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Mahim
Mahim
is a neighbourhood in Mumbai, India. The Mahim
Mahim
railway station is in the Mahim
Mahim
area, on the Mumbai
Mumbai
suburban railway on the Western Railway line. Mahim
Mahim
is often considered as the heart of Mumbai.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Schools and educational institutions 2.2 Landmarks 2.3 Mahim
Mahim
Bay 2.4 Mahimchi Khadi ( Mahim
Mahim
Creek)

3 Mahim
Mahim
Causeway 4 Mahim
Mahim
Fort 5 See also 6 References

History[edit]

Former seven islands of Bombay

The name Mahim
Mahim
is derived from the ancient Mahikavati meaning "miraculous" in Sanskrit. Other historical names for the area include Mahimawati, Maijim, and Mejambu.[1] Mahim
Mahim
was one of the seven islands that originally made up Mumbai. Mahim, or Mahikawati as it was known, was the capital of Raja Bhimdev, who reigned over the region in the 13th century. He built a palace and a court of justice in Prabhadevi, as well as the first Babulnath temple.

Dargah
Dargah
of Mahimi in Mahim

In 1343, this island was possessed by the Sultanate of Gujarat. It was in their reign that the old Mahim
Mahim
mosque was built. A dargah of Makhtum Fakir Ali Paru was built here in 1431. In 1543, the Portuguese captured the islands of Mumbai. In 1662, these islands were given to the English King, King Charles II, as a part of the wedding dowry for the Portuguese princess, Catherine of Braganza. After British acquired Mumbai, they built the Mahim Fort
Mahim Fort
here to protect themselves from the Portuguese. The fort today stands in ruins. The causeway connecting Mahim
Mahim
and Bandra
Bandra
(corrupted from "Bunder" meaning port in Persian) was completed in 1845 at a cost of Rs. 1,57,000 donated entirely by Lady Avabai Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy, wife of the first baronet Sir Jamsetjee Jeejebhoy
Jamsetjee Jeejebhoy
with a stipulation that no toll would be charged to citizens for its use by the government. In 1847, a small group of Scottish missionaries decided to start a new school, now one of the most high-profile schools in Mumbai
Mumbai
— the Bombay Scottish School. Geography[edit]

Bandra Worli Sea Link
Bandra Worli Sea Link
across Mahim
Mahim
Bay

Mahim
Mahim
is surrounded by Dharavi, Dadar
Dadar
and Bandra
Bandra
on the north and the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
on the west. Schools and educational institutions[edit] Mahim
Mahim
has a number of schools and educational institutions. Some of the well-known schools are Balmohan Vidyamandir, Bombay Scottish School, Mahim, Canossa Convent High School, Victoria High School, Saraswati Mandir High School, Lokmanya Vidyamandir, Billa Bong school and St Michael High School). Reputed colleges and professional educational institutes such as Ruparel College and St. Xavier's Technical Institute are also in Mahim. Landmarks[edit]

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Shitladevi Temple Paradise Cinema Makhdoom Ali Mahimi
Makhdoom Ali Mahimi
Dargah St. Michael's Church Hinduja Hospital Lokmanya Vidya Mandir School & Jr. College of Science, Arts & Commerce Victoria High School Mahim
Mahim
Fort Mahim Causeway
Mahim Causeway
(Koliwada) Mahim
Mahim
Reti Bunder Xavier Institute of Engineering Swami Vivekanand Garden S.L. Raheja Hospital Canossa Convent High School St. Michael's High School Pikale Hospital Paramount Hotal

