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New Rochelle /rəˈʃɛl/ is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States, in the southeastern portion of the state.[3] In 2007, the city had a population of 73,260, making it the seventh-largest in the state of New York.[4] As of the 2010 Census, the city's population had increased to 77,062. In November 2008 Business Week
Business Week
magazine listed New Rochelle as the best city in New York State, and one of the best places nationally, to raise children.[5] In 2014, based on analysis of 550 U.S. cities, New Rochelle was voted the 13th best city to live in.[6]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Etymology and early history

1.1.1 17th century 1.1.2 18th century 1.1.3 19th century

1.2 Modern history

1.2.1 20th and 21st centuries

1.3 Historic sites

2 Geography 3 Demographics

3.1 Crime 3.2 Residential profile

3.2.1 Housing variety 3.2.2 Communities

4 Economy 5 Parks and recreation

5.1 Waterfront 5.2 Parks 5.3 Golf 5.4 Tennis

6 Government 7 Education

7.1 Public 7.2 Private

7.2.1 Primary and secondary 7.2.2 Higher education

7.3 Miscellaneous education

8 Infrastructure

8.1 Transportation

8.1.1 Roads 8.1.2 Railroad

8.1.2.1 Railroad history

8.2 Emergency services

8.2.1 Fire 8.2.2 Police 8.2.3 Health care

9 Notable people 10 New Rochelle in media and fiction 11 Sister city 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

History Main article: History of New Rochelle, New York Etymology and early history The European settlement was started by refugee Huguenots
Huguenots
(French Protestants) in 1688, who were fleeing religious persecution in France (such as dragonnade) after the revocation by the king of the Edict of Nantes. Many of the settlers were artisans and craftsmen from the city of La Rochelle, France, thus influencing the choice of the name of "New Rochelle". 17th century

Statue of Jacob Leisler

Some 33 families established the community of la Nouvelle-Rochelle in 1688. A monument containing the names of these settlers stands in Hudson Park, the original landing point of the Huguenots.[7] Thirty-one years earlier, the Siwanoy Indians, a band of Algonquian-speaking Lenape
Lenape
(also known as the Delaware by English colonists) sold their land to Thomas Pell. In 1689 Pell officially deeded 6,100 acres (25 km2) for the establishment of a Huguenot community.[8] Jacob Leisler
Jacob Leisler
is an important figure in the early histories of both New Rochelle and the nation. He arrived in America as a mercenary in the British army
British army
and later became one of the most prominent merchants in New York. He was subsequently appointed acting-governor of the province, and it was during this time that he acted on behalf of the Huguenots.[9] Of all the Huguenot
Huguenot
settlements in America founded with the intention of being distinctly French colonies, New Rochelle most clearly conformed to the plans of its founders. The colony continued to attract French refugees until as late as 1760. The choice of name for the city reflected the importance of the city of La Rochelle
La Rochelle
and of the new settlement in Huguenot
Huguenot
history and distinctly French character of the community. French was spoken, and it was common practice for people in neighboring areas to send their children to New Rochelle to learn the language.[10] 18th century

Thomas Paine
Thomas Paine
Monument

In 1775, General George Washington
George Washington
stopped in New Rochelle on his way to assume command of the Army of the United Colonies in Massachusetts.[11] The British Army briefly occupied sections of New Rochelle and Larchmont
Larchmont
in 1776. Following British victory in the Battle of White Plains, New Rochelle became part of a "Neutral Ground" for General Washington to regroup his troops.[11] After the Revolutionary War ended in 1784, patriot Thomas Paine
Thomas Paine
was given a farm in New Rochelle for his service to the cause of independence. The farm, totaling about 300 acres (1.2 km2), had been confiscated from its owners by state of New York due to their Tory activities. The first national census of 1790 shows New Rochelle with 692 residents. 136 were African American, including 36 who were freemen and the remainder slaves.[12] 19th century Through the 18th century, New Rochelle had remained a modest village that retained an abundance of agricultural land. During the 19th century, however, New York City
City
was a destination from the mid-century on by waves of immigration, principally from Ireland and Germany. More established American families left New York City
City
and moved into this area. Although the original Huguenot
Huguenot
population was rapidly shrinking in relative size, through ownership of land, businesses, banks, and small manufactures, they retained a predominant hold on the political and social life of the town. The 1820 Census
Census
showed 150 African-Americans
African-Americans
residing in New Rochelle, six of whom were still slaves. The state abolished slavery by degrees: children of slave mothers were born free, and all slaves were freed by 1827. In 1857 the Village of New Rochelle was established within the borders of the Town of New Rochelle. A group of volunteers created the first fire service in 1861. In 1899, a bill creating the New Rochelle City Charter was signed by Governor Theodore Roosevelt. It was through this bill that the Village and Town of New Rochelle were joined into one municipality. In 1899, Michael J. Dillon narrowly defeated Hugh A. Harmer to become New Rochelle's first mayor. The recently established city charter designated a board of aldermen as the legislative unit with two members to be elected from each of four wards and 10 elected from the city at-large.[13] Modern history 20th and 21st centuries By 1900 New Rochelle had a population of 14,720. Throughout the city, farms, estates, and wooded homesteads were bought up by realty and development companies.[14] Planned residential neighborhoods such as Rochelle Park, one of the first planned communities in the country, soon spread across the city, earning New Rochelle the sobriquet "City of Homes".[15] In 1909, Edwin Thanhouser
Edwin Thanhouser
established Thanhouser Film Corporation. Thanhouser's Million Dollar Mystery was one of the first serial motion pictures.[16] In 1923, New Rochelle resident Anna Jones became the first African-American
African-American
woman to be admitted to the New York State Bar.[17] Poet and resident James J. Montague
James J. Montague
captured the image of New Rochelle in his 1926 poem "Queen City
City
of the Sound".:[18]

No stern and rock bound coast is here,

But, peaceful and at ease

The quiet sea lies blue and clear

Beside the spreading trees.

Afar from din of marts and mills

A happy people dwell

Among the placid, green clad hills

Of lovely New Rochelle

[...]

When Nature, seeking upon men

To cast a magic spell,

She looked the world around – and then

She fashioned New Rochelle.

— James J. Montague

In 1930, New Rochelle recorded a population of 54,000, up from 36,213 only ten years earlier. During the 1930s, New Rochelle was the wealthiest city per capita in New York state and the third wealthiest in the country.[19] By the end of the century, the Metro North railroad station was rebuilt along with a $190 million entertainment complex, nicknamed New Roc City, which features a 19-screen movie theater, an IMAX
IMAX
theater, an indoor ice-hockey arena, mini-golf, go karts, an arcade, restaurants, a hotel, loft-apartments and a mega supermarket. The complex was built on the site of the former New Rochelle Mall, which had opened in 1968.[20] In 2014, New Rochelle's planning board approved $149 million in developments to three major sections of the city. The developments include restaurants, stores, hotels, an entertainment area, theaters and a mixed-use waterfront area, and are expected to be completed within 10 years.[21] Historic sites

Overlooking Davids' Island

Columbia Island – a small island (approx. 150 feet (46 m) square) situated between Davids' Island and Pea Island. Up until 1940 it was known as Little Pea Island. CBS
CBS
purchased it and built a concrete foundation to support a transmitter building topped by a 410-foot (120 m) tall antenna tower for WCBS-AM.[22][23] The transmitter remained in operation until the 1960s, when the station was moved to nearby High Island. Execution Rocks Lighthouse
Execution Rocks Lighthouse
– centered in the middle of Long Island Sound, just south of Davids' Island. The structure was built in 1849 and includes a 55-foot (17 m) tall tower and the 'keeper's house'. It is rumored that the lighthouse's site got its name before the American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War
when British colonial authorities executed people by chaining them to the rocks at low tide and allowing the rising water to drown them. In reality, the name was chosen to reflect the historically dangerous shipping area created by the rocks exposure during low tides. Huckleberry Island
Huckleberry Island
– a 10-acre (40,000 m2) island owned by the Huckleberry Indians, Inc., a club within the New York Athletic Club. The island is an important nesting site for waterbirds such as egrets and night herons. Leland Castle
Leland Castle
– a 19th-century Gothic Revival
Gothic Revival
castle built as the summer residence of Simeon Leland, a wealthy New York City
City
hotel entrepreneur. It has since been acquired by the College of New Rochelle and is used as an art gallery available to the public. St. John's Wilmot Church – a historic Episcopal parish located in the northern end of the City
City
at the intersection of North Avenue and Wilmot Road, formerly referred to as "Cooper's Corner". Thomas Paine
Thomas Paine
Historical Site – a historical nexus within the city, the site comprises: the country home of the American pamphleteer and Revolutionary War hero Thomas Paine, his burial site, monument, and a museum. Paine's Cottage was built in 1793 and is a National Historic Landmark. The Thomas Paine
Thomas Paine
Memorial Building, built in 1925, houses the library and museum collection of the Thomas Paine
Thomas Paine
National Historical Association. Also on the site is the Brewster Schoolhouse, one of the oldest structural relics in Westchester County. Trinity-St. Paul's Episcopal Church – added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2006. It is located at the northwest corner of Huguenot
Huguenot
Street (also known as the Boston Post Road) and Division Street. This church represents the body of the majority group of New Rochelle's founding Huguenot
Huguenot
French Calvanistic congregation that conformed to the liturgy of the established Church of England in June 1709. King George III gave Trinity its first charter in 1762. After the Revolutionary War, Trinity became a parish of the Protestant Episcopal Church of America.

Geography New Rochelle is located at the southeastern point of continental New York State. It lies on the Long Island
Long Island
Sound, bordered on the west by Pelham, Pelham Manor
Pelham Manor
and Eastchester, by Scarsdale
Scarsdale
to the north and east, and Mamaroneck and Larchmont
Larchmont
to the east. The city lies 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the New York City
City
border ( Pelham Bay Park
Pelham Bay Park
in The Bronx). According to the United States Census
Census
Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.2 square miles (34.3 km2). The city has a rough triangle shape, approximately 10 miles (16 km) from north to south and 1.5 miles (2 km) from east to west at its widest point. Demographics

Historical population

Census Pop.

