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Mukalla
Mukalla
(Arabic: المكلا‎ Al Mukallā) is a seaport and the capital city of Yemen's Hadhramaut
Hadhramaut
Governorate. The city is located in the southern part of Arabia
Arabia
on the Gulf of Aden, on the shores of the Arabian Sea. Mukalla
Mukalla
is 480 kilometres (300 miles) east of Aden
Aden
and is the most important port in the Hadhramaut, the largest governorate in Yemen. Mukalla
Mukalla
is the fifth-largest city in Yemen, with a population of approximately 300,000. The city is served by the nearby Riyan Airport.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Yemeni Civil War

2 Climate 3 Economy 4 Sights 5 Education 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Mukalla
Mukalla
is situated not far from "Cane" or "Qana'", the ancient principal Hadrami trading post between India
India
and Africa, with incense producing areas in its hinterland.[1] Mukalla
Mukalla
was founded in 1035 as a fishing settlement. This area was part of Oman until the middle of the 11th century, and later this area became part of Yemen. It was the capital of the Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
State of Hadhramaut
Hadhramaut
until 1967, when it became a part of South Yemen. The Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
State was part of the Eastern Aden
Aden
Protectorate until that merger, and a British Resident Advisor was stationed at Mukalla. Captain Haines, a British officer who surveyed Yemen
Yemen
in the 1830s, described Mukalla
Mukalla
as a town of 4500 inhabitants with a significant trade in slaves.[2] In 1934, British traveler and explorer Freya Stark began her journey into the hinterland of the Hadhramaut
Hadhramaut
from Mukalla, and her stay in that city is recorded in her book, The Southern Gates of Arabia.[3] Yemeni Civil War[edit]

AQAP hosts a major rally, inside their capital, Mukalla
Mukalla
in 4 March 2016.

During the Yemeni Civil War, on April 2, 2015, Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) stormed the central prison, freeing hundreds of prisoners including two senior AQAP commanders. They attacked the central bank and seized 17 billion Yemeni riyals and 1 million U.S. dollars before taking control of the presidential palace in the city. It was reported the entire city was under their control and they plan to establish an Islamic emirate in the wider Hadramaut
Hadramaut
region.[4] Mukalla
Mukalla
became AQAP's headquarters, and the capital of their Emirate in Yemen
Yemen
after their takeover. In April 2015 Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi
Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi
was killed in a drone strike in the city, the SITE Intelligence Group said, citing media reports.[5] On 3 November 2015, Cyclone Chapala
Cyclone Chapala
struck the city and destroyed the city's waterfront.[6] In 23 of March, a US airstrike hit an AQAP training camp, killing at least 50 people. Some days later, AQAP held a major rally in the city, against the US and their airstrikes.[7] In April 2016, is reported that AQAP bounds at last 1,000 of its fighters inside the Mukalla only, with their taxes profit in the city to be from 2, to higher than 5 millions of American dollars per day.[8] In the middle of April 2016, Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula was consolidating its control in Mukalla
Mukalla
and took over control of Mukalla’s airport from forces affiliated with the pro-Ansar al Sharia Hadhrami Domestic Council, while also evacuating and planting explosives around nearby al Dhaba oil port. AQAP also arrested seven Yemeni fighters from a camp north of Mukalla
Mukalla
in Wadi Hadramawt, where the UAE is reportedly training forces for operations against AQAP. AQAP is also redistributing property from northern landowners to local tribal leaders in an effort to shore up support, according to reports. The UAE, a core member of the Saudi-led coalition, recently led an operation to recapture AQAP-held al Hawta in Lahij governorate, amid reports the country is seeking U.S. assistance for an expanded counter-terrorism campaign in Yemen.[9] Mukalla
Mukalla
was recaptured from Al Qaeda on 25 of April, 2016, after president Hadi loyalists along with UAE troops, expelled them from the city.[10] On 15 May 2016, a suicide attack was carried out in the city by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.[11] The attack targeted a police base, killing at least 25 police recruits and wounding at least 54 others.[12][13] Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mukalla
Mukalla
(Riyan Airport)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 32.6 (90.7) 33.3 (91.9) 36.1 (97) 38.0 (100.4) 40.0 (104) 43.9 (111) 38.2 (100.8) 37.2 (99) 37.0 (98.6) 38.9 (102) 38.2 (100.8) 32.9 (91.2) 43.9 (111)

Average high °C (°F) 27.5 (81.5) 28.1 (82.6) 29.2 (84.6) 31.3 (88.3) 32.9 (91.2) 34.4 (93.9) 33.4 (92.1) 32.7 (90.9) 32.1 (89.8) 30.9 (87.6) 30.2 (86.4) 28.5 (83.3) 30.9 (87.6)

Daily mean °C (°F) 24.5 (76.1) 25.1 (77.2) 26.4 (79.5) 28.2 (82.8) 30.3 (86.5) 31.7 (89.1) 30.4 (86.7) 29.8 (85.6) 29.7 (85.5) 27.8 (82) 26.4 (79.5) 25.2 (77.4) 28.0 (82.4)

Average low °C (°F) 21.0 (69.8) 21.5 (70.7) 23.1 (73.6) 24.7 (76.5) 27.7 (81.9) 28.5 (83.3) 26.9 (80.4) 26.4 (79.5) 26.8 (80.2) 24.2 (75.6) 22.1 (71.8) 21.4 (70.5) 24.5 (76.1)

