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The Missouri
Missouri
Pacific Railroad (reporting mark MP), commonly abbreviated MoPac, with nickname of The Mop, was one of the first railroads in the United States west of the Mississippi
Mississippi
River. MoPac was a Class I railroad
Class I railroad
growing from dozens of predecessors and mergers, including the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway (SLIMS), Texas
Texas
and Pacific Railway (TP), Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad (C&EI), St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway
St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway
(SLBM), Kansas, Oklahoma
Oklahoma
and Gulf Railway (KO&G), Midland Valley Railroad (MV), San Antonio, Uvalde and Gulf Railroad (SAU&G), Gulf Coast Lines (GC), International-Great Northern Railroad
International-Great Northern Railroad
(IGN), New Orleans, Texas
Texas
and Mexico Railway (NOTM), Missouri- Illinois
Illinois
Railroad (MI), as well as the small Central Branch Railway
Central Branch Railway
(an early predecessor of MP in Kansas
Kansas
and south central Nebraska), and joint ventures such as the Alton and Southern Railroad
Alton and Southern Railroad
(AS). In 1967, the railroad operated 9,041 miles of road and 13,318 miles of track, not including DK&S, NO&LC, T&P and its subsidiaries, C&EI and Missouri-Illinois. On January 8, 1980, the Union Pacific
Union Pacific
Corporation, parent company of the Union Pacific
Union Pacific
Railroad, agreed to buy the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific Railroad. Lawsuits filed by competing railroads delayed approval of the merger until September 13, 1982. After the Supreme Court denied a trial to the Southern Pacific, the merger took effect on December 22, 1982. However, due to outstanding bonds of the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific, the merger with the Union Pacific Railroad by the Union Pacific Corporation became official only on January 1, 1997.

Contents

1 History 2 Passenger train service 3 Equipment colors and painting 4 Honorary tribute 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] On July 4, 1851, at St. Louis, ground was broken on the Pacific Railroad, the earlier predecessor of the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific Railroad. The first section of track was completed in 1852; in 1865, it was the first railroad in Kansas
Kansas
City, after construction was interrupted by the American Civil War. In 1872, the Pacific Railroad was reorganized as the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific Railway by new investors after a railroad debt crisis. Because of corporate ties extending back to the Pacific Railroad, Missouri
Missouri
Pacific at one time advertised itself as being The First Railroad West of the Mississippi. From 1879 Missouri
Missouri
Pacific was under the control of successful but controversial New York financier Jay Gould
Jay Gould
until his death in 1892. Gould developed a system extending through Colorado, Nebraska, Arkansas, Texas, and Louisiana. His son George Gould inherited control upon his father's death. The younger Gould lost control of the company after it declared bankruptcy in 1915.[1] In 1917 the line was merged with the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway
St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway
(SLIMS) and reorganized as the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific Railroad. Missouri
Missouri
Pacific later acquired or gained a controlling interest in other lines in Texas, including the Gulf Coast Lines, International-Great Northern Railroad, and the Texas
Texas
and Pacific Railway. MoPac declared bankruptcy again in 1933, during the Great Depression, and entered into trusteeship. The company was reorganized and the trusteeship ended in 1956.[1] By the 1980s the system would own 11,469 miles of rail line over 11 states bounded by Chicago to the east, Pueblo, Colorado, in the west, north to Omaha, south to the U.S.-Mexico border
U.S.-Mexico border
in Laredo, Texas, and southeast along the Gulf seaports of Louisiana
Louisiana
and Texas. MoPac operated a fleet of more than 1,500 diesel locomotives, almost all purchased within the previous 10 years. Under the leadership of Downing B. Jenks, who became president and chief executive in 1961 the company became a pioneer in the early days of computer-guided rail technology. It was a major hauler of grain, TOFC (Trailer on Flat Car), coal, ore, autos and dry goods. At the time of their mega-merger in 1982 the MoPac owned newer locomotives, more locomotives and operated more track than partner Union Pacific
Union Pacific
Railroad. On December 22, 1982 the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific was purchased by the Union Pacific Corporation and they combined the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific, the Western Pacific Railroad and of course their Union Pacific
Union Pacific
Railroad into one large railroad system and labeled it "Pacific Rail Systems," under the Union Pacific
Union Pacific
Corporation, but all three railroads maintained their own corporate and commercial identity. On December 1, 1989, the Missouri
Missouri
Kansas
Kansas
Texas
Texas
and the Galveston, Houston
Houston
& Henderson were merged into the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific after acquisition by the Union Pacific Corporation
Union Pacific Corporation
in 1988. By 1994 all motive power of the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific was repainted and on January 1, 1997, the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific was officially merged into the Union Pacific Railroad by the Union Pacific
Union Pacific
Corporation. UP continued to use the MoPac headquarters building at 210 N. 13th St. in downtown St. Louis for its customer service center until February 15, 2005. The former MoPac building has undergone rehab as apartments and is now known as Park Pacific.

