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MORADABAD ( pronunciation (help ·info )) is a city, commissionary, and a municipal corporation in Moradabad district
Moradabad district
of Indian state of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
. It was established in 1625A.D. by Rustam Khan and is named after prince Murad Baksh , the son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan .

Moradabad
Moradabad
is situated on the banks of the Ramganga
Ramganga
river, at a distance of 167 km (104 mi) from the national capital, New Delhi
New Delhi
and 344 km north-west of the state capital Lucknow
Lucknow
. The city is known as Pital Nagri, (" Brass
Brass
City") for its famous brass handicrafts industry. It is also the divisional headquarters of Northern Railway (NR).

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Climate * 4 Demographics

* 5 Education

* 5.1 Major Schools * 5.2 Others Schools * 5.3 International Schools

* 5.4 Higher Education institutions in Moradabad
Moradabad

* 5.4.1 Universities * 5.4.2 Medical colleges * 5.4.3 Homeopathic colleges * 5.4.4 Dental colleges * 5.4.5 Engineering colleges * 5.4.6 Architecture Colleges * 5.4.7 Other Degree colleges

* 5.5 Police Training Academy

* 6 Provincial Armed Constabulary

* 7 Economy

* 7.1 Export
Export
* 7.2 Fast Growing Concerns * 7.3 Major Export
Export
Houses * 7.4 Handicrafts Retail Stores * 7.5 Special Economic Zone
Special Economic Zone

* 8 Transportation

* 8.1 Road * 8.2 Rail * 8.3 Air

* 9 Media * 10 Notable people * 11 See also * 12 References

HISTORY

Moradabad
Moradabad
was established as an office for the Chaupala pargana during emperor Akbar
Akbar
's regime. In AD 1624 it was captured by Rustam Khan, the then Governor of Sambhal
Sambhal
who named it Rustam Nagar. Later, in AD 1625 its named was changed to Moradabad, after the name of prince Murad Baksh , the son of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan
Shah Jahan
. A mosque named Jama Masjid was constructed in the city by Rustam Khan for the Mughal Emperor .

GEOGRAPHY

Moradabad
Moradabad
is situated on the banks of the Ramganga
Ramganga
river, that originates from the Doodhatoli ranges and is a part of the Namik Glacier , originating from the high altitude zone of 800mts. to 900mts. The Ramganga
Ramganga
flows to the south west from the Kumaun Himalaya . It is a tributary of the Ganga. It flows by the Corbett National Park near Ramnagar of Nainital district
Nainital district
, from where it descends upon the Gangetic plain. The Ramganga
Ramganga
Dam has been built on the Ramganga river at Kalagarh for irrigation and electricity generation.

Moradabad
Moradabad
has a history of flash floods occurring due to the over-flooding of Ramganga
Ramganga
river.

CLIMATE

During Summers the temperature is usually from 43 °C to 30 °C and during Winters it is from 25 °C to 5 °C.

CLIMATE DATA FOR MORADABAD

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 17.1 (62.8) 24.5 (76.1) 31.6 (88.9) 36.4 (97.5) 41.4 (106.5) 44.7 (112.5) 36.5 (97.7) 33.4 (92.1) 34.1 (93.4) 38.2 (100.8) 27.4 (81.3) 20 (68) 26.16 (79.09)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 4 (39) 7 (45) 12 (54) 15.7 (60.3) 17.4 (63.3) 17.7 (63.9) 19.2 (66.6) 21.5 (70.7) 19.2 (66.6) 13.2 (55.8) 12.1 (53.8) 8 (46) 15.58 (60.04)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 18.2 (0.717) 24.5 (0.965) 12.1 (0.476) 12.4 (0.488) 21.6 (0.85) 99.1 (3.902) 168.1 (6.618) 207.1 (8.154) 99.3 (3.909) 27.1 (1.067) 6.1 (0.24) 9.0 (0.354) 58.5 (2.303)

Source: WWO

DEMOGRAPHICS

RELIGIONS IN MORADABAD CITY

Religion

Percent

Hindus
Hindus
  51.68%

Muslims
Muslims
  46.79%

Sikhs   0.43%

Christians
Christians
  0.61%

Others†   0.49%

Distribution of religions

According to the 2011 census Moradabad
Moradabad
city has a population of 887,871. The population of Moradabad district
Moradabad district
was 4,772,006, roughly equal to the nation of Singapore
Singapore
or the US state of Alabama
Alabama
. It is the 2nd Most Populated District in the state of Uttar Pradesh. This gives it a ranking of 26th in India
India
(out of a total of 640 ). The district has a population density of 1,284 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,330/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.25%. In 2011 a new district named Sambhal
Sambhal
district is formed with two sub districts of Moradabad
Moradabad
district. The rest of Moradabad district
Moradabad district
have a population of 3126507.The Muslim population in rest of Moradabad district
Moradabad district
is 1588297. Moradabad
Moradabad
has a sex ratio of 903 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 58.67%.

EDUCATION

Schools in Moradabad, whether using English or Hindi
Hindi
as a medium of instruction, are affiliated to either of the four bodies, Central Board of Secondary Education (C.B.S.E.), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (C.I.S.C.E), University of Cambridge International Examinations , Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Madarsa Education Board and Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad (U.P. Board).

MAJOR SCHOOLS

* Madarsa Jannat-Ul-Uloom * Wafa Public School * Sajida Inter College * Methodist Girls Inter College * Parker Inter College * Shirdi Sai Public School * S.S. Children Academy * Kendriya Vidyalaya * Maharaja Agarsen Public School * K.C.M School * Gandhi Nagar Public School. * Rani Pritam Kunwar School * P.M.S. Senior Secondary School * Springfields College. * V.K.S. Public School. * Modern Public School * Hewett Muslim Inter college. * St Paul's School. * St. Mary Senior Secondary School * Bonny Annie Public School * Wilsonia Senior Secondary School * Adam & Eve's Senior Secondary School * R. S. D. Senior Secondary School * S.S.Inter college * Tiny tots college * The G.K Welhams College * Muslima Girls Inter College * Ansar Inter college * Falah E Darain Inter College * Abbas Inter College * Delhi
Delhi
public school * Gagan Public school * Rainbow Public School

OTHERS SCHOOLS

* Mak Public School * Crescent Public School * St. Amtuls Public School * Cambridge public school * Aisha Mary school

INTERNATIONAL SCHOOLS

* CL Gupta World School * Shirdi Sai Public School(Wing II) * Aryans International School * Expression International School * Golden Gate Global School * Krishna International School * Summer Valley School

HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN MORADABAD

Universities

* IFTM * Teerthanker Mahaveer University * Shri Venkateshwara University

Medical Colleges

* Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and Research Center

Homeopathic Colleges

* State K.G.K. Homeopathic Medical College "> Aaftab- One of the Main Handicraft
Handicraft
Item of Moradbad

Moradabad
Moradabad
is a major industrial city and export hub. Its handicrafts industry accounts for more than 40% of total handicraft exports from India. In 2006-2007, Moradabad's export turnover was ₹32 billion ($530 millions). In 2012-2013 it increased to ₹40 billion ($667 millions).

In October 2014, Livemint included Moradabad
Moradabad
in its list of "25 Emerging Cities To Watch Out For In 2025".

Moradabad's brass industry that employs tens of thousands of workers has been impacted by ongoing wars in Libya and Syria.

EXPORT

Countries like Britain, USA, Middle East Asia, Germany and Canada imports brassware from Moradabad, India. In Moradabad
Moradabad
there are about 600 export units and 9000 industries in the district. Moradabad exports goods worth Rs. 4500 crore yearly. Many other products for example, Iron Sheet, Metal wares, Aluminum, Artworks and Glassware's are also exported as per the need of foreign Buyers. Export
Export
of Mint is done in several crores from Moradabad. These products are quite famous in overseas market and are being exported in thousands of crores yearly. Due to upsurge of exports and popularity in foreign particularly in America, Europe, Italy and other countries, a large No. of exporters are launching their units and started their export. Out of the seven industrial corridors declared by the State Govt. in Industrial Policy 1999-2002, Moradabad
Moradabad
is one of them.

FAST GROWING CONCERNS

* M/s. Shahi Home Products- in utility products such as Flatewares, Hotelwares, Kitchenwares & Barwares etc. * M/s. Zakir Brass
Brass
Corporation- in death care industry products such as Cremation Urns & Accessories, Religious Articles, Key Rings etc. * M/s. Millenium Handicrafts- in Home Decor Products such as Mirrors, Wall Arts, Votives, Candle Holders, Lamps, Lanterns & Chandeliers etc. * M/s. Surya Enterprises- in Puja Articles made of Brass. * M/s. Axiom Home Accents- in Contemporary Style Decor Products.

These concerns are specialized in their product line and offers widest range at very fair prices due to own craftsmanship.

