HOME
The Info List - Natura 2000


--- Advertisement ---



Natura 2000
Natura 2000
is a network of nature protection areas in the territory of the European Union. It is made up of Special
Special
Areas of Conservation (SACs) and Special
Special
Protection Areas (SPAs) designated respectively under the Habitats Directive and Birds Directive. The network includes both terrestrial and marine sites (Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)).

Contents

1 History 2 Current status 3 Raising awareness about Natura 2000
Natura 2000
amongst the general public

3.1 Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Day 3.2 The Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Award

4 Controversy 5 References 6 See also 7 External links

History[edit] In May 1992, the governments of the European Communities adopted legislation designed to protect the most seriously threatened habitats and species across Europe. The Habitats Directive complements the Birds Directive adopted earlier in 1979 and together they make up the Natura 2000
Natura 2000
network of protected areas. The Birds Directive requires the establishment of Special
Special
Protection Areas (SPAs) for birds. The Habitats Directive similarly requires Sites of Community Importance (SCIs) which upon the agreement of the European Commission
European Commission
become Special Areas of Conservation
Special Areas of Conservation
(SACs) to be designated for species other than birds, and for habitat types (e.g. particular types of forest, grasslands, wetlands, etc.). Together, SPAs and SACs form the Natura 2000
Natura 2000
network of protected areas. Furthermore, the Natura 2000
Natura 2000
network is the EU contribution to the "Emerald network" of Areas of Special
Special
Conservation Interest (ASCIs) set up under the Bern Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats. Natura 2000
Natura 2000
is also a key contribution to the Program of Work of Protected Areas of the Convention on Biological Diversity. As prerequisite for becoming EU Member, accession states have to submit proposals for Natura 2000
Natura 2000
sites meeting the same criteria as EU Member States. Some new member states have large areas which qualify to be protected under the directives and implementation has not always been simple.[1] The Natura 2000
Natura 2000
sites are selected by Member States and the European Commission following strictly scientific criteria according to the two directives mentioned above. The SPAs are designated directly by each EU Member State, while the SACs follow a more elaborated process: each EU Member State must compile a list of the best wildlife areas containing the habitats and species listed in the Habitats Directive; this list must then be submitted to the European Commission, after which an evaluation and selection process on European level will take place in order to become a Natura 2000
Natura 2000
site. The Habitats Directive divides the EU territory into nine biogeographic regions [2] each with its own ecological coherence. Natura 2000
Natura 2000
sites are selected according to the conditions in each biogeographical region, thus selected sites represent species and habitat types under similar natural conditions across a suite of countries. Each Natura 2000
Natura 2000
site has a unique identification form called Standard Data Form (SDF). This form is used as a legal reference when assessing the management of the species and habitats through the concept of favourable conservation status. The Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Viewer [3] is a tool to explore the network and gives access to every SDF. Current status[edit] Natura 2000
Natura 2000
protects 27,312 sites with terrestrial area 787,606 km2 (around 18 percent of land of the EU countries) and marine area 360,350 km2 in 2017,[4] and is considered almost complete in the EU terrestrial environment. The process of designation has not always been smooth as the infringement procedures against Member States show.[5] While designation of sites may be near complete, the management and enforcement of protection on sites is less advanced and many sites lack management plans.[6] Natura 2000 faced criticism from developers, farmers and politicians who fear that the conservation of habitats and species places a brake on development.[7] 251,564 km squared had been designated as Natura 2000
Natura 2000
in the marine environment in 2013. The network in marine areas is not considered complete and acknowledged by the Commission as a “key challenge for EU biodiversity policy in the coming years”.[8] Natura 2000
Natura 2000
sites can vary considerably in character. They are not strictly protected in terms of how they are allowed to be used by people. Many sites are farmed, forested and some are even in urban areas. Other areas are much wilder. The European Commission
European Commission
developed guidelines on the relation between Natura 2000
Natura 2000
and wild areas which are thought to make up around 13% of the network.[9] This was in response to a report by Members of the European Parliament in 2009 which called for further protection of Europe's wilderness.[10]

Sign identifying a " Natura 2000
Natura 2000
area" (Haslauer Moor nature reserve) in Austria

Sign identifying a Natura 2000
Natura 2000
site in Belgium.

Sign identifying a "European protected area" (SAC Lieberoser Endmoräne und Staakower Läuche) in Germany

The Foloi oak forest
Foloi oak forest
in Greece
Greece
is a Natura 2000
Natura 2000
site.

Castro Verde, Natura 2000
Natura 2000
site in Portugal

Natura 2000
Natura 2000
locality in Slovakia

Näverkärr in Bohuslän, Sweden, is a Natura 2000
Natura 2000
site.

Natura 2000
Natura 2000
locality in Police, Poland
Police, Poland
(estuary of Oder
Oder
and Szczecin Lagoon)

The Oostvaardersplassen
Oostvaardersplassen
is a Natura 2000
Natura 2000
site in the Netherlands.

