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Methana
Methana
(Greek: Μέθανα) is a town and a former municipality on the Peloponnese
Peloponnese
peninsula, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Troizinia-Methana, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] The municipal unit has an area of 50.161 km2.[3] Methana
Methana
is situated on a volcanic (the Methana
Methana
Volcano) peninsula, attached to the Peloponnese. Administratively, it belongs to the Attica
Attica
region. The town (pop. 892 in 2011) is located north of the road connecting to the rest of the Peloponnese
Peloponnese
and Galatas. The highest point is 740 metres (2,428 feet) (Helona Mountain). The municipal unit has a land area of 50.161 square kilometres (19.367 square miles) and a population of 1,657 inhabitants at the 2011 census. The largest settlements besides the town of Methana
Methana
are Vathý (pop. 129), Megalochóri (115), Kounoupítsa (75), Kypséli (47), Ágioi Theódoroi (45), and Dritsaíika (205).

Contents

1 Subdivisions 2 Historical population 3 Volcanic activity 4 Geography 5 History 6 Persons 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Subdivisions[edit] The municipal unit Methana
Methana
is subdivided into the following communities (constituent villages in brackets):

Kounoupitsa
Kounoupitsa
(Kounoupitsa, Agios Georgios, Agios Nikolaos, Makrylongos, Palaia Loutra) Kypseli (Kypseli, Agioi Theodoroi) Loutropoli Methanon (Methana, Dritsaiika) Megalochori (Megalochori, Vathy, Kaimeni Chora, Megalo Potami)

Historical population[edit]

Year Community population Municipal unit population

1981 1,035 -

1991 1,054 2,056

2001 1,148 2,057

2011 1,097 1,657

Half of the entire peninsula's population lives in Methana
Methana
town. Volcanic activity[edit] Main article: Methana
Methana
Volcano

Methana
Methana
Volcano

The peninsula is entirely of volcanic origin and contains over 30 volcanic eruption centers. The last volcanic eruption occurred near present-day Kameni Chora
Kameni Chora
in 230 BC and a submarine volcano erupted in 1700. Famous writers such as Ovid, Strabo
Strabo
and Pausanias reported the last volcanic eruption in Methana. The peninsula is the northwesternmost of the arc of the Aegean islands of which the active volcanic areas are Methana, Milos, Santorini
Santorini
and Nisyros. In the future, Methana
Methana
(and the area of the Saronic gulf) may expect other volcanic eruptions. Geography[edit]

View of Methana
Methana
peninsula from the sea

Sulfurous bath inside sea

Since 1991, the peninsula has been investigated by the team of ETH Zürich geologically and cartographically. From this, a topographical map of the entire peninsula at a scale of 1:25,000 was made. An interactive 3D map was created and is on the World Wide Web. Also a rich photographic archive with about 10.000 color slides has been produced (see links below). The panorama of the northeastern part of Argolis, southeastern and eastern Corinthia
Corinthia
along with the southern part of the Attica
Attica
peninsula and the Saronic Islands of Aegina
Aegina
and Salamis along with a smaller one and the mountains of the eastern tip of the neighboring peninsula. Much of the peninsula is mountainous and bushy and grassy. The mountain range covers the central part of the peninsula and has a small ridge north of the seat. The residential area is within the sea. The pastures are around Methana. A mountain ridge is founded in the west and is about 3 km (2 mi) long with a stream in the middle and a cliff in the south. History[edit] The earliest known settlement (near the village of Vathy) dates from 1500–1300 BC. The first survey was conducted by Michael Deffner, who discovered a large throne, among other artefacts. Many ancient sites were identified through the archaeological survey conducted in the 1980s by the University of Liverpool in association with the British School at Athens. The Acropolis Palaiokastro
Acropolis Palaiokastro
is located near the village of Vathy. The fortress is in Kypseli at the coast Akropolis Oga at the principal pace of Nisaki
Nisaki
(Νησάκι, meaning little island). A Mycenaean settlement was excavated by Helene Konstolakis-Jiannopoulou in 1990 along with the chapel of Agios Konstantinos and Elenis. Selected artifacts can be visited in the museums of Poros island and in Piraeus. This site dates between 1500 and 1300 BC. In his History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides
Thucydides
tells of an Athenian expeditionary force under Nicias
Nicias
that after defeating Corinth (in 425 BC) built a wall across the isthmus to cut the Methana peninsula off from the mainland.[4] In the Hellenistic
Hellenistic
period, the peninsula became one of the Ptolemaic bases in the Aegean when it was renamed Arsinoe. Traditionally, the population of Methana
Methana
were Arvanites.[5] Persons[edit]

Giorgos Batis
Giorgos Batis
(1885–1967) singer Lina Nikolakopoulou Lyricist

See also[edit]

List of settlements in Attica

References[edit]

^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.  ^ Kallikratis law Greece
Greece
Ministry of Interior (in Greek) ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.  ^ Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War 4.45.2 ^ Sutton, Susan Buck; Adams, Keith W.; Project, Argolid Exploration (2000). Contingent countryside: settlement, economy, and land use in the southern Argolid since 1700. Stanford University Press. p. 349. ISBN 978-0-8047-3315-1. Retrieved 27 October 2010. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Methana.

"Methana". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.  Official website (in Greek) The alternative Methana
Methana
Website Project GTP Travel Pages (Community) Methana
Methana
Volcano Erosion of Methana Methana
Methana
Volcanoes

Places adjacent to Methana

Saronic Gulf

Saronic Gulf

Saronic Gulf

Troizina

v t e

Subdivisions of the municipality of Troizinia-Methana

Municipal unit of Methana

Kounoupitsa Kypseli Methana Megalochori

Municipal unit of Troizina

Ano Fanari Dryopi Galatas Karatzas Tak

.