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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Noyon
Noyon
(Latin: Noviomagus Veromanduorum, Noviomagus of the Veromandui) is a commune in the Oise
Oise
department in northern France. It lies on the Oise
Oise
Canal about 100 kilometers (60 mi) north of Paris.

Contents

1 History 2 Personalities 3 International relations 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] The Gallo-Romans founded the town as Noviomagus (Celtic for "New Field" or "Market"). As several other cities shared the name, it was distinguished by specifying the people living in and around it. The town is mentioned in the Antonine Itinerary
Antonine Itinerary
as being 27 Roman miles from Soissons
Soissons
and 34  Roman miles
Roman miles
from Amiens, but d'Anville noted that the distance must be in error, Amiens
Amiens
being further and Soisson closer than indicated. By the Middle Ages, the town's Latin name had mutated to Noviomum. The town was strongly fortified; some sections of the Roman walls still remained in late antiquity. This may explain why, around the year 531, bishop Medardus
Medardus
moved his seat from Vermand
Vermand
in the Vermandois
Vermandois
to Noyon. (Another option was to move his seat to Saint-Quentin but the wine produced in Noyon
Noyon
was thought to be much better than that produced in Saint-Quentin.[1] Other explanations are that Medardus
Medardus
was born near the town, at Salency, or that the place is nearer to Soissons, which was one of the royal capitals of the Merovingians.) The bishop of Noyon
Noyon
was also bishop of Tournai from the seventh century until Tournai was raised to a separate diocese 1146.[2] The cathedral at Noyon
Noyon
was where Charlemagne
Charlemagne
was crowned as co-King of the Franks in 768,[3] as was the first Capetian king, Hugh Capet
Hugh Capet
in 987.[4] In 859 the town was attacked by Vikings[5] and the bishop, Immo, captured and killed.[6] The town received a communal charter in 1108, which was later confirmed by Philip Augustus in 1223. In the twelfth century, the diocese of Noyon
Noyon
was raised to an ecclesiastical duchy in the peerage of France. The Romanesque cathedral was destroyed by fire in 1131, but soon replaced by the present cathedral, Notre-Dame de Noyon, constructed between 1145 and 1235, one of the earliest examples of Gothic architecture
Gothic architecture
in France. The bishop's library is a historic example of half-timbered construction. By the Treaty of Noyon, signed on the 13 August 1516 between Francis I of France
France
and emperor Charles V, France
France
abandoned its claims to the Kingdom of Naples
Kingdom of Naples
and received the Duchy of Milan in recompense. The treaty brought the War of the League of Cambrai— one stage of the Italian Wars— to a close. During King Henry II's Italian war in 1557, most of Noyon
Noyon
would be burned,[7] in the midst of Philip II of Spain's invasion of Picardy,[8] before returning to their winter quarters in the Spanish Netherlands.[8] Near the end of the sixteenth century the town fell under Habsburg control, but Henry IV of France
France
recaptured it. The Concordat of 1801 suppressed its bishopric. The town was occupied by the Germans during World War I
World War I
and World War II
World War II
and on both occasions suffered heavy damage. Personalities[edit]

John Calvin
John Calvin
was born in Noyon, 1509. Medardus Godeberta Jean de Bournonville
Jean de Bournonville
(c. 1585–1632) composer and organist Jacques de Noyon Simon-Jérôme Bourlet de Vauxcelles (1733–1802), 18th-century French priest and journalist

International relations[edit] Noyon
Noyon
is twinned with:

- Hexham
Hexham
– England - Metzingen
Metzingen
– Germany

See also[edit]

Communes of the Oise
Oise
department Monument aux morts (Oise) Charlemagne

Notes[edit]

^ M. Lachiver, Vins, vignes et vignerons. Histoire du vignoble français, éditions Fayard, Paris, 1988, (ISBN 221302202X), p. 53 ^ Catholic Encyclopedia, s.v. Tournai [Doornik] (Diocese); Roman Catholic Diocese of Tournai. ^ Peter Lasko, Ars Sacra, 800-1200, (Yale University Press, 1994), 1. ^ Laon, Kim M. Magon, Northern Europe: International Dictionary of Historic Places, Vol. 2, ed. Trudy Ring, Noelle Watson, Paul Schellinger, (Routledge, 1995), 397. ^ Karl Leyser, Communications and Power in Medieval Europe: The Carolingian and Ottonian Centuries, ed. Timothy Reuter, (Hambledon Press, 1994), 48 note110. ^ Dudo (Dean of St. Quentin), History of the Normans, transl. Eric Christiansen, (The Boydell Press, 1998), 184 note82. ^ George A. Rothrock, The Huguenots: A Biography of a Minority, (Nelson-Hall, Inc., 1979), 48. ^ a b A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East, Vol. II, ed. Spencer C. Tucker, (ABC-CLIO, 2010), 518.

