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University of Madras
University of Madras
is a public state university in Chennai
Chennai
(formerly Madras), Tamil Nadu, India.[2] Established in 1857, it is one of the oldest and premier universities in India. The university was incorporated by an act of the Legislative Council of India.[3] It is a collegiate research university and has six campuses in the city viz., Chepauk, Marina, Guindy, Taramani, Maduravoyal
Maduravoyal
and Chetpet. At present, there are 73 academic departments grouped under 18 schools, covering diverse areas such as sciences, social sciences, humanities, management and medicine along with 109 affiliated colleges and 52 approved research institutions. The National Assessment and Accreditation Council
National Assessment and Accreditation Council
has conferred 'five star' accreditation to the university and it has been given the status of 'University with Potential for Excellence' by the University Grants Commission.[4] University of Madras
University of Madras
is the alma mater of two Indian Physics Nobel Laureates, including Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, five Presidents of India, including A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, and several notable mathematicians including Srinivasa Ramanujan.

Contents

1 History 2 Coat of arms 3 Campuses and constituent colleges 4 Senate House 5 Affiliated colleges and research institutions

5.1 Notable colleges 5.2 Research institutions

6 Notable alumni 7 Rankings 8 Grants 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit]

Vice Chancellors[5]

Sir Christopher Rawlinson 1857 Sir Walter Elliot 1859 William Ambrose Morehead
William Ambrose Morehead
1860 Sir Colley Harman Scotland 1862 Sir Alexander J. Arbuthnot
Alexander J. Arbuthnot
1871 William Holloway 1872 Lewis Charles Innes 1874 Charles Arthur Turner 1880, 1882[6] James K. Kernan 1885–1889 Sir Arthur Hammond Collins 1889–1899 David Duncan 1899 Sri H. H. Shepard 1899 The Rev. William Miller 1901 Sir Charles Arnold White 1904 Sir S. Subramania Iyer
S. Subramania Iyer
1904 Sir Charles Arnold White 1904–1908 Sir J. E. P. Wallis 1908–1916 Sir P. S. Sivaswami Iyer
P. S. Sivaswami Iyer
1916–1918 The Hon. Justice Sri F. D. Oldfield 1918–1920 The Hon. Sir K. R. Srinivasa Iyengar
K. R. Srinivasa Iyengar
1920–1923 The Rev. E. Monteith Macphail 1923–1925 Diwan Bahadur Sir Raghupathi Venkataratnam Naidu 1925–1928 Diwan Bahadur Sir K. Ramunni Menon 1928–1934 Richard Littlehailes 1934–1937 Diwan Bahadur S. E. Ranganadhan 1937–1940 Sir Mohammad Usman 1940–1942 Lt. Col. Dr. Sir A. Lakshmanaswami Mudaliar
A. Lakshmanaswami Mudaliar
1942–1969 Thiru. N. D. Sundaravadivelu 1969–1975 Dr. Malcolm S. Adiseshiah 1975–1978 Dr. G. R. Damodaran 1978–1981 Dr. Santappa 1981–1984 Dr. B. B. Sundaresen 1984–1987 Dr. Arumugam Gnanam 1988–1990 Dr. S. Sathikh 1990–1994 Dr. P. K. Ponnusamy 1994–1997 Dr. P. T. Manoharan 1997–1999 Dr. Pon. Kothandaraman 1999–2002 Rev. Fr. Dr. S. Ignacimuthu 2002–2003 Prof. S. P. Thyagarajan 2003–2006 Prof. S. Ramachandran 2006–2009 Col. Dr. G. Thiruvasagam 2009–2012 Dr. R. Thandavan 2013–2016 Dr. P. Duraisamy 2017–Present

Six prize students for the year 1865 from the University of Madras

The Madras University Senate House and Marina
Marina
Beach, 1905

T. Schaya Iangar, a Madras University Professor, taken in the 1860s by a photographer from the Madras School of Industrial Arts

The first ever demand for higher education in Madras Presidency
Madras Presidency
was given in a public address to Lord John Elphinstone, Governor of Madras, signed by 70,000 residents when the Governor in Council was contemplating "some effective and liberal measures for the establishment of an improved system of national education." This public petition, which was presented by the Advocate General Mr. George Norton on 11 November 1839, pressed the need for an English college in the city of Madras. Pursuant to this, Lord Elphinstone evolved a plan for the establishment of a central collegiate institution or a ‘university.’ This university had twin departments – a high school for the cultivation of English literature, regional language, philosophy and science, and a college for instruction in the higher branches of literature, philosophy and science. The University Board was constituted in January 1840 with Mr. George Norton as its president. This was the precursor of the present Presidency College, Chennai. A systematic educational policy for India was formulated 14 years later by Wood's despatch, which pointed out the rationale for "creating a properly articulated system of education from the primary school to the University." The Dispatch recommended the establishment in the universities of Professorships "for the purposes of the delivery of lectures in various branches of learning including vernacular as well as classical languages." As a result, the University of Madras, organized on the model of the University of London, was incorporated on 5 September 1857 by an Act of the Legislative Council of India. The university progressed and expanded through the 19th century to span the whole of South India, giving birth to universities like Mysore University
Mysore University
(1916), Osmania University
Osmania University
(1918), Andhra University (1926), Annamalai University
Annamalai University
(1929), Travancore University (1937) presently University of Kerala, Sri Venkateswara University (1954), Madurai Kamaraj University (1966), Bharathidasan University
Bharathidasan University
(1982), Bharathiar University
Bharathiar University
(1982), Manonmaniam Sundaranar University (1990), Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Agricultural University (1971), Anna University (1978), Tamil University
Tamil University
(1981), Mother Teresa Women's University (1984), Dr. M.G.R. Medical University (1989), Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (1989), Periyar University
Periyar University
(1997) and Dr. Ambedkar Law University (1996). In 1912 endowments were made to the university to establish departments of Indian History, Archaeology, Comparative Philology and Indian Economics. In that year the university had 17 departments, 30 teachers, and 69 research scholars. Later the research and teaching functions of the university were encouraged by the Sadler Commission and the gains of the University were consolidated by the enactment of the Madras University Act of 1923. About this time, the territorial ambit of the Madras University encompassed from Berhampur
Berhampur
of Odisha in the North East, Trivandrum
Trivandrum
of Kerala in the South West, Bangalore
Bangalore
and Mangalore
Mangalore
of Karnataka in the West and Hyderabad
Hyderabad
of Andhra Pradesh in the North. Between 1926 and 1939, the university published the comprehensive Tamil Lexicon
Tamil Lexicon
dictionary, which is the first among the dictionaries published in any Indian language.[7] Coat of arms[edit] The description of the Coat of Arms
Coat of Arms
of the university, designed in 1857, is:

"Argent (silver or white) on a Mount issuant from the basement a Tiger passant proper (walking and coloured naturally), on a Chief Sable (black across the top), a Pale Or (a gold or yellow vertical strip down the centre 1/3 of the top or chief), thereon, between two Elephants heads couped of the field, a lotus flower leaved and slipped of the third, together with this motto Doctrina Vim Promovet Insitam".

The coat of arms colours are: the base is light green, the tiger is yellow on a white background, the elephant is grey on a black background, the lotus is a white flower with olive green leaves, on a gold background. The motto scroll is edged red, with black lettering. The English translation of the motto of the University of Madras
University of Madras
is: "Learning promotes natural talent."

University of Madras
University of Madras
Entrance Arch at Chepauk
Chepauk
Campus

In Senate House: A view of the Madras Legislative Assembly
Madras Legislative Assembly
in 1937.

Campuses and constituent colleges[edit] The university is spread over six campuses, viz., Chepauk, Marina, Guindy, Taramani, Chetput and Maduravoyal. The Chepauk
Chepauk
campus of the university houses the VC's secretariat, central library, centenary auditorium and the historic Senate House. The oriental and Indian languages departments are located in the Marina
Marina
Campus. The Guindy campus incorporates the natural sciences departments while the campus at Taramani
Taramani
houses the school of basic medical sciences. The sports union and the botanical garden are based in Chetpet
Chetpet
and Maduravoyal campus respectively. The university has two constituent college, in Nemmeli and Thiruvottiyur, offerings courses in arts and science.[8] Senate House[edit] See also: Senate House (University of Madras) The University of Madras
University of Madras
has a historical monument – Senate House – which is one of the landmarks of the city of Chennai. The Senate House, the University's first building, inaugurated in the year 1879, is a masterpiece of Robert Fellowes Chisholm, an architect of the 19th century, who blended the Indo-Saracenic style with Byzantine and European architectural features. The university renovated the Senate House in 2006. Affiliated colleges and research institutions[edit] Notable colleges[edit]

Loyola College Presidency College Madras Christian College Stella Maris College Women's Christian College Ethiraj College for Women DG Vaishnav College Queen Mary's College The New College Madras School of Art Madras School of Social Work A. M. Jain College Guru Nanak College M.O.P. Vaishnav College SHASUN College Stella Matutina College of Education Vivekananda College Pachaiyappa's College Sir Theagaraya College

Research institutions[edit]

Adyar Cancer Institute Central Leather Research Institute Central Institute of Brackish Water Aquaculture Defence Services Staff College Institute for Financial Management and Research King Institute of Preventive Medicine and Research Loyola Institute of Business Administration Madras Institute of Development Studies Madras School of Economics MS Swaminathan Research Foundation National Defence College National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis National Institute of Epidemiology Ramanujan Institute for Advanced Study in Mathematics

Notable alumni[edit] Further information: List of Madras University alumni University of Madras
University of Madras
has a strong alumni network with its alumni taking over many prestigious positions across the world. Some of the prominent alumni include Nobel laureates C. V. Raman[9] and S. Chandrasekhar,[10] mathematicians Srinivasa Ramanujan
Srinivasa Ramanujan
and S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan, former presidents Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, V. V. Giri, Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy, R. Venkataraman
R. Venkataraman
and A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, politicians Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari, C Subramaniam, CN Annadurai and V. K. Krishna Menon, civil servants T. N. Seshan, Benegal Rama Rau and Y. Venugopal Reddy, pioneers Verghese Kurien, Raj Reddy, Rangaswamy Srinivasan
Rangaswamy Srinivasan
and M. S. Swaminathan, economist C. K. Prahalad, K. N. Raj, Raja Chelliah and C. Rangarajan, business persons Indra Nooyi, Ram Shriram
Ram Shriram
and Prathap C. Reddy, cinema actors and directors M.G. Ramachandran, Gemini Ganesan
Gemini Ganesan
and Mani Ratnam, sports stars Viswanathan Anand, Vijay Amritraj, Sureshkumar Devarajulu and Ramanathan Krishnan among others.

Physics Nobel laureate, Sir C. V. Raman

Mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan