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ELISABETH MAGDALENA "NINA" SCHENK GRäFIN VON STAUFFENBERG (27 August 1913 – 2 April 2006) was the wife of Colonel Claus Schenk Graf
Graf
von Stauffenberg , the leader of the failed plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler on 20 July 1944 . Following the plot's failure, she was arrested and imprisoned, during which time she delivered her youngest child.

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography * 2 References * 3 Notes * 4 External links

BIOGRAPHY

Born Magdalena von Lerchenfeld in Kowno , Imperial Russia (now Kaunas , Lithuania
Lithuania
), she was known by her nickname "Nina". Her father was the Bavarian nobleman and politician General Consul Gustav Freiherr von Lerchenfeld (1871–1944) and her mother Anna Freiin
Freiin
von Stackelberg (1880–1945), a Baltic-German
Baltic-German
noblewoman.

Nina von Lerchenfeld first met Claus Schenk Graf
Graf
von Stauffenberg around 1930. They were married on 26 September 1933 in Bamberg
Bamberg
, Bavaria
Bavaria
, making Nina the Countess
Countess
( Gräfin
Gräfin
) von Stauffenberg. Although Nina's and Claus von Stauffenberg's mothers were both Lutherans , the couple's children were raised as Roman Catholics , in accordance with the wishes of Stauffenberg's father.

The marriage produced five children:

* Berthold Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (born 1934). * Heimeran Schenk Graf
Graf
von Stauffenberg (born 9 July 1936 in Bamberg , Bavaria), unmarried and without issue. * Franz-Ludwig Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (born 1938). * Valerie Ida Huberta Karoline Anna Maria Schenk Gräfin
Gräfin
von Stauffenberg (born 15 November 1940 in Bamberg; died 4 June 1966 in Munich
Munich
, Bavaria
Bavaria
of leukemia), married Heino von L'Estocq (born 6 April 1935 in Potsdam
Potsdam
, Brandenburg
Brandenburg
) on 4 April 1964. * Konstanze Schenk Gräfin
Gräfin
von Stauffenberg (born 27 January 1945 in Frankfurt an der Oder
Frankfurt an der Oder
, Brandenburg), married Dietrich von Schultheiss-Rechberg (born 13 October 1937 in Zurich
Zurich
, Switzerland
Switzerland
) on 8 April 1967.

After her husband's failed attempt to assassinate Hitler – he was summarily executed the following evening – the Countess
Countess
von Stauffenberg was arrested by the Gestapo
Gestapo
and taken into custody under the ancient Sippenhaft law reinstated by the Nazi
Nazi
government. Her five children were placed in an orphanage in Bad Sachsa
Bad Sachsa
, Lower Saxony
Lower Saxony
, under the surname of MEISTER. At the time of her husband's death, Stauffenberg was pregnant and in January 1945 she gave birth to her fifth child, Konstanze, while imprisoned in a Nazi
Nazi
maternity center in Frankfurt an der Oder
Frankfurt an der Oder
. That same year, her own mother, Anna, died in a Russian detention camp.

By the end of the Second World War, Stauffenberg had been moved to the Italian province of South Tyrol
South Tyrol
. There she was held as a hostage in return for the redemption of Nazi
Nazi
property. After the war, she was reunited with her family at the Stauffenberg family seat in Lautlingen , Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
. She died in Kirchlauter , near Bamberg, Bavaria, on 2 April 2006 at the age of 92.

The biography Nina Schenk Gräfin
Gräfin
von Stauffenberg - Ein Porträt by Konstanze von Schulthess-Rechberg , Stauffenberg's youngest daughter, was published in 2008 (Munich: Pendo Verlag, ISBN 3-85842-652-0 / ISBN 978-3-85842-652-9 ).

REFERENCES

For additional English-language references, see Claus von Stauffenberg .

* (in German) Zeller, Eberhard (1994). Oberst Claus Graf Stauffenberg. Ein Lebensbild. Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh. ISBN 3-506-79770-0 . * (in German) Steffahn, Harald (2002). Stauffenberg. Hamburg: Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag Reinbek. ISBN 3-499-50520-7 . * (in German) Ueberschär, Gerd R. (2004). Stauffenberg. Der 20. Juli 1944. Frankfurt am Main: S. Fischer Verlag. ISBN 3-10-086003-9 . * (in German) Hassel, Fey von, "Niemals sich beugen". dtv. * (in German) Meding, Dorothee von (1997). Mit dem Mut des Herzens – Die Frauen des 20. Juli. btb Verlag. ISBN 3-442-72171-7 .

NOTES

* ^ Regarding personal names: Gräfin
Gräfin
was a title before 1919, but now is regarded as part of the surname. It is translated as Countess
Countess
. Before the August 1919 abolition of nobility as a legal class, titles preceded the full name when given ( Graf
Graf
Helmuth James von Moltke). Since 1919, these titles, along with any nobiliary prefix (von, zu, etc.), can be used, but are regarded as a dependent part of the surname, and thus come after any given names (Helmuth James Graf
Graf
von Moltke). Titles and all dependent parts of surnames are ignored in alphabetical sorting. The masculine form is Graf
Graf
. * ^ Regarding personal names: Freiin
Freiin
was a title before 1919, but now is regarded as part of the surname. It is translated as Baroness . Before the August 1919 abolition of nobility as a legal class, titles preceded the full name when given ( Graf
Graf
Helmuth James von Moltke). Since 1919, these titles, along with any nobiliary prefix (von, zu, etc.), can be used, but are regarded as a dependent part of the surname, and thus come after any given names (Helmuth James Graf
Graf
von Moltke). Titles and all dependent parts of surnames are ignored in alphabetical sorting. The title is for unmarried daughters of a Freiherr
Freiherr
.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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