1790 692

1870 279

1890 9,057

1900 14,720

62.5%

1910 28,867

96.1%

1920 36,213

25.4%

1930 54,000

49.1%

1940 58,408

8.2%

1950 59,725

2.3%

1960 76,812

28.6%

1970 75,385

−1.9%

1980 70,794

−6.1%

1990 67,265

−5.0%

2000 72,182

7.3%

2010 77,062

6.8%

Est. 2016 79,557 [2] 3.2%

U.S. Decennial Census[24]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 77,062 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 47.9% White, 18.1% Black, 0.1% Native American, 4.2% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from some other race and 1.5% from two or more races. 27.8% were Hispanic or Latino of any race. As measured by the census[25] of 2000, New Rochelle had a population of 72,182 people, 24,275 occupied households, and 17,546 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,973.5 people per square mile (2,692.7/km²). There were 26,995 housing units at an average density of 2,608.0 per square mile (1,007.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68% White, 19% African American, 0.20% Native American, 4% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6% from other races, and 3% from two or more races. 20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males. There were 26,189 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.29. 19,312 residents of New Rochelle were enrolled in school, with 2,743 in pre-school or kindergarten, 8,105 in elementary school, 3,704 in high school and 5,030 in college or graduate school. Out of 42,872 individuals over the age of 25, 20% (9,766) had no high school diploma, 23% (11,325) were high school graduates, 14% (6,710) achieved some level of college education, 5% (2,347) held an associate degree, 19% (9,120) held a bachelor's degree and 20% (9,604) possessed a graduate or other advanced degree. The working population was 35,262, 95.7% of whom were employed. The occupational breakdown had 42% working in 'management', 25% working in 'sales', 17% in 'services', 8% in 'construction', and 7% in 'production and transport'. The average daily commute was 30 minutes, with 60% driving to work, 12% carpooling, 18% traveling via public-transportation and 7% using other means. According to the 2007 Census
Census
Bureau estimates, the median income for a household in the city was $64,756 and the median income for a family was $88,004.[26] About 9.8% of the population lived below the poverty line. Crime According to the New Rochelle Police
Police
Department, New Rochelle is the safest city of its size in New York State and the fifth-safest city of its size in the United States.[27] The majority of crimes committed within New Rochelle are non-violent property crimes, including burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. Property crime, on a scale of 1 (low crime) to 10, is 4 compared to the US average of 3. Violent crime
Violent crime
(murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault) is 3, equal to the US average.[28] Residential profile New Rochelle is commonly referred to as the Home Town because of the significant amount of single-family, residential development that exists throughout most of the city. While the formerly industrial downtown section is more densely developed, with condominiums, high rises, offices, shopping centers, affordable housing complexes, a medical center, nursing homes, two college campuses and an inter modal transportation hub, the rest of the city consists of sprawling, residential neighborhoods. There are more than 11,500 single family units within the city, more than that of neighboring Larchmont, Mamaroneck and Scarsdale
Scarsdale
combined. The total number of separate households surpasses 26,000, more than that of neighboring Pelham, Pelham Manor, Eastchester, Scarsdale, Mamaroneck and Larchmont combined. Housing variety Some of the country's most expensive real estate can be found in New Rochelle. The north end of the city (10804) is ranked in Forbes magazine's list of the '500 most expensive zip-codes' in the country.[29] According to the list, the average household income was $199,061 and the average home price was over $752,000. Homes in Premium Point, a gated section of the city on Long Island
Long Island
Sound, are priced anywhere from $2 to $20 million. The three newest residential developments, 'Kensington Woods', 'The Greens at Cherry Lawn' and 'Riviera Shores', are all gated communities with single family homes priced from $2 million. With a population approaching 80,000 residents, New York State law dictates that the city provide an adequate amount of affordable housing units. New Rochelle has historically met and surpassed state requirements. It is working to replace the existing Weyman Avenue Projects with more community-centered, townhouse-style housing units. By embracing the needs of the poor, New Rochelle sets a precedent for other suburban communities to follow. Neighboring towns, including Mamaroneck, Larchmont
Larchmont
and Scarsdale, have failed to meet the minimal affordable housing requirements set by the state. Popular consensus is that the presence of the poor precludes that of the middle-class and the wealthy. Considering the large number of working-class and affordable housing units found 'Downtown', the high property values prevalent throughout most of the city reflects the true economic diversity of New Rochelle. It is home to a range of families, from the financially disadvantaged to the very wealthy. One of 'the wealthiest people in the United States,' according to Forbes
Forbes
magazine, was longtime New Rochelle resident and businessman Sidney Frank. Communities Main article: List of New Rochelle neighborhoods Within the greater city borders are many established neighborhoods and subsections, several of which are larger in both size and population than neighboring towns of Larchmont, Bronxville and Pelham Manor. The public community areas most noted include: Bayberry, Beechmont, Bloomingdale Estates, Bonniecrest, Daisy Farms, Davenport Neck, Echo Manor, Forest Heights, Forest Knolls, French Ridge, Glen Island, Glenwood Lake, Heathcote, Lake Isle, Larchmont
Larchmont
Woods, Lyncroft, Northfield, North Ridge, Paine Heights, Pinebrook, Premium Manor, Quaker Ridge, Residence Park, Rochelle Heights, Sans Souci, Scarsdale Downs, Shore Road, Sutton Manor, Vaneck Estates, Ward Acres, Wilmot Woods and Wykagyl. Premium Point, Kensington Woods and Cherry Lawn are gated neighborhoods accessible only by those immediate residents. Economy New Rochelle has been home to a variety of industries over the years, including: Thanhouser Film Studios, Terrytoons
Terrytoons
Studios, P.J. Tierney Diner Manufacturing (now DeRaffele Manufacturing Company), Flynn Burner Company, New York Seven Up (Joyce Beverages, Inc), RawlPlug, Inc., the Longines Symphonette Society, Conran's USA. Manufacturing and warehousing has declined since the 1990s as industrial land near both exits from Interstate 95 have been converted to "big box" retailer use. New Rochelle remains a center of business, home to the corporate headquarters of Sidney Frank
Sidney Frank
Importing, Blimpies, East River Savings Bank, and Somnia Anesthesia Services. Parks and recreation

