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Muğla
Muğla
Province (Turkish: Muğla
Muğla
ili, pronounced [ˌmuːɫɑ iˈli]) is a province of Turkey, at the country's south-western corner, on the Aegean Sea. Its seat is Muğla, about 20 km (12 mi) inland, while some of Turkey's largest holiday resorts, such as Bodrum, Ölüdeniz, Marmaris
Marmaris
and Fethiye, are on the coast in Muğla.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Geography

2.1 Transportation

3 History 4 Notable people 5 Districts 6 Politics 7 References 8 External links

Etymology[edit] The original name of Muğla
Muğla
is open for discussion. Various sources refer to the city as Mogola, Mobella or Mobolia. Geography[edit] At 1,100 km (680 mi), Muğla's coastline is the longest among the Provinces of Turkey
Provinces of Turkey
and longer than many countries' coastlines, (even without taking any small islands into account). Important is the Datça
Datça
Peninsula. As well as the sea, Muğla
Muğla
has two large lakes, Lake Bafa
Lake Bafa
in the district of Milas
Milas
and Lake Köyceğiz. The landscape consists of pot-shaped small plains surrounded by mountains, formed by depressions in the Neogene. These include the plain of the city of Muğla
Muğla
itself, Yeşilyurt, Ula, Gülağzı, Yerkesik, Akkaya, Çamköy (tr) and Yenice). Until the recent building of highways, transport from these plains to either the coast or inland was quite arduous, and thus each locality remained an isolated culture of its own. Contact with the outside world was through one of the three difficult passes: northwest to Milas, north to the Menderes plain through Gökbel, or northeast to Tavas. The economy of Muğla
Muğla
relies mainly on tourism (on the coast), and agriculture, forestry and marble quarries inland.

Coast in Muğla
Muğla
province (near Dalaman).

Typical Muğla
Muğla
coastal scene.

Typical Muğla
Muğla
inland landscape.

Agriculture in Muğla
Muğla
is rich and varied; the province is one of Turkey's largest producers of honey, pine-forest honey in particular and citrus fruits are grown in Ortaca, Fethiye, Dalaman
Dalaman
and Dalyan. The province is the second center of marble industry in Turkey
Turkey
after Afyonkarahisar
Afyonkarahisar
in terms of quantity, variety and quality. Other mineral exploitation includes coal-mining in Yatağan and chrome in Fethiye. Other industry in the province includes the SEKA paper mill in Dalaman
Dalaman
and the power stations at Yatağan, Yeniköy and Kemerköy. However Muğla
Muğla
is by no means an industrialised province. Transportation[edit] The following are aspects about transportation in Muğla
Muğla
province:

There are two airports in Dalaman
Dalaman
and Milas-Bodrum, serving domestic and international flights and catering to the tourism industry. There are yacht marinas in Bodrum, Marmaris, Fethiye
Fethiye
and Güllük. There are many privately run bus connections to İzmir, Antalya, Ankara, Istanbul
Istanbul
and other major cities in Turkey
Turkey
from Muğla
Muğla
and directly from the coastal resorts.

History[edit] In ancient times in Anatolia, the region between the Menderes (Meander) and Dalaman
Dalaman
(Indus) rivers in the south was called Caria. The inhabitants were Carians
Carians
and Leleges. In his Iliad, Homer describes the Carians
Carians
as natives of Anatolia, defending their country against Greeks in joint campaigns in collaboration with the Trojans. A major city of ancient Caria, Muğla
Muğla
is known to have been occupied by raiding parties of Egyptians, Assyrians and Scythians, until eventually the area was settled by Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
colonists. The Greeks inhabited this coast for a long time building prominent cities, such as Knidos
Knidos
(at the end of the Datça
Datça
Peninsula) and Bodrum (Halicarnassos), as well as many smaller towns along the coast, on the Bodrum
Bodrum
Peninsula and inland, including in the district of Fethiye
Fethiye
the cities of Telmessos, Xanthos, Patara and Tlos. Eventually the coast was conquered by Persians who were in turn removed by Alexander the Great, bringing an end to the satrapy of Caria. In 1261, Menteshe
Menteshe
Bey, founder of the Beylik (principality) that carried his name, with its capital in Milas
Milas
and nearby Beçin, established his rule over the region of Muğla
Muğla
as well. The beys of Menteshe
Menteshe
held the city until 1390 and this, the first Turkish state in the region, achieved a high level of cultural development, its buildings remaining to this day. The province also became a significant naval power, trading with the Aegean Islands, Crete
Crete
and as far as Venice
Venice
and Egypt. Turkish settlement during the Menteshe
Menteshe
period usually took place through migrations along the Kütahya- Tavas
Tavas
axis. In 1390, Muğla
Muğla
was taken over by the Ottoman Empire. However, just twelve years later, Tamerlane
Tamerlane
and his forces defeated the Ottomans in the Battle of Ankara, and returned control of the region to its former rulers, the Menteshe
Menteshe
Beys, as he did for other Anatolian beyliks. Muğla
Muğla
was brought back under Ottoman control by Sultan Mehmed II
Mehmed II
the Conqueror, in 1451. One of the most important events in the area during the Ottoman period was the well-recorded campaign of Süleyman the Magnificent against Rhodes, which was launched from Marmaris. With this long history Muğla
Muğla
is rich in ancient ruins, with over 100 excavated sites including the UNESCO World Heritage Site
UNESCO World Heritage Site
of Letoon, near Fethiye. Notable people[edit] The following are notable residents of Muğla
Muğla
province:

