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A NATIONAL IDENTIFICATION NUMBER, NATIONAL IDENTITY NUMBER, or NATIONAL INSURANCE NUMBER is used by the governments of many countries as a means of tracking their citizens , permanent residents , and temporary residents for the purposes of work, taxation, government benefits , health care, and other governmentally-related functions. The number appears on IDENTITY DOCUMENTS issued by several of the countries.

The ways in which such a system is implemented vary among countries, but in most cases citizens are issued an identification number upon reaching legal age, or when they are born. Non-citizens may be issued such numbers when they enter the country, or when granted a temporary or permanent residence permit.

Many countries issued such numbers for a singular purpose, but over time, they become a de facto national identification number. For example, the United States
United States
developed its Social Security number system as a means of organizing disbursing of Social Security
Security
benefits. However, due to function creep , the number has become used for other purposes to the point where it is almost essential to have one to, among other things, open a bank account, obtain a credit card, or drive a car. Although some countries are required to collect TIN/SSN information for overseas payment procedures, some countries, like the US, are not required to collect other nations' TIN if other requirements are met, such as date of birth. Authorities use databases and they need a unique identifier in order to be that data actually refer to the searched person. In countries where there is no established nationwide number, authorities need to create their own number for each person, though there is a risk of mismatching people.

CONTENTS

* 1 Africa

* 1.1 The Gambia
The Gambia
* 1.2 Nigeria

* 1.3 South Africa
South Africa

* 1.3.1 Validation * 1.3.2 Racial classification * 1.3.3 HANIS

* 1.4 Zimbabwe

* 2 Americas

* 2.1 Argentina
Argentina
* 2.2 Brazil
Brazil
* 2.3 Canada * 2.4 Chile
Chile
* 2.5 Colombia
Colombia
* 2.6 Mexico * 2.7 United States
United States
* 2.8 Venezuela
Venezuela

* 3 Asia

* 3.1 Bahrain
Bahrain
* 3.2 People\'s Republic of China * 3.3 Hong Kong
Hong Kong
* 3.4 India * 3.5 Indonesia
Indonesia
* 3.6 Iran, Islamic Republic of * 3.7 Iraq, Republic of * 3.8 Israel * 3.9 Japan * 3.10 Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
* 3.11 Kuwait * 3.12 Macau * 3.13 Malaysia
Malaysia
* 3.14 Nepal * 3.15 Pakistan
Pakistan
* 3.16 Singapore
Singapore
* 3.17 South Korea * 3.18 Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
* 3.19 Taiwan * 3.20 Thailand
Thailand
* 3.21 United Arab Emirates * 3.22 Vietnam
Vietnam

* 4 Europe

* 4.1 Albania
Albania

* 4.2 Austria

* 4.2.1 Sector-Specific Personal Identifier
Identifier

* 4.2.1.1 Sample values

* 4.3 Belgium
Belgium
* 4.4 Bosnia and Herzegovina * 4.5 Bulgaria
Bulgaria
* 4.6 Croatia
Croatia
* 4.7 Czech Republic
Czech Republic
and Slovakia
Slovakia
* 4.8 Denmark * 4.9 Estonia * 4.10 European Economic Area/ Switzerland
Switzerland
* 4.11 Finland
Finland
* 4.12 France
France

* 4.13 Germany
Germany

* 4.13.1 When applying for the Visa Waiver Program

* 4.14 Greece
Greece
* 4.15 Hungary
Hungary
* 4.16 Iceland
Iceland
* 4.17 Ireland * 4.18 Italy
Italy
* 4.19 Latvia
Latvia
* 4.20 Lithuania
Lithuania
* 4.21 Macedonia * 4.22 Moldova * 4.23 Montenegro
Montenegro
* 4.24 Netherlands
Netherlands
* 4.25 Norway
Norway
* 4.26 Poland
Poland
* 4.27 Portugal
Portugal
* 4.28 Romania
Romania
* 4.29 San Marino
San Marino
* 4.30 Serbia
Serbia
* 4.31 Slovakia
Slovakia
* 4.32 Slovenia
Slovenia
* 4.33 Spain
Spain
* 4.34 Sweden
Sweden
* 4.35 Switzerland
Switzerland
* 4.36 Turkey
Turkey
* 4.37 Ukraine * 4.38 United Kingdom

* 5 Oceania

* 5.1 Australia * 5.2 New Zealand
New Zealand

* 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

AFRICA

THE GAMBIA

In The Gambia
The Gambia
, the National Identification Number (NIN) consists of 11 digits in the form DDMMYY-PG- ##CS. DD MM YY indicates date of birth, PG indicates place of issuance and nationality, ## is a serial number and also indicates sex and CS is a check sum.

NIGERIA

The Nigerian National Identification Number (NIN) is issued and managed by National Identity Management Commission (NIMC), and it's a set of eleven digits (e.g.: XXXXXXXXXXX), assigned to 16+ years old Nigerians
Nigerians
and legal residents by the Government.

