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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Montbéliard[1] (French pronunciation: ​[mɔ̃beljaʁ]; traditional German: Mömpelgard) is a city in the Doubs
Doubs
department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
region in eastern France, about 13 km (8 mi) from the border with Switzerland. It is one of the two subprefectures of the department.

Contents

1 History 2 Population 3 Administration 4 Economy 5 Main sights 6 Sport 7 Personalities 8 International relations 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] See also: County of Montbéliard Montbéliard
Montbéliard
is mentioned as early as 983 as Mons Beliardae. The County of Montbéliard
County of Montbéliard
or Mömpelgard was a feudal county of the Holy Roman Empire from 1033 to 1796. In 1283, it was granted rights under charter by Count Reginald. Its charter guaranteed the county perpetual liberties and franchises which lasted until the French Revolution
French Revolution
in 1789. Montbéliard's original municipal institutions included the Magistracy of the Nine Bourgeois, the Corp of the Eighteen and the Notables, a Mayor, and Procurator, and appointed "Chazes", all who participated in the administration of the county as provided by the charter. Also under the 1283 charter, the Count and the people of Montbéliard
Montbéliard
were required by law to defend Montbéliard, while citizens of Montbéliard were not required to fight in any wars outside of the county. Altogether, the charter lent to Montbéliard
Montbéliard
a democratic air remarkable for its time. In 1397 the county passed by marriage of Henriette, heiress of the county to Eberhard IV, Count of Württemberg, to the House of Württemberg . In 1520, Duke Ulrich of Württemberg was ousted from the duchy by the Swabian League. As a result, he retreated to Montbéliard, the only territory he still possessed. From there on, Ulrich used Montbéliard as a base of operations to raise troops to retake Württemberg, but in dire need of funds, he decided to lease Montbéliard
Montbéliard
to his half-brother, George. In 1534, still in need of funds, Ulrich simply sold Montbéliard
Montbéliard
to Francis I of France, though with right to repurchase, which Ulrich exercised after his restoration to Württemberg in 1536. Still governing Montbéliard
Montbéliard
as its count, George attempted to strengthen Lutheranism
Lutheranism
in the county, eventually succeeding in suppressing the other confessions fully.[citation needed] From 1598 to 1608, the architect Heinrich Schickhardt built several landmarks of the city, like St. Martin, a castle, a bridge, a college and several hotels. After the French Revolution, Montbéliard
Montbéliard
was briefly incorporated into the Rauracian Republic.[citation needed] In 1793 the town was annexed to France, which was confirmed in 1796 and by the German Mediatisation of 1806, when Württemberg was compensated with other areas, and became a kingdom.

As a consequence of the former rule under the dukes of Württemberg, it has been for centuries one of the few Protestant enclaves in France. The Württemberg coat of arms from 1495 represents Montbéliard
Montbéliard
as two jumping fishes on a red field. Population[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1962 21,699 —    

1968 23,908 +10.2%

1975 30,425 +27.3%

1982 31,836 +4.6%

1990 29,005 −8.9%

1999 27,570 −4.9%

2008 26,207 −4.9%

2012 26,084 −0.5%

The metropolitan area has a population of 302,000 (with the city of Belfort).

Administration[edit]

List of mayors

Period Name Political party

1947–1957 Lucien Tharradin RPF

1959–1965 Jean-Pierre Tuefferd PS

1965–1978 André Boulloche PS

1978–1989 André Lang PS

1989–2008 Louis Souvet UMP

2008–2014 Jacques Hélias PS

2014-? Marie-Noelle Biguinet UMP

The previous data are unknown.

Economy[edit]

View of Montbéliard
Montbéliard
– Mümpelgart, c. 1600.

Württemberg coat of arms 1495, showing Montbéliard's fishes.

