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Mausolus
Mausolus
(Greek: Μαύσωλος or Μαύσσωλλος) was a ruler of Caria
Caria
(377–353 BC), nominally the Persian Satrap, who enjoyed the status of king or dynast by virtue of the powerful position created by his father Hecatomnus
Hecatomnus
who had succeeded the assassinated Persian Satrap
Satrap
Tissaphernes
Tissaphernes
in the Carian satrapy and founded the hereditary dynasty of the Hecatomnids.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Literature 3 References 4 External links

Biography[edit] Mausolus
Mausolus
was the eldest son of Hecatomnus, a native Carian who became the satrap of Caria
Caria
when Tissaphernes
Tissaphernes
died, around 395 BC. Mausolus
Mausolus
took part in the Revolt of the Satraps, both on his nominal sovereign Artaxerxes Mnemon's side and (briefly) against him; conquered a great part of Lycia, Ionia
Ionia
and several Greek islands; and cooperated with the Rhodians in the Social War against Athens. He moved his capital from Mylasa, the ancient seat of the Carian kings, to Halicarnassus. Mausolus
Mausolus
embraced Hellenic culture. He is best known for the monumental shrine, the Mausoleum
Mausoleum
at Halicarnassus, erected and named for him by order of his widow (who was also his sister) Artemisia. Antipater of Sidon listed the Mausoleum
Mausoleum
as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The architects Satyrus and Pythis, and the sculptors Scopas
Scopas
of Paros, Leochares, Bryaxis
Bryaxis
and Timotheus, finished the work after the death of Artemisia, some of them working, it was said, purely for renown. The site and a few remains can still be seen in the Turkish town of Bodrum. The term mausoleum has come to be used generically for any grand tomb. An inscription discovered at Milas, the ancient Mylasa,[1] details the punishment of certain conspirators who had made an attempt upon his life at a festival in a temple at Labranda
Labranda
in 353 BC. Literature[edit]

Simon Hornblower: Mausolus, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1982

References[edit]

^ Published by Philipp August Böckh, CIG ii. 2691 c.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mausolus.

Livius, Maussolus by Jona Lendering Caria  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mausolus". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 917. 

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 72187427 ISNI: 0000 0000 1058 9390 GND: 118641018 BNF:

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