SOUTH AFRICA

South African identity document Explanation of identity number in a South African identity document during apartheid

In the Republic of South Africa
South Africa
every citizen must apply for an Identity Document from the age of 16 years. The ID number is already allocated at the time the birth certificate is generated and required for child passport applications. This passport-size document contains only 8 pages - the first page containing the national identification number (also in barcoded format), name of bearer, district or country of birth, as well as a photograph of the bearer. The other pages are used for recording of voting participation, a page for driver's license information (although it is no longer used since the introduction of plastic card type licenses), as well as pages for fire arms licenses (also plastic card type now). The document is required to apply for a passport, car learner's license (over 17), motorcycle learner's license (over 16), driving license (over 18), motorcycle license (over 16 or 18 depending on cc) and to vote (over 18). The Identity Document is not used for international travel purposes (a separate passport is issued) but usually is acceptable photographic identification for internal flights, and mainly serves as proof of identification. Some authorities may accept the driver's license as proof of identity, but the Identity Document is the only universally accepted form of identification. The government has started issuing ID cards which contains a biometric chip which, in turn, holds biographical information which is unique to the holder of that specific card. The South African government wishes to phase out the old Green Barcoded ID book and replace it with the Identity Card. The Identity number is also used when the holder applies for a grant from the South African Social Security
Security
Agency (SASSA).

Validation

A South African person identification number is a 13-digit number containing only numeric characters, and no whitespace, punctuation, or alpha characters. It is defined as YYMMDDSSSSCAZ:

* YYMMDD represents the date of birth (DoB); * SSSS is a sequence number registered with the same birth date (where females are assigned sequential numbers of either 0 or 4 and males from 5 to 9) * C is the citizenship with 0 if the person is a SA citizen, 1 if the person is a permanent resident; * A is 8 or 9. Prior to 1994 this number was used to indicate the holder's race; * Z is a checksum digit.

Using ID Number 8001015009087 as an example, it would read as follows:

The ID indicates that a male citizen was born on 1 January 1980; he was the 10th male to be registered (assuming that the first male to be registered on that day would be assigned the sequence number 5000).

The checksum digit is calculated using the Luhn algorithm :

* A = the sum of the digits in the ID number in the odd positions (excluding Z) * B = the number formed by the concatenation of the digits in the ID number in the even positions * C = the sum of the digits in (2 * B) * D = A + C * Z = 10 - (D mod 10)

Racial Classification

During the apartheid era the second to last digit, "A", denoted "race". Since these documents were not then issued to the majority population, the "race" code does not include those classified as Black.7605300675088

"A" Classification:

* 0: White * 1: Cape Coloured * 2: Kosom Anekk * 3: Griqua * 4: Chinese * 5: Indian * 6: Other Asian * 7: Other Coloured

After about 1987, the racial classification was eliminated, and all existing numbers were reissued with new digits in the last two fields (AZ).

HANIS

In contrast to other countries the South African ID number is not unique, at least because of the use of a two-digit year. Other issues with duplications exist: however the Department of Home Affairs HANIS Project has planned to rectify that with ID smart cards. The timeline for that is undetermined as the last budget request for 08/09 and 09/10 included requests for budget for it despite the project being active since 1997.

ZIMBABWE

The national ID registration in Zimbabwe is managed by the Registrar Generals Office. The National ID number is an eleven character alphanumeric code in which the 2 digit prefix denote the district in which the applicant resides or registered for the national document. The next six digits denote the unique personal code for the applicant and a check letter then the last 2 digits denote the district of origin usually from the paternal side, this would be the prefix code on the parents national ID number. so the number would look something like 12 345678 A90 if this person were to have a child his or her national id would then look like this 12 876543 B12. Starting in the early 2000 the National ID number is now assigned at birth and is printed on the long birth certificate by default. Upon reaching the age of 16 the applicant then has to go to the registrar generals offices in their district to obtain a national ID. Foreigners in Zimbabwe have their ID number with the district of origin as 00 meaning they are foreigners so their ID number would look like 12 345678 A00. Zimbabweans who are not of black race also get a district of origin shown as 00, even those who are of mixed race.

AMERICAS

ARGENTINA

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In Argentina
Argentina
the only nationally issued identification is the DNI , Documento Nacional de Identidad (National Identity Document). It is a number not related to anything in particular about the person (except for immigrants who get assigned numbers starting at 92,000,000). It is assigned at birth by the Registro Nacional de las Personas (National Registry for People), but parents need to sign up their children, and because of this there are some people, especially the poor, who do not have a DNI.

The ID is required for applying for credit, opening a bank account, and for voting. Law requires a person to show his or her DNI when using a credit card. Prior to the DNI the LC (Libreta Cívica, for women), and LE (Libreta de Enrolamiento, for men) were used. This was later unified in the DNI.

For taxpaying purposes, the CUIT and CUIL (Código Único de Identificación Tributaria, Unique Code for Taxpaying Identification and Código Único de Identificación Laboral, Unique Code for Laboral Identification). An example of the ID is 20-10563145-8. It is based on the DNI and appends 2 numbers at the beginning and one at the end. For example, 20 and 23 for men, 27 for women, and one control digit at the end. Employees have a CUIL (assigned at the moment the DNI is created), and employers have a CUIT. The first two digits to identify the CUIT for companies are for instance: 30 or 33. If a person decides to open a company of its own, his CUIL usually becomes his CUIT. The CUIT was needed because a different identification is required for companies, who cannot be identified by a DNI number.

BRAZIL

Main articles: Registro Geral and Cadastro de Pessoas Físicas

In Brazil
Brazil
there are two systems. The first, the Registro Geral (RG) is a number associated to the official ID card
ID card
. Although the ID cards are supposedly national, the RG numbers are assigned by the states and a few other organizations, such as the armed forces . So, not only is it possible for a person to have the same RG number as a person from other state (which is usually dealt with by specifying the state which issued the ID card), but it is also possible to (legally) have more than one RG, from different states.

The other system, the Cadastro de Pessoas Físicas (CPF) is federal and supposedly unique (barring fraud), but it was created originally for purposes of taxation (a related system is used for companies, which is called Cadastro Nacional de Pessoas Jurídicas - CNPJ). One, the other or both numbers are required for many common tasks in Brazil, such as opening a bank account or getting a driver\'s license . The RG system is more widespread, but its shortcomings have led to debate about merging both systems into a new one, which would be based around the CPF.

Another type of registration is the Social Security
Security
Number, which is originated when a person creates one in the National Social Security Institute's site or starts to work for a company, when this one has to register the employee in the Social Integration Program.

There is another number for elections, which are mandatory participation for citizens from 18 to 70 years old.

CANADA

Main article: Social Insurance Number

The use of the SOCIAL INSURANCE NUMBER (SIN) as a "de facto" ID number ended in 2004 with passage of The Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act . There are only certain instances where an organization may ask for a SIN (namely for tax or retirement benefit related issues). The SIN must be guarded as confidential personal information, and therefore cannot be used as a general ID number. Nevertheless, the SIN is still used as a unique identifier for the Canada Revenue Agency to track individuals who are filing their income tax returns.

CHILE

In Chile
Chile
the National Identification Number is called RUN (Rol Único Nacional), but is usually called RUT (Rol Único Tributario) since the number is the same as the one used for tax purposes. The main difference between them is that RUN is only assigned to natural persons, while juristic persons can only get a RUT number.

In the case of natural persons, RUN/RUT number is used as a national identification number, tax payer number, social insurance number, driver's license number, for employment, etc. It is also commonly used as a customer number in banks, retailers, insurance companies, airlines, etc. Until the end of August 2013, the RUN was also used as the passport number. After this date, Chilean passports have had unique numbers.

Since well before 1990, every baby born is given a RUN number; previously it was assigned at the moment of applying to get the ID card. Non-Chilean residents also get a RUN and an identification card. Every company or organization also must have a RUT for taxation purposes.

The RUN or RUT has 7 or 8 digits (for people alive today; in the past, there were persons with a 5- or 6-digit one, but have died off) plus a check digit or letter (xx.xxx.xxx-z, z is {0-9, K}).

Code in C#for checking correctness of RUT can be found on the here: http://www.vesic.org/english/blog/c-sharp/verifying-chilean-rut-code-tax-number/ and in Clojure
Clojure
for checking correctness of RUT can be found on the here: https://github.com/daplay/chileno

COLOMBIA

In Colombia
Colombia
, each person is issued a basic ID card
ID card
during childhood (Tarjeta de Identidad). The ID number includes the date of birth and a short serial number. Upon reaching the age of 18, every citizen is reissued a citizenship card (Cédula de Ciudadanía), and the ID number on it is used and required in all instances, public and private.

Every Colombian national traveling abroad is issued a passport document (which includes a passport number related to the national identification number); in this manner foreign governments can track Colombian nationals with their consulates.

There is as well a number assigned to companies: NIT (Número de Identificación Tributaria). Tributary Identification Number (for its Spanish acronym). Among other things, it is used for tax reports.

RUT (Registro único tributario) (taxpayer identification number)

As of 2003 created the NUIP (Número Único de Identificación Personal), starting the numbering per billion (1,000,000,000).

MEXICO

Main article: Unique Population Registry Code

In Mexico, the ID number is called the CURP (Clave Única de Registro de Población) although the most important and accepted ID card
ID card
would be the election card ("credencial de elector" or else "credencial del INE," as per the initials of "Instituto Nacional Electoral/National Institute of Elections, the institution responsible for electoral procedures). There are, however, other important ID numbers in Mexico: for instance, the social security number, which is the number assigned by Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (Mexican Institute of Social Security, or IMSS) to every citizen who starts working, or the RFC (Registro Federal del Contribuyente) which is assigned by the Treasury and has the same format as the CURP but a shorter length.

UNITED STATES

Main article: Social Security number

In the United States
United States
, a Selective Service Number must be applied for by all male citizens turning age 18. An optional national identity number is the Social Security number (SSN), a nine-digit number issued to U.S. citizens , permanent residents , and temporary (working) residents. Its purpose was to identify individuals for the purposes of Social Security
Security
, but it is now also used to track individuals for taxation purposes. There is no legal requirement to have a SSN if it is not required for Social Security
Security
or taxation purposes, but in practice one is required for many other purposes, for example to open a bank account or apply for a driving license, so that nearly all U.S. citizens and permanent residents have one. The SSN has therefore become a de facto national identification number, despite the fact that originally it was expressly not for this purpose , and in fact a valid SSN can be easily guessed, as they are issued serially

VENEZUELA

In Venezuela
Venezuela
, the SAIME (DIEX) issues an ID card
ID card
for individuals in their teens (Cédula de Identidad). The ID card
ID card
includes date of birth, a correlative number (population continuous number for nationals, greater than 80,000,000 for foreign-born residents), a photo, marital status, expiration date (an expired ID card
ID card
is still valid for nationals), and a fingerprint. Newly issued ID cards are valid for 10 years.