Islands along New Rochelle's waterfront

Bayside, New Rochelle, New York, by David Johnson, 1886

Waterfront The shoreline within the City
City
of New Rochelle measures 2.7 miles (4.3 km), but due to many irregularities and off-shore islands, the actual length of the waterfront is 9.3 miles (15.0 km).[clarification needed] The unusual coastal features have over the years earned it the nickname, "the Queen City
City
of the Sound."[30]

Yacht, sailing and rowing clubs dot the coast on Long Island Sound
Long Island Sound
and beach clubs line the shores of Davenport Neck. Beckwithe Point, The Greentree Country Club and The Surf Club are the largest of the private shore clubs, providing waterfront recreation to members during the summer season. The New York Athletic Club
New York Athletic Club
sits on Travers Island, located on the border of New Rochelle and Pelham Manor. Echo Bay Yacht Club and Huguenot
Huguenot
Yacht Club are two well known, private yacht clubs in the city. New York Sailing School and New Rochelle Rowing Club, each of which has a history dating back over 100 years. The City
City
operates a large marina with 300 slips and 150 mooring spaces.

Parks The City
City
has an impressive collection of parklands and nature preserves, with 102.5 acres (0.415 km2) of inland waters, 231.51 acres (0.9369 km2) of public park lands and 168 acres (0.68 km2) of park lets.

Glen Island – In 1879 John H. Starin, a former US Congressman and New York transportation king, bought five islands which he named 'Glen Island' and created perhaps the first theme park open to the public. His 12 steamboats transported millions of New York residents and others to the attractions which included a zoo, a natural history museum, a railway, a German beer garden (around the castle-like structure which still stands today), a bathing beach, and a Chinese pagoda. Today the park is a 105-acre (0.42 km2) island property connected to the mainland by a drawbridge built in the 1920s. One of the main features of the park is its pristine, crescent shaped beach offering access to Long Island
Long Island
Sound. Five Islands Park is a series of islands connected by small footbridges and pathways, offers playground, sports, hiking and camping facilities for all residents to enjoy. Hudson Park encompasses 13 acres (0.053 km2) along the city's harbor front and includes a beach for residents, the city boathouse, greenhouses, the shore station of the United States Coast Guard and several yacht and rowing clubs. The park is traditionally accepted as the original landing place of the Huguenot
Huguenot
settlers. A granite boulder with bronze tablets commemorates the event. Davids' Island, a 78-acre (320,000 m2) island of the coast of the city, is being transformed from a former American military base (Fort Slocum) into a park and environmental preserve. Beginning just after the Civil War, the island was a military base used to protect New York Harbors, during World War I it served as an army recruitment station and up until 1967, it maintained various 'Cold War' facilities. Today it is home to a variety of plants, birds, and animals. These include the endangered Kemp's ridley sea turtle, and rare birds such as osprey and least terns. Davids Island also supports valuable wetlands, rare rocky intertidal areas, and sandy beaches. The waters surrounding the Island are home to Winter Flounder, Atlantic Herring, and Atlantic Silversides. Ward Acres, located in the North End, is a combination of untouched forest, wild lawns and meadows, acres of hiking, exercise trails and historic horse stables/cemeteries. In 2007, The Westchester County Department of Conservation produced a Natural Resource Management Plan in order to identify and protect the natural resource needs of the park. It encompasses 62 acres (250,000 m2), with the forests divided into four main sections, each distinct in both general characteristics and species presence. It is formed by a portion of a former private state that contained a horse farm, and by an old railroad right of way. It includes a 3-acre (12,000 m2) fenced-in dog run, and it is the only park in the City
City
in which residents can walk a dog without a leash.[31] The Leatherstocking Trail is a 2-mile (3.2 km) long, inter-municipal hiking trail situated between New Rochelle and Mamaroneck, eventually linking into Saxon Woods County Park. It is part of a larger "Colonial Greenway Trail" in which it connects to Twin Lakes/Nature Study and Saxon Woods parks.[32] Sheldrake Lake which formerly served as a reservoir supplying the areas drinking water, is now a 60 acres (0.24 km2) park and nature conservancy promoting an increased understanding of the local ecology. Twin Lakes Park, combined with the adjacent Nature Study Woods comprise 220 acres (0.89 km2) of woods, marsh, lakes, ponds and some fields along the Hutchinson River
Hutchinson River
in New Rochelle's Northend. There are many foot trails weaving through woods, marshlands, fields and around two large lakes (formerly reservoirs).[33]

Golf

Wykagyl Country Club is located in the Wykagyl section of New Rochelle on North Avenue just south of Quaker Ridge Road. Golfweek magazine ranks Wykagyl as one of America's Top 100 Classic Courses. Pelham Country Club, straddles the border of New Rochelle and Pelham Manor. The course is a mile from the Westchester-New York City
City
border and Pelham Bay Park.

Tennis

New Rochelle Tennis Club located in Wykagyl is one of the oldest lawn-tennis organizations in the country.

Government

New Rochelle City
City
Hall

Since 1932, New Rochelle has operated under a Council-Manager form of government. The City
City
Manager is the chief administrative officer of the city selected to carry out the directives of the Council. The Manager monitors the city's fiscal condition and enforces its ordinances and laws. The City
City
Manager is involved in the discussion of all matters coming before Council yet has no final vote. The City Council is the legislative body consisting of the Mayor
Mayor
and six council members. The Mayor
Mayor
serves as the presiding officer of the Council. Since 1993, the City
City
has had six council districts, with one council member elected from and by each district. The Council functions to set policy, approve the annual budget, appoint the City Manager and City
City
Clerk, and enact local laws, resolutions & ordinances.[34] Education Public The city is served by the City
City
School District of New Rochelle, which operates a public high school, two junior high schools and ten elementary schools. On seven separate occasions, the City's schools have received the prestigious Blue Ribbon Award from the U.S. Department of Education. New Rochelle High School
New Rochelle High School
is one of the most diverse high schools in the country; the student body represents over 60 different countries from around the world. The school offers over 240 courses including honors, research and advanced placement courses. Libraries are operated by the New Rochelle Public Library System which is part of the county-wide Westchester Library System. Private Primary and secondary

Hudson Montessori – private Montessori school in Wykagyl serving pre-kindergarten level through fifth grade. Iona Preparatory School
Iona Preparatory School
(Upper & Lower Schools) – all-boys Catholic school
Catholic school
serving grades kindergarten through 12. Mount Tom Day School – private day school serving pre-k through second grade; housed mansion of artist J. C. Leyendecker. The Thornton Donovan School
Thornton Donovan School
– co-ed preparatory school in Beechmont. The Ursuline School
The Ursuline School
– all-girls Catholic school
Catholic school
in Wykagyl serving grades six through 12. Salesian High School – all-boys Roman Catholic
Catholic
high school (grades nine through 12)

Higher education

The College of New Rochelle
College of New Rochelle
– The largest women's Catholic
Catholic
college in the United States, founded by the sisters of the Ursuline Order. Iona College – Catholic
Catholic
college founded by the Congregation of Christian Brothers. Monroe College
Monroe College
– provides professional, career oriented and business centered education.

Miscellaneous education The Japanese Weekend School of New York, a Japanese weekend school, has its offices in New Roc City
City
in New Rochelle.[35] As of 2006 the school had about 800 students, including Japanese citizens, and Japanese Americans, at locations in Westchester County and Long Island.[36] Infrastructure Transportation Roads Major highways include Interstate 95 and the Hutchinson River
Hutchinson River
Parkway. Interstate 95 serves as the main route through New Rochelle with four exits directly serving the city. The Hutchinson River
Hutchinson River
Parkway, which is designated for passenger vehicles only, runs through much of the city. Substantial congestion on the parkway occurs in both directions during the morning and evening rush-hour. The Boston Post Road, also known as Main Street in downtown New Rochelle, is used as a major artery during the morning and evening commute. Most traffic via the Post Road is short distance or fairly local, yet vehicles have utilized Route 1 during times of heavy congestion on I-95 as a re-route. Railroad The city has a commuter railroad station served by Metro North and Amtrak.[37] Railroad history See also: History of New Rochelle, New York
History of New Rochelle, New York
§ Railroad history By 1848, the New York & New Haven opened their line along Long Island Sound. After the Civil War, proposals for new railroads reached new levels. Banking that the city would continue to grow northward, the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway
New York, Westchester and Boston Railway
Company was established to serve the large populations moving to the suburbs. Two main lines were built as part of the NYW&B; the Port Chester line and the White Plains line. While the populations of some communities served by the NYW&B did grow between 1912 and 1937, the growth was not sufficient or fast enough to provide adequate business for the railroad, and service was discontinued on December 31, 1937. Emergency services

Fire station

Police

Fire The New Rochelle Fire Department
New Rochelle Fire Department
(NRFD) provides fire protection and first responder emergency medical services to the city of New Rochelle.[38] The New Rochelle Fire Department
New Rochelle Fire Department
responds to approximately 8,000 emergency calls annually. The city also contracts with a commercial ambulance service, Transcare Emergency Medical Ambulance Services, to provide dedicated ALS Ambulances to the city 24/7, 365. Two ambulances from Transcare EMS
Transcare EMS
are stationed at two New Rochelle Fire Department firehouses in the southern and northern sections of the city.[39] The New Rochelle Fire Department
New Rochelle Fire Department
is sub-divided into two main divisions of operation: Fire and Emergency Operations and Support Services. Each of these divisions is commanded by a Deputy Chief.[40][41] The Fire and Emergency Operations Division is commanded by four Deputy Chiefs, one per shift/squad, who reports to the Chief of Department/Fire Commissioner. This division supervises the department's eight fire companies and 155 uniformed members. The NRFD currently operates out of five fire stations, located throughout the city, under the command of one Deputy Chief/Tour Commander per shift. The New Rochelle Fire Department
New Rochelle Fire Department
also operates and maintains a fire apparatus fleet of five engines, three ladders, one rescue, and numerous special, support, and reserve Units.[41] In addition to the five fire stations, the NRFD also operates a Fire Headquarters administrative building.[42] Police The Town of New Rochelle formed its first professional police department in 1885, 14 years before the city incorporated in 1899. The Department currently has 186 sworn officers and a total staff of more than 250. In 1993 the Department was certified as an accredited agency by the New York State Law Enforcement Accreditation Council. Special programs include community oriented policing through the ' Police
Police
and Community Together' (PACT) program, harbor patrol, and a bicycle patrol.[43] Health care Sound Shore Medical Center, also known as Montefiore New Rochelle Hospital, is a not-for-profit health care organization located in New Rochelle that treats over 85,000 patients annually and operates the only New York State Area Trauma Center in southern Westchester County. Ambulance service is provided by Transcare EMS, which operates three Paramedic-staffed Medic Ambulances throughout the city. Notable people Main article: People from New Rochelle, New York New Rochelle in media and fiction

