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(i) (i) (i) (i)

The MINISTRY OF THE ARMED FORCES (French : Ministre des Armées) is the French cabinet member charged with running the French Armed Forces .

The minister in charge of the Armed Forces has evolved within the epoque and regimes. The minister is always attached to a ministry or state secretary bureau, today attached to the MINISTRY OF THE ARMED FORCES.

The SECRETARY OF STATE OF WAR was one of the four specialised secretaries of state established in France
France
in 1589. This State Secretary was responsible for the French Army
French Army
(similarly, the Naval Ministers of France
France
and the Colonies was created in 1669). In 1791, the secretary of state of war becomes MINISTER OF WAR, with this ministerial function being abolished in 1794 and re-established in 1795. In 1930, the position was often referred to as MINISTER OF WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE. In 1947, 2 years following World War II
World War II
, the ministry merged with the MINISTRY OF THE NAVY and the Ministry of Air (created in 1930), while being headed by a MINISTER OF NATIONAL DEFENCE responsible for the French Armed Forces
French Armed Forces
, often referred to as MINISTER OF THE ARMED FORCES and since 1947 until 2017, designated as MINISTER OF DEFENSE.

Based on the governments, he or she may be assisted by a state secretary for veterans' affairs.

The current Minister of the Armed Forces is Florence Parly .

CONTENTS

* 1 From 1589 to 1791 (Ancien Régime) Secretary of State of War * 2 From 1791 to the French Consulate: Minister of War * 3 Consulat and First French Empire
First French Empire
* 4 First Restoration * 5 Second Restoration * 6 July Monarchy: August 9, 1830 to February 24, 1848 * 7 French Second Republic
French Second Republic
* 8 Second French Empire
Second French Empire
* 9 French Third Republic
French Third Republic
* 10 Commissioners for War, 1941–1944 * 11 French Fourth Republic
French Fourth Republic
* 12 French Fifth Republic
French Fifth Republic
* 13 See also * 14 References * 15 External links

FROM 1589 TO 1791 (ANCIEN RéGIME ) SECRETARY OF STATE OF WAR

SECRETARY OF STATE OF WAR TENURE START TENURE END

Louis de Revol 1 January 1589 1594

Nicolas IV de Neufville de Villeroy 1594 1606

Nicolas Brulart de Sillery 4 March 1606 1616

Claude Mangot (fr) 9 August 1616 25 November 1616

Jean Armand Duplessis, duc de Richelieu 25 November 1616 1617

Nicolas Brûlart de Sillery 26 April 1617 1624

Charles Le Beauclerc (fr) 5 February 1624 1630

Abel Servien 11 December 1630 1636

François Sublet 12 February 1636 1643

Michel le Tellier 13 April 1643 1651

François Michel le Tellier, marquis de Louvois 1666 16 July 1691

Louis-François le Tellier de Louvois, marquis de Barbezieux 16 July 1691 5 January 1701

Michel Chamillart
Michel Chamillart
5 January 1701 9 June 1709

Daniel Voysin de la Noiraye 9 June 1709 14 September 1715

Claude Louis Hector de Villars
Claude Louis Hector de Villars
1 October 1715 24 September 1718

Claude le Blanc 24 September 1718 1 July 1723

François Victor le Tonnelier de Breteuil 1 July 1723 19 June 1726

Claude le Blanc 19 June 1726 1728

Nicolas Prosper Bauyn d\'Angervilliers July 1728 February 1740

François Victor le Tonnelier de Breteuil February 1740 7 January 1743

Marc Pierre de Voyer de Paulmy, comte d\'Argenson 7 January 1743 1 February 1757

Marc-René de Voyer, marquis de Paulmy 1 February 1757 3 March 1758

Charles Louis Auguste Fouquet, duc de Belle-Isle 3 March 1758 27 January 1761

Étienne François, duc de Choiseul
Étienne François, duc de Choiseul
27 January 1761 24 December 1770