Companies are assigned an RIF (Fiscal Information Registry) number for taxable purposes. For physical persons, it is their ID number + checksum digit.

ASIA

BAHRAIN

In Bahrain
Bahrain
every citizen and resident must hold an Identification Card (Arabic : بطاقة الهوية‎‎) and thus has a Personal Number (Arabic : الرقم الشخصي‎‎) which consists of 8 digits followed by a check digit (Total: 9 digits). In general, it has the following format: YYMMNNNNC, where YYMM is the year and month of birth, NNNN is a random number, C is the check digit . However, a minority of citizens and residents have Personal Numbers that do not follow that format.

It is possible to obtain a Distinctive Personal Number (Arabic : الرقم الشخصي المميز‎‎), only for newborn infants and it is optional and not compulsory, for a fee (US$130, 200, or 260 depending on the category).

Another local name for the Personal number is Central Population Registration (CPR) Number (Arabic : الرقم السكاني‎‎) which was used before the inception of the Central Informatics Organization (CIO) (Arabic : الجهاز المركزي للمعلومات‎‎).

PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

Main article: Resident Identity Card § Identity card
Identity card
number

In the PRC , an ID card
ID card
is mandatory for all citizens who are over 16 years old. The ID number has 18 digits and is in the format RRRRRRYYYYMMDDSSSC, which is the sole and exclusive identification code for the holder (an old ID card
ID card
only has 15 digits in the format RRRRRRYYMMDDIII). RRRRRR is a standard code for the administrative division where the holder is born (county or a district of a city), YYYYMMDD is the birth date of the holder, and SSS is a sequential code for distinguishing people with identical birthdates and birthplaces. The sequential code is odd for males and even for females. The final character, C, is a checksum value over the first 17 digits. To calculate the checksum, each digit in order is multiplied by a weight in the ordered set and summed together. The sum modulus 11 is used as an index into the ordered set , with the first index being zero. The indexed value is the checksum digit. In 15 digit IDs, III is an identification number created through certain mathematical methods (the last digit might be an English letter, such as X). The ID card
ID card
is used for residential registration, army enrollment registration, registration of marriage/divorce, going abroad, taking part in national exams, and other social or civil matters.

HONG KONG

In Hong Kong
Hong Kong
, a Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Identity Card (HKID) is mandatory for all residents aged over 11, subject to limited exceptions. HKID cards contain the bearer's HKID number, of which the standard format is X123456(A). X represents one or two letters of the alphabet. The numerals may represent any Arabic number. A is the check digit , which has 11 possible values from 0 to 9 and A. The letters and numbers are not assigned arbitrarily. Additionally, one can view the international securities identification numbers organization that helps assign ISIN codes to securities.

INDIA

Digitally generated Aadhaar
Aadhaar
Card

As World's biggest Biometric ID Programme, the Indian Government on 28 January 2009, established an Authority called the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) to issue a Unique Identification Number to all citizens and residents of India. UIDAI's Aadhaar
Aadhaar
card project gives each Indian citizen a unique 12 digit identification number, along with recording their biometrics such as iris scan and fingerprints on a UIDAI database and the card is being rolled out to all eligible citizens. The first Aadhaar
Aadhaar
number was launched in Maharashtra in the village of Tembli, on 29 September 2010. So far up to February 2016, 984 million (98 crores) Aadhaar Numbers have been issued. In October 2015, 93 percent of adult Indians have an Aadhaar
Aadhaar
card. There is no Aadhaar
Aadhaar
smart card but UID information of a card can be printed on a piece of paper or on a plastic card. After the recent order by the supreme court of India Aadhar card is not mandatory for availing public services. Government has also authorised printing of Aadhar like Pan cards i.e. in PVC cards.

Before Aadhaar, the closest India has come to this is the Permanent account number (PAN), issued by the Income Tax Office, for purposes of tracking income and income taxes. It has gained use as a means of identification for activities like getting a phone connection. A total of 24.37 crore (243.7 million) PANs have been allotted as of 24 February 2016.

INDONESIA

In Indonesia
Indonesia
, 16 digit number is used as a unique number for each citizens. It is known as NOMOR INDUK KEPENDUDUKAN. The number is given to all Indonesian citizen. The format is PPRRSSDDMMYYXXXX where PP is two digits province code, RR is two digits regency or city code, SS is two digits sub-district code, DDMMYY is date of birth (DD is added by 40 for female), and XXXX is a four digits computerized number. The number is stated in Indonesian identity card
Indonesian identity card
. Add with individual state code as per issue state a unique no of district. and its no to be reflected from (like District no+state No+India National N

This program is designed on the basis of UIDAI of India. Though Indonesia
Indonesia
started late, Indonesia
Indonesia
National ID program is growing at much rapid pace and assumed to complete earlier than India due to smaller population.

Since 2012, the government rolls out e-KTP ("Elektronik Kartu Tanda Penduduk", "Electronic Citizen
Citizen
ID Card") which is an RFID card containing encrypted information of the electronic signature, iris scan, ten-finger fingerprint scan and a high-resolution passport photo.

IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF

In Iran
Iran
ID card
ID card
named (کارت ملی) Iranian national identity card karte-meli, ID card
ID card
is mandatory for all citizens who are over 15 years old and National Identification Number is a 10-digit number in the format of XXX-XXXXXX-X; (e.g. 012-345678-9). The government started NIDs and 10-digit postal codes in 1989.

IRAQ, REPUBLIC OF

Main article: Iraq National Card

Every Iraqi citizen must have a Nationality Certificate (شهادة الجنسية) and a civil Identification Document (هوية الأحوال المدنية). In 2016, both documents were replaced with National Card (البطاقة الوطنية), a biometric ID card.

ISRAEL

An Identity Number (Hebrew: מספר זהות MISPAR ZEHUT) is issued to all Israeli citizens at birth by the ]. It is composed of nine digits: a one-digit prefix, seven digits, and a final check digit . Blocks of numbers are distributed to hospitals, and individual numbers are issued to babies upon discharge from hospital. Temporary residents (category A-5) are assigned a number when they receive temporary resident status.

An Identity Card, (Hebrew: Teudat Zehut ), bearing an Identity Number, is issued to all residents over 16 years old who have legal temporary or permanent residence status, including non-citizens.

JAPAN

Japan's national identification number system, known within the country as "My Number" (Japanese: マイナンバー), went into effect from 2016. The number consists of 12 digits, and one is assigned to each resident of Japan, including non-Japanese long-term residents with valid residency permits.

KAZAKHSTAN

In Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
there is a 12-digit Individual Identification Number for natural persons (abbreviated in Kazakh : ЖСН , ZhSN; in Russian : ИИН , IIN, with first six digits representing person's date of birth in the YYMMDD format) and a 12-digit Business Identification Number ru:Бизнес-идентификационный номер for legal entities (companies).

Until its abolishment on 1 January 2013, the 12-digit Taxpayer's Registration Number (Kazakh : Салық төлеушінің тіркеу нөмірі ; Russian : Регистрационный номер налогоплательщика , usually abbreviated as РНН, RNN) was more popular in dealings with authorities as well as with businesses.

KUWAIT

In Kuwait, the 12-digit national identification number is the Civil Number (Arabic : الرقم المدني‎‎), it follows the format (NYYMMDDNNNNN), and is issued and put on the Civil ID and managed by Public Agency for Civil Information (PACI) Arabic : الهيئة العامة للمعلومات المدنية‎‎.

The Civil ID contains holder's name in Arabic and English, picture, gender, date of birth, current address and a digital memory.

The Civil Number is issued for citizens and residents, and it's used for a lot of tasks like opening a bank account, getting free medical care or even for taking some tests like the IELTS exam. Passports can be used instead for those who don't have Civil IDs like tourists.

MACAU

In Macau, there are two types of ID cards: Permanent Resident Identity Card (BIRP) and Non-Permanent Resident Identity Card (BIRNP). The identification number has 8-digit standard format: NNNNNNN(N), where N is a numeric digit 0-9. The first numeric digit N has special meaning, and it can be one of the following digits: '1', '5' or '7'.

* '1': The first-time date of issuance of ID card
ID card
to the bearer was 1992 or later. * '5': The predecessor of the ID card
ID card
is Portuguese National Identity Card (BI), issued by Macau Civil Authority. * '7': The predecessor of the ID card
ID card
is Macau Identity Card, issued by Macau Public Security
Security
Police.

During Portuguese rule, Macau had no unified identification system, and several departments had the authority to issue identity cards to Macau citizens and residents. Since 1992, the IDENTIFICATION DEPARTMENT (once known as SIM, now called DSI) has become the unitary authority to issue identity cards. It has adopted the above-mentioned numbering policy.

Macau's Finance Department has also adopted identification number as a tax reporting number, for tax filing purposes.

MALAYSIA

Main article: National Registration Identity Card Number (Malaysia)

In Malaysia
Malaysia
, a 12-digit number (format: YYMMDD-SS-###G, since 1991) known as the NATIONAL REGISTRATION IDENTIFICATION CARD NUMBER (NRIC No.) is issued to citizens and permanent residents on a MyKad. Prior to January 1, 2004, a separate social security (SOCSO ) number (also the old IC number in format 'S#########', S denotes state of birth or country of origin (alphabet or number), # is a 9-digit serial number) was used for social security-related affairs.

The first group of numbers (YYMMDD) are the date of birth. The second group of numbers (SS) represents the place of birth of the holder - the states (01-13), the federal territories (14-16) or the country of origin (60-85). The last group of numbers (###G) is a serial number in an unidentified pattern which is randomly generated. The last digit (G) is an odd number for a male, while an even number is given for a female.

NEPAL

In Nepal, there is no national identification but needs to for the process of development.

PAKISTAN

Main article: National Database and Registration Authority

After the independence of Pakistan
Pakistan
, Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan launched the Personal Identity System (PIS) program to issue national identification cards to the citizens of Pakistan
Pakistan
and Muslim refugees settling in Pakistan. Since the 1960s, Pakistan
Pakistan
has been issuing National Identity Card (commonly known by the acronym, NIC) numbers to its citizens. These numbers are assigned at birth when the parents complete the child's birth registration form (B-Form), and then a National Identity Card (NIC) with the same number is issued at the age of 18. Until, 2001 NIC numbers were 11 digits long. In 2001–2002, the National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA), started issuing 13-digit NIC numbers along with their new biometric ID cards. The first 5 digits are based on the applicant's locality, the next 7 are serial numbers, and the last digit is a check digit. The last digit also indicates the gender of the applicant; an even number indicates a female and an odd number indicates a male. The old numbers are invalid as of 2004.

As of 2012, NADRA has started to issue SMART ID cards which include an encrypted chip. The SMART card plan is to be extended to disburse social benefits as well as to allow the heirs of the card to get life insurance at the death of the card holder.

Every citizen has an NIC number for activities such as paying taxes, opening a bank account, getting a utility connection (phone, cell phone, gas, electricity). However, since a majority of births in the country are not registered, and a large number of Pakistanis do not conduct any of the activities described above, most do not have ID cards. Obtaining an NIC card costs 100 rupees (US$1.66 - almost the average daily income), and this reduces the number of people who can afford it. In 2006, NADRA announced that it had issued 50 million CNIC (the C standing for Computerized) numbers, which is approximately one-third of the population. In June 2008, the federal government announced it would start issuing CNIC cards for free.

In addition to NIC/CNIC companies and individuals in business and employment with taxable income are required to register with Central Board of Revenue and have their National Tax Number (commonly known as NTN). The tax number is mainly used only for taxation purposes and is rarely used otherwise as compared to other countries. New NTN certificates are being issued with computerized NIC numbers and old NTN certificates bearing old NIC numbers will become invalid.

SINGAPORE

In Singapore
Singapore
the National Registration Identity Card (NRIC) is issued to Singapore
Singapore
citizens and permanent residents. Permanent residents (PR) are issued with NRIC number similar to citizens.

The NRIC contains a unique number that identifies the person holding it, and is used for almost all identification purposes in Singapore, including authentication when accessing the Singapore
Singapore
government's web portal. Citizens and permanent residents are issued with identity number starts with prefix S (born before 2000) and T (born in or after year 2000), followed with a 7-digit number and a checksum alphabet. For citizens and permanent residents born after 1968, the first two digits of the 7-digit number indicate their birth year.

Long-term pass holders (e.g. people holding work permits, employment passes or student passes) are issued a similarly formatted Foreign Identification Number (FIN) on their long-term passes, with prefix F (registered before year 2000) and G (registered in or after year 2000).

SOUTH KOREA

Main article: Resident registration number

In South Korea, every Korean resident is assigned a Resident's Registration Number (주민등록번호), which has the form 000000-0000000. The first seven digits have his/her birthday and gender, where the first six digits are in the format YYMMDD and the seventh digit is determined by the century and the gender as follows:

* 1: males, holding Korean nationality, born 1900–1999 * 2: females, holding Korean nationality, born 1900–1999 * 3: males, holding Korean nationality, born 2000–2099 * 4: females, holding Korean nationality, born 2000–2099 * 5: male foreigners sojourn in Korea, born 1900–1999 * 6: female foreigners sojourn in Korea, born 1900–1999 * 7: male foreigners sojourn in Korea, born 2000–2099 * 8: female foreigners sojourn in Korea, born 2000–2099 * 9: males, holding Korean nationality, born before 1900 * 0: females, holding Korean nationality, born before 1900

(For example, a male citizen who was born on 27 May 2001 is assigned the number 010527‒3******, and a female citizen which was born on 24 March 1975 is assigned the number 750324‒2******.)

The next four digits mean the region of his/her birth registration, and the next 1 digit is a serial number of registration within the date and the region. The last digit is a check digit .

SRI LANKA

In Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
, all citizens over the age of 16 need to apply for a National Identity Card (NIC). Each NIC has a unique 10 digit number, in the format 000000000A (where 0 is a digit and A is a letter). The first two digits of the number are your year of birth (e.g.: 88xxxxxxxx for someone born in 1988). Add 500 to middle 3 numbers after first two numbers for females. The final letter is generally a 'V' or 'X'. An NIC number is required to apply for a passport (over 16), driving license (over 18) and to vote (over 18). In addition, all citizens are required to carry their NIC on them as proof of identity. NICs are not issued to non-citizens, but they too are required to carry some form of photo identification (such as a photocopy of their passport or foreign driving license).

TAIWAN

In Taiwan, an ID card
ID card
is mandatory for all citizens who are over 14 years old. Every citizen has a unique ID number. The ID card
ID card
has been uniformly numbered since 1965. A valid National Identification number consists of one letter and nine-digits, in the format A########C. The letter ("A") records the card holder's first location of household registration, which is usually where they were born. The first digit depends on gender ; 1 for male, 2 for female. The last digit ("C") is a checksum . Thus the total number of IDs is 208,000,000.