In the early 20th century New Rochelle was home to one of the first movie studios in the country, Edwin Thanhouser's Thanhouser Film Corporation. Originally located on the corner of Warren and Grove Street, the company moved to Main Street near Echo Avenue after a devastating fire in 1913. The studio is noted for filming the first serial in motion pictures named Million Dollar Mystery.[44] Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, the oldest and most widely known rendition of Robert Louis Stevenson's short story Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, was filmed in New Rochelle.[45] Terrytoons
Terrytoons
animation studio was located in New Rochelle from 1928 to 1968. Its most popular characters include Mighty Mouse, Gandy Goose, Dinky Duck, Deputy Dawg, Luno and Heckle and Jeckle.[46] The song Happy To Keep His Dinner Warm from the Broadway show How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying is about Rosemary's desire to become a trophy wife and live in a mansion in New Rochelle.[47] Paul Whiteman, referred to as the "king of Jazz" by Duke Ellington, commissioned George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue
Rhapsody in Blue
which was premiered by Whiteman's orchestra at the Glen Island Casino in 1924. Whiteman made his home in New Rochelle for many years. The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle
The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle
starring Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
and Ginger Rogers takes place in New Rochelle.[48] George M. Cohan's song "Forty-five Minutes from Broadway" is about New Rochelle in the late 1890s.[49] It still takes about forty-five minutes to travel to Broadway by train and foot from New Rochelle. In the Warner Brothers
Warner Brothers
musical film Footlight Parade
Footlight Parade
(1933), Ruby Keeler references New Rochelle in the line "Gee I'm sorry that I ever, ever, Left my little home in New Rochelle". In 1992 the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being culturally and historically, significant. Musical Give My Regards to Broadway
Give My Regards to Broadway
references New Rochelle.[50] and so does Guys and Dolls.[citation needed] Ragtime, a novel written by New Rochelle resident E. L. Doctorow
E. L. Doctorow
and set in New Rochelle, was released in 1976 and later became a successful Broadway show, and a major motion picture of the same name.[51] Peter DeRose
Peter DeRose
wrote "Deep Purple" while sitting in his garden in New Rochelle. Robert Allen composed "Home For The Holidays" and the Johnny Mathis hit "Chances Are" in New Rochelle. Jerry Bock
Jerry Bock
was a resident of New Rochelle when he wrote the musical Fiddler on the Roof. The early 1960s TV hit The Dick Van Dyke Show
The Dick Van Dyke Show
starring Dick Van Dyke and Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
as Rob and Laura Petrie. The Petrie family lived at 148 Bonnie Meadow lane in the north end of the city.[52] That is a fictional house number. Carl Reiner
Carl Reiner
had previously lived at 48 Bonnie Meadow. In "search of an upscale, posh community", CBS
CBS
chose New Rochelle as the setting for its science fiction television series Now and Again.[53] The Mean Joe Green Coca-Cola commercial was shot in New Rochelle in 1979.[54] The 1988 novel The Devil's Arithmetic was set in New Rochelle at the beginning of the book. The 1991 film Soapdish, starring Robert Downey Jr., Kevin Kline, Whoopi Goldberg, Garry Marshall
Garry Marshall
and Sally Field, several references are made to the New Rochelle Tennis Club. The producer of 'The Sun Also Sets' is being mocked by members of his tennis club who prefer to call it 'The Sun Also Sucks'. When the show has a reversal of fortune and the ratings soar, the shows producer invites the young director to "come play tennis with me up at my club in New Rochelle. It's a lovely place, you'll love it". Scenes in Goodfellas were filmed on Alfred Lane, off Quaker Ridge Road in the Pinebrook Heights neighborhood. The house of the parents of Henry Hill's eventual wife, Karen, is on Alfred Lane. Henry goes across the street and pistol whips the neighbor after the neighbor sexually attacked Karen.[55] In the 1994 film City
City
Slickers II, the main character Mitch Robbins and his wife Barbara live in New Rochelle, having moved there from Manhattan
Manhattan
where they lived in the original film, City
City
Slickers[56] The 1996 romantic comedy Love Is All There Is was filmed at the Greentree Country Club on Davenport Neck.[57] The Oscar-nominated Burt Reynolds
Burt Reynolds
film Starting Over includes a school carnival scene filmed at what is now known as the Hudson Montessori School on Quaker Ridge Road.[citation needed] Scenes of the movie Burn After Reading, starring Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
and George Clooney, were filmed in Sutton Manor.[58] The music video for the song "Dance, Dance" by the band Fall Out Boy takes place in the gymnasium of Salesian High School in New Rochelle.[59][60] The Oranges, a Hugh Laurie movie, has scenes filmed inside two homes in the Beechmont neighborhood.[61] In The Post, Kay Graham (the character played by Meryl Streep) home's exterior was filmed at a home on Beechmont Avenue.[62]

Sister city New Rochelle's 'sister city' is La Rochelle, France, a city and commune of western France. There has been a 'friendly relationship' between the two cities since 1910.[63] See also