Revenue Freight Ton-Miles (Millions)

MP Missouri-Illinois C&EI Doniphan Kensett & Searcy New Orleans & Lower Coast Asherton & Gulf San Antonio
San Antonio
Southern Sugar Land Ry

1925 11282 84 2355 0.2 0.8 0.8 4 9

1933 7457 44 1066 0.1 1.4 (with MP) (with MP) (with MP)

1944 25910 188 3456 0.1 7

1960 19238 183 2335 0.5 9

1970 26907 359 2309 ? ?

In this table "MP" includes New Orleans Texas
Texas
& Mexico and all its subsidiary railroads (Beaumont Sour Lake & Western, I-GN, StLB&M, etc.) that officially merged into MP in 1956. Ton-miles for C&EI in 1970 presumably don't include the L&N portion. By that same definition MP operated 10431 route-miles at the end of 1929, after A&G, SAS and Sugar Land had come under NOT&M; NO&LC operated 60 and DK&S (not subsidiary until 1931) operated 6. At the end of 1960 MP operated 9362 route-miles, NO&LC and DK&S were the same, and M-I operated 172 miles.

Revenue Freight Traffic (Millions of Net Ton-Miles)

T&P KO&G/KO&G of TX Midland Valley Cisco & Northeastern Pecos Valley Southern Texas
Texas
Short Line

1925 1763 193 230 4 7 0.8

1933 1498 163 84 (with T&P) (with T&P) (with T&P)

1944 4761 412 113

1960 4168 495 97

1970 5854 150 (merged Apr 1970) (merged 1967)

"T&P" includes its subsidiary roads (A&S, D&PS, T-NM etc.); operated route-miles totalled 2259 at the end of 1929 (after C&NE, PVS and TSL had become subsidiaries) and 2033 at the end of 1960. Passenger train service[edit]

The Scenic Limited leaving St. Louis.

Missouri
Missouri
Pacific's Colorado
Colorado
Eagle, waiting to depart St. Louis 's Union Station on April 17, 1963

In the early years of the 20th century, most Missouri
Missouri
Pacific and St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern passenger trains were designated by number only, with little emphasis on premier name trains. This changed in May, 1915, with the inauguration of the Scenic Limited between St. Louis, Kansas
Kansas
City, and Pueblo, Colorado. Between Pueblo and Salt Lake City, the Scenic Limited operated through the Royal Gorge
Royal Gorge
over the tracks of the Denver
Denver
and Rio Grande Railroad. From Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
to San Francisco, the Scenic Limited operated over the Western Pacific Railroad. A second premier train, the Sunshine Special
Sunshine Special
began operating on December 5, 1915, between St. Louis, Little Rock, Austin and San Antonio. Another named train, the Rainbow Special
Rainbow Special
was placed in service in July 1921 between Kansas
Kansas
City and Little Rock. The Sunshine Special
Special
soon eclipsed the other trains in travel volume, becoming the signature train of the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific Railroad. An advertising slogan in 1933 proclaimed: "It's 70-degrees in the Sunshine when it's 100-degrees in the shade," referring to the fact that the Sunshine Special
Special
was one of the first air-conditioned trains in the southwest. When new streamlined trains were delivered, the Scenic Limited and Rainbow Special
Rainbow Special
names faded, but the Sunshine Special
Sunshine Special
had sufficient name recognition to co-exist along with the new streamliners into the late 1950s. In the streamliner era, the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific's premier passenger trains were collectively known as the Eagles. A variety of Eagle trains were operated, with the first such train inaugurated in 1940. Eagle routes included the Missouri
Missouri
River Eagle (St. Louis to Kansas City and Omaha), the Delta Eagle ( Memphis, Tennessee
Memphis, Tennessee
to Tallulah, Louisiana), the Colorado
Colorado
Eagle (St. Louis to Pueblo and Denver), the Texas
Texas
Eagle (St. Louis to Texas), and the Valley Eagle ( Houston
Houston
to Corpus Christi and Brownsville, Texas).