References[edit]

INSEE commune file  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Noyon.

Official Web site Quid: Noyon

About the cathedral:

Picardy architecture Gargoyles

v t e

Communes of the Oise
Oise
department

Abancourt Abbecourt Abbeville-Saint-Lucien Achy Acy-en-Multien Les Ageux Agnetz Airion Allonne Amblainville Amy Andeville Angicourt Angivillers Angy Ansacq Ansauvillers Antheuil-Portes Antilly Appilly Apremont Armancourt Arsy Attichy Auchy-la-Montagne Auger-Saint-Vincent Aumont-en-Halatte Auneuil Auteuil Autheuil-en-Valois Autrêches Avilly-Saint-Léonard Avrechy Avricourt Avrigny Babœuf Bachivillers Bacouël Bailleul-le-Soc Bailleul-sur-Thérain Bailleval Bailly Balagny-sur-Thérain Barbery Bargny Baron Baugy Bazancourt Bazicourt Beaudéduit Beaugies-sous-Bois Beaulieu-les-Fontaines Beaumont-les-Nonains Beaurains-lès-Noyon Beaurepaire Beauvais Beauvoir Béhéricourt Belle-Église Belloy Berlancourt Berneuil-en-Bray Berneuil-sur-Aisne Berthecourt Béthancourt-en-Valois Béthisy-Saint-Martin Béthisy-Saint-Pierre Betz Bienville Biermont Bitry Blacourt Blaincourt-lès-Précy Blancfossé Blargies Blicourt Blincourt Boissy-Fresnoy Boissy-le-Bois Bonlier Bonneuil-en-Valois Bonneuil-les-Eaux Bonnières Bonvillers Boran-sur-Oise Borest Bornel Boubiers Bouconvillers Bouillancy Boullarre Boulogne-la-Grasse Boursonne Boury-en-Vexin Boutavent Boutencourt Bouvresse Braisnes-sur-Aronde Brasseuse Brégy Brenouille Bresles Breteuil Brétigny Breuil-le-Sec Breuil-le-Vert Briot Brombos Broquiers Broyes Brunvillers-la-Motte Bucamps Buicourt Bulles Bury Bussy Caisnes Cambronne-lès-Clermont Cambronne-lès-Ribécourt Campagne Campeaux Campremy Candor Canly Cannectancourt Canny-sur-Matz Canny-sur-Thérain Carlepont Catenoy Catheux Catigny Catillon-Fumechon Cauffry Cauvigny Cempuis Cernoy Chamant Chambly Chambors Chantilly La Chapelle-en-Serval Chaumont-en-Vexin Chavençon Chelles Chepoix Chevincourt Chèvreville Chevrières Chiry-Ourscamp Choisy-au-Bac Choisy-la-Victoire Choqueuse-les-Bénards Cinqueux Cires-lès-Mello Clairoix Clermont Coivrel Compiègne Conchy-les-Pots Conteville Corbeil-Cerf Cormeilles Le Coudray-Saint-Germer Le Coudray-sur-Thelle Coudun Couloisy Courcelles-Epayelles Courcelles-lès-Gisors Courteuil Courtieux Coye-la-Forêt Cramoisy Crapeaumesnil Creil Crépy-en-Valois Cressonsacq Crèvecœur-le-Grand Crèvecœur-le-Petit Crillon Crisolles Le Crocq Croissy-sur-Celle Croutoy Crouy-en-Thelle Cuignières Cuigy-en-Bray Cuise-la-Motte Cuts Cuvergnon Cuvilly Cuy Daméraucourt Dargies Delincourt Dieudonné Dives Doméliers Domfront Dompierre La Drenne Duvy Écuvilly Élencourt Élincourt-Sainte-Marguerite Éméville Énencourt-Léage Énencourt-le-Sec Épineuse Éragny-sur-Epte Ercuis Ermenonville Ernemont-Boutavent Erquery Erquinvillers Escames Esches Escles-Saint-Pierre Espaubourg Esquennoy Essuiles Estrées-Saint-Denis Étavigny Étouy Ève Évricourt Le Fayel Fay-les-Étangs Le Fay-Saint-Quentin Feigneux Ferrières Feuquières Fitz-James Flavacourt Flavy-le-Meldeux Fléchy Fleurines Fleury Fontaine-Bonneleau Fontaine-Chaalis Fontaine-Lavaganne