Louis François, marquis de Monteynard 26 January 1771 27 January 1774

Emmanuel Armand de Vignerot du Plessis de Richelieu, duc d\'Aiguillon 27 January 1774 2 June 1774

Louis Nicolas Victor de Félix d\'Ollières, comte du Muy 5 June 1774 10 October 1775

Claude Louis, Comte de Saint-Germain 27 October 1775 27 September 1777

Alexandre Marie Léonor de Saint-Mauris de Montbarrey
Alexandre Marie Léonor de Saint-Mauris de Montbarrey
27 September 1777 19 December 1780

Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur 23 December 1780 29 August 1787

Louis Charles-Auguste le Tonnelier, baron de Breteuil 29 August 1787 23 September 1787

Athanase Louis Marie de Loménie, comte de Brienne 23 September 1787 30 November 1788

Louis Pierre de Chastenet, comte de Puységur 30 November 1788 13 July 1789

Victor François, Duc de Broglie 13 July 1789 16 July 1789

Jean-Frédéric de la Tour du Pin-Gouvernet 4 August 1789 16 November 1790

Louis le Bègue du Presle Duportail 16 November 1790 7 December 1791

FROM 1791 TO THE FRENCH CONSULATE : MINISTER OF WAR

MINISTER OF WAR TENURE START TENURE END

Louis, comte de Narbonne-Lara 7 December 1791 9 March 1792

Pierre Marie de Grave 9 March 1792 9 May 1792

Joseph Marie Servan de Gerbey 9 May 1792 13 June 1792

Charles Dumouriez 13 June 1792 18 June 1792

Pierre August Lajard 18 June 1792 23 July 1792

Charles Franqueville d\'Abancourt 23 July 1792 10 August 1792

Joseph Marie Servan de Gerbey 10 August 1792 3 October 1792

Pierre Henri Hélène Marie Lebrun-Tondu 3 October 1792 18 October 1792

Jean-Nicolas Pache 18 October 1792 4 February 1793

Pierre Riel de Beurnonville
Pierre Riel de Beurnonville
4 February 1793 1 April 1793

Pierre Henri Hélène Marie Lebrun-Tondu 1 April 1793 4 April 1793

Jean Baptiste Noël Bouchotte 4 April 1793 20 April 1794

none 20 April 1794 3 November 1795

Jean-Baptiste Aubert-Dubayet 3 November 1795 8 February 1796

Claude Louis Petiet 8 February 1796 15 July 1797

Lazare Hoche
Lazare Hoche
15 July 1797 22 July 1797

Barthélemy Louis Joseph Scherer 22 July 1797 21 February 1799

Louis Marie de Milet de Mureau 21 February 1799 2 July 1799

Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte 2 July 1799 14 September 1799

Edmond Louis Alexis Dubois-Crancé 14 September 1799 10 November 1799

CONSULAT AND FIRST FRENCH EMPIRE

MINISTER OF WAR TENURE START TENURE END

Louis-Alexandre Berthier
Louis-Alexandre Berthier
11 November 1799 2 April 1800

Lazare Carnot 2 April 1800 8 October 1800

Louis-Alexandre Berthier, prince de Neuchâtel 8 October 1800 19 August 1807

Henri Clarke, duc de Feltre 19 August 1807 1 April 1814

FIRST RESTORATION

MINISTER OF WAR TENURE START TENURE END

Pierre-Antoine, comte Dupont de l\'Étang 3 April 1814 3 December 1814

Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, duc de Dalmatie 3 December 1814 11 March 1815

Henri Clarke, duc de Feltre 11 March 1815 20 March 1815

Louis Nicolas Davout, duc d\'Auerstadt 20 March 1815 7 July 1815

SECOND RESTORATION

MINISTER OF WAR TENURE START TENURE END

Laurent, comte de Gouvion de Saint-Cyr 7 July 1815 26 September 1815

Henri Clarke, duc de Feltre 26 September 1815 12 September 1817

Laurent, marquis de Gouvion de Saint-Cyr 12 September 1817 19 November 1819

Marie Victor Nicolas de Fay, marquis de La Tour-Maubourg 19 November 1819 14 December 1821