The letter usage (i.e., indicating the household registration location) is as follows:

Active letters Letters no longer issued

LETTER CITY/COUNTY

A Taipei City

B Taichung City
Taichung City

C Keelung City

D Tainan City
Tainan City

E Kaohsiung City
Kaohsiung City

F New Taipei City

G Yilan County

H Taoyuan City
Taoyuan City

I Chiayi City
Chiayi City

J Hsinchu City

K Miaoli County
Miaoli County

LETTER CITY/COUNTY

M Nantou County

N Changhua County
Changhua County

O Hsinchu County
Hsinchu County

P Yunlin County

Q Chiayi County
Chiayi County

T Pingtung County
Pingtung County

U Hualien County

V Taitung County

W Kinmen
Kinmen
County

X Penghu
Penghu
County

Z Lienchiang County

LETTER ORIGINAL DIVISION DATE OF FINAL ISSUE CURRENT DIVISION

L Taichung County
Taichung County
Dec. 25, 2010 Taichung City
Taichung City

R Tainan County Dec. 25, 2010 Tainan City
Tainan City

S Kaohsiung County Dec. 25, 2010 Kaohsiung City
Kaohsiung City

Y Yangmingshan Management Bureau 1975 Taipei City

THAILAND

In Thailand
Thailand
, the POPULATION IDENTIFICATION CODE has been issued by the Department of Provincial Administration of the Ministry of Interior since 1976. It consists of a 13-digit string in the format N-NNNN-NNNNN-NN-N, which is assigned at birth or upon receiving citizenship. The first digit signifies type of citizenship, the second to fifth the office where the number was issued, the sixth to twelfth are group and sequence numbers, and the last digit acts as a check digit.

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

The Emirates Identity Authority (Arabic : هيئة الإمارات للهوية‎‎) issues an Identity Card (Arabic : بطاقة الهوية‎‎) to each citizen and resident. The cardholder's name, nationality, gender and date of birth are printed on the card. The card also bears a unique 15-digit Identification Number (Arabic : رقم الهوية‎‎), which is used for identity verification by the government and some private entities. Inside the card is an electronic chip which contains personal and biometric data about the cardholder.

The Identification Number has the following format: 784-YYYY-NNNNNNN-C, where 784 is the ISO 3166-1 numeric code for the UAE
UAE
, YYYY is the year of birth, NNNNNNN is a random 7-digit number, and C is a check digit .

VIETNAM

In Vietnam
Vietnam
, a Vietnam
Vietnam
ID card
ID card
(Vietnamese : GIấY CHứNG MINH NHâN DâN), simply in Vietnamese the CMND, is issued by Provincial Police Department for Vietnamese citizen. The ID card
ID card
number is a combination of nine digits. The first three digits are for categorizing Provincial Police Department. For example: the ID card No.: 012-885-652 is issued for Vietnamese citizen residing in Hanoi, because the code 012 is for Hanoi citizens.

The expiry date of the ID card
ID card
is 15 years.

EUROPE

ALBANIA

In Albania
Albania
, the Identity Number (Albanian : Numri i Identitetit (NID)) is issued by the Central Civic Registry Service (Ministry of Interior). The coding structure and algorithm is regulated by a decision of the Council of Ministers of Albania
Albania
(No.827, Dated 11.12.2003). From 2004 to 2007, the Identity Number was referred to as the Citizen
Citizen
Identity Number (Albanian : Numri i Identitetit të Shtetasit (NISH)). As of 2007, with the introduction the new legislation regarding the new biometric ID cards and biometric passports, it is referred to as the Identity Number. The Albanian national identification number appears in the Albanian national ID cards and biometric passports under the 'personal no.' section.

The Albanian Identity Number is a unique personal identification number of 10 characters in the format YYMMDDSSSC, where YYMMDD indicates the date of birth and sex (for males MM is 01-12, for females 50 is added to the month of birth so that MM is 51-62), SSS is a sequence number of persons born on the same date (001–999), and C is a checksum letter (A–W). The YY part of the date of birth is calculated from the following table:

00–09: 1800–1809 A0–A9: 1900–1909 K0–K9: 2000–2009

10–19: 1810–1819 B0–B9: 1910–1919 L0–L9: 2010–2019

20–29: 1820–1829 C0–C9: 1920–1929 M0–M9: 2020–2029

30–39: 1830–1839 D0–D9: 1930–1939 N0–N9: 2030–2039

40–49: 1840–1849 E0–E9: 1940–1949 O0–O9: 2040–2049

50–59: 1850–1859 F0–F9: 1950–1959 P0–P9: 2050–2059

60–69: 1860–1869 G0–G9: 1960–1969 Q0–Q9: 2060–2069

70–79: 1870–1879 H0–H9: 1970–1979 R0–R9: 2070–2079

80–89: 1880–1889 I0–I9: 1980–1989 S0–S9: 2080–2089

90–99: 1890–1899 J0–J9: 1990–1999 T0–T9: 2090–2099

e.g. For people born in the year 2003, YY would be K3.

