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A major party is a political party that holds substantial influence in a country's politics, standing in contrast to a minor party. It should not be confused with majority party. According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary:

Major party: a political party having electoral strength sufficient to permit it to win control of a government usually with comparative regularity and when defeated to constitute the principal opposition to the party in power. — Merriam-Webster Dictionary online[1]

Major parties hold a significant percentage of the vote in elections and claim higher membership than minor parties. Typically, major parties have the most donors, best-organized support networks and excellent funding for elections. Their candidates for political positions are closely watched since they have the highest chance of being elected to office because of the high membership, recognition and donations that these parties are able to generate. Two major parties can lead to a two-party system. If there is only one major party, then it is a dominant-party system. In a multi-party system, a major party is one that occasionally controls the presidency or premiership and is the most influential party in a coalition government. List of major parties[edit]

Country Centre-left/Left-wing major party Centre-right/Right-wing major party Liberal/Centrist major party Other major parties Notes

Albania Socialist Party of Albania Democratic Party of Albania

Algeria National Liberation Front National Rally for Democracy

Andorra Social Democratic Party Democrats for Andorra Liberal Party of Andorra

Angola MPLA UNITA

Antigua and Barbuda Antigua Labour Party

United Progressive Party

Argentina Citizen's Unity Party
Citizen's Unity Party
(Peronist) Progresistas
Progresistas
(Anti-Peronist) Federal Peronism
Federal Peronism
(Right-wing Peronism) United for a New Alternative Cambiemos ( Coalition of Republican Proposal
Republican Proposal
and Radical Civic Union) Justicialist Party The Justicialist Party
Justicialist Party
has produced both leftist and rightist presidents; Néstor Kirchner
Néstor Kirchner
(2003–2007) and Cristina Fernández (2007–2015) were leftist, while fellow Justicialist Carlos Menem (1989–1999) was seen as neoliberal.[2] Politics in Argentine is less divided between left and right and more divided in Peronism
Peronism
and Anti-Peronism, historically led by Justicialist Party
Justicialist Party
and Radical Civic Union. Since the ascension of Kirchnerism, however, Peronism
Peronism
is more associated with left-wing nationalist politics critical to liberalism and neoliberalism and anti-peronism is associated with right-wing, neoliberal and liberal conservative politics

Armenia Armenian Revolutionary Federation Prosperous Armenia Way Out Alliance Republican Party of Armenia Despite described itself as a right-wing and national conservative, Republican Party of Armenia
Armenia
is considered the "Party of Power"

Aruba People's Electoral Movement Aruban People's Party

Australia Australian Labor Party Coalition (Liberal / National / Liberal National Party of Queensland)

Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria Austrian People's Party NEOS - The New Austria Freedom Party of Austria

Azerbaijan

New Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Party

The Bahamas Progressive Liberal Party Free National Movement

Bangladesh Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Awami League Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Nationalist Party Jatiya Party

Barbados Barbados
Barbados
Labour Party

Democratic Labour Party Both parties are centre-left. However, DLP is more centrist than BLP

Belarus

Belaya Rus

Belgium
Belgium
(Dutch-speaking) Different Socialist Party New Flemish Alliance Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats Christian Democratic and Flemish

Belgium
Belgium
(French-speaking) Socialist Party Citizens Movement for Change(MCC) Reformist Movement Humanist Democratic Centre Despite MR being a liberal party and CDH a Christian Democratic, MR is considered more right-wing than CDH. MCC is part of Reformist Movement

Belgium
Belgium
(German-speaking) Socialist Party Christian Social Party Party for Freedom
Party for Freedom
and Progress ProDG

Belize People's United Party United Democratic Party

Benin Union Makes the Nation Cowry Forces for an Emerging Benin

Bolivia Movement for Socialism National Unity Front

Christian Democratic Party

Bosnia and Herzegovina Alliance of Independent Social Democrats Party of Democratic Action

Botswana Botswana
Botswana
National Front Botswana
Botswana
Democratic Party

Brazil Workers' Party Change Brazil
Brazil
(coalition betwenn Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB) and Democrats) Progressive Party Social Democratic Party Brazilian Democratic Movement Party Despite PSDB
PSDB
being a centre to centre-left party, the party is in a alliance with Democrats since 1994 in a national level and in the majority of states. Democrats and its predecessor, Liberal Front Party were the main party of the Brazilian right-wing since his inception, in 1985, until 2011.

Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria Movement for Rights and Freedoms United Patriots

Burkina Faso People's Movement for Progress Union for Progress and Reform

Congress for Democracy and Progress

Cambodia Cambodian People's Party

Sam Rainsy Party

Canada New Democratic Party Conservative
Conservative
Party of Canada Liberal Party of Canada Bloc Québécois

Cape Verde African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde Movement for Democracy

Cayman Islands People's Progressive Movement United Democratic Party

Central Africa Central African Democratic Rally National Union for Democracy and Progress

Union for Central African Renewal

Chad

Patriotic Salvation Movement

Chile Socialist Party of Chile
Chile
(Current leader of New Majority) Chile
Chile
Vamos ( Coalition of National Renewal and Independent Democratic Union) Amplitude Evópoli Christian Democratic Party The Christian Democratic party was part of New Majority from 1990 to 2017, however, they broke with the New Majority in May 2017 and they became independent from any bloc. Amplitude is only represented in regional parliaments and Evópoli is a minor component of Chile
Chile
Vamos

China Communist Party of China

Colombia Colombian Liberal Party Colombian Conservative
Conservative
Party Social Party of National Unity Democratic Center

Costa Rica Citizens' Action Party (PAC) National Restoration Party National Liberation Party (PLN) Social Christian Unity Party

Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia Croatian Democratic Union Bridge of Independent Lists

Curaçao Partido MAN Movement for the Future of Curaçao Party for the Restructured Antilles

Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party Civic Democratic Party ANO 2011 Czech Pirate Party Freedom and Direct Democracy

Cyprus Progressive Party of Working People Democratic Rally Democratic Party Movement for Social Democracy

Democratic Republic of the Congo People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy Movement for the Liberation of the Congo Union for Democracy and Social Progress

Denmark Social Democrats Danish People's Party Venstre

Djibouti People's Rally for Progress Movement for Democratic Renewal and Development

Dominica Dominica
Dominica
Labour Party

United Workers' Party

East Timor Fretilin Peoples' Liberation Party Democratic Party National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction

Ecuador PAIS Alliance CREO SUMA Momevent Partido Social Cristiano SUMA Movement is associated with CREO. PSC - and its antecessors - was the major party from independence since 2006.

Egypt

Free Egyptians Party

Nation's Future Party

El Salvador Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front Nationalist Republican Alliance

Unity Movement

Equatorial Guinea

Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea

Eritrea People's Front for Democracy and Justice

Estonia Social Democratic Party Pro Patria and Res Publica Union Estonian Reform Party Estonian Centre Party

Ethiopia Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front

European Union Party of European Socialists European People's Party Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe

Faroe Islands Social Democratic Party People's Party Union Party Republic Social Democratic Party and Union Party defend Faroese unionism with Denmark, whether People's Party and Republic support independence from Denmark
Denmark
from a Conservative
Conservative
and left-wing populist ideology, respectively

Fiji National Federation Party Social Democratic Liberal Party FijiFirst

Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland National Coalition Party Centre Party Finns Party

France Socialist Party The Republicans En Marche!- MoDem
MoDem
Alliance National Front

Gabon

Gabonese Democratic Party

Gambia United Democratic Party Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction

Georgia Georgian Dream United National Movement

Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany CDU/CSU
CDU/CSU
(Union of Christian Democratic Union and Christian Social Union) Free Democratic Party Alliance '90/The Greens The Left Alternative for Germany

Ghana National Democratic Congress New Patriotic Party

Gibraltar Gibraltar
Gibraltar
Socialist Labour Party Gibraltar
Gibraltar
Social Democrats Liberal Party of Gibraltar

Greece Coalition of the Radical Left (Syriza) New Democracy

Golden Dawn Until the 2012 legislative election, Pasok was the major party of the centre-left.