Claude Victor, duc de Bellune 14 December 1821 23 March 1823

Alexandre, vicomte Digeon 23 March 1823 15 April 1823

Claude Victor, duc de Bellune 15 April 1823 19 October 1823

Ange Hyacinthe Maxence, baron de Damas 19 October 1823 4 August 1824

Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre 4 August 1824 4 January 1828

Louis Victor de Blacquetot de Caux 4 January 1828 8 August 1829

Louis-Auguste-Victor, Count de Ghaisnes de Bourmont 8 August 1829 31 July 1830

JULY MONARCHY : AUGUST 9, 1830 TO FEBRUARY 24, 1848

MINISTER OF WAR TENURE START TENURE END

Étienne Maurice, comte Gérard 31 July 1830 17 November 1830

Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, duc de Dalmatie 17 November 1830 18 July 1834

Étienne Maurice, comte Gérard 18 July 1834 10 November 1834

Simon Bernard 10 November 1834 18 November 1834

Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, duc de Trévise 18 November 1834 12 March 1835

Henri Gauthier, comte de Rigny 12 March 1835 30 April 1835

Nicolas Joseph, marquis Maison 30 April 1835 6 September 1836

Simon Bernard 6 September 1836 31 March 1839

Amédée Louis Despans-Cubières 31 March 1839 12 May 1839

Antoine Virgile Schneider 12 May 1839 1 March 1840

Amédée Louis Despans-Cubières 1 March 1840 29 October 1840

Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, duc de Dalmatie 29 October 1840 10 November 1845

Alexandre Pierre Chevalier Moline de Saint-Yon 10 November 1845 9 May 1847

Camille Alphonse Trézel 9 May 1847 24 February 1848

FRENCH SECOND REPUBLIC

MINISTER OF WAR TENURE START TENURE END

Marie Alphonse Bedeau 24 February 1848 25 February 1848

Jacques Gervais, baron Subervie 25 February 1848 20 March 1848

Louis Eugène Cavaignac
Louis Eugène Cavaignac
20 March 1848 5 April 1848

François Arago
François Arago
5 April 1848 11 May 1848

Jean-Baptiste Adolphe Charras 11 May 1848 17 May 1848

Louis Eugène Cavaignac
Louis Eugène Cavaignac
17 May 1848 28 June 1848

Louis Juchault de Lamoricière 28 June 1848 20 December 1848

Joseph Marcellin Rulhières 20 December 1848 31 October 1849

Alphonse Henri, comte d\'Hautpoul 31 October 1849 22 October 1850

Jean-Paul, comte de Schramm 22 October 1850 9 January 1851

Auguste Étienne, comte Régnault de Saint-Jean d\'Angély 9 January 1851 24 January 1851

Jacques Louis Randon 24 January 1851 26 October 1851

SECOND FRENCH EMPIRE

MINISTER OF WAR TENURE START TENURE END

Jacques Leroy de Saint Arnaud
Jacques Leroy de Saint Arnaud
26 October 1851 11 March 1854

Jean-Baptiste Philibert Vaillant 11 March 1854 5 May 1859

Jacques Louis Randon 5 May 1859 20 January 1867

Adolphe Niel 20 January 1867 13 August 1869

Charles Rigault de Genouilly
Charles Rigault de Genouilly
13 August 1869 21 August 1869

Edmond Leboeuf 21 August 1869 20 July 1870

Pierre Charles Dejean 20 July 1870 10 August 1870

Charles Cousin-Montauban, Comte de Palikao 10 August 1870 4 September 1870

FRENCH THIRD REPUBLIC

MINISTER OF WAR TENURE START TENURE END

Adolphe Charles Le Flô 4 September 1870 5 June 1871

Ernest Courtot de Cissey 5 June 1871 25 May 1873

François Claude du Barail 29 May 1873 22 May 1874

Ernest Courtot de Cissey 22 May 1874 15 August 1876

Jean Auguste Berthaut
Jean Auguste Berthaut
15 August 1876 23 November 1877

Gaétan de Grimaudet de Rochebouët 23 November 1877 13 December 1877

Jean-Louis Borel 13 December 1877 16 May 1878

Henri François Xavier Gresley 16 May 1878 28 December 1879

Jean Joseph Frédéric Adolphe Farre 28 December 1879 14 November 1881

Jean-Baptiste Campenon 14 November 1881 26 January 1882

Jean-Baptiste Billot 30 January 1882 29 January 1883

Jean Thibaudin 31 January 1883 9 October 1883

Jean-Baptiste Campenon 9 October 1883 3 January 1885

Jules Louis Lewal
Jules Louis Lewal
3 January 1885 6 April 1885

Jean-Baptiste Campenon 6 April 1885 7 January 1886

Georges Boulanger
Georges Boulanger
7 January 1886 30 May 1887

Théophile Ferron (fr) 30 May 1887 12 December 1887

François Auguste Logerot (fr) 12 December 1887 3 April 1888

Charles de Freycinet 3 April 1888 11 January 1893

Julien Léon Loizillon 11 January 1893 3 December 1893

Auguste Mercier 3 December 1893 24 January 1895

Émile Zurlinden 28 January 1895 1 November 1895

Godefroy Cavaignac 1 November 1895 29 April 1896

Jean-Baptiste Billot 29 April 1896 28 June 1898

Godefroy Cavaignac 28 June 1898 5 September 1898

Émile Zurlinden 5 September 1898 17 September 1898

Charles Chanoine 17 September 1898 25 October 1898

Édouard Locroy 25 October 1898 1 November 1898

Charles de Freycinet 1 November 1898 6 May 1899

Camille Krantz (fr) 6 May 1899 22 June 1899

Gaston, marquis de Gallifet 22 June 1899 20 May 1900

Louis André 20 May 1900 14 November 1904

Maurice Berteaux 14 November 1904 12 November 1905

Eugène Étienne 12 November 1905 25 October 1906

Georges Picquart
Georges Picquart
25 October 1906 24 July 1909

Jean Brun 24 July 1909 23 February 1911

Aristide Briand
Aristide Briand
23 February 1911 2 March 1911

Maurice Berteaux 2 March 1911 21 May 1911

François Louis Auguste Goiran (fr) 27 May 1911 27 June 1911

Adolphe Messimy 27 June 1911 14 January 1912

Alexandre Millerand 14 January 1912 12 January 1913

Albert Lebrun
Albert Lebrun
12 January 1913 21 January 1913

Eugène Étienne 21 January 1913 9 December 1913

Joseph Noulens 9 December 1913 9 June 1914

Théophile Delcassé
Théophile Delcassé
9 June 1914 13 June 1914

Adolphe Messimy 13 June 1914 26 August 1914

Alexandre Millerand 26 August 1914 29 October 1915

Joseph Gallieni 29 October 1915 16 March 1916

Pierre Roques 16 March 1916 12 December 1916

Hubert Lyautey 12 December 1916 14 March 1917

Lucien Lacaze 14 March 1917 20 March 1917

Paul Painlevé 20 March 1917 16 November 1917

Georges Clemenceau
Georges Clemenceau
16 November 1917 20 January 1920

André Joseph Lefèvre 20 January 1920 16 December 1920

Flaminius Raiberti 16 December 1920 16 January 1921

Louis Barthou
Louis Barthou
16 January 1921 15 January 1922

André Maginot 15 January 1922 14 June 1924

Charles Nollet 14 June 1924 17 April 1925

Paul Painlevé 17 April 1925 29 October 1925

Édouard Daladier
Édouard Daladier
29 October 1925 28 November 1925

Paul Painlevé 28 November 1925 23 June 1926

Adolphe Guillaumat
Adolphe Guillaumat
23 June 1926 19 July 1926

Paul Painlevé 19 July 1926 3 November 1929

André Maginot 3 November 1929 21 February 1930

René Besnard 21 February 1930 2 March 1930

André Maginot 2 March 1930 13 December 1930

Louis Barthou
Louis Barthou
13 December 1930 27 January 1931

André Maginot 27 January 1931 6 January 1932

André Tardieu 14 January 1932 20 February 1932

MINISTER OF NATIONAL DEFENSE TENURE START TENURE END

François Piétri
François Piétri
20 February 1932 3 June 1932

MINISTER OF WAR TENURE START TENURE END

Joseph Paul-Boncour 3 June 1932 18 December 1932

Édouard Daladier
Édouard Daladier
18 December 1932 30 January 1934

MINISTER OF WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE TENURE START TENURE END

Jean Fabry
Jean Fabry
30 January 1934 4 February 1934

Joseph Paul-Boncour 4 February 1934 9 February 1934

MINISTER OF WAR TENURE START TENURE END

Philippe Pétain
Philippe Pétain
9 February 1934 8 November 1934

Louis Maurin 8 November 1934 7 June 1935

Jean Fabry
Jean Fabry
7 June 1935 24 January 1936

Louis Maurin 24 January 1936 4 June 1936

MINISTER OF WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE TENURE START TENURE END

Édouard Daladier
Édouard Daladier
4 June 1936 18 May 1940

Paul Reynaud
Paul Reynaud
18 May 1940 16 June 1940

MINISTER OF WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE TENURE START TENURE END

Maxime Weygand
Maxime Weygand
(Minister of National Defense) 16 June 1940 11 July 1940

Louis Colson (fr) (Minister of War) 16 June 1940 11 July 1940

SECRETARY OF STATE OF WAR TENURE START TENURE END

Charles Huntziger 6 September 1940 11 August 1941

MINISTER OF NATIONAL DEFENSE TENURE START TENURE END

François Darlan 11 August 1941 18 April 1942

Eugène Bridoux 18 April 1942 20 August 1944

COMMISSIONERS FOR WAR, 1941–1944

COMMISSIONER TENURE START TENURE END

Paul Legentilhomme 24 September 1941 9 November 1943

Template: André Le Troquer 9 November 1943 4 April 1944

André Diethelm (fr) 4 April 1944 10 September 1944

FRENCH FOURTH REPUBLIC

Ministre of Armed Forces :

* 21 November 1945 - 24 June 1946 : Edmond Michelet

Minister of National Defence :

* 24 June 1946 - 16 December 1946 : Félix Gouin * 16 December 1946 - 22 January 1947 : André Le Troquer * 22 January 1947 - 4 May 1947 : François Billoux * 4 May 1947 - 22 October 1947 : Yvon Delbos (by interim)

Ministre of the Armed Forces :

* 24 June 1946 - 16 December 1946 : Edmond Michelet

Minister of War :

* 22 January 1947 - 22 October 1947 : Paul Coste-Floret

Minister of the Navy :

* 22 January 1947 - 22 October 1947 : Louis Jacquinot

Minister of the Air Force :

* 22 January 1947 - 22 October 1947 : André Maroselli (fr)

Minister of National Defence :

* 22 October 1947 - 26 July 1948 : Pierre-Henri Teitgen * 26 July 1948 - 11 September 1948 : René Mayer * 11 September 1948 - 28 October 1949 : Paul Ramadier * 28 October 1949 - 12 July 1950 : René Pleven * 12 July 1950 - 11 August 1951 : Jules Moch * 11 August 1951 - 8 March 1952 : Georges Bidault
Georges Bidault
* 8 March 1952 - 8 January 1953 : René Pleven

Minister of Natinonal Defence and the Armed Forces :

* 8 January 1953 - 19 June 1954 : René Pleven * 19 June 1954 - 14 August 1954 : Marie-Pierre Kœnig * 14 August 1954 - 20 January 1955 Emmanuel Temple (fr) – By interim until 3 September 1954

Minister of National Defence :

* 20 January 1955 - 23 February 1955 : Jacques Chevallier

Ministre of the Armed Forces :

* 20 January 1955 - 23 February 1955 : Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury

Minister of National Defence and the Armed Forces:

* 23 February 1955 - 6 October 1955 : Pierre Kœnig * 6 October 1955 - 1 February 1956 : Pierre Billotte

Minister of National Defence:

* 1 February 1956 - 13 June 1957 : Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury

Minister of National Defence and the Armed Forces:

* 13 June 1957 - 6 November 1957 : André Morice * 6 November 1957 - 14 May 1958 : Jacques Chaban-Delmas

Minister of the Armed Forces :

* 14 May 1958 - 1 June 1958 : Pierre de Chevigné

Minister of National Defence :

* 1 June 1958 - 8 January 1959 : Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle

Minister of the Armed Forces :

* 1 June 1958 - 5 February 1960 : Pierre Guillaumat (1909-1991)

FRENCH FIFTH REPUBLIC

Minister of the Armed Forces:

* 8 January 1959 – 5 February 1960: Pierre Guillaumat * 5 February 1960 – 22 June 1969: Pierre Messmer

Minister of National Defence:

* 22 June 1969 – 4 April 1973: Michel Debré

Minister of the Armed Forces:

* 4 April 1973 – 28 May 1974: Robert Galley

MINISTER OF DEFENCE TENURE START TENURE END

Jacques Soufflet (fr) 28 May 1974 1 February 1975

Yvon Bourges 1 February 1975 2 October 1980

Joël Le Theule 2 October 1980 14 December 1980

Robert Galley 22 December 1980 22 May 1981

Charles Hernu
Charles Hernu
22 May 1981 20 September 1985

Paul Quilès 20 September 1985 20 March 1986

André Giraud (fr) 20 March 1986 12 May 1988

Jean-Pierre Chevènement
Jean-Pierre Chevènement
12 May 1988 29 January 1991

Pierre Joxe 29 January 1991 9 March 1993

Pierre Bérégovoy
Pierre Bérégovoy
9 March 1993 29 March 1993

François Léotard 29 March 1993 18 May 1995

Charles Millon 18 May 1995 4 June 1997

Alain Richard 4 June 1997 7 May 2002

Michèle Alliot-Marie
Michèle Alliot-Marie
7 May 2002 15 May 2007

Hervé Morin
Hervé Morin
18 May 2007 14 November 2010

MINISTER OF DEFENCE AND VETERANS AFFAIRS TENURE START TENURE END

Alain Juppé
Alain Juppé
14 November 2010 27 February 2011

Gérard Longuet 27 February 2011 16 May 2012

Jean-Yves Le Drian 16 May 2012 17 May 2017

Minister of the Armies :

* 21 June 2017–present: Florence Parly

SEE ALSO

* Secretary of State of the Navy (France) * Secretary of State for War (France) * Minister of the Navy (France)

* Chief of the general staff headquarters of the Armies (French: Chef d'État-Major des Armées, CEMA)

* Chief of Staff of the French Army
French Army
(French: Chef d'État-Major de l'Armée de Terre, CEMAT) * Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (French: Chef d'État-Major de l'Armée de l'Air, CEMAA) * Chief of Staff of the French Navy (French: Chef d'État-Major de la Marine, CEMM) * French Special
Special
Operations Command (French: Commandement des Opérations Spéciales (COS)) * Direction générale de la Gendarmerie Nationale (French: Direction Générale de la Gendarmerie nationale (DGGN))

REFERENCES

* ^ From 1947 until 2017, the Ministry was designated as Ministry of Defense (French : Ministère de la Défense), the current Ministry is designated as Ministry of the Armies (French : Ministère des Armées); where as Ministry of the Armed Forces would be (French : Ministère des Forces Armées). * ^ From 1947 until 2017, the Ministry was designated as Ministry of Defense (French : Ministère de la Défense), the current Ministry is designated as Ministry of the Armies (French : Ministère des Armées); where as Ministry of the Armed Forces would be (French : Ministère des Forces Armées).

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Ministry of Defence * Ministry of Defence (in French) * "Ministries 1700–1870", Rulers.org

* v * t * e

Government of France
France

.