Namcha Barwa or Namchabarwa (Tibetan:
གནམས་ལྕགས་འབར་བ།, Wylie: Gnams
lcags 'bar ba, ZYPY: Namjagbarwa; Chinese: 南迦巴瓦峰, Pinyin:
Nánjiābāwǎ Fēng) is a mountain in the Tibetan Himalaya. The
traditional definition of the
Himalaya extending from the
Brahmaputra would make it the eastern anchor of the entire
mountain chain, and it is the highest peak of its own section as well
as Earth's easternmost peak over 7,600 metres.
2 Notable features
3 Climbing history
5 External links
Namcha Barwa is in an isolated part of southeastern
visited by outsiders. It stands inside the Great Bend of the Yarlung
Tsangpo River as the river enters its notable gorge across the
Himalaya, emerging as the Siang and becoming the Brahmaputra.
Namcha Barwa's sister peak
Gyala Peri 7,294 metres rises across the
gorge 22 km to the NNW.
Namcha rises 5,000 to 6,800 metres above the Yarlung Tsangpo.
After 7,795 metre
Batura Sar in the
Karakoram was climbed in 1976,
Namcha Barwa became the highest unclimbed independent mountain in the
world, until it was finally climbed in 1992.
In addition to being one of the highest mountains in the world, Namcha
Barwa is also the third most prominent peak in the
Mount Everest and Nanga Parbat.
Kingdon-Ward described in the 1920s, "a quaint prophecy among
the Kongbo Tibetans that Namche Barwa will one day fall into the
Tsangpo gorge and block the river, which will then turn aside and flow
over the Doshong La [pass]. This is recorded in a book by some
fabulous person whose image may be seen in the little gompa
[monastery] at Payi, in Pome. " (126-7)
Namcha Barwa was located in 1912 by British surveyors but the area
remained virtually unvisited until Chinese alpinists began attempting
the peak in the 1980s. Although they scouted multiple routes, they did
not reach the summit. In 1990 a Chinese-Japanese expedition
reconnoitered the peak. Another joint expedition reached 7460m in
1991 but lost member Hiroshi Onishi in an avalanche. The next year
a third Chinese-Japanese expedition established six camps on the South
Ridge over intermediate Nai Peng (7,043m) reaching the summit October
30. Eleven climbers climbed to the summit. U.K. Alpine Club's
Himalayan Index lists no further ascents.
^ a b c d "High Asia II:
Himalaya of Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and
adjoining region of Tibet". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2014-06-01.
^ Neate, Jill (1990). High Asia: An Illustrated History of the 7,000
Metre Peaks. Seattle: Mountaineers Books. pp. 1–4;14–15.
^ "A river´s bend -- Trip to Yarlung Zangpo Canyon".
CCTV-International. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
^ Namjagbarwa Mountaineering Map (1:50,000), Chinese Research
Institute of Surveying and Mapping, China Mountaineering Association,
1990, ISBN 7-5031-0538-0.
^ High Asia digital elevation models
American Alpine Journal 1993, pp. 279-280.
^ "HIGH ASIA I: The Karakoram, Pakistan
Himalaya and India Himalaya
(north of Nepal)". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2016-03-28.
^ Neate, 1990, op. cit..
^ "Namcha Barwa" (PDF). American Alpine Journal. Boulder, Colorado:
American Alpine Club. 33 (65): 285. 1991. Retrieved May 19,
^ Tsuneo Shigehiro. "China Japan joint expedition to Namcha Barwa
1992". Retrieved May 19, 2011.
^ "Shigehiro, 1992, op. cit.".
^ "Himalayan Index". London: Alpine Club. Retrieved May 18,
Chinese expedition in the 1980s
Namcha Barwa, NH 46-12 (Map). 1:250,000. U.S. Army Map Service. 1955.