Mahim
Mahim
Bay[edit] Mahim Bay
Mahim Bay
is a large bay, part of the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
in Mumbai, India. The southern end is Worli, the northern end is Bandra
Bandra
Reclamation and Mahim
Mahim
is in the centre. The bay was named after the islands of Mahim and Salsette
Salsette
were merged in the early 19th century. The Mithi River drains into Mahim
Mahim
Creek. During the colonial era, the Portuguese built a watchtower called Castella de Aguada
Castella de Aguada
on the northern side. Later, the British built the Worli
Worli
Fort to the south and Mahim Fort
Mahim Fort
near the creek to defend the seven islands of Bombay against attacks by the Portuguese and the Marathas. The Bandra- Worli
Worli
Sealink crosses Mahim
Mahim
Bay. Mahimchi Khadi ( Mahim
Mahim
Creek)[edit]

Mahim
Mahim
Creek

Mahim Creek
Mahim Creek
is a 15 feet (4.6 m) deep creek. The Mithi River drains into the creek which drains into the Mahim
Mahim
Bay. It forms the boundary between the city and suburbs. The creek is swamped by mangroves and has a mini-ecosystem. It now has the Bandra-Kurla complex
Bandra-Kurla complex
with corporate offices on both its sides. The waters of the creek are foul smelling due to the dumping of untreated industrial effluents upstream. In recent years, the mushrooming of slums around the waters has caused concern for the mangrove ecosystem, vital to the ecosystem of Mumbai. In 2006, it was the site of mass hysteria as thousands claimed its waters had turned "sweet." Mahim
Mahim
Causeway[edit]

The Mahim
Mahim
Causeway, Koliwada Creek Bridge

The Mahim Causeway
Mahim Causeway
is a vital link road connecting the neighborhoods of Mahim
Mahim
in South Mumbai
Mumbai
to Bandra
Bandra
in West Mumbai. The Mahim Causeway
Mahim Causeway
was built between 1841 and 1846 to connect the island of Salsette
Salsette
with Mahim. The swampy area between the two islands made travel dangerous and thus a need for a causeway arose. The British East India
India
Company, which governed Bombay at that time, refused to fund the project. This led Lady Jeejeebhoy, wife of the first baronet Sir Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy, to donate the entire amount of ₹157,000/- on the condition that the government would not charge a toll for its use or disturb the Koli community who lived around the area.[2] The Mahim Causeway
Mahim Causeway
forms the link between Swami Vivekanand Road and L.J. Road, being the stretch between Bandra
Bandra
masjid and Mahim
Mahim
church (St. Michael's). It is not to be confused with the Bandra- Worli
Worli
Sea Link, a major infrastructural project opened on 30 June 2009 which is designed to ease traffic across the causeway by building another bridge across the Mahim
Mahim
Bay. Mahim
Mahim
Fort[edit]

Mahim
Mahim
Fort

Mahim
Mahim
Fort, which was once visible from the Mahim Causeway
Mahim Causeway
and Bandra Reclamation, is barely visible now. The Mahim Fort
Mahim Fort
along with Fort St George in South Mumbai
Mumbai
was an important base during the time of the British Empire. Other forts in Mumbai
Mumbai
and Salsette
Salsette
Island include Sion, Worli, Sewri
Sewri
and Mazgaon. Fort St George was built in 1669, by the former Governor of Bombay, Gerald Aungier. Thomas Grantham then strengthened the fort's ramparts in 1684. In 1772, 111 years after Bombay was taken from them, the Portuguese attempted to attack this fort. The British replied fiercely with cannonballs. The Bandra
Bandra
church also bore the brunt of their fire. There were about 100 soldiers and 30 cannons in the Mahim Fort
Mahim Fort
at that time. Today the fort is almost ruined and encroachers and hutments occupy it. See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mahim.

Makhdoom Ali Mahimi St. Michael's Church (Mumbai) Mithi River Back Bay Mahim
Mahim
Causeway Mahim
Mahim
halwa

References[edit]

^ D'Cunha, Jose Gerson (1900). "IV The Portuguese Period". The Origins of Bombay (3 ed.). Bombay: Asian Educational Services. p. 265. ISBN 81-206-0815-1. Retrieved 2009-01-04.  ^ Mahesh Dattani. Last Word&programId=1073754894&contentId=5758088 "A bridge with a difference" Check url= value (help). 

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