MAJOR EXPORT HOUSES

* C.L. Gupta Exports Pvt Ltd * Designco * Rajan Overseas Inc * Venus India * Marque Impex * Iqbal Paramount Metal Industries * Zakariya Shahid Industries * Brassage * Paragon Metal Industries

HANDICRAFTS RETAIL STORES

* Metal World formerly known as Mahesh Chandra & Bros. * Bulaki Das Shanti Prasad

SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE

Moradabad
Moradabad
Special Economic Zone
Special Economic Zone
(SEZ) the only Uttar Pradesh Government Developed SEZ in northern India, headed by the Development Commissioner, Noida
Noida
SEZ and locally governed by the Asststant Development Commissioner, was set up in 2003 at Pakbara – Dingarpur Road in Moradabad
Moradabad
on a 421.565 acre plot of land. Government of UP through UPSIDC being developers to this SEZ project has so far invested a sum of ₹1100 million on its development. Moradabad
Moradabad
SEZ provides excellent infrastructure, supportive services and sector specific facilities for the Handicraft
Handicraft
Trade. Proximity to Delhi/ NCR and availability of skilled and dedicated manpower makes it ideal for setting up various industries in Handicrafts this zone has now 22 operational Units. Moradabad
Moradabad
SEZ has 465 developed plots of varying sizes. Future expansion of this has been strategically planned and soon it will be available for few more export sectors. Infrastructure, supportive services and trade related facilities have been substantially upgraded during the last few years. Moradabad
Moradabad
SEZ offers access to global telecommunication network, uninterrupted power supply and efficient local transport system. An ultra modern RSU Telephone Exchange has been installed in the Zone, besides the availability of all the mobile frequencies in and around the zone through various mobile communication towers. An independent feeder line has since been provided for uninterrupted power supply, the reliability and quality of power supply has improved with the pre-commissioned 32 / 11 KVA / 5.0 MVA Power Sub-station within Moradabad
Moradabad
SEZ. Proximity to Delhi/ NCR provides easy access to financial and commercial infrastructure of the capital. Customs Wing ensures prompt and on the spot clearances of export/import consignments through web based system called "sezonline".

TRANSPORTATION

ROAD

Moradabad
Moradabad
Bus station

Moradabad
Moradabad
is well connected by roads with cities like Delhi
Delhi
, Lucknow , Agra
Agra
, Aligarh
Aligarh
, Ghaziabad , Noida
Noida
, Haridwar
Haridwar
, Dehradun
Dehradun
, etc.

The following National Highways and State Highways pass through or are connected with Moradabad:

* National Highway 24 - connects New Delhi
New Delhi
to Lucknow
Lucknow
via Ghaziabad , Bareilly
Bareilly
and Sitapur
Sitapur
. It has been made four-lane between Moradabad and New Delhi
New Delhi
. Four-laning of the highway between Moradabad
Moradabad
and Lucknow
Lucknow
is underway. It is essentially from Delhi
Delhi
via Ghaziabad and Moradabad
Moradabad
to Rampur . Part of this highway is also a part of the AH2 (Asian Highway 2), which connects Denpasar
Denpasar
, Indonesia
Indonesia
to Merak and Singapore
Singapore
to Khosravi , Iran
Iran
. * National Highway 509 - Also known as National Highway 93 , it connects Moradabad
Moradabad
to Agra
Agra
via Chandausi , Aligarh
Aligarh
and Hathras . * State Highway 43 - it connects Moradabad
Moradabad
to the historical city of Badaun
Badaun
, which is 102 km away and Farrukhabad , which is 210 km away, via Bisauli . It also extends to Kanpur
Kanpur
. * State Highway 49 - connects Moradabad
Moradabad
to Haridwar
Haridwar
, merging into State Highway 78 at Dhampur . * State Highway 76 - connects Moradabad
Moradabad
to Bijnor via Noorpur . * State Highway 78 - connects Moradabad
Moradabad
to Amroha via Pakbara. * MDR65 W - connects Moradabad
Moradabad
to Kashipur via Thakurdwara . * Moradabad
Moradabad
- Sambhal
Sambhal
four-lane highway.

Major roads inside the town:

* Kanth Road * Sambhal
Sambhal
Road * Delhi
Delhi
Road * Rampur Road * GMD Road * Court Road * Prince Road * Idgah Road * Station Road * Thakurdwara Road

RAIL

Moradabad railway station

Moradabad railway station is one of the Major Railway Stations of Indian Railways
Indian Railways
, it comes under top hundred railway stations of India. It lies on Lucknow-Moradabad line , Delhi-Moradabad line and Moradabad-Ambala line . More than 250 trains pass through and stop at Moradabad
Moradabad
Railway Station Everyday. It is direct connected by trains with major cities like Delhi
Delhi
, Lucknow
Lucknow
, Kanpur
Kanpur
, Agra
Agra
, Aligarh
Aligarh
, Ghaziabad , Jaipur
Jaipur
, Jodhpur
Jodhpur
, Haridwar
Haridwar
, Dehradun
Dehradun
, Amritsar
Amritsar
, Ludhiana
Ludhiana
, Ambala
Ambala
, Guwahati
Guwahati
, Dibrugarh
Dibrugarh
, Kolkata
Kolkata
, Jamshedpur
Jamshedpur
, Varansi , Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
, Patna
Patna
etc. Shatabdi Express , Rajdhani Express
Rajdhani Express
, Garib Rath Express
Garib Rath Express
and many Super fast, mail and passenger trains stop at Moradabad. Moradabad
Moradabad
is called inter-change station due to 5 line junction. Moradabad
Moradabad
Railway Station is One of the Oldest Railway Station Of India. It was Builted in 1873, and was electrified in 2012.