Fontaine-Saint-Lucien Fontenay-Torcy Formerie Fouilleuse Fouilloy Foulangues Fouquenies Fouquerolles Fournival Francastel Francières Fréniches Fresne-Léguillon Fresneaux-Montchevreuil Fresnières Fresnoy-en-Thelle Fresnoy-la-Rivière Fresnoy-le-Luat Le Frestoy-Vaux Frétoy-le-Château Frocourt Froissy Le Gallet Gannes Gaudechart Genvry Gerberoy Gilocourt Giraumont Glaignes Glatigny Godenvillers Goincourt Golancourt Gondreville Gourchelles Gournay-sur-Aronde Gouvieux Gouy-les-Groseillers Grandfresnoy Grandrû Grandvillers-aux-Bois Grandvilliers Grémévillers Grez Guignecourt Guiscard Gury Hadancourt-le-Haut-Clocher Hainvillers Halloy Le Hamel Hannaches Hanvoile Hardivillers Hardivillers-en-Vexin Haucourt Haudivillers Hautbos Haute-Épine Hautefontaine Hécourt Heilles Hémévillers Hénonville Herchies La Hérelle Héricourt-sur-Thérain Hermes Hétomesnil Hodenc-en-Bray Hodenc-l'Évêque Hondainville Houdancourt La Houssoye Ivors Ivry-le-Temple Jaméricourt Janville Jaulzy Jaux Jonquières Jouy-sous-Thelle Juvignies Laberlière Laboissière-en-Thelle Labosse Labruyère Lachapelle-aux-Pots Lachapelle-Saint-Pierre Lachapelle-sous-Gerberoy Lachaussée-du-Bois-d'Écu Lachelle Lacroix-Saint-Ouen Lafraye Lagny Lagny-le-Sec Laigneville Lalande-en-Son Lalandelle Lamécourt Lamorlaye Lannoy-Cuillère Larbroye Lassigny Lataule Lattainville Lavacquerie Laverrière Laversines Lavilletertre Léglantiers Lévignen Lhéraule Liancourt Liancourt-Saint-Pierre Libermont Lierville Lieuvillers Lihus Litz Loconville Longueil-Annel Longueil-Sainte-Marie Lormaison Loueuse Luchy Machemont Maignelay-Montigny Maimbeville Maisoncelle-Saint-Pierre Maisoncelle-Tuilerie Aux Marais Marest-sur-Matz Mareuil-la-Motte Mareuil-sur-Ourcq Margny-aux-Cerises Margny-lès-Compiègne Margny-sur-Matz Marolles Marquéglise Marseille-en-Beauvaisis Martincourt Maucourt Maulers Maysel Mélicocq Mello Ménévillers Méru Méry-la-Bataille Le Mesnil-Conteville Le Mesnil-en-Thelle Le Mesnil-Saint-Firmin Le Mesnil-sur-Bulles Le Mesnil-Théribus Le Meux Milly-sur-Thérain Mogneville Moliens Monceaux Monceaux-l'Abbaye Monchy-Humières Monchy-Saint-Éloi Mondescourt Monneville Montagny-en-Vexin Montagny-Sainte-Félicité Montataire Montépilloy Montgérain Montiers Montjavoult Mont-l'Évêque Montlognon Montmacq Montmartin Montreuil-sur-Brêche Montreuil-sur-Thérain Monts Le Mont-Saint-Adrien Morangles Morienval Morlincourt Mortefontaine Mortefontaine-en-Thelle Mortemer Morvillers Mory-Montcrux Mouchy-le-Châtel Moulin-sous-Touvent Mouy Moyenneville Moyvillers Muidorge Muirancourt Mureaumont Nampcel Nanteuil-le-Haudouin Néry Neufchelles Neufvy-sur-Aronde Neuilly-en-Thelle Neuilly-sous-Clermont Neuville-Bosc La Neuville-en-Hez La Neuville-Garnier La Neuville-Roy La Neuville-Saint-Pierre La Neuville-sur-Oudeuil La Neuville-sur-Ressons La Neuville-Vault Nivillers Noailles Nogent-sur-Oise Nointel Noirémont Noroy Nourard-le-Franc Novillers Noyers-Saint-Martin Noyon Offoy Ognes Ognolles Ognon Omécourt Ons-en-Bray Ormoy-le-Davien Ormoy-Villers Oroër Orrouy Orry-la-Ville Orvillers-Sorel Oudeuil Oursel-Maison Paillart Parnes