1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
MONTBéLIARD (French pronunciation: ; traditional German :
Mömpelgard) is a city in the
* 1 History * 2 Population * 3 Administration * 4 Economy * 5 Main sights * 6 Sport * 7 Personalities * 8 International relations * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links
Montbéliard's original municipal institutions included the
Magistracy of the Nine Bourgeois, the Corp of the Eighteen and the
Notables, a Mayor, and Procurator, and appointed "Chazes", all who
participated in the administration of the county as provided by the
charter. Also under the 1283 charter, the Count and the people of
In 1397 the county passed by marriage of Henriette , heiress of the county to Eberhard IV, Count of Württemberg , to the House of Württemberg .
In 1520, Duke Ulrich of Württemberg was ousted from the duchy by the
From 1598 to 1608, the architect Heinrich Schickhardt built several landmarks of the city, like St. Martin, a castle, a bridge, a college and several hotels.
As a consequence of the former rule under the dukes of Württemberg,
it has been for centuries one of the few Protestant enclaves in
France. The Württemberg coat of arms from 1495 represents
YEAR POP. ±%
1962 21,699 —
1968 23,908 +10.2%
1975 30,425 +27.3%
1982 31,836 +4.6%
1990 29,005 −8.9%
1999 27,570 −4.9%
2008 26,207 −4.9%
2012 26,084 −0.5%
The metropolitan area has a population of 302,000 (with the city of
LIST OF MAYORS
PERIOD NAME POLITICAL PARTY
1947–1957 Lucien Tharradin RPF
1959–1965 Jean-Pierre Tuefferd PS
1965–1978 André Boulloche PS
1978–1989 André Lang PS
1989–2008 Louis Souvet UMP
2008–2014 Jacques Hélias PS
2014-? Marie-Noelle Biguinet UMP
The previous data are unknown.
The main manufacturing plant of the
* The Château de Montbéliard , the castle of the Dukes of Württemberg.
As the residence of the Counts of Montbéliard, the history of the castle is closely linked with the story of the families that reigned over the County for more than eight centuries. Built on a rocky promontory at the confluence of the Lizaine and Allan valleys, this stronghold, which already existed in the 10th century, was constantly transformed during the course of the centuries. Today, on the northern side of the edifice, one can admire the Henriette Tower (reconstructed by Countess Henriette in approximately 1424), the Frédéric Tower (1572 and 1595) and the main building dating back to the 18th century. The castle has become the Museum of the Castle of the Dukes of Württemberg, which includes a historical tour, an important archaeological department whose collections come mainly from excavations of local Gallo-Roman sites, the Cuvier natural history gallery and exhibits of paintings and sculptures of international renown. On the esplanade of the Castle, the Clock pavilion or Hôtel du Bailli (Bailli's quarters, also known as the gentlemen's quarters), built according to plans of the architect Schickhardt at the beginning of the 17th century, houses today the Academy of Music.
* The Museum of Art and History Beurnier Rossel.
The Beurnier-Rossel mansion, located opposite St. Martin's church, near the Town Hall, stands as a witness to the life-style of the urban bourgeoisie during the 18h and 19th centuries. Today it houses the Museum of Art and History. The restored 18th century reception rooms on the first floor contain furniture, paintings, chandeliers and draperies which recreate the ambiance of a private residence. On the second floor, there is an exhibit of objects relating to the history of the town and local life (bibles, liturgical vessels, traditional headdresses etc.) and the collection of music boxes made by L'Épée is exhibited in the attic.
* Saint-Martin Protestant Church.
Saint Martin Protestant Church was built between 1601 and 1607 and is
the work of Heinrich Schickhardt, the architect of Frederic 1st Prince
of Montbéliard, in its purest form. It is also the oldest church in
* Saint Maimboeuf Church.
Built between 1850 and 1875 on the Cardinal Mathieu's request to assert the Catholic reconquest over Lutheranism, Saint Maimboeuf Church dominates the town. It includes rich façade adornments and a polychrome altarpiece.
Montbeliard's most popular sports club is FCSM (Football Club
Sochaux-Montbéliard). Founded in 1928,
FC Sochaux-Montbéliard was a
founder member of the French professional Football League . The club
has played a record 62 seasons in
FC Sochaux-Montbéliard honours:
* League Champions of
Nicolaus Taurellus (1547–1606), philosopher and theologian
Nicolas Tournier (1590-ca. 1638), painter
Wolf Christoph Zorn von Plobsheim (1655–1721), architect
(de:Wolf Christoph Zorn von Plobsheim)
* Georges Frédéric Parrot (1767-1852) First rector of the
University of Dorpat, now University of Tartu.
Greensboro, North Carolina
* ^ Also MONTBELLIARD
Wikimedia Commons has media related to MONTBéLIARD .
* City website (in French) * History (in