Grenada National Democratic Congress New National Party

Guatemala National Unity of Hope Renewed Democratic Liberty Patriotic Party National Convergence Front

Guinea Guinean People's Assembly Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea

Guinea-Bissau African Party for the Independence of Guinea
Guinea
and Cape Verde

Party for Social Renewal

Guyana People's Progressive Party

A Partnership for National Unity

Haiti Fanmi Lavalas Haitian Tèt Kale Party

Truth

Hong Kong Pan-democracy camp Democratic Party is the largest party. Pro-Beijing camp DAB is the largest party.

Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party Fidesz
Fidesz
– Hungarian Civic Union Christian Democratic People's Party - KDNP Politics Can Be Different Jobbik Although Fidesz
Fidesz
and KDNP are different entities, since 2005 they form an alliance that lasts until today. KDNP is considered a satellite of Fidesz, to the point that the current shared cabinet betwenn Fidesz and KDNP is not considered a "coalition government" even by members of the both parties.

Iceland Social Democratic Alliance Independence Party Progressive Party Left-Green Movement

India United Progressive Alliance
United Progressive Alliance
led by Indian National Congress National Democratic Alliance led by Bharatiya Janata Party

Indonesia Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle Golkar
Golkar
Party Democratic Party Gerindra Party

Ireland Sinn Féin Fine Gael Fianna Fáil Labour Party Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
received the largest share of the vote in Ireland from 1932 to 2011, when it was returned in third place with just 17.4% of the vote. The Labour Party was for most of Ireland's existence the largest centre-left party in Ireland. The government it led with Fine Gael
Fine Gael
was unpopular, and the party's votes went from 19.4% to 6.6%. The President of Ireland, Michael D. Higgins, is still a member.

Israel Zionist Union
Zionist Union
led by Israel
Israel
Labor Party Likud Yesh Atid Kulanu Joint List (Israel)

Iran Reformists Principlists

Italy Democratic Party Lega Forza Italia Five Star Movement Brothers of Italy Until 1992 the major party was Christian Democracy, which had been in government for five decades; the second party was the Italian Communist Party. Forza Italia, Brothers of Italy
Italy
and Lega até members of centre-right coalition. Forza Italia was the main right-Wing party until mid-2010s, but lost many conservative members between 2013 and 2018 elections and became a smaller and more liberal party

Ivory Coast Ivorian Popular Front Democratic Party of Côte d'Ivoire – African Democratic Rally Rally of the Republicans Union for Democracy and Peace in Côte d'Ivoire

Japan Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan Liberal Democratic Party Kibō no Tō

Jamaica People's National Party Jamaica
Jamaica
Labour Party

Kazakhstan

Nur Otan

Kenya Orange Democratic Movement The National Alliance

Kyrgyzstan Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan Respublika–Ata Zhurt

Kosovo Vetëvendosje Democratic League of Kosovo

Democratic Party of Kosovo

Latvia Social Democratic Party "Harmony" Unity Union of Greens and Farmers National Alliance

Lesotho Democratic Congress All Basotho Convention

Liberia

Congress for Democratic Change Unity Party

Liechtenstein Free List Progressive Citizens' Party Patriotic Union The Independents

Lithuania Lithuanian Social Democratic Party Homeland Union Liberal Movement Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union

Luxembourg Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Socialist Workers' Party Christian Social People's Party Democratic Party

Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia VMRO-DPMNE

Malaysia Pakatan Rakyat Barisan Nasional

Malawi

Malawi
Malawi
Congress Party Democratic Progressive Party

Maldives

Progressive Party of Maldives Maldivian Democratic Party

Malta Labour Party Nationalist Party

Mexico Party of the Democratic Revolution National Action Party

Institutional Revolutionary Party PRI was founded in 1929 as a left-of-centre party and stayed in the power from his inception until 2000. However, despite being a member of Socialist International, its left-wing character is questionable. The party is labeled as a catch-all ""Party of Power".

