Damian Mori scored 10 goals, a record still alive today. He is also the overall Oceania
Oceania
Nations Cup top scorer with 14 goals, scored in three editions: one in 1996, ten in 1998 and three in 2002. The fifth edition, played in Tahiti in 2000, the tournament structure was confirmed and yet again the tournament was dominated by Australia and New Zealand
New Zealand
who reached the final match in Papeete. Australia
Australia
won their third title by a score of 2–0, qualifying for the 2001 FIFA Confederations Cup. Fiji, who qualified for this edition, was forced to withdraw due to civil war and was replaced by Vanuatu, who impressed in the semifinal against Australia: the Socceroos, managed by Frank Farina, won 1–0 thanks only to a penalty kick by Kevin Muscat. Two years later the Australian team finished third in the 2001 FIFA Confederations Cup
FIFA Confederations Cup
in South Korea and Japan. For the 2002 edition, played for the second time in New Zealand, eight teams participated, divided into two groups easily won by Australia and New Zealand. This set up their third consecutive final match. The Australian side won the semifinal against a brave Tahiti only after extra time. Soccer Australia
Australia
was involved in financial problems: the non-existent financial contribution meant that the Australian players had to pay their own way to get to New Zealand, so Scott Chipperfield became the only one of Australia's large European contingent to answer the call and perform for his country in their time of need, resulting in a weak team for the tournament. So the final was won for the third time by the All Whites beating their historical rivals 1–0 in Auckland
Auckland
with a late Ryan Nelsen
Ryan Nelsen
goal. In the 2004 edition, which served also as the 2006 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup qualification and was played in Australia, six nations took part playing each other in a unique group, with the first two playing a final match in two legs. During the group stage Vanuatu
Vanuatu
surprisingly beat New Zealand
New Zealand
4–2, but lost all their remaining matches. This and a draw with Australia
Australia
(2–2) allowed Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
to claim second place and a berth in the final match against Australia. In the final, the Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
were beaten 5–1 on their home ground Honiara
Honiara
and 6–0 in Sydney. Moreover, this was the first, and until today the only time that a coach, Frank Farina, has won the Oceania
Oceania
Nations Cup trophy twice. Two years later, managed by Dutchman Guus Hiddink
Guus Hiddink
and composed of many 2004 Oceania
Oceania
Nations Cup scorers such as Tim Cahill, Harry Kewell, Mark Bresciano, Brett Emerton, John Aloisi, Australia reached the Second Round of the 2006 FIFA World Cup
2006 FIFA World Cup
in Germany. However, this was the fourth and last OFC title for Australia: in 2006 they decided to join AFC, changing considerably the Oceania
Oceania
football scene. A New Era (2006–Today)[edit] Australia
Australia
joined the Asian Football Confederation
Asian Football Confederation
on 1 January 2006, ceasing to be a member of OFC, leaving New Zealand
New Zealand
as the only major power in the OFC. The 2007 South Pacific Games, won by New Caledonia, served as a qualifying round for the three lowest ranked teams in the OFC, with the winners qualifying for the 2008 OFC Nations Cup. The 2008 OFC Nations Cup was played without a fixed venue and with four teams playing each other at home and away in one group. The tournament also served as part of the OFC's qualifying competition for the 2010 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup. New Zealand
New Zealand
emerged easily as winners for the fourth time ahead of New Caledonia, winning five matches of six. Surprisingly, Fiji won the last match against New Zealand
New Zealand
in Lautoka (Fiji) for 2–0 with two goals of Roy Krishna. The top-scorer Shane Smeltz (New Zealand) scored eight goals: four against the runners up New Caledonia
New Caledonia
beaten 3–1 away and 3–0 at home. In the 2012 edition of the tournament, the Solomon Islands, New Zealand, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Tahiti, Fiji, Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
and Samoa (winner of the qualifying tournament) competed in the competition in two groups of four teams, with the top two in each group qualifying for the semi-finals. After 9 days, Tahiti and New Caledonia reached the final in Lawson Tama Stadium
Lawson Tama Stadium
with Tahiti winning 1–0 with a goal from Steevy Chong Hue. With this, Tahiti became the first team other than Australia
Australia
(no longer part of OFC) and New Zealand to be crowned Oceania
Oceania
champions. The tournament also served as part of the OFC's qualifying competition for the 2014 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup. Format[edit] The first two editions were played without any qualifying rounds. For the successive three tournaments, Australia
Australia
and New Zealand
New Zealand
were seeded into the tournament automatically, while the remaining ten nations played to qualify. The Polynesian and Melanesian Cups, each played between five nations grouped on a geographical basis, served as qualifications via a round-robin tournament, with the highest ranked two teams in each competition qualifying for the actual OFC Nations Cup. With the postponement and then cancellation of the Melanesian Cup, and a similar fate befalling its Polynesian equivalent, the format of the tournament changed in 2002. FIFA
FIFA
rankings determined the seedings of all twelve teams, and the lower six teams played a group stage for two qualifier positions into the main tournament. The 2002 Cup tournament proper was played with two groups of four teams (again in round-robin style), which led into a 4-way knockout stage, playing for the top four positions. In 2004, the format changed once again, returning to a format similar to that of the 1996–2000 tournaments, with five teams each playing in two qualifying groups and Australia
Australia
and New Zealand
New Zealand
seeded to the actual tournament, played as a group stage of six, with a home and away Final played between the two highest-placed teams. This tournament doubled also as qualifying round for the 2006 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup. For the 2008 tournament, the format altered again. The 2007 South Pacific Games football tournament served as a qualification tournament, with the gold, silver and bronze winning nations progressing to the main, round-robin format, tournament, for which New Zealand qualified automatically. New Zealand
New Zealand
emerged as winners of the 2008 OFC Nations Cup, ahead of New Caledonia, and thus qualified for the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup
FIFA Confederations Cup
and a playoff with the fifth placed team from the AFC for a place in the 2010 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup. Results[edit] Summaries[edit]