MOPAC newspaper ad for travel to a livestock show, 1922.

Other notable trains the MoPac operated included:

the Houstonian (between New Orleans and Houston); Missourian (between St. Louis and Kansas
Kansas
City); Orleanean (between Houston
Houston
and New Orleans); Ozarker (between St. Louis and Little Rock); Pioneer (between Houston
Houston
and Brownsville); Southerner (service from Kansas
Kansas
City and St. Louis to New Orleans, via Little Rock); Southern Scenic (between Kansas
Kansas
City and Memphis); Sunflower (between St. Louis and Wichita); and the Texan (between St. Louis and Fort Worth).[citation needed]

Missouri
Missouri
Pacific gained a reputation for aggressively discontinuing passenger trains after the mid-1960s, and when the National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak) assumed passenger train operations on May 1, 1971, the St. Louis to Kansas
Kansas
City route was the only Missouri Pacific route to be included as part of Amtrak's basic system. On March 13, 1974, Amtrak
Amtrak
restored passenger train service over segments of Missouri
Missouri
Pacific- Texas
Texas
and Pacific's original Texas
Texas
Eagle route between St. Louis, Little Rock, Dallas, Austin, San Antonio, and Laredo.

Equipment colors and painting[edit]

Missouri
Missouri
Pacific 'Screaming Eagle' Herald first introduced in 1969. General use of this herald spanned from 1974 to 1984 (1983 for general equipment, 1984 for documents)

In the early days of steam, the MP generally used gold lettering on its steam locomotives. This was further broken down by using two different lettering styles: Block for the numbers and Roman for the lettering (including subsidiary markings and classifications). Once Lewis W. Baldwin became president of the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific in April 1923, the color of the lettering changed to aluminum. The Missouri
Missouri
Pacific was known for its "Eagle" color scheme designed by Raymond Loewy. It consisted of dark cerulean, icterine yellow, and isabelline gray. These colors were mostly applied to passenger locomotives, passenger cars, merchandise boxcars and first-generation freight locomotives starting on October 22, 1939, and ending on April 27, 1961.

Modern Union Pacific
Union Pacific
EMD SD70ACe
EMD SD70ACe
locomotive, painted in MoPac livery.

When Texas
Texas
& Pacific was acquired by the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific, the railroad discontinued its swamp holly orange and black for the Eagle colors (except icterine yellow) in its new order of GP18's 1145-1149 in May 1960: a traditional practice of railroads using the parent company's colors. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s a handful of railroads began to paint their locomotives one or two simple colors without excessive striping, lettering, etc. due to financial troubles. However, under the Downing B. Jenks presidency, the Eagle Scheme was discontinued because Mr. Jenks did not want to spend money on a fancy paint scheme, though his railroad was not having financial problems. Effective April 28, 1961, all locomotives (new or to be repainted) were to receive an alternative version of dark cerulean, from which the term "Jenks Blue" is derived (also sometimes called "Dark Eagle Blue"). With the Union Pacific
Union Pacific
merger taking effect on December 22, 1982, the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific sought to keep its Jenks Blue scheme. However, a study in late 1983 indicated the expense of all three railroads paint schemes were too costly. Union Pacific
Union Pacific
then allowed the Missouri Pacific & Western Pacific railroads to create a new scheme. The first new scheme attempt by the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific was a 'simple logo-simple scheme' design. Originally planned for the locomotive to be completely painted armour yellow (including trucks, frame, and fuel tank) with the application of the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific 20-inch lettering along the carbody and a buzzsaw logo on the nose and air equipment doors. The plan was then revised to now have a black frame, trucks, and fuel tank. The final revision introduced the unit to be repainted in a standard Union Pacific
Union Pacific
scheme with 'MISSOURI PACIFIC' instead of 'UNION PACIFIC' lettering along the carbody.