Monaco

Rally & Issues Union Monégasque

Moldova Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova Liberal Party of Moldova Democratic Party of Moldova

Mongolia Mongolian People's Party Democratic Party

Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists Democratic Front

Mozambique FRELIMO RENAMO

Morocco

Justice and Development Party

Istiqlal Party Authenticity and Modernity Party

Myanmar National League for Democracy Union Solidarity and Development Party

The military of Myanmar
Myanmar
appoints 25% of the seats in the Assembly of the Union, the legislature in Myanmar.

Nagorno Karabakh Armenian Revolutionary Federation Free Motherland

Democratic Party of Artsakh

Namibia SWAPO

Nepal Communist Party of Nepal
Nepal
(Unified Marxist–Leninist)

Nepali Congress Unified Communist Party of Nepal
Nepal
(Maoist)

Netherlands Socialist Party People's Party for Freedom
Party for Freedom
and Democracy Democrats 66 Christian Democratic Appeal Party for Freedom Labour Party was the major left-wing party since his inception until 2017 Dutch election

New Zealand Labour Party National Party

New Zealand
New Zealand
Green Party New Zealand
New Zealand
First

Nicaragua Sandinista National Liberation Front Constitutionalist Liberal Party Independent Liberal Party

Niger Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism National Movement for the Development of Society

Nigerien Democratic Movement for an African Federation

Nigeria All Progressives Congress People's Democratic Party

Northern Cyprus Republican Turkish Party National Unity Party People's Party

Norway Labour Party Conservative
Conservative
Party Progress Party Venstre Christian People's Party Centre Party Conservatives and Progress Party are in coalition since 2013

Pakistan Pakistan
Pakistan
People's Party Pakistan
Pakistan
Muslim League (Nawaz) Muttahida Qaumi Movement Pakistan
Pakistan
Tehreek-e-Insaf

Papua New Guinea People's National Congress National Alliance Party

Paraguay Frente Guasú Colorado Party Authentic Radical Liberal Party

Peru Broad Front Popular Force Peruvians for Change

Philippines Philippine Democratic Party-People’s Power Nationalist People's Coalition Liberal Party

Puerto Rico Popular Democratic Party New Progressive Party

Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
is the only territory within the jurisdiction of USA with different major parties from the rest of the USA.

Poland Democratic Left Alliance Law and Justice Modern Civic Platform Democratic Left Alliance
Democratic Left Alliance
is currently only represented in European parliament.

Portugal Socialist Party CDS – People's Party PPD/PSD - Social Democratic Party Unitary Democratic Coalition Left Bloc PSD and CDS rarely governed Portugal
Portugal
without mutual support; Both parties are considered natural allies with similar ideologies; PSD, however, PSD, however, is much larger and more liberal than the socially conservative CDS

Republic of China
Republic of China
(Taiwan) Democratic Progressive Party Kuomintang
Kuomintang
(Nationalist Party of China) New Power Party People First Party

Romania Social Democratic Party National Liberal Party

Russia Communist Party of Russia United Russia

A Just Russia Liberal Democratic Party of Russia

Rwanda Social Democratic Party Rwandan Patriotic Front

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Polisario Front

Saint Lucia Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
Labour Party United Workers Party

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Unity Labour Party New Democratic Party

San Marino United Left Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party RETE Movement

São Tomé and Príncipe Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party Independent Democratic Action

Serbia Socialist Party of Serbia Serbian Progressive Party Democratic Party (Serbia) Serbian Radical Party

Seychelles People's Party Seychelles
Seychelles
National Party

Senegal

Senegalese Democratic Party Alliance for the Republic

Sierra Leone All People's Congress

Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
People's Party

Singapore Workers' Party of Singapore People's Action Party

Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy Freedom and Solidarity Ordinary People Kotleba – People's Party Our Slovakia