Montbéliard
Montbéliard
and the surrounding region constitute an important manufacturing center mainly based upon metallurgy and car industry. The main manufacturing plant of the Peugeot
Peugeot
automobile company is partly located in Montbéliard
Montbéliard
and has around 20,000 employees. In the area the automotive industry accounts for 34,000 employees in more than 100 companies. The Peugeot
Peugeot
company's museum is located in the adjacent commune of Sochaux. Montbéliard
Montbéliard
is the center of the 'Pays de Montbéliard', a metropolitan area of 132,000 inhabitants. Main sights[edit]

The Château de Montbéliard, the castle of the Dukes of Württemberg.

As the residence of the Counts of Montbéliard, the history of the castle is closely linked with the story of the families that reigned over the County for more than eight centuries. Built on a rocky promontory at the confluence of the Lizaine and Allan valleys, this stronghold, which already existed in the 10th century, was constantly transformed during the course of the centuries. Today, on the northern side of the edifice, one can admire the Henriette Tower (reconstructed by Countess Henriette in approximately 1424), the Frédéric Tower (1572 and 1595) and the main building dating back to the 18th century. The castle has become the Museum of the Castle of the Dukes of Württemberg, which includes a historical tour, an important archaeological department whose collections come mainly from excavations of local Gallo-Roman sites, the Cuvier natural history gallery and exhibits of paintings and sculptures of international renown. On the esplanade of the Castle, the Clock pavilion or Hôtel du Bailli (Bailli's quarters, also known as the gentlemen's quarters), built according to plans of the architect Schickhardt at the beginning of the 17th century, houses today the Academy of Music.

The Museum of Art and History Beurnier Rossel.

The Beurnier-Rossel mansion, located opposite St. Martin's church, near the Town Hall, stands as a witness to the life-style of the urban bourgeoisie during the 18h and 19th centuries. Today it houses the Museum of Art and History. The restored 18th century reception rooms on the first floor contain furniture, paintings, chandeliers and draperies which recreate the ambiance of a private residence. On the second floor, there is an exhibit of objects relating to the history of the town and local life (bibles, liturgical vessels, traditional headdresses etc.) and the collection of music boxes made by L'Épée is exhibited in the attic.

Saint-Martin Protestant Church.

Saint Martin Protestant Church was built between 1601 and 1607 and is the work of Heinrich Schickhardt, the architect of Frederic 1st Prince of Montbéliard, in its purest form. It is also the oldest church in France
France
dedicated to the Reformation form of worship.

Saint Maimboeuf Church.

Built between 1850 and 1875 on the Cardinal Mathieu's request to assert the Catholic reconquest over Lutheranism, Saint Maimboeuf Church dominates the town. It includes rich façade adornments and a polychrome altarpiece. Sport[edit] Montbeliard's most popular sports club is FCSM (Football Club Sochaux-Montbéliard). Founded in 1928, FC Sochaux-Montbéliard
FC Sochaux-Montbéliard
was a founder member of the French professional Football League. The club has played a record 62 seasons in Ligue 1, the most of any club in the French football league system. This consistency contributed to the fact that FCSM, though a small club, has won all the possible national trophies. FC Sochaux-Montbéliard
FC Sochaux-Montbéliard
honours:

League Champions of France
France
in 1935 and 1938 League runners-up in 1937, 1953 and 1980 Champions of the French Second Division in 1947 and 2001 French Cup winners in 1937 and 2007 French Cup runners-up in 1959, 1967 and 1988 League Cup winners in 2004 League Cup runners-up in 2003 Coupe Drago (former French League Cup) winners in 1953, 1963 and 1964 Seven times UEFA Cup participations, with the best result as semi-finalists in 1980/1981 Coupe Gambardella (National Youth Cup) winners 1983 and 2007 Third Division Champions in 1987 (Reserves)

Personalities[edit] Montbéliard
Montbéliard
is the birthplace of:

Nicolaus Taurellus
Nicolaus Taurellus
(1547–1606), philosopher and theologian Nicolas Tournier
Nicolas Tournier
(1590-ca. 1638), painter Wolf Christoph Zorn von Plobsheim
Wolf Christoph Zorn von Plobsheim
(1655–1721), architect (de:Wolf Christoph Zorn von Plobsheim) Georges Frédéric Parrot (1767-1852) First rector of the University of Dorpat, now University of Tartu. Georges Cuvier
Georges Cuvier
(1769–1832), naturalist and zoologist Alexander of Württemberg (1771-1833) Frédéric Cuvier (1773–1838), zoologist and physicist Henri Mouhot
Henri Mouhot
(1826–1861), naturalist René Thom
René Thom
(1923–2002), mathematician Dominique Voynet
Dominique Voynet
(1958–present), Green politician Frank Darabont
Frank Darabont
(1959–present), American filmmaker Adrien Mörk
Adrien Mörk
(1979–present), golfer Pierre-Alain Frau
Pierre-Alain Frau
(1980–present), footballer Éric Deloumeaux (1973–present), footballer Camel Meriem
Camel Meriem
(1979–present), footballer Ousame Sy (1988–present), footballer Marc Mauillon (1980–present), tenor and baritone

International relations[edit] Montbéliard
Montbéliard
is twinned with:

Greensboro, North Carolina, USA Ludwigsburg, Germany

See also[edit]

Communes of the Doubs
Doubs
department Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Bleu de Gex

References[edit]

INSEE

^ Also Montbelliard

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Montbéliard.

City website (in French) History (in French) Atelier du patrimoine (in French) Official Web site (in French)

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Communes of the Doubs
Doubs
department