Moradabad railway station was the main station built by Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway .

AMENITIES Moradabad railway station is categeory 'A' railway station. It has a Tourist Information Centre, Post Office, telegrapgh office, General Railway Police Office, computerised reservation counters, retiring room, vegetarian and non vegetarian refreshment rooms, tea stall and book stall. It also has the Tatkal seat Booking counter.

ELECTRIFICATION Electrification of the 636 km (395 mi) long Mughasarai- Moradabad
Moradabad
line was completed in 2013.Many trains on Ambala and Lucknow
Lucknow
line run with electric locomotives (including Freight trains) Electrification of Delhi-Moradabad line is under progress and expected to be completed by December 2015. Being one of important section of the Northern Railways, Indian railway has given this project a high priority.

Electrification of 135 km line between Ghaziabad - Moradabad
Moradabad
is complete as of 31-03-2015. CRS's detailed inspection of GZB-MB section Electrification completed successfully on 19-01-2015.

AIR

Moradabad Airport is under construction. The nearest working domestic airport is Pantnagar Airport , 86 km away and the nearest international airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport
Indira Gandhi International Airport
, New Delhi
Delhi
, 178 km away.

MEDIA

Newspapers published in Moradabad
Moradabad
include Dainik Jagran , Amar Ujala , Hindustan
Hindustan
, Apka Rehbar and Dagi Kaun? .

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Hullad Moradabadi

* Pandit Jwala Prasad Mishra (1861-1916 CE) Author and editor of Classical Sanskrit texts * Ali Sikandar, aka Jigar Moradabadi * Sushil Kumar Chaddha, aka Hullad Moradabadi * Piyush Chawla * Ponty Chadha * Robert Vadra * Sufi Amba Prasad
Sufi Amba Prasad
* Arun Lal * Javed Jaffrey
Javed Jaffrey
* Amber Sharma

SEE ALSO

* 1888 Moradabad Hail

REFERENCES

* ^ * ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India
India
2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. * ^ Majid Husain. Understanding: Geographical: Map Entries: for Civil Services Examinations: Second Edition. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-07-070288-2 . Retrieved 6 October 2012. * ^ "Northern Railway: Moradabad
Moradabad
Division". Moradabadrail.in. Retrieved 2015-07-29. * ^ " Moradabad
Moradabad
(UP), India
India
Official Website". Moradabad.nic.in. Retrieved 2015-07-29. * ^ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/moradabad-people-suffer-due-to-flood/1/113518.html * ^ Moradabad
Moradabad
Climate, Nainital tourism Retrieved 7 July 2012 * ^ A B C D E F " Moradabad
Moradabad
Religion Census 2011". Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2015-10-19. * ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/data/religion/district/506-moradabad.html * ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Singapore
Singapore
4,740,737 July 2011 est. * ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Alabama
Alabama
4,779,736 * ^ census2011 * ^ MINUTES OF THE 34th MEETING OF EMPOWERED COMMITTEE TO CONSIDER AND APPROVE REVISED PLAN FOR BALANCE FUND FOR THE DISTRICTS OF GHAZIABAD, BAREILLY, BARABANKI, SIDDHARTH NAGAR, SHAHJANPUR, MORADABAD, MUZAFFAR NAGAR, BAHRAICH AND LUCKNOW (UTTAR PRADESH) UNDER MULTI-SECTORAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN MINORITY CONCENTRATION DISTRICTS HELD ON 22nd JULY, 2010 AT 11.00 A.M. UNDER THE CHAIRMANSHIP OF SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF MINORITY AFFAIRS. F. No. 3/64/2010-PP-I, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, MINISTRY OF MINORITY AFFAIRS * ^ http://uppoliceacademy.up.nic.in/history.html * ^ http://uppoliceacademy.up.nic.in/geographical.html * ^ "Moradabad, India\'s Brass
Brass
City Crying Help". Supportbiz.com. Retrieved 2014-12-21. * ^ "Indias growth engines and gateways". livemint.com. 2014-10-30. Retrieved 2015-01-09. * ^ " Moradabad
Moradabad
brass industry hit hard by Syrian civil war, refugee crisis in Germany". brassnewstoday.com. 2016-05-14. Retrieved 2016-08-01. * ^ A B C D http://www.moradabadsez.gov.in/AboutUs.aspx * ^ " Moradabad
Moradabad
railway info". indiarailinfo.com. Retrieved 2014-12-21. * ^ A B C http://www.zastory.com/wiki/Moradabad_railwa

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