AUSTRIA

In Austria there are two schemes to identify individuals:

Sector-Specific Personal Identifier

The Sector-Specific Personal Identifier
Identifier
(ssPIN) tries to do away with the problems of the SSN. Its legal foundation is the Austrian E-Government Act, and it is derived from the Central Register of Residents (CRR). Its specification is related with the Austrian Citizen
Citizen
Card.

Its computation (specification) is a two-stage process: The CCR ID is encoded into the Source Identification Number (Source PIN) with a symmetrical crypto-function. This is again one-way encoded into the ssPIN per sector of governmental activity. For the storage of SourcePINs is not limited to citizen cards, and an application cannot convert a ssPIN from one sector to the ssPIN from applications of other sectors, the link-up of data of sectors by PINs is constricted. However, there is a legal exception to this rule: applications may query for and store ssPINs from other sectors if they are encrypted in a way that makes them only usable in the target application. This enables the application to communicate across sectors.

Sample Values

* CCR-ID: 000247681888 (12-digit) * SourcePIN: MDEyMzQ1Njc4OWFiY2RlZg== (24 bytes base64)

* ssPIN(BW): MswQO/UhO5RG+nR+klaOTsVY+CU= (28 bytes base64)

* BW (Bauen + Wohnen) is the public sector related to "construction and habitation". * There are approximately 30 sectors like health, taxes, statistics, and security.

BELGIUM

nl:Rijksregisternummer / fr:Numéro de registre national

In Belgium
Belgium
every citizen has a NATIONAL REGISTER NUMBER, which is created by using the citizen's date of birth (encoded in six digits), followed by a serial number (three digits) and a checksum (two digits). The serial number is used so that men get the odd numbers, while women get the even numbers; thus, there can be only 500 men or women on each day.

The national number is unique to each person and in that capacity used by most government institutions; however, because one can immediately read the date of birth and the sex of the numbers' holder and because it is the key in most government databases (including that of the tax administration, the social security, and others), it is considered a privacy -sensitive number. For that reason, although it is put on the identity card by default, with the old ID cards a citizen could request that this would not be done. With the newer Digital ID cards that Belgium
Belgium
is rolling out, this is no longer possible, since the National Number is used as the serial number for the private cryptography keys on the card..

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

Main article: Unique Master Citizen
Citizen
Number

Each citizen receives 13 number Unique Master Citizen
Citizen
Number (Bosnian : Jedinstveni matični broj građana) upon birth. Unique Master Citizen
Citizen
Number comprises 13 digits in DDMMYYY RR XXX C format. DD/MM/YYY represents citizens birth date. RR indicates one of 10 Bosnian regions (10: Banja Luka, 11: Bihać, 12: Doboj, 13: Goražde, 14: Livno, 15: Mostar, 16: Prijedor, 17: Sarajevo, 18: Tuzla, 19: Zenica) where the citizen was born. XXX is a unique sequential number where 000 - 499 is used for males and 500 - 999 for females. The final number is a check-sum.

Foreign citizens born or residing in Bosnia NNN is the first name , of which the first, third and fourth consonants are used—exceptions are handled as in family names; YY are the last digits of the birth year; M is the letter for the month of birth—letters are used in alphabetical order , but only the letters A to E, H, L, M, P, R to T are used (thus, January is A and October is R); DD is the day of the month of birth—in order to differentiate between genders, 40 is added to the day of birth for women (thus a woman born on May 3 has ...E43...); ZZZZ is an area code specific to the municipality where the person was born—country-wide codes are used for foreign countries; X is a parity character as calculated by adding together characters in the even and odd positions, and dividing them by 26. Numerical values are used for letters in even positions according to their alphabetical order. Characters in odd positions have different values.

A letter is then used which corresponds to the value of the remainder of the division in the alphabet. An exception algorithm exists in case of perfectly matching codes for two persons. Issuance of the code is centralized to the Ministry of Treasure. The fiscal code uniquely identifies an Italian citizen or permanently resident alien, and is thus used. However, since it can be calculated from personal information (whether real, or not), it is not generally regarded as an extremely reserved piece of information, nor as official proof of identity/existence of an individual.

UNEVEN ALPHANUMERIC CHARACTERS

CHARACTER VALUE CHARACTER VALUE CHARACTER VALUE CHARACTER VALUE

0 1 9 21 I 19 R 8

1 0 A 1 J 21 S 12

2 5 B 0 K 2 T 14

3 7 C 5 L 4 U 16

4 9 D 7 M 18 V 10

5 13 E 9 N 20 W 22

6 15 F 13 O 11 X 25

7 17 G 15 P 3 Y 24

8 19 H 17 Q 6 Z 23

LATVIA

In Latvia
Latvia
the Personal Code (Latvian : Personas kods) consists of 11 digits in form DDMMYY-XNNNC where the first six digits are person's date of birth, the next one stands for a century person was born in (0 for XIX, 1 for XX and 2 for XXI), NNN is birth serial number in that day, and C is checksum digit.

LITHUANIA

In Lithuania
Lithuania
the Personal Code (Lithuanian : Asmens kodas) consists of 11 digits, and currently is in the form G YYMMDD NNN C, where G is ge

.