Abbans-Dessous Abbans-Dessus Abbenans Abbévillers Accolans Adam-lès-Passavant Adam-lès-Vercel Aibre Aïssey Allenjoie Les Alliés Allondans Amagney Amancey Amathay-Vésigneux Amondans Anteuil Appenans Arbouans Arc-et-Senans Arcey Arçon Arc-sous-Cicon Arc-sous-Montenot Arguel Aubonne Audeux Audincourt Autechaux Autechaux-Roide Les Auxons Avanne-Aveney Avilley Avoudrey Badevel Bannans Le Barboux Bart Bartherans Battenans-les-Mines Battenans-Varin Baume-les-Dames Bavans Belfays Le Bélieu Belleherbe Belmont Belvoir Berche Berthelange Besançon Bethoncourt Beure Beutal Bians-les-Usiers Bief Le Bizot Blamont Blarians Blussangeaux Blussans Bolandoz Bondeval Bonnal Bonnay Bonnétage Bonnevaux La Bosse Bouclans Boujailles Bourguignon Bournois Boussières Bouverans Braillans Branne Breconchaux Bremondans Brères Les Bréseux La Bretenière Bretigney Bretigney-Notre-Dame Bretonvillers Brey-et-Maison-du-Bois Brognard Buffard Bugny Bulle Burgille Burnevillers Busy By Byans-sur-Doubs Cademène Cendrey Cernay-l'Église Cessey Chaffois Chalèze Chalezeule Chamesey Chamesol Champagney Champlive Champoux Champvans-les-Moulins Chantrans Chapelle-des-Bois Chapelle-d'Huin Charmauvillers Charmoille Charnay Charquemont Chassagne-Saint-Denis Châteauvieux-les-Fossés Châtelblanc Châtillon-Guyotte Châtillon-le-Duc Châtillon-sur-Lison Chaucenne Chaudefontaine La Chaux Chaux-lès-Clerval Chaux-lès-Passavant Chaux-Neuve Chay Chazot Chemaudin et Vaux La Chenalotte Chenecey-Buillon Chevigney-lès-Vercel Chevigney-sur-l'Ognon La Chevillotte Chevroz Chouzelot Cléron La Cluse-et-Mijoux Colombier-Fontaine Les Combes Consolation-Maisonnettes Corcelle-Mieslot Corcelles-Ferrières Corcondray Côtebrune Courcelles Courcelles-lès-Montbéliard Courchapon Cour-Saint-Maurice Courtefontaine Courtetain-et-Salans Courvières Crosey-le-Grand Crosey-le-Petit Le Crouzet Crouzet-Migette Cubrial Cubry Cusance Cuse-et-Adrisans Cussey-sur-Lison Cussey-sur-l'Ognon Dambelin Dambenois Dammartin-les-Templiers Dampierre-les-Bois Dampierre-sur-le-Doubs Dampjoux Damprichard Dannemarie Dannemarie-sur-Crète Dasle Deluz Désandans Déservillers Devecey Dommartin Dompierre-les-Tilleuls Domprel Doubs Dung Durnes Échay Échenans Échevannes École-Valentin Les Écorces Écot L'Écouvotte Écurcey Émagny Épenouse Épenoy Épeugney Esnans Étalans Éternoz Étouvans Étrabonne Étrappe Étray Étupes Évillers Exincourt Eysson Faimbe Fallerans Ferrières-le-Lac Ferrières-les-Bois Fertans Fesches-le-Châtel Fessevillers Feule Les Fins Flagey Flagey-Rigney Flangebouche Fleurey Fontain Fontaine-lès-Clerval Fontenelle-Montby Les Fontenelles Fontenotte Foucherans Fourbanne Fourcatier-et-Maison-Neuve Fourg Les Fourgs Fournet-Blancheroche Fournets-Luisans Frambouhans Franey Franois Frasne Froidevaux Fuans Gellin Gémonval Geneuille Geney Gennes Germéfontaine Germondans Gevresin Gilley Glamondans Glay Glère Gondenans-les-Moulins Gondenans-Montby Gonsans Gouhelans Goumois Goux-lès-Dambelin Goux-les-Usiers Goux-sous-Landet Grand-Charmont Grand'Combe-Châteleu Grand'Combe-des-Bois Grandfontaine Grandfontaine-sur-Creuse La Grange Granges-Narboz Les Grangettes Les Gras Le Gratteris Grosbois Guillon-les-Bains Guyans-Durnes Guyans-Vennes Hauterive-la-Fresse Hérimoncourt L'Hôpital-du-Grosbois L'Hôpital-Saint-Lieffroy Les Hôpitaux-Neufs Les Hôpitaux-Vieux Houtaud Huanne-Montmartin Hyémondans Hyèvre-Magny Hyèvre-Paroisse Indevillers L'Isle-sur-le-Doubs Issans Jallerange Jougne Labergement-Sainte-Marie Laire Laissey Lanans Landresse Lantenne-Vertière Lanthenans Larnod Laval-le-Prieuré Lavans-Quingey Lavans-Vuillafans Lavernay Laviron Levier Liebvillers