Mukalla (Arabic: المكلا Al Mukallā) is a seaport and the
capital city of Yemen's
Hadhramaut Governorate. The city is located in
the southern part of
Arabia on the Gulf of Aden, on the shores of the
Mukalla is 480 kilometres (300 miles) east of
Aden and is
the most important port in the Hadhramaut, the largest governorate in
Mukalla is the fifth-largest city in Yemen, with a population of
approximately 300,000. The city is served by the nearby Riyan Airport.
1.1 Yemeni Civil War
7 External links
Mukalla is situated not far from "Cane" or "Qana'", the ancient
principal Hadrami trading post between
India and Africa, with incense
producing areas in its hinterland.
Mukalla was founded in 1035 as a fishing settlement. This area was
part of Oman until the middle of the 11th century, and later this area
became part of Yemen.
It was the capital of the
Qu'aiti State of
Hadhramaut until 1967, when
it became a part of South Yemen. The
Qu'aiti State was part of the
Aden Protectorate until that merger, and a British Resident
Advisor was stationed at Mukalla.
Captain Haines, a British officer who surveyed
Yemen in the 1830s,
Mukalla as a town of 4500 inhabitants with a significant
trade in slaves. In 1934, British traveler and explorer Freya Stark
began her journey into the hinterland of the
Hadhramaut from Mukalla,
and her stay in that city is recorded in her book, The Southern Gates
Yemeni Civil War
AQAP hosts a major rally, inside their capital,
Mukalla in 4 March
During the Yemeni Civil War, on April 2, 2015, Al-Qaida in the Arabian
Peninsula (AQAP) stormed the central prison, freeing hundreds of
prisoners including two senior AQAP commanders. They attacked the
central bank and seized 17 billion Yemeni riyals and 1 million U.S.
dollars before taking control of the presidential palace in the city.
It was reported the entire city was under their control and they plan
to establish an Islamic emirate in the wider
Mukalla became AQAP's headquarters, and the capital of their Emirate
Yemen after their takeover.
In April 2015
Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi
Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi was killed in a drone strike in
the city, the
SITE Intelligence Group said, citing media reports.
On 3 November 2015,
Cyclone Chapala struck the city and destroyed the
In 23 of March, a US airstrike hit an AQAP training camp, killing at
least 50 people. Some days later, AQAP held a major rally in the city,
against the US and their airstrikes. In April 2016, is reported
that AQAP bounds at last 1,000 of its fighters inside the Mukalla
only, with their taxes profit in the city to be from 2, to higher than
5 millions of American dollars per day.
In the middle of April 2016, Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula was
consolidating its control in
Mukalla and took over control of
Mukalla’s airport from forces affiliated with the pro-Ansar al
Sharia Hadhrami Domestic Council, while also evacuating and planting
explosives around nearby al Dhaba oil port. AQAP also arrested seven
Yemeni fighters from a camp north of
Mukalla in Wadi Hadramawt, where
the UAE is reportedly training forces for operations against AQAP.
AQAP is also redistributing property from northern landowners to local
tribal leaders in an effort to shore up support, according to reports.
The UAE, a core member of the Saudi-led coalition, recently led an
operation to recapture AQAP-held al Hawta in Lahij governorate, amid
reports the country is seeking U.S. assistance for an expanded
counter-terrorism campaign in Yemen.
Mukalla was recaptured from Al Qaeda on 25 of April, 2016, after
president Hadi loyalists along with UAE troops, expelled them from the
On 15 May 2016, a suicide attack was carried out in the city by
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. The attack targeted a police
base, killing at least 25 police recruits and wounding at least 54
Climate data for
Mukalla (Riyan Airport)
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average relative humidity (%) (at 15:00)
Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst
Trading bread in the old town
The main market soukh is one of the main commercial hubs of the city.
Mukalla port is located to the east of the town. The port is available
for vessels with length not more than 150 metres (490 feet), as per
Pilot Book Pilot Directions (as of 2010[update]). At the same time two
vessels with the length 150 metres (490 feet) each and about 20 small
fishing vessels can stay alongside in
Mukalla port (fishing vessel
moored alongside one to another). The port is fitted with oil pipe
line for tankers. Oil tanks located close to the port.
Cement factory of "RAYSUT" cement company (Oman-
Yemen company) located
in the port and is able to receive cement in bulk from cement
The old town is open for tourists. Sights include the royal palace of
the sultan. Guard towers that were outposts surmount the mountains
around the old town.
Al Mukala estuary at night
The College of Medicine HUCOM of the
Hadhramout University is located
^ "Myos Hormos". Maritime
Incense Route. Retrieved 7 Dec 2008.
^ Thomas Buxton (1839). The African Slave Trade. London: John
^ Stark, Freya, The Southern Gates of Arabia, John Murray, London,
1936 (and reprinted in many modern editions)
^ "Al-Qaeda frees 300 prisoners in
Yemen jail break". Telegraph.co.uk.
2 April 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
^ Dana Ford, CNN (7 May 2015). "Senior AQAP leader Nasr Ibn Ali
al-Ansi killed". CNN. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
Cyclone Chapala batters war-torn Yemen". BBC. 3 November 2015.
Retrieved 14 November 2015.
^ "Al-Qaeda In
Yemen Sends Children To Protest U.S. Drone Strikes".
Vocativ. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
^ "حصري- القاعدة يبدأ تجهيز ميدان
المعركة: إخلاء مطار المكلا وتفخيخ
ميناء "الضبة"". وكالة خبر للأنباء. Retrieved
12 May 2016.
^ "Arab coalition enters AQAP stronghold in port city of Mukalla,
Yemen". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
Yemen conflict: IS suicide attack kills 25 police recruits". BBC
News. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
^ "Deadly bombing targets police in Yemen's Mukalla".
www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
^ "Islamic State
Yemen suicide bomber kills 25 police recruits:
medics". Reuters. 2016-05-15. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
^ "Klimatafel von Riyan bei
Mukalla / Jemen" (PDF). Baseline climate
means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German).
Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Mukalla.
Media related to
Mukalla at Wikimedia Commons
Official Website of the Al-Quaiti Royal Family of Hadhramaut
Facebook Page of
Coordinates: 14°32′N 49°08′E / 14.533°N 49.133°E /
Ad Dis District
Adh Dhlia'ah District
Al Abr District
Mukalla City District
Al Qaf District
Al Qatn District
Ar Raydah Wa Qusayar District
As Sawm District
Ash Shihr District
Brom Mayfa District
Ghayl Ba Wazir District
Ghayl Bin Yamin District
Hagr As Sai'ar District
Zamakh wa Manwakh District
(since 2013-12 Socotra)
Qulensya Wa Abd Al Kuri District
Yemeni cities and towns by population
1,000,000 and more