New York portal

National Register of Historic Places listings in New Rochelle, New York

References

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Census
Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: New Rochelle ^ "Subcounty population estimates: New York 2000–2007". United States Census
Census
Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Archived from the original (CSV) on 2008-09-26. Retrieved 2009-04-04.  ^ The Best Places to Raise Kids 2009 accessdate=2008-11-24 ^ Serenbetz, Robert; Kent, Alexander; Allen, Ashley C.; Hess, Alexander E. M.; Frohlich, Thomas C. (17 September 2014). "America's 50 Best Cities to Live". 247wallst.com. 24/7 Wall St., LLC. Retrieved 31 August 2017.  ^ Historical Landmarks of New Rochelle, Morgan Seacord 1938 pg.6 ^ New York – A Guide to The Empire State, Work Projects Administration of New York pg.245 ^ History of Westchester County, New York, J. Thomas Scharf, A.M., LL.D., p688 ^ Historical Landmarks of New Rochelle, Morgan H. Seacord and William S. Hadaway, pg.94 ^ a b New Rochelle On-line Archived June 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Archive of "New Rochelle On-line"". Archived from the original on February 19, 2004. Retrieved April 12, 2009.  ^ [1][permanent dead link] ^ New Rochelle Online – History:20th Century Archived June 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ If You're Thinking of Living in: NEW ROCHELLE, New York Times, 1987 ^ The Thanhouser Company
Thanhouser Company
of New Rochelle, a Dossier;Author=Anthony Slide;Published=1974 ^ New Rochelle Online – History:20th Century Archived June 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "New Rochelle The City
City
of Huguenots"; The City
City
of New Rochelle – Chamber of Commerce;1926, The Knickerbocker Press, New Rochelle, NY ^ New Rochelle Online – History:20th Century Archived June 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ New Roc City
City
complex opens in New Rochelle, AllBusiness, September 29, 1999 ^ Eberhart, Christopher J. (July 10, 2016). "New Rochelle Approves $149M In Development". Lohud.  ^ " CBS
CBS
on an Island". Time. 1940-09-02. Retrieved 2007-03-13.  ^ Kennedy Jr., T.R (1941-10-12). "Radio 'Island' Comes to Life" (PDF, fee required). The New York Times. p. X12. Retrieved 2007-03-13.  (Reprint) ^ " Census
Census
of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census
Census
Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ 2006 American Community Survey, Data Profile Highlights: New Rochelle city, New York, U.S. Census
Census
Bureau website ^ The Journal News,'New Rochelle Police
Police
Report: City
City
is Fifth Safest of Its Size in the Nation', by Leslie Korngold http://www.newrochelledowntown.com/articles/?article=85 ^ Sperling's Best Places New Rochelle, New York
New Rochelle, New York
Crime Data ^ "10804, Most Expensive ZIP Codes 2006 - Forbes.com". Forbes.  ^ Nicknames of American Cities, Towns, and Villages:past & present, Gerard L. Alexander, pg.69 Special
Special
Libraries Association 1951 ^ Ward Acres Natural Resource Management Plan and Biodiversity List "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 25, 2008. Retrieved May 27, 2008.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 25, 2008. Retrieved May 27, 2008.  ^ "Twin Lakes Park / Nature Study Woods, New Rochelle and Eastchester". Hudson River Audubon Society of Westchester. Retrieved 2008-05-30.  ^ New Rochelle On-line ^ "補習校事務所." Japanese Weekend School of New York. Retrieved on July 8, 2013. ^ Matsuda, Akiko. "Learning their mother tongue." The Journal News. August 16, 2006. p. A1. Retrieved on July 8, 2013. "Atsushi Kaizuka, assistant principal of the Japanese Weekend School of New York, which serves about 800 Japanese or Japanese American students at its Westchester and Long Island
Long Island
schools, said Matthews' attempt seemed to be an uphill battle. " ^ http://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=Amtrak/am2Station/Station_Page&c=am2Station&cid=1080080550830&ssid=98 ^ http://www.newrochelleny.com/index.aspx?NID=325 ^ http://www.newrochelleny.com/index.aspx?NID=385 ^ http://www.newrochelleny.com/index.aspx?nid=386 ^ a b http://www.newrochelleny.com/DocumentCenter/View/3393 ^ http://www.newrochelleny.com/Facilities.aspx?Page=detail&RID=6 ^ The New Rochelle Police
Police
Department (A Brief History), New Rochelle Police
Police
Department website, accessed September 16, 2008 ^ Thanhouser Films: An Encyclopedia and History, 1909–1918. Q. David Bowers ^ Cinema History of Dr.Jekyll and Mr. Hyde ^ Terrytoons
Terrytoons
Titles ^ Our Musicals, Ourselves: A Social History of the American Musical Theater By John Bush Jones, page.185 ^ The Story Of Vernon And Irene Castle: Review tvguide.com ^ George M. Cohan
George M. Cohan
in His Own Words By Chip Deffaa, George Michael Cohan, page.48 ^ David Ewen (1961). Musical comedy is born (The Story of America's Musical Theater). Chilton Company. pp. 65–76. Retrieved 2008-06-02.  ^ From 'Ragtime' to Rich Mosaic; New Rochelle, Diverse Suburb, Once a Leafy Enclave New York Times ^ The Dick Van Dyke Show
The Dick Van Dyke Show
by Ginny Weissman, Coyne Steven Sanders, page.2 ^ Title=Division and diversity: Community transition in postwar America, 1945—1970. New Rochelle, New York, a case studyPage= author=Guttman, Gail Kaplan, Ph.D.Publisher= Columbia UniversityDate= 2001 ^ Dallas Morning News News for Dallas, Texas SportsDay: Where Are They Now? ^ Film locations for Goodfellas ^ Page 1, City
City
Slackers Archived December 14, 2000, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Love Is All There Is (1996), Cast and Credits Yahoo! Movies ^ WEST GOES EAST- New York Post Archived March 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Fall Out Boy
Fall Out Boy
Get Into The Teen Spirit For Homecoming 'Dance' mtv.com ^ Fall Out Boy
Fall Out Boy
Makes a Video (2005) imbd.com ^ Hugh Laurie movie filming through April 21 in New Rochelle soundshore.lohudblogs.com ^ Steven Spielberg Movie Shoots Scenes In Mamaroneck, New Rochelle dailyvoice.com ^ "La Rochelle: Twin towns". www.ville-larochelle.fr. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to New Rochelle, New York.