Raising awareness about Natura 2000
Natura 2000
amongst the general public[edit] The Natura 2000
Natura 2000
network is not well known among European Union citizens; only 11% of citizens knew what it was in 2013.[11] As part of the EU Biodiversity
Biodiversity
Strategy, the European Commission
European Commission
committed to raise awareness about the network and biodiversity in general with the public. In general, Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Sites are seen like an interdiction for developing for most of the citizens. Since appeared in some area, the citizens saw only limitations and interdictions without any local advantages for the specific area. The confusion is even greater since in the designation process as a Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Site, the local communities were not involved. The documentations for different areas were done by different NGO not belonging to specific areas without out knowing the areas, with limited studies and ignoring the local communities interests.Due to this lack of awareness, most citizens do not know the consequence of belonging to a Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Site.[citation needed] Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Day[edit] In order to raise awareness about the Natura 2000
Natura 2000
network, 21 May has been designated “ Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Day”. This precedes “International Day for Biological Diversity” on 22 May. The initiative came from SEO/BirdLife who sought and received funding from the EU LIFE+ programme in order to improve the knowledge of this network.[12] In 2013, the first Natura 2000
Natura 2000
day took place with the aim to raise awareness of citizens about the importance of Natura 2000
Natura 2000
network in their lives. Since then, every May 21 and the weeks before, awareness actions take place all over Europe. For example, in 2014, school children and politicians across the EU were encouraged to make a butterfly gesture and post photos on social media to raise awareness.[13] The Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Award[edit] The Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Award [14] was launched by the European Commission
European Commission
in 2013, with the first prizes awarded on Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Day in 2014. The annual Award aims to raise awareness about the Natura 2000
Natura 2000
network, showcase excellence and encourage networking between people working on Natura 2000
Natura 2000
sites. It awards prizes to those working on the management of or to raise awareness about Natura 2000
Natura 2000
in five award categories: Conservation; Socio-Economic Benefits; Communication; Reconciling Interests and Perceptions; Cross-Border Cooperation and Networking. In its first year, winners were selected from Bulgaria, Romania, Czech Republic, Belgium
Belgium
and Spain. Controversy[edit] In some member states, such as Bulgaria, the project had not been well communicated in advance. This led to construction in the Kaliakra zone of Bulgaria, including wind turbines and a golf course. Land owners have then been told they may not use their land in certain ways, otherwise non-compliance procedures would be used against Bulgaria. This led to protests by the land-owners. [15] A similar situation there is in Romania where, from one side the European Union
European Union
and the Governrnent encouraged the investors to build green power plant like Small Hydro Power Plant and Wind Power Plants. The investors bought land, developed and/or already built projects and later to find out that the area is a Nature 2000 Site and they can not go further due to infringement risks. Even worse, in some area in Romania, the communities and local authorities were not involved in the designation process as an area like a Site Nature 2000 and they found out later that they are limited in developing local projects like water pipes for towns, waste water pipes, highways and roads, etc. References[edit]

^ Peter Abran (Jan 2012). "Forest management in the Natura 2000 ecological network in Romania – present problems and perspectives". Rev. pădur. (in Romanian). 127 (1): 21–27. ISSN 1583-7890. 16782. Retrieved 2012-05-08.  (webpage has a translation button) ^ Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Habitats Directive Sites according to Biogeographical Regions last retrieved 31-10-14 ^ Natura 2000
Natura 2000
network viewer last retrieved 31-10-14 ^ Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Barometer last retrieved 14 July 2017. ^ European Commission
European Commission
website last retrieved 31-10-14 ^ "On the Road to Recovery?" (PDF). Retrieved 7 May 2017.  ^ Beunen, R., Van Assche, K., Duineveld, M. (2013) Performing failure in nature conservation. The implementation of European Union directives in the Netherlands. Land Use Policy 31: 280-288 ^ European Commission
European Commission
Natura 2000
Natura 2000
in the marine environment last retrieved 31-10-14 ^ European Commission
European Commission
Wilderness in Europe last retrieved 31-10-14 ^ MEPs Respond to Call to Protect Europe last retrieved 04-02-09 ^ "Attitudes towards Biodiversity. Flash Eurobarometer 379" (PDF). Retrieved 7 May 2017.  ^ "Project Life Activates your true wealth". Retrieved 7 May 2017.  ^ " Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Day". www.natura2000day.eu. Retrieved 7 May 2017.  ^ "European Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Award - European Commission". ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 7 May 2017.  ^ "The Kaliakra protests: The Bulgarian People vs. The EU". Retrieved 2017-08-11. 

See also[edit]

Ecological network

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Natura 2000.

Official website Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Viewer - interactive map (European Environment Agency) Natura 2000
Natura 2000
data download – the European network of protected sites (European Environment Agency) Natura 2000
Natura 2000
newsletter (English, French, German, Spanish, Italian) Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Award Natura 2000
Natura 2000
Award Scheme - Environmental Benchmarking Report, 2015 European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity Natura Network Initiative – Natura 2000
Natura 2000
at work A–Z Areas of Biodiversity
Biodiversity
Importance: Natura 2000 Natura 2000
Natura 2000
and Marine Environment

Germany

Nature experience NRW shows 200 of the Natura-2000-Areas with

.