Record low °C (°F) 13.9 (57) 15.2 (59.4) 14.4 (57.9) 17.2 (63) 20.6 (69.1) 22.2 (72) 20.0 (68) 19.4 (66.9) 21.7 (71.1) 17.3 (63.1) 16.1 (61) 15.1 (59.2) 13.9 (57)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.9 (0.272) 3.0 (0.118) 11.9 (0.469) 11.7 (0.461) 4.4 (0.173) 1.2 (0.047) 4.3 (0.169) 3.9 (0.154) 0.7 (0.028) 0.8 (0.031) 3.1 (0.122) 4.7 (0.185) 56.7 (2.232)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.2 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.3 1.1 1.0 7.7

Average relative humidity (%) (at 15:00) 62 61 64 68 70 67 65 65 72 68 62 60 66

Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst[14]

Economy[edit]

Mukalla
Mukalla
port

Trading bread in the old town

The main market soukh is one of the main commercial hubs of the city. Mukalla
Mukalla
port is located to the east of the town. The port is available for vessels with length not more than 150 metres (490 feet), as per Pilot Book Pilot Directions (as of 2010[update]). At the same time two vessels with the length 150 metres (490 feet) each and about 20 small fishing vessels can stay alongside in Mukalla
Mukalla
port (fishing vessel moored alongside one to another). The port is fitted with oil pipe line for tankers. Oil tanks located close to the port. Cement factory of "RAYSUT" cement company (Oman- Yemen
Yemen
company) located in the port and is able to receive cement in bulk from cement carriers. Sights[edit] The old town is open for tourists. Sights include the royal palace of the sultan. Guard towers that were outposts surmount the mountains around the old town.

Al-Ghwayzi Fort

Al Mukala estuary at night

Education[edit] The College of Medicine HUCOM of the Hadhramout University
Hadhramout University
is located in Mukalla. References[edit]

^ "Myos Hormos". Maritime Incense
Incense
Route. Retrieved 7 Dec 2008.  ^ Thomas Buxton (1839). The African Slave Trade. London: John Murray.  ^ Stark, Freya, The Southern Gates of Arabia, John Murray, London, 1936 (and reprinted in many modern editions) ^ "Al-Qaeda frees 300 prisoners in Yemen
Yemen
jail break". Telegraph.co.uk. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2016.  ^ Dana Ford, CNN (7 May 2015). "Senior AQAP leader Nasr Ibn Ali al-Ansi killed". CNN. Retrieved 12 May 2016.  ^ " Cyclone Chapala
Cyclone Chapala
batters war-torn Yemen". BBC. 3 November 2015. Retrieved 14 November 2015.  ^ "Al-Qaeda In Yemen
Yemen
Sends Children To Protest U.S. Drone Strikes". Vocativ. Retrieved 12 May 2016.  ^ https://english.alarabiya.net/en/perspective/analysis/2016/04/08/Al-Qaeda-emerges-stronger-and-richer-from-Yemen-war.html ^ "حصري- القاعدة يبدأ تجهيز ميدان المعركة: إخلاء مطار المكلا وتفخيخ ميناء "الضبة"". وكالة خبر للأنباء. Retrieved 12 May 2016.  ^ "Arab coalition enters AQAP stronghold in port city of Mukalla, Yemen". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 12 May 2016.  ^ " Yemen
Yemen
conflict: IS suicide attack kills 25 police recruits". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-05-15.  ^ "Deadly bombing targets police in Yemen's Mukalla". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2016-05-15.  ^ "Islamic State Yemen
Yemen
suicide bomber kills 25 police recruits: medics". Reuters. 2016-05-15. Retrieved 2016-05-15.  ^ "Klimatafel von Riyan bei Mukalla
Mukalla
/ Jemen" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 29 September 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Mukalla.

Media related to Mukalla
Mukalla
at Wikimedia Commons

Official Website of the Al-Quaiti Royal Family of Hadhramaut Facebook Page of Mukalla
Mukalla
City

Coordinates: 14°32′N 49°08′E / 14.533°N 49.133°E / 14.533; 49.133

v t e

Hadhramaut
Hadhramaut
Governorate

Capital: Mukalla

Districts

Ad Dis District Adh Dhlia'ah District Al Abr District Mukalla
Mukalla
District Mukalla
Mukalla
City District Al Qaf District Al Qatn District Amd District Ar Raydah Wa Qusayar District As Sawm District Ash Shihr
Ash Shihr
District Bur Brom Mayfa District Daw'an District Ghayl Ba Wazir District Ghayl Bin Yamin District Hagr As Sai'ar District Hajr District Huraidhah District Hawrah District Rakhyah District Rumah District Sah District Sayun District Shibam
Shibam
District Tarim District Thamud District Yabuth District Zamakh wa Manwakh District

Former Districts (since 2013-12 Socotra)

Hidaybu District Qulensya Wa Abd Al Kuri District

v t e

Yemeni cities and towns by population

1,000,000 and more

Sana'a

100,000-999,999

Aden Dhamar Al Hudaydah Ibb Mukalla Taiz

10,000-99,999

Abs 'Amran Ataq Bajil Bayt al-Faqih Al Bayda' Beihan Dimnat Chadir Al Ghaydah Hais Hajjah Al Houta Khamir Al-Mahabischa Al Mahwit Al-Marawi'a Ma'rib Mocha Mudiyah Rada'a Sayyan Seiyun Ash Shihr Socotra Tarim Thula Yarim Zabid Zinjibar

<9,999

Dammaj Habban Al Hajjarah Hutayb Jaʿār Jibla Kawkaban Manakhah Mukayras Sa'dah Shaharah Shibam At

.