The Missouri
Missouri
Pacific Pullman Rio Usumacinta at the Wichita Falls Railroad Museum

Once the test scheme was completed, the lettering was deemed unsatisfactory due to the word 'MISSOURI' being too large to fit on smaller four-axle carbodies. Effective May 14, 1984, the Union Pacific scheme was to be used, but in substitution of the Union Pacific
Union Pacific
'Jinx' typeface, a renovated version of lettering was used. Using the type style seen on Missouri
Missouri
Pacific reporting marks and locomotive numbers, 'North Little Rock' lettering was used, as it fit the large and small carbodies decently. On January 1, 1986, the scheme was discontinued after the consolidation of the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific & Union Pacific operating departments. To this day, the paint scheme remains controversial among management, employees and rail fans. Honorary tribute[edit] On July 30, 2005, UP unveiled a brand new EMD SD70ACe
EMD SD70ACe
locomotive, Union Pacific
Union Pacific
1982, with Missouri
Missouri
Pacific paint and logos, as part of a new heritage program. References[edit]

Railways portal

^ a b Union Pacific
Union Pacific
Railroad. "UP: Chronological History." Accessed 2009-12-18.

Trainweb/Screaming Eagles. "About Missouri
Missouri
Pacific: A Brief Overview." Accessed 2009-12-18. Goen, Steve Allen (1997). Texas
Texas
& Pacific Color Pictorial, Four Ways West Publications, La Mirada, CA. ISBN 1-885614-17-9 Stout, Greg (1995). Route of the Eagles, Missouri
Missouri
Pacific in the Streamlined Era, White River Productions, Bucklin, MO. ISBN 0-9659040-3-2

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Missouri
Missouri
Pacific Railroad.

Screaming Eagles Missouri
Missouri
Pacific Historical Society Sunshine Special Union Pacific
Union Pacific
Diesel Locomotive Paint Schemes Brief history of the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific Handbook of Texas: Missouri
Missouri
Pacific System Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
and Indian Territory

v t e

Class I railroads of North America

Current

United States

AMTK BNSF CP- D&H, SOO CSXT CN- GTC KCS NS UP

Canada

CN CP VIA

Mexico

FXE KCSM

Former (1956–present)

AA ACL AC&Y AGS ASAB AT&N AT&SF AUT A&WP B&AR B&M BN B&O CAR&NW CB&Q C&EI CG CGW C&IM CNJ CNO&TP C&NW C&O CPME CR CRR C&S CS CSPM&O CV C&W C&WC DL&W DM&IR D&RGW DSS&A DT&I D&TSL DW&P EJ&E EL ERIE FEC FW&D GA GB&W G&F GM&O GN GS&F GTW IC ICG ITC KO&G L&A L&HR LI L&M L&N L&NE LS&I LV MEC MGA MI MILW/CMStP&P MIS MKT MN&S MON MP M&STL NC&STL NH NKP/ NYC&StL NYS&W NO&NE NP NS N&W NWP NYC NYCN NYO&W PC P&LE P&N PRR PRSL P&WV RDG RF&P RUT QA&P RI/CRIP S&A SAL SBD SCL SD&AE SI SIRT SLSF SLSFTX SN SOU SP SP&S SSW TC TFM TM T&NO T&P TP&W VGN WA WAB WC WM WP

(pre–1956)

A AB&A AB&C AC A&D AE A&NM A&STL A&V BA&P BC&A B&G BRI BR&P B&S BSL&W C&A CA&C C&C CC&CS CCC&STL CD&C C&E C&G CH&D C&I CINN CI&S CI&W CL&N CM CM&PS CNE CNNE CNOR C&OIN CP&STL CPVT CRI&G CR&NW CRP CS CTH&SE CV&M CVRR DGH&M D&IR D&M DM&N DNW&P D&SL EI&TH EP&SW E&TH F&CC FJ&G FS&W FW&RG GC&SF GH&SA GM&N GR&I G&SI HE&WT H&TC HV ICRY IGN ISRR KCM&O KCM&OTX K&M LA&SL LA&T LE&W LH&STL LR&N LR&NTX LS&MS LW M&A MC MD&V M&I MKTTX MLR ML&T M&NA M&O MO&G MSC MSP&SSM MTR MV NAL NCRY NJ&NY NN NOGN NOM&C NOT&M NYP&N OCAA OE OR&L OSL OWRN PB&W PCC&STL PCO PE P&E PERK PM P&NT PRDG P&S P&SF PS&N QO&KC SA&AP SAU&G SB&NY SD&A SFP&P S&IE SIND SJ&GI SKTX SLB&M SLIM&S SOUMS SSWTX SUN T&BV T&FS T&N T&OC TSTL&W U&D UTAH VAND VS&P V&SW WF&NW WF&S WJ&S W&LE WPT WSN WV Y&MV

Timeline

1910–29 1930–76 1977–present

Railroads in italics meet the revenue specifications for Class I status, but are not technically Class I railroads due to being passenger-only railroads with no

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