MUKALLA (Arabic : المكلا Al Mukallā) is a seaport and
the capital city of
Hadhramaut governorate. The city is
located in the southern part of
Arabia on the
Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden , on the
shores of the
Arabian Sea .
Mukalla is 480 kilometres (300 miles) east
Aden and is the most important port in the Hadhramaut, the largest
governorate in Yemen.
Mukalla is the fifth-largest city in Yemen, with a population of
approximately 300,000. The city is served by the nearby Riyan Airport
* 1 History
* 1.1 Battle of
* 2 Under the Al-Qaeda
* 3 Climate
* 4 Economy
* 5 Sights
* 6 Education
* 7 References
* 8 External links
Mukalla is situated not far from "Cane" or "Qana'", the ancient
principal Hadrami trading post between
India and Africa, with incense
producing areas in its hinterland .
Mukalla was founded in 1035 as a fishing settlement. This area was
part of Oman until the middle of the 11th century, and later this area
became part of Yemen.
It was the capital of the Qu\'aiti State of
Hadhramaut until 1967,
when it became a part of South
Yemen . The Qu\'aiti State was part of
Aden Protectorate until that merger, and a British
Resident Advisor was stationed at Mukalla.
In 1934, British traveler and explorer
Freya Stark began her journey
into the hinterland of the
Hadhramaut from Mukalla, and her stay in
that city is recorded in her book, The Southern Gates of Arabia.
BATTLE OF MUKALLA
Battle of Mukalla (2015) AQAP hosts a major
rally, inside their capital,
Mukalla in 4 March 2016.
On April 2, 2015,
Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) stormed
the central prison, freeing hundreds of prisoners including two senior
AQAP commanders. They attacked the central bank and seized 17 billion
Yemeni riyals and 1 million U.S. dollars before taking control of the
presidential palace in the city. It is reported the entire city is
under their control and they plan to establish an Islamic emirate in
UNDER THE AL-QAEDA EMIRATE OF YEMEN
Mukalla became AQAP's headquarters, and the capital of their Al-Qaeda
Yemen after their takeover.
In April 2015
Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi was killed in a drone strike in
the city, the
SITE Intelligence Group said, citing media reports.
On 3 November 2015,
Cyclone Chapala struck the city and destroyed the
city's waterfront. Casualties are unknown due to the difficulty of
getting information from the war zone held by Al-Qaeda.
In late March 2016, Al-Qaeda kidnapped a senior security official in
Hadhramout governorate. Local sources said that al-Qaeda operatives
arrested Colonel Nasser San'aani, Deputy Director of Criminal
Investigation, near his home in the city of
Mukalla and took him to an
unknown destination. Before that, gunmen kidnapped journalist Abdullah
Nasser Alcieli in the city of Mukalla, while the group said that the
abduction of General Manager of "stone" in the Directorate of
Hadramout Mohamed Omar Ba'alawy, was because hi have charges that he
organized Houthi group of cells. In October last year, al-Qaeda
abducted correspondents at the channel (
Yemen today) and (still)
journalists Mohammed Mokri, and Amir Baaweidan, and is still held by
In 23 of March, a US airstrike hit an AQAP training camp, killing at
least 50 people. Some days later, AQAP held a major rally in the city,
against the US and their airstrikes. In April 2016, is reported that
AQAP bounds at last 1,000 of its fighters inside the
with their taxes profit in the city to be from 2, to higher than 5
millions of American dollars per day.
In the middle of April 2016, Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula was
consolidating its control in
Mukalla and took over control of
Mukalla’s airport from forces affiliated with the pro-Ansar al
Sharia Hadhrami Domestic Council, while also evacuating and planting
explosives around nearby al Dhaba oil port. AQAP also arrested seven
Yemeni fighters from a camp north of
Mukalla in Wadi Hadramawt, where
the UAE is reportedly training forces for operations against AQAP.
AQAP is also redistributing property from northern landowners to local
tribal leaders in an effort to shore up support, according to reports.
The UAE, a core member of the Saudi-led coalition, recently led an
operation to recapture AQAP-held al Hawta in Lahij governorate, amid
reports the country is seeking U.S. assistance for an expanded
counter-terrorism campaign in Yemen.
Mukalla was recaptured from Al Qaeda on 25 of April, 2016, after Hadi
loyalists along with UAE troops, expelled them from the city.
On 15 May 2016, a suicide attack was carried out in the city by
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant . The attack targeted a police
base, killing at least 25 police recruits and wounding at least 54
CLIMATE DATA FOR MUKALLA (RIYAN AIRPORT )
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 1.0 MM)
AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) (AT 15:00)
Mukalla port Trading bread in the old town
The main market soukh is one of the main commercial hubs of the city.
Mukalla port is located to the east of the town. The port is
available for vessels with length not more than 150 metres (490 feet),
as per Pilot Book Pilot Directions (as of 2010 ). At the same time two
vessels with the length 150 metres (490 feet) each and about 20 small
fishing vessels can stay alongside in
Mukalla port (fishing vessel
moored alongside one to another). The port is fitted with oil pipe
line for tankers. Oil tanks located close to the port.
Cement factory of "RAYSUT" cement company (Oman-
located in the port and is able to receive cement in bulk from cement
The old town is open for tourists. Sights include the royal palace of
the sultan. Guard towers that were outposts surmount the mountains
around the old town.
Al Mukala estuary at night
The College of Medicine HUCOM of the
Hadhramout University is located
* ^ "Myos Hormos". Maritime
Incense Route. Retrieved 7 Dec 2008.
* ^ Stark, Freya, The Southern Gates of Arabia, John Murray,
London, 1936 (and reprinted in many modern editions)
* ^ "Al-Qaeda frees 300 prisoners in
Yemen jail break".
Telegraph.co.uk. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
* ^ Dana Ford, CNN (7 May 2015). "Senior AQAP leader Nasr Ibn Ali
al-Ansi killed". CNN. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
* ^ "
Cyclone Chapala batters war-torn Yemen".
BBC . 3 November
2015. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
* ^ http://www.barakish.net/news02.aspx?cat=12&sub=23&id=384309
* ^ "Al-Qaeda In
Yemen Sends Children To Protest U.S. Drone
Strikes". Vocativ. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
* ^ "حصري- القاعدة يبدأ تجهيز ميدان
المعركة: إخلاء مطار المكلا وتفخيخ
ميناء "الضبة"". وكالة خبر للأنباء. Retrieved
12 May 2016.
* ^ "Arab coalition enters AQAP stronghold in port city of Mukalla,
Yemen". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
* ^ "
Yemen conflict: IS suicide attack kills 25 police recruits".
BBC News. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
* ^ "Deadly bombing targets police in Yemen\'s Mukalla".
www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
* ^ "Islamic State
Yemen suicide bomber kills 25 police recruits:
medics". Reuters. 2016-05-15. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
* ^ "Klimatafel von Riyan bei
Mukalla / Jemen" (PDF). Baseline
climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in
German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for MUKALLA .
Media related to