Herodotus
Herodotus
of Halicarnassos, historian Turgut Reis
Turgut Reis
Seaman Basil Zaharoff, Arms dealer born in Muğla Osman Hamdi Bey
Osman Hamdi Bey
Painter had his summer residence in Yatağan Şükrü Kaya, Minister of the Interior under Atatürk, born in İstanköy Mustafa Muğlalı, Turkish War of Independence general Yunus Nadi Abalıoğlu, Founder of Cumhuriyet
Cumhuriyet
newspaper and key supporter of Atatürk, from Fethiye Zihni Derin, Agriculturalist responsible for planting tea in the Eastern Black Sea region, from Muğla Necati Çiller, father of Prime Minister Tansu Çiller, governor of Istanbul
Istanbul
in the 1950s, from Milas Cevat Şakir Kabaağaçlı, writer of The "Fisherman of Halicarnasoss" and his student Şadan Gökovalı Nail Çakırhan, architect of the Akyaka Çakırhan houses and winner of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture Janet Akyüz Mattei Amateur astronomer and president of the American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO), of Bodrum. Zeki Müren, Singer and fixture of the Bodrum
Bodrum
nightclub scene for many years Poet Can Yücel is buried in Datça, his home in his final years Former President Kenan Evren
Kenan Evren
lived in Marmaris
Marmaris
after he retired until his death.

Districts[edit]

Bodrum Dalaman Datça Fethiye Kavaklıdere Köyceğiz Marmaris Menteşe Milas Ortaca Seydikemer Ula Yatağan

Politics[edit] The Republican People's Party (CHP), Turkey's principal center-left party has a traditionally strong presence across the political landscape of Muğla
Muğla
Province, closely followed by the traditional center-right represented by the Democrat Party (DP) in Turkey's politics, although the incumbent Justice and Development Party (AKP) obtained the first place in the ballots cast during the last national-scale elections that were the 2004 local elections, with 31,25% of the votes. The overall percentage for the province was 26,3% for the CHP, and 20,98% for the DP during the same elections. The rightist Nationalist Movement Party
Nationalist Movement Party
(MHP), campaigning on Turkish nationalism had obtained a further 9,5% (especially in the Fethiye district). The other parties registered less significant percentages. References[edit]

^ Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Muğla
Muğla
Province.

Muğla
Muğla
governor's official website (in Turkish) Muğla
Muğla
municipality's official website (in Turkish) Local information (in Turkish) Muğla
Muğla
Otelleri Pictures of the capital of Muğla
Muğla
province Muğla
Muğla
weather forecast information Datça
Datça
Panoramic City Guide

v t e

Muğla
Muğla
Province of Turkey

Districts

Bodrum Dalaman Datça Fethiye Kavaklıdere Köyceğiz Marmaris Menteşe Milas Ortaca Seydikemer Ula Yatağan

List of Provinces by Region

Istanbul

Istanbul

West Marmara

Balıkesir Çanakkale Edirne Kırklareli Tekirdağ

Aegean

Afyonkarahisar Aydın Denizli İzmir Kütahya Manisa Muğla Uşak

East Marmara

Bilecik Bolu Bursa Düzce Eskişehir Kocaeli Sakarya Yalova

West Anatolia

Ankara Karaman Konya

Mediterranean

Adana Antalya Burdur Hatay Isparta Kahramanmaraş Mersin Osmaniye

Central Anatolia

Aksaray Kayseri Kırıkkale Kırşehir Nevşehir Niğde Sivas Yozgat

West Black Sea

Amasya Bartın Çankırı Çorum Karabük Kastamonu Samsun Sinop Tokat Zonguldak

East Black Sea

Artvin Giresun Gümüşhane Ordu Rize Trabzon

Northeast Anatolia

Ağrı Ardahan Bayburt Erzincan Erzurum Iğdır Kars

Central East Anatolia

Bingöl Bitlis Elazığ Hakkâri Malatya Muş Tunceli Van

Southeast Anatolia

Adıyaman Batman Diyarbakır Gaziantep Kilis Mardin Siirt Şanlıurfa Şırnak

Metropolitan municipalities are bolded.

v t e

Provinces of Turkey

Adana Adıyaman Afyonkarahisar Ağrı Aksaray Amasya Ankara Antalya Ardahan Artvin Aydın Balıkesir Bartın Batman Bayburt Bilecik Bingöl Bitlis Bolu Burdur Bursa Çanakkale Çankırı Çorum Denizli Diyarbakır Düzce Edirne Elazığ Erzincan Erzurum Eskişehir Gaziantep Giresun Gümüşhane Hakkâri Hatay Iğdır Isparta Istanbul İzmir Kahramanmaraş Karabük Karaman Kars Kastamonu Kayseri Kilis Kırıkkale Kırklareli Kırşehir Kocaeli Konya Kütahya Malatya Manisa Mardin Mersin Muğla Muş Nevşehir Niğde Ordu Osmaniye Rize Sakarya Samsun Siirt Sinop Sivas Şanlıurfa Şırnak Tekirdağ Tokat Trabzon Tunceli Uşak Van Yalova Yozgat Zonguldak

Metropolitan municipalities are bolded.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 241193536 GND: 4385756-5 BNF: cb12011702h (data)

Coordinates: 37°01′49″N 28°30′23″E / 37.03028°N 28.50639°E /

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