Slovenia Social Democrats Slovenian Democratic Party Modern Centre Party Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia

Somaliland For Justice and Development

Peace, Unity, and Development Party

South Africa African National Congress Democratic Alliance

South Korea Minjoo Party of Korea
Minjoo Party of Korea
(Democratic Party) Liberty Korea Party People's Party

South Ossetia Socialist Party "Unity of the People" United Ossetia

Unity Party and Communist Party of South Ossetia
South Ossetia
were major parties before 2014 election

South Sudan

Sudan
Sudan
People's Liberation Movement

Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party People's Party Citizens Podemos Republican Left of Catalonia (major left-wing party in Catalonia) Catalan European Democratic Party
Catalan European Democratic Party
(major liberal party in Catalonia) Basque Nationalist Party
Basque Nationalist Party
(major party in Basque) Canarian Coalition (major party in the Canary Islands)

Sri-Lanka United People's Freedom Alliance United National Party

Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna
Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna
& Tamil National Alliance

Palestine Palestine Liberation Organization Fatah
Fatah
is the largest party. Hamas

Sudan

National Congress

Suriname National Democratic Party Progressive Reform Party

Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Labour Party Moderate Party Centre Party Liberals Sweden
Sweden
Democrats Moderate Party
Moderate Party
lead the Centre-right Alliance, along with the Centre Party, the Liberals and the Christian Democratic Coalition

Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland Swiss People's Party FDP.The Liberals Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland The magic formula system means that these parties are guaranteed representation in the Swiss Federal Council

Tajikistan

People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan

Tanzania Chama Cha Mapinduzi Chadema

Thailand

Pheu Thai Party Democrat Party

Togo Save Togo
Togo
Collective

Union for the Republic

Transnistria

Renewal

Trinidad and Tobago United National Congress People's National Movement

Tunisia Nidaa Tounes Ennahda Movement

Turkey Republican People's Party Justice and Development Party

Ukraine Opposition Bloc Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity" People's Front

United Kingdom (Great Britain)[3] Labour Party Conservative
Conservative
Party Liberal Democrats United Kingdom Independence Party
United Kingdom Independence Party
(major party in European Parliament) Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
(major party in Scotland, third party in the House of Commons) Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
(major party in Wales) From the 17th through mid-19th century, the Whigs and the Tories were the major parties. From 1859 to 1922, Liberal Party and Conservative Party were the major parties. Liberal Party is succeeded by the Liberal Democrats. Nationalist movements have major party status within the Home Nations of the UK.[3]

North Korea Workers' Party of Korea

United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)[3] Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(republican) Democratic Unionist Party
Democratic Unionist Party
(unionist) Alliance Party (non-sectarian) Social Democratic and Labour Party
Social Democratic and Labour Party
(republican) Ulster Unionist Party
Ulster Unionist Party
(unionist) Despite being part of the UK, the main parties in Northern Ireland differ from those in Great Britain. Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
does not take its seats in the House of Commons.

Uganda

Forum for Democratic Change

National Resistance Movement

United States Democratic Party Republican Party

At various times during the 18th and 19th centuries, the Federalist Party, Democratic-Republican Party, National Republican Party, and Whig Party were all major.

Uruguay Broad Front National Party Colorado Party

Uzbekistan People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
National Revival Democratic Party Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
Liberal Democratic Party

Venezuela Great Patriotic Pole
Great Patriotic Pole
led by United Socialist Party of Venezuela

Democratic Unity Roundtable

Yemen

Al-Islah (Yemeni Congregation For Reform)

General People's Congress

Zambia Patriotic Front United Party for National Development

Zimbabwe Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
African National Union – Patriotic Front

Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai

See also[edit]

Minor party

References[edit]

^ Merriam-Webster Dictionary online ^ Neurer, Michael (2015-12-16). "Global Populism Takes a Blow as a Neoliberal
Neoliberal
President Takes Office in Argentina". Retrieved 2015-12-16.  ^ a b c "Ofcom Statement on Party Election Broadcasts". OFCOM. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 18

.