Passel Péroy-les-Gombries Pierrefitte-en-Beauvaisis Pierrefonds Pimprez Pisseleu Plailly Plainval Plainville Le Plessier-sur-Bulles Le Plessier-sur-Saint-Just Le Plessis-Belleville Le Plessis-Brion Plessis-de-Roye Le Plessis-Patte-d'Oie Le Ployron Ponchon Pontarmé Pont-l'Évêque Pontoise-lès-Noyon Pontpoint Pont-Sainte-Maxence Porcheux Porquéricourt Pouilly Précy-sur-Oise Prévillers Pronleroy Puiseux-en-Bray Puiseux-le-Hauberger Puits-la-Vallée Quesmy Le Quesnel-Aubry Quincampoix-Fleuzy Quinquempoix Rainvillers Rantigny Raray Ravenel Réez-Fosse-Martin Reilly Rémécourt Rémérangles Remy Ressons-sur-Matz Rethondes Reuil-sur-Brêche Rhuis Ribécourt-Dreslincourt Ricquebourg Rieux Rivecourt Roberval Rochy-Condé Rocquemont Rocquencourt Romescamps Rosières Rosoy Rosoy-en-Multien Rotangy Rothois Rousseloy Rouville Rouvillers Rouvres-en-Multien Rouvroy-les-Merles Roy-Boissy Royaucourt Roye-sur-Matz La Rue-Saint-Pierre Rully Russy-Bémont Sacy-le-Grand Sacy-le-Petit Sains-Morainvillers Saint-André-Farivillers Saint-Arnoult Saint-Aubin-en-Bray Saint-Aubin-sous-Erquery Saint-Crépin-aux-Bois Saint-Crépin-Ibouvillers Saint-Deniscourt Sainte-Eusoye Sainte-Geneviève Saint-Étienne-Roilaye Saint-Félix Saint-Germain-la-Poterie Saint-Germer-de-Fly Saintines Saint-Jean-aux-Bois Saint-Just-en-Chaussée Saint-Léger-aux-Bois Saint-Léger-en-Bray Saint-Leu-d'Esserent Saint-Martin-aux-Bois Saint-Martin-le-Nœud Saint-Martin-Longueau Saint-Maur Saint-Maximin Saint-Omer-en-Chaussée Saint-Paul Saint-Pierre-es-Champs Saint-Pierre-lès-Bitry Saint-Quentin-des-Prés Saint-Remy-en-l'Eau Saint-Samson-la-Poterie Saint-Sauveur Saint-Sulpice Saint-Thibault Saint-Vaast-de-Longmont Saint-Vaast-lès-Mello Saint-Valery Salency Sarcus Sarnois Le Saulchoy Savignies Sempigny Senantes Senlis Senots Serans Sérévillers Sérifontaine Sermaize Séry-Magneval Silly-le-Long Silly-Tillard Solente Sommereux Songeons Sully Suzoy Talmontiers Tartigny Therdonne Thérines Thibivillers Thiers-sur-Thève Thiescourt Thieuloy-Saint-Antoine Thieux Thiverny Thourotte Thury-en-Valois Thury-sous-Clermont Tillé Tourly Tracy-le-Mont Tracy-le-Val Tricot Trie-Château Trie-la-Ville Troissereux Trosly-Breuil Troussencourt Trumilly Ully-Saint-Georges Valdampierre Valescourt Vandélicourt Varesnes Varinfroy Vauchelles Vauciennes Vaudancourt Le Vaumain Vaumoise Le Vauroux Velennes Vendeuil-Caply Venette Ver-sur-Launette Verberie Verderel-lès-Sauqueuse Verderonne Verneuil-en-Halatte Versigny Vez Viefvillers Vieux-Moulin Vignemont Ville Villembray Villeneuve-les-Sablons La Villeneuve-sous-Thury Villeneuve-sur-Verberie Villers-Saint-Barthélemy Villers-Saint-Frambourg Villers-Saint-Genest Villers-Saint-Paul Villers-Saint-Sépulcre Villers-sous-Saint-Leu Villers-sur-Auchy Villers-sur-Bonnières Villers-sur-Coudun Villers-sur-Trie Villers-Vermont Villers-Vicomte Villeselve Villotran Vineuil-Saint-Firmin Vrocourt Wacquemoulin Wambez Warluis Wavignies Welles-Pérennes

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 141324335 GND: 4042721-3 BNF:

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