Year Host Final Third Place Match

Winner Score Runner-up 3rd Place Score 4th Place

1973  New Zealand

New Zealand 2–0

Tahiti

New Caledonia 2–1

New Hebrides

1980  New Caledonia

Australia 4–2

Tahiti

New Caledonia 2–1

Fiji

1996 No host

Australia 6–0 5–0

Tahiti   New Zealand
New Zealand
and  Solomon Islands

1998  Australia

New Zealand 1–0

Australia

Fiji 4–2

Tahiti

2000  Tahiti

Australia 2–0

New Zealand

Solomon Islands 2–1

Vanuatu

2002  New Zealand

New Zealand 1–0

Australia

Tahiti 1–0

Vanuatu

2004  Australia[1]

Australia 5–1 6–0

Solomon Islands

New Zealand Round robin

Fiji

2008 No host

New Zealand Round robin

New Caledonia

Fiji Round robin

Vanuatu

2012  Solomon Islands

Tahiti 1–0

New Caledonia

New Zealand 4–3

Solomon Islands

2016  Papua New Guinea

New Zealand 0–0 4–2 (p)

Papua New Guinea   New Caledonia
New Caledonia
and  Solomon Islands

^ 2004 tournament was held as a round-robin tournament in Australia followed by the final by two teams of home and away.

Teams reaching the top four[edit]

Team Champions Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place

 New Zealand 5 (1973, 1998, 2002, 2008, 2016) 1 (2000) 3 (1996, 2004, 2012) –

  Australia
Australia
1 4 (1980, 1996, 2000, 2004) 2 (1998, 2002) – –

 Tahiti 1 (2012) 3 (1973, 1980, 1996) 1 (2002) 1 (1998)

 New Caledonia – 2 (2008, 2012) 3 (1973, 1980, 2016) –

 Solomon Islands – 1 (2004) 3 (1996, 2000, 2016) 1 (2012)

 Papua New Guinea – 1 (2016) – –

 Fiji – – 2 (1998, 2008) 2 (1980, 2004)

 Vanuatu – – – 4 (1973^, 2000, 2002, 2008)

