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Nanisivik
Nanisivik
(Inuktitut syllabics: ᓇᓂᓯᕕᒃ[pronunciation?], translation for the place where people find things) was a company town which was built in 1975 to support the lead-zinc mining and mineral processing operations for the Nanisivik
Nanisivik
Mine, in production between 1976 and 2002. The townsite was located just inland from Strathcona Sound, about 20 km (12 mi) east of the community of Arctic Bay in the Canadian territory of Nunavut. There is a port and dock about 3.7 km (2.3 mi) north of the former mine site which was used for shipping concentrate from the site, and receiving supplies (73°04′08″N 084°32′57″W / 73.06889°N 84.54917°W / 73.06889; -84.54917). It is currently used by the Canadian Coast Guard
Canadian Coast Guard
for training.[2] Nanisivik Airport
Nanisivik Airport
located 8 NM (15 km; 9.2 mi) south[3] was used as the main airport for Arctic
Arctic
Bay until 2010 when the lengthened Arctic Bay Airport
Arctic Bay Airport
took over. The airport is about 19 km (12 mi) directly southeast of Arctic
Arctic
Bay but the road between them is 32 km (20 mi).[4]

Contents

1 Geology 2 Mineralogy 3 History

3.1 Discovery 3.2 Development 3.3 Operation 3.4 Mine closure 3.5 Conversion to naval station

4 Geography

4.1 Climate

5 Demographics 6 References 7 External links

Geology[edit] The ore deposit resides within dolostone from the Society Cliffs Formation covered with dolomite shale from the Victor Bay Formation, which together form the Uluksan Group and reside on top of silty shale. The ore is believed to have formed when hot saline water bearing the metal ions of sodium, calcium, chlorine, and sulfate mixed with cooler carbonate-rich brine in the presence of natural gas or methane, which produced hydrogen sulfide through reducing the sulfate. The hydrogen sulfide then reacted with the metals to form the sulfides of marcasite (FeS2), pyrite (FeS2), sphalerite ((Zn,Fe)S), and galena (PbS). The Nanisivik
Nanisivik
deposit once contained 60 million metric tons of pyrite and 12 million tons of Lead- Zinc
Zinc
ore.[5] Mineralogy[edit] The Nanisivik
Nanisivik
mine is known for its diversity of unusual pyrite pseudomorphs after marcasite and pyrrhotite.

Nanisivik
Nanisivik
Pyrite
Pyrite
is a pseudomorph unique to this location.

History[edit] Discovery[edit] Arthur English was a prospector on the steamship of Captain J. E. Bernier as part of the Canadian Geological Survey in 1910. They wintered the 1910-11 winter in Arctic
Arctic
Bay (20 km south-east of Nanisivik). In 1911 Arthur English published his discovery of a "very large body of ore" at Nanisivik.[5] Development[edit] J.F. Tibbitt and F. McInnes traveled form Churchill, Manitoba to Nanisivik
Nanisivik
by Bobsled (3,000,km) and staked their claims in 1937, but were unable to develop them. In 1956 R. G. Blackadar and R. R. H. Lemon published maps of the region for another Geological Survey of Canada. Soon thereafter Texas Gulf Sulfur (latterly Texasgulf Inc., now broken up into bits such as Intrepid Potash) evaluated the region and staked 15 claims. Extensive drilling and exploration over the next decade led to the procurement of heavy equipment in 1970 and bulk metallurgical testing. Mineral Resources International of Calgary, Alberta traded the rights to a sulfur deposit in Mexico for a long term option on the Strathcona Sound property, which eventually translated into 54% ownership of Nanisivik
Nanisivik
Mines Limited. Strathcona Mineral Services Limited was hired to run the mine as an independent manager and successfully initiated production.[5] Operation[edit] The mine opened in 1976 and yielded primarily zinc, however silver and lead were collected as byproducts. It is located in 500m thick permafrost 700 km north of the arctic circle and operated year-round through accumulating ore during the winter and shipping in the summer (July-Nov). Annual production totaled 125,000 tons of ore, which was sold to European smelters via Belgium. Conwest Exploration Company Ltd. eventually acquired the mine.[5] Mine closure[edit]

One of three signposts in Nanisivik
Nanisivik
showing directions to various cities and towns

Since the closure of the mine in 2002, reclamation has been ongoing and the town is abandoned. Residents of Arctic
Arctic
Bay had hoped that the Government of Nunavut
Nunavut
would be able to find a new use for the former townsite, potentially a trades training centre. They had also hoped to be able to move some of the buildings and equipment to their community.[6] Due to heavy lead-zinc contamination, this was not possible and the homes have been demolished.[7] Local telephone service was discontinued on February 19, 2007 on approval from CRTC. As of the 2006 census the population was 0, a drop from the 2001 census with a population of 77.[8][9] Conversion to naval station[edit] Main article: Nanisivik
Nanisivik
Naval Facility On August 8, 2007, CBC News
CBC News
reported that Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
documents showed plans to convert the site into a naval station. The plan, which would turn the former mine's existing port into a deepwater facility, would cost $60 million and it was expected that Prime Minister Stephen Harper would make an announcement during his stop in Resolute.[10] On August 10, 2007, Prime Minister Stephen Harper
Stephen Harper
announced construction of a new docking and refueling facility in Nanisivik
Nanisivik
for the Canadian Forces, in an effort to maintain a Canadian presence in Arctic
Arctic
waters during the navigable season (June–October). The choice for Nanisivik
Nanisivik
as a site was partially based on its location within the eastern entrance to the Northwest Passage, and the existence of a deep-water berthing facility at the site, as well as a "jet-capable" airstrip nearby. Detailed planning for the project began in August 2007, with environmental studies and assessments being carried out in the summer of 2008. Construction at the site was originally expected to begin in the summer of 2010, with early operating capability available in 2012. The facility was planned to be fully operational by 2015.[11] Once completed, the naval station will likely be home to the proposed Arctic
Arctic
Off-Shore Patrol Ships under the Harper government plan.[12][13] These ships will have ice-breaking capability and help the current government's goal to enforce Canada's sovereignty over the region. These ships will likely allow the Victoria-class submarines to travel in the Arctic
Arctic
regions. The facility was to have an initial operational capability in 2012, and be fully complete in 2015 but is behind schedule.[14][15] Development is being delayed because environmental cleanup has been delayed as much as possible by Breakwater Resources Ltd., owned by Nyrstar N.V.[16] In 2011 and 2012, the government started backing down on the Nanisivik conversion plans, explaining that construction in the far north is too expensive. The station will be primarily used for refueling Arctic patrol and other government vessels, and construction was expected to begin in 2013, with the station operational by 2016,[17] however those dates are unlikely to be met.[citation needed] Construction on the site finally commenced in 2015 with an expected completion date in 2018.[18] Geography[edit] Climate[edit]

Climate data for Nanisivik
Nanisivik
Airport

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high humidex −3.0 1.2 −2.2 −1.2 6.5 14.5 18.4 16.7 9.0 1.2 −6.3 −1.3 18.4

Record high °C (°F) −2.0 (28.4) 2.0 (35.6) −3.0 (26.6) −0.5 (31.1) 7.0 (44.6) 18.5 (65.3) 18.2 (64.8) 17.0 (62.6) 8.5 (47.3) 2.0 (35.6) −6.0 (21.2) −4.4 (24.1) 18.5 (65.3)

Average high °C (°F) −26.8 (−16.2) −27.2 (−17) −24.7 (−12.5) −16.6 (2.1) −7.6 (18.3) 2.2 (36) 7.5 (45.5) 3.9 (39) −3.3 (26.1) −11.3 (11.7) −19.8 (−3.6) −23.6 (−10.5) −12.3 (9.9)

Daily mean °C (°F) −29.6 (−21.3) −29.9 (−21.8) −27.6 (−17.7) −19.8 (−3.6) −10.3 (13.5) −0.1 (31.8) 5.1 (41.2) 1.7 (35.1) −5.0 (23) −13.6 (7.5) −22.5 (−8.5) −26.3 (−15.3) −14.8 (5.4)

Average low °C (°F) −32.4 (−26.3) −32.3 (−26.1) −30.1 (−22.2) −22.9 (−9.2) −13.0 (8.6) −2.4 (27.7) 2.7 (36.9) −0.5 (31.1) −6.7 (19.9) −15.8 (3.6) −24.9 (−12.8) −28.7 (−19.7) −17.2 (1)

Record low °C (°F) −48.5 (−55.3) −53.0 (−63.4) −47.5 (−53.5) −42.0 (−43.6) −28.3 (−18.9) −14.0 (6.8) −6.0 (21.2) −10.0 (14) −19.5 (−3.1) −35.0 (−31) −39.4 (−38.9) −45.5 (−49.9) −53.0 (−63.4)

Record low wind chill −62.9 −72.3 −67.0 −54.8 −39.4 −24.9 −12.8 −21.0 −30.3 −50.0 −53.5 −60.6 −72.3

Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.4 (0.213) 5.1 (0.201) 8.4 (0.331) 10.9 (0.429) 24.0 (0.945) 25.2 (0.992) 45.7 (1.799) 45.0 (1.772) 38.4 (1.512) 37.4 (1.472) 18.1 (0.713) 7.3 (0.287) 270.9 (10.665)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.1 (0.004) 6.7 (0.264) 37.0 (1.457) 29.2 (1.15) 4.4 (0.173) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 77.3 (3.043)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 5.4 (2.13) 5.2 (2.05) 8.4 (3.31) 11.2 (4.41) 24.0 (9.45) 17.7 (6.97) 8.5 (3.35) 15.0 (5.91) 32.3 (12.72) 38.2 (15.04) 17.9 (7.05) 7.5 (2.95) 191.3 (75.31)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 4.4 4.6 6.2 5.7 9.6 8.8 12.4 12.6 13.3 14.2 8.4 6.3 106.5

Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2 10.4 8.1 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 22.3

Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 4.4 4.6 6.2 5.8 9.6 7.1 3.0 5.4 12.1 14.3 8.5 6.4 87.3

Average relative humidity (%) 64.1 65.0 66.6 71.2 81.3 80.7 75.6 84.9 88.6 89.7 72.9 68.7 75.8

Source: Environment Canada
Canada
Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[19]

Demographics[edit] In the 2011 Census, Statistics Canada
Canada
originally reported that Nanisivik
Nanisivik
had a population of 10 living in 4 of its 4 total dwellings, an increase from its 2006 population of 0.[20] Statistics Canada subsequently amended the 2011 census results to a population of 0 living in 0 of its 4 total dwellings.[1] It has a land area of 165.04 km2 (63.72 sq mi).[20] References[edit]

^ a b "Corrections and updates". Statistics Canada. March 21, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2013.  ^ "Arcticnet - Naval gazing: Looking for a High Arctic
Arctic
port". Retrieved 2007-08-07.  ^ Canada
Canada
Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 29 March 2018 to 0901Z 24 May 2018. ^ Arctic
Arctic
Bay and Nanisivik
Nanisivik
Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c d Gait, Robert I., George W. Robinson, Karen Bailey, and Doug Dumka. Minerals of The Nanisivik Mine
Nanisivik Mine
Nov-Dec 1990 (Volume 21, Number 6) The Mineralogical Record. N.p., 05 Oct. 2011. Web. 03 Sept. 2013. ^ " Arctic
Arctic
Bay impatient with slow Nanisivik
Nanisivik
transfer talks". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-08-17. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "CBC - Contamination concerns grow at Nanisivik". CBC News. 2004-06-04. Archived from the original on 2013-01-01. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  ^ "Stats Canada
Canada
- 2006 Community Profiles". Archived from the original on 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2007-08-07.  ^ "Stats Canada
Canada
2001 Data". Archived from the original on 2016-02-15. Retrieved 2007-08-07. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ > "Planned army base, port in North heat up Arctic
Arctic
quest". CBC News. 2007-08-08. Archived from the original on 2008-01-18. Retrieved 2008-08-10.  ^ "Backgrounder - Expanding Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
Operations in the Arctic". Archived from the original on 2008-08-11. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  ^ " Nanisivik
Nanisivik
Naval Facility: Project Summary" (PDF). Department of National Defence. 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2009-10-23. [dead link] ^ " Nanisivik Naval Facility
Nanisivik Naval Facility
Project: Overview Presentation to Stakeholders – 27 October 08" (PDF). Department of National Defence. 2008-10-27. Retrieved 2009-10-23. [dead link] ^ Al Blondin (2007-09-05). "Breaking the ice to Nanisivik" (PDF). The Maple Leaf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2009-10-23.  ^ Al Blondin (2007-09-05). "New deep water facility to support Arctic offshore patrol ships" (PDF). The Maple Leaf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2009-10-23.  ^ Brewster, Murray (September 1, 2013). "Harper's vaunted Arctic
Arctic
naval refuelling station going nowhere fast". The Globe and Mail. Ottawa. The Canadian Press.  ^ " Arctic
Arctic
naval facility downgrade due to high cost, says DND". Retrieved 2012-11-05.  ^ "Nanisivik, Nunavut, naval facility breaks ground". CBC News. 2015-07-18. Retrieved 2016-05-04.  ^ " Nanisivik
Nanisivik
A" (CSV (4222 KB)). Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2402730. Retrieved 2013-11-27.  ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved June 15, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Government will continue seeking positive legacy from Nanisivik
Nanisivik
mine closure, minister says. Government of Nunavut. October 1, 2002. Last accessed September 12, 2006. Welcome to the Arctic
Arctic
Bay & Nanisivik, Nunavut
Nunavut
Photo Album!. Photographs by Vincent K. Chan. Last accessed September 12, 2006. " Arctic
Arctic
Bay and Nanisivik
Nanisivik
2007" (PDF). 2007. Retrieved 2009-10-23. [permanent dead link]

v t e

Subdivisions of Nunavut

Regions

Nunavut
Nunavut
(electoral district) Kitikmeot (Unorganized) Kivalliq (Unorganized) Qikiqtaaluk (Unorganized)

Communities

Arctic
Arctic
Bay Arviat Baker Lake Bathurst Inlet Cambridge Bay Cape Dorset Chesterfield Inlet Clyde River Coral Harbour Gjoa Haven Grise Fiord Hall Beach Igloolik Iqaluit
Iqaluit
Apex Kimmirut Kugaaruk Kugluktuk Naujaat Pangnirtung Pond Inlet Qikiqtarjuaq Rankin Inlet Resolute Sanikiluaq Taloyoak Whale Cove

Weather stations and Canadian Armed Forces
Canadian Armed Forces
bases

Alert CFS Alert Ennadai Eureka Isachsen Nanisivik
Nanisivik
Naval Facility

Mine sites

Proposed

Baffinland Iron Mine

Under construction

Boston Camp Doris North Hope Bay Meadowbank Gold Mine

Defunct

Bent Horn Mine

Cullaton Lake/Shear Lake Mine Jericho Diamond Mine Lupin Mine Nanisivik
Nanisivik
Mine Polaris mine Rankin Inlet
Rankin Inlet
Mine

DEW line and NWS sites

Bernard Harbour Bray Island Brevoort Island Broughton Island Byron Bay Cambridge Bay Cape Dyer Cape Hooper Cape Mcloughlin Cape Mercy Cape Peel West Cape Young Clifton Point Clinton Point Croker River Dewar Lakes Durban Island Edinburgh Island Ekalugad Gjoa Haven Gladman Point Hall Beach Harding River Hat Island Jenny Lind Island Kangok Fjord Keats Point Keith Bay Kivitoo Lady Franklin Point Lailor River Loks Land Longstaff Bluff Mackar Inlet Matheson Point Nudluardjuk Lake Pelly Bay Resolution Island Ross Point Rowley Island Scarpa Lake Shepherd Bay Simpson Lake Sturt Point

Former

Amadjuak Brooman Point Village Craig Harbour Dundas Harbour Iglunga Killiniq Nanisivik Native Point Nuwata Padlei Port Leopold Tavani

Hudson's Bay Company trading posts

Amadjuak Apex Arctic
Arctic
Bay Baker Lake Bathurst Inlet Bay Chimo Belcher Islands Blacklead Island Cambridge Bay Cape Dorset Charlton Island
Charlton Island
Depot Chesterfield Inlet Clyde River Coats Island Dundas Harbour Eskimo Point Fort Hearne Fort Ross Frobisher Bay Gjoa Haven Igloolik Kent Peninsula King William Island Kugaryuak Lake Harbour Mansel Island Nueltin House Padley Pangnirtung Pangnirtung
Pangnirtung
Fox Farm Perry River Ponds Inlet Port Burwell Port Leopold Repulse Bay Southampton Island Tavane Tree River Wager Inlet

Coordinates: 73°02′05″N 084°32′13″W / 73.03472°N 84.53694°W / 7

.