Liesle Lizine Lods Lombard Lomont-sur-Crête Longechaux Longemaison Longevelle-lès-Russey Longevelle-sur-Doubs Longeville La Longeville Longevilles-Mont-d'Or Loray Lougres Le Luhier Luxiol Magny-Châtelard Maîche Maisons-du-Bois-Lièvremont Malans Malbrans Malbuisson Malpas Mamirolle Mancenans Mancenans-Lizerne Mandeure Marchaux Marvelise Mathay Mazerolles-le-Salin Médière Le Mémont Mercey-le-Grand Mérey-sous-Montrond Mérey-Vieilley Mésandans Meslières Mesmay Métabief Miserey-Salines Moncey Moncley Mondon Montagney-Servigney Montancy Montandon Montbéliard Montbéliardot Montbenoît Mont-de-Laval Mont-de-Vougney Montécheroux Montenois Montfaucon Montferrand-le-Château Montflovin Montgesoye Montivernage Montjoie-le-Château Montlebon Montmahoux Montperreux Montrond-le-Château Montussaint Morre Morteau Mouthe Le Moutherot Mouthier-Haute-Pierre Myon Naisey-les-Granges Nancray Nans Nans-sous-Sainte-Anne Narbief Neuchâtel-Urtière Noël-Cerneux Noirefontaine Noironte Nommay Novillars Ollans Onans Orchamps-Vennes Orgeans-Blanchefontaine Ornans Orsans Orve Osse Osselle-Routelle Ougney-Douvot Ouhans Ouvans Oye-et-Pallet Palantine Palise Paroy Passavant Passonfontaine Pays de Clerval Pelousey Péseux Pessans Petite-Chaux Pierrefontaine-lès-Blamont Pierrefontaine-les-Varans Pirey Placey Plaimbois-du-Miroir Plaimbois-Vennes Les Plains-et-Grands-Essarts La Planée Pompierre-sur-Doubs Pontarlier Pont-de-Roide-Vermondans Les Pontets Pont-les-Moulins Pouilley-Français Pouilley-les-Vignes Pouligney-Lusans Les Premiers-Sapins Présentevillers La Prétière Provenchère Puessans Pugey Le Puy Quingey Rahon Rancenay Randevillers Rang Raynans Recologne Reculfoz Rémondans-Vaivre Remoray-Boujeons Renédale Rennes-sur-Loue Reugney Rigney Rignosot Rillans La Rivière-Drugeon Rochejean Roche-lès-Clerval Roche-lez-Beaupré Roches-lès-Blamont Rognon Romain Ronchaux Rondefontaine Roset-Fluans Rosières-sur-Barbèche Rosureux Rougemont Rougemontot Rouhe Roulans Ruffey-le-Château Rurey Le Russey Saint-Antoine Sainte-Anne Sainte-Colombe Sainte-Marie Sainte-Suzanne Saint-Georges-Armont Saint-Gorgon-Main Saint-Hilaire Saint-Hippolyte Saint-Juan Saint-Julien-lès-Montbéliard Saint-Julien-lès-Russey Saint-Maurice-Colombier Saint-Point-Lac Saint-Vit Samson Sancey Saône Saraz Sarrageois Saules Sauvagney Scey-Maisières Séchin Seloncourt Semondans Septfontaines Serre-les-Sapins Servin Silley-Amancey Silley-Bléfond Sochaux Solemont Sombacour La Sommette Soulce-Cernay Sourans Soye Surmont Taillecourt Tallans Tallenay Tarcenay Les Terres-de-Chaux Thiébouhans Thise Thoraise Thulay Thurey-le-Mont Torpes Touillon-et-Loutelet La Tour-de-Sçay Tournans Trépot Tressandans Trévillers Trouvans Urtière Uzelle Vaire Le Val Valdahon Val-de-Roulans Valentigney Valleroy Valonne Valoreille Vandoncourt Vauchamps Vaucluse Vauclusotte Vaudrivillers Vaufrey Vaux-et-Chantegrue Velesmes-Essarts Vellerot-lès-Belvoir Vellerot-lès-Vercel Vellevans Venise Vennans Vennes Vercel-Villedieu-le-Camp Vergranne Verne Vernierfontaine Vernois-lès-Belvoir Le Vernoy Verrières-de-Joux La Vèze Vieilley Viéthorey Vieux-Charmont Villars-lès-Blamont Villars-Saint-Georges Villars-sous-Dampjoux Villars-sous-Écot Les Villedieu Ville-du-Pont Villeneuve-d'Amont Villers-Buzon Villers-Chief Villers-Grélot Villers-la-Combe Villers-le-Lac Villers-Saint-Martin Villers-sous-Chalamont Villers-sous-Montrond Voillans Voires Vorges-les-Pins Voujeaucourt Vuillafans Vuillecin Vyt-lès-Belvoir

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 155890847 LCCN: n82106917 GND: 4074960-5 BNF:

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