^ This 1973 fourth place was achieved by Vanuatu
Vanuatu
under its former name New Hebrides. 1 Australia
Australia
left the OFC in 2006 and became a full member of the Asian Football Confederation. Records and statistics[edit] Main article: OFC Nations Cup
OFC Nations Cup
records and statistics References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Oceania
Oceania
Nations Cup on RSSSF archive OFC official website

v t e

OFC Nations Cup

Tournaments

New Zealand
New Zealand
1973 New Caledonia
New Caledonia
1980 1996 (no fixed host) Australia
Australia
1998 Tahiti 2000 New Zealand
New Zealand
2002 Australia
Australia
2004 2008 (no fixed host) Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
2012 Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
2016 TBA 2020

Qualifying

1973 1980 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2008 2012 2016

Squads

1973 1980 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2008 2012 2016

Finals

1973 1980 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2008 2012 2016

Others

Records and statistics

v t e

OFC competitions

National teams

Men's

OFC Nations Cup OFC Men's Olympic Qualifying Tournament OFC U-20 Championship OFC U-17 Championship Pacific Games OFC Futsal Championship OFC Beach Soccer Championship

Women's

OFC Women's Nations Cup OFC Women's Olympic Qualifying Tournament OFC U-20 Women's Championship OFC U-17 Women's Championship Pacific Games

Clubs

OFC Champions League Melanesian Super Cup

National teams and/or Clubs

OFC President's Cup

Defunct

AFC–OFC Challenge Cup Melanesia Cup Polynesia Cup OFC U-16 Pacific Cup Wantok Cup Oceania
Oceania
Cup Winners' Cup

v t e

International
International
association football

FIFA Federations Teams Competitions World Cup

U-17 U-20

Confederations Cup Olympics Youth Olympics Universiade World Rankings The Best FIFA
FIFA
Football Awards Timeline of association football Comparison of association football and futsal

Africa

CAF – Africa Cup of Nations

U-23 U-20 U-17

Regional (CECAFA, CEMAC, COSAFA, WAFU) Intercontinental (UAFA)

Asia

AFC – Asian Cup

U-23 U-19 U-16 U-14

Regional (ASEAN, EAFF, SAFF, CAFA, WAFF) Intercontinental (UAFA)

Europe

UEFA
UEFA
– European Championship

U-21 U-19 U-17

Nations League

North America, Central America and the Caribbean

CONCACAF
CONCACAF
– Gold Cup

U-20 U-17 U-15

Regional (CFU, UNCAF)

Oceania

OFC – Nations Cup

U-20 U-17

South America

CONMEBOL
CONMEBOL
– Copa América

U-20 U-17 U-15

Non-FIFA

NF-Board – Viva World Cup CONIFA – ConIFA World Football Cup ConIFA European Football Cup IIGA – Island Games

Games

African Games Asian Games Central America Central America and Caribbean East Asian Games Francophonie Games Indian Ocean Island Lusophony Games Mediterranean Games Pan American Games Pan Arab Games Pacific Games South Asian Games Southeast Asian Games West Asian Games

See also Geography Codes Player/Club of the Century Women's football

v t e

Oceanian Championships

Olympic sports

Team sports

Beach volleyball Basketball

Men Women

Curling Field hockey Football

Men Women

Handball

Nation (M) Nation (W) Club (M) Club (W)

Ice hockey Rugby sevens

Men Women

Volleyball

Men Women

Water polo

Individual sports

Archery Athletics Badminton Biathlon Boxing Canoeing Cycling Fencing Figure skating Gymnastics Judo Modern pentathlon Rowing Sailing Shooting Short track Speed skating Swimming Table tennis Taekwondo Triathlon Weightlifting Wrestling

Non-Olympic sports

Team sports

Baseball Beach Handball

Nations Junior Youth

Beach soccer Cricket (OD) (T20) Futsal

Men Women

Indoor field hockey Kabaddi Korfball Netball Roller hockey Rugby union Softball

Individual sports

Chess Cross-country Karate Kurash Orienteering Ski mountaineering Squash

Individua

.

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