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The Mytilidae are a family of small to large saltwater mussels, marine bivalve mollusks in the order Mytiloida. One of the genera, Limnoperna, inhabits brackish or freshwater environments. The order has only this one family which contains some 52 genera.[1] Species in the family Mytilidae are found worldwide, but they are more abundant in colder seas, where they often form uninterrupted beds on rocky shores in the intertidal zone and the shallow subtidal. The subfamily Bathymodiolinae is found in deep-sea habitats. Mytilids include the well-known edible sea mussels. A common feature of the shells of mussels is an asymmetrical shell which has a thick, adherent periostracum. The animals attach themselves to a solid substrate using a byssus. Genera[edit]

A bed of the edible California mussel, Mytilus californianus

Mussels and attached barnacles on the Cornish coast near Newquay

Mytilus (Falcimytilus) jurensis from the Middle Jurassic (Callovian) Matmor Formation of southern Israel

Genera within the family Mytilidae include:[1]

Adipicola Dautzenberg, 1927 Adula H. Adams & A. Adams, 1857 Amygdalum Megerle von Muhlfeld, 1811 Arcuatula Jousseaume in Lamy, 1919 (incl. Musculista) Arenifodiens Wilson, 2006 Arvella Bartsch, 1960 Aulacomya Mörch, 1853 Bathymodiolus Kenk & Wilson, 1985 Benthomodiolus Dell, 1987 Botula Mörch, 1853 Brachidontes Swainson, 1840 Choromytilus Soot-Ryen, 1952 Crenella T. Brown, 1827 Crenomytilus Soot-Ryen, 1955 Dacrydium Torell, 1859 Exosiperna Iredale, 1929 Fungiacava T. F. Goreau, N. I. Goreau, Neumann & Yonge, 1968 Geukensia Van de Poel, 1959 Gibbomodiola Sacco, 1898 Gigantidas Cosel & Marshall, 2003 Gregariella Monterosato, 1884 Idas Jeffreys, 1876 Idasola Iredale, 1939 Ischadium Jukes-Browne, 1905 Jolya Bourguignat, 1877 Limnoperna Rochebrune, 1882 Lioberus Dall, 1898 Lithophaga Röding, 1798 Megacrenella Habe & Ito, 1965 Modiolatus Jousseaume, 1893 Modiolula Sacco, 1898 Modiolarca Gray, 1842 Modiolus Lamarck, 1799 Musculus Röding, 1798 Mytella Soot-Ryen, 1955 Mytilaster Monterosato, 1884 Mytilus Linnaeus, 1758; includes most edible mussel species Perna Philipsson, 1788 - incl. New Zealand green-lipped mussel Perumytilus Olsson, 1961 Rhomboidella Monterosato, 1884 Semimytilus Soot-Ryen, 1955 Septifer Recluz, 1848 Sinomytilus Thiele, 1934 Solamen Iredale, 1924 Stavelia Gray, 1858 Tamu Gustafson, Turner, Lutz & Vrijenhoek, 1998 Trichomya Ihering, 1900 Urumella Hayami & Kase, 1993 Vilasina Bartsch, 1960 Vulcanidas Cosel & B. A. Marshall, 2010 Xenostrobus Wilson, 1967 Zelithophaga Finlay, 1926

References[edit]

^ a b Bouchet, P. (2014).Mytilidae Rafinesque, 1815 World Register of Marine Species

External links[edit]

Media related to Mytilidae at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Mytilidae at Wikispecies

v t e

Edible mollusks

Bivalves

Clams

Atlantic jackknife Atlantic surf Geoduck Grooved carpet shell Hard clam Horse Mactra stultorum Blunt gaper Ocean quahog Pacific razor Venus California butterclam Senilia senilis Smooth clam Soft-shell Triangle shell Tuatua Japanese littleneck Razor clam Pod razor Ensis (razor genus) Paphies

Cockles

Common Blood Goolwa New Zealand Sydney

Mussels

Blue Mediterranean New Zealand green-lipped California Brown Asian/Philippine green Date Mytilidae (mussel family)

Oysters

Auckland Eastern Olympia Southern mud Colchester native Pacific Portuguese Windowpane Rock Sydney rock Ostra chilena/Bluff Gillardeau oysters Crassostrea ("true oyster" genus)

Scallops

Atlantic bay Great/king New Zealand Pecten jacobaeus Peruvian calico Yesso Placopecten magellanicus

Gastropods

Abalone

White Red Black Green Pink Blacklip Greenlip Green ormer Pāua (group of three species) South African abalone Chilean

Conches

Queen Elegant Dog

Limpets

Black-foot opihi/Hawaiian Turtle/talc Yellow-foot opihi China Common European Rayed Mediterranean Ribbed Mediterranean Rustic

Periwinkles

Common Banded Littorina sitkana

Whelks

Common Kellet's Knobbed Lightning Channeled

Other snails

Sea

Mud-flat Korean mud Chorus giganteus

Land

Cornu aspersum Helix lucorum Helix pomatia

Freshwater

Nerites

Inkfish

Cuttlefish

Spineless Bottletail

Octopus

Common Atlantic white-spotted Big blue Pacific giant Southern red Mimic Amphioctopus fangsiao

Squid

New Zealand arrow Japanese flying Humboldt Neon flying

Chitons

Chiton magnificus Acanthopleura granulata

Related topics Oyster farming Land snail farming Gastropod anatomy Bivalve anatomy

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q386633 ADW: Mytilidae EoL: 2235 EPPO: 1MYTUF Fossilworks: 61248 GBIF: 3476 ITIS: 79451 NCBI: 6547 WoRMS: 211

Authority control

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