Official website

Places adjacent to New Rochelle, New York

Eastchester Scarsdale, White Plains Harrison, Mamaroneck(village)

Bronxville

New Rochelle

Mamaroneck(town)

Pelham Manor, Pelham Long Island
Long Island
Sound Larchmont

v t e

New Rochelle, New York

New Rochelle City
City
Portal

Areas

Neighborhood List Beechmont Cooper's Corners Davenport Neck Premium Point Residence Park Rochelle Park–Rochelle Heights Historic District Sutton Manor Wykagyl

Arts

Forty-five Minutes from Broadway The Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
Show J. C. Leyendecker Frederic Remington New Rochelle Art Association New Rochelle artist colony Norman Rockwell Ragtime Thanhouser Company Terrytoons

Downtown

Blessed Sacrament Church "K" Building Lowe's Theater Railroad station New Roc City Public Library Police
Police
Department Fire Department New Rochelle Trust Building Union Baptist Church Post Office Montefiore New Rochelle Hospital RKO Proctor's Theater St. Gabriel's Church Trump Plaza Union Baptist Church Ware's Department Store Building WVIP WVOX

Education

City
City
School District of New Rochelle New Rochelle High School College of New Rochelle Iona College Iona Preparatory School Salesian High School The Ursuline School Thornton-Donovan School

Geography

Davenport Neck Echo Bay Hutchinson River Lake Innisfree Huguenot
Huguenot
Lake Middle Ground (New Rochelle) New Rochelle Harbor Premium Mill-Pond Reservoir 2 Reservoir 3 Sheldrake Lake Sheldrake River Titus Mill-Pond & Wetlands Ward Acres Nature Preserve

History

Beechwoods Cemetery Centennial Half-Dollar Churchland pear Crystal Lake Davenport House First Presbyterian Church Fort Slocum Historic Sites Holy Sepulchre Cemetery Huntington Pear Institute of Thomas Paine
Thomas Paine
Studies Knickerbocker Building Lawton blackberry Jacob Leisler Jacob Leisler
Jacob Leisler
Statue Lathers Hill Leland Castle Lispenard-Rodman-Davenport House Middletown New Rochelle Historic Sites New Rochelle Walk of Fame New Rochelle Mall New Rochelle Yacht Club New York, Westchester and Boston Railway Parsonage pear Pioneer Building Quaker Ridge Railroad Station Seacord Cemetery St. John's Wilmot Church Glen Island Resort Thomas Paine
Thomas Paine
Cottage Thomas Paine
Thomas Paine
Monument Thomas Paine
Thomas Paine
National Historical Association Trinity-St. Paul's Church Wildcliff Winyah Park

Islands

Columbia Island Davids' Island Echo Island Execution Rocks Glen Island Goose Island Huckleberry Island Neptune Island Pine Island Pea Island Pelham Islands Travers Island

Recreation

City
City
Park Stadium Glen Island Park Huguenot
Huguenot
Yacht Club Mazzella Field Hynes Center New Rochelle Rowing Club New York Athletic Club Pelham Country Club Wykagyl Country Club

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Westchester County, New York, United States

County seat: White Plains

Cities

Mount Vernon New Rochelle Peekskill Rye White Plains Yonkers

Towns

Bedford Cortlandt Eastchester Greenburgh Harrison Lewisboro Mamaroneck Mount Kisco Mount Pleasant New Castle North Castle North Salem Ossining Pelham Pound Ridge Rye Scarsdale Somers Yorktown

Villages

Ardsley Briarcliff Manor Bronxville Buchanan Croton-on-Hudson Dobbs Ferry Elmsford Harrison Hastings-on-Hudson Irvington Larchmont Mamaroneck Mount Kisco Ossining Pelham Pelham Manor Pleasantville Port Chester Rye Brook Scarsdale Sleepy Hollow Tarrytown Tuckahoe

CDPs

Armonk Bedford Bedford Hills Chappaqua Crompond Crugers Eastchester Fairview Golden's Bridge Greenville Hartsdale Hawthorne Heritage Hills Jefferson Valley–Yorktown Katonah Lincolndale Mohegan Lake Montrose Peach Lake‡ Scotts Corners Shenorock Shrub Oak Thornwood Valhalla Verplanck Yorktown Heights

Other hamlets

Archville Banksville Bedford Corners Cortlandt Manor Eastview Granite Springs Millwood Pocantico Hills Purchase Scarborough South Salem Sparta Waccabuc Wykagyl

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent

.