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The METROPOLITAN CITY (città metropolitana in Italian) is an administrative division of Italy
Italy
, operative since 2015. The metropolitan city, as defined by law, includes a large core city and the smaller surrounding towns that are closely related to it with regard to economic activities and essential public services, as well as to cultural relations and to territorial features.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Organisation * 3 Metropolitan cities * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

HISTORY

The original 1990 law individuated as metropolitan cities the comuni of Turin
Turin
, Milan
Milan
, Venice
Venice
, Genoa
Genoa
, Bologna
Bologna
, Florence
Florence
, Rome
Rome
, Bari
Bari
, Naples
Naples
and their respective hinterlands, reserving the autonomous regions the right to individuate metropolitan areas in their territory. In 2009, amendments added Reggio Calabria
Reggio Calabria
to the list. The metropolitan areas individuated by the autonomous regions were: Trieste
Trieste
in Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Friuli-Venezia Giulia
; Cagliari
Cagliari
in Sardinia ; Catania
Catania
, Messina
Messina
and Palermo
Palermo
in Sicily
Sicily
.

On 3 April 2014 the Italian Parliament approved a law that establishes 10 metropolitan cities in Italy
Italy
, excluding the autonomous regions. The new metropolitan cities have been operative since 1 January 2015.

ORGANISATION

The metropolitan city is composed by the municipalities (comuni) that before had been members of the same province. Each metropolitan city is headed by a metropolitan mayor (sindaco metropolitano) assisted by a legislative body, the Metropolitan council (consiglio metropolitano), and by a non-legislative assembly, the metropolitan conference (conferenza metropolitana). Members of the Metropolitan council are elected and chosen by mayors and city councillors of each municipality in the metropolitan city, the metropolitan mayor is the mayor of the provincial capital. The metropolitan conference is composed by the mayors of the municipalities closest to the capital.

The main functions devolved to the new metropolitan cities are:

* local planning and zoning; * provision of local police services; * transport and city services regulation.

METROPOLITAN CITIES

METROPOLITAN CITY AREA (KM²) POPULATION POPULATION DENSITY (/KM²) DATE MAYOR

ROME Roma 5,352 4,336,915 810 3 April 2014 Virginia Raggi (M5S )

MILAN Milano 1,575 3,190,340 2,026 3 April 2014 Giuseppe Sala
Giuseppe Sala
(PD )

NAPLES Napoli 1,171 3,128,702 2,672 3 April 2014 Luigi De Magistris (MA )

TURIN Torino 6,829 2,293,340 336 3 April 2014 Chiara Appendino (M5S )

PALERMO Palermo
Palermo
5,009 1,276,525 255 4 August 2015 Leoluca Orlando (I )

BARI Bari
Bari
3,821 1,251,004 327 3 April 2014 Antonio Decaro (PD )

CATANIA Catania
Catania
3,574 1,116,168 312 4 August 2015 Enzo Bianco (PD )

FLORENCE Firenze 3,514 1,007,435 287 3 April 2014 Dario Nardella (PD )

BOLOGNA Bologna
Bologna
3,702 1,005,831 271 3 April 2014 Virginio Merola (PD )

GENOA Genova 1,839 864,008 470 3 April 2014 Marco Bucci (I )

VENICE Venezia 2,462 858,455 349 3 April 2014 Luigi Brugnaro (I )

MESSINA Messina
Messina
3,266 647,477 198 4 August 2015 Renato Accorinti (I )

REGGIO CALABRIA Reggio Calabria
Reggio Calabria
3,183 558,959 176 3 April 2014 Giuseppe Falcomatà (PD )

CAGLIARI Cagliari
Cagliari
1,248 431,302 346 4 February 2016 Massimo Zedda (SI )

SEE ALSO

* Regions of Italy
Italy
* Provinces of Italy
Italy
* List of cities in Italy
Italy

REFERENCES

* ^ http://www.edscuola.it/archivio/norme/leggi/l142_90.html Law 8 June 1990 n. 142 * ^ Law 5 May 2009 n. 42 Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ http://www.ilsole24ore.com/art/notizie/2014-04-03/addio-vecchie-provice-e-legge-ddl-delrio-144336.shtml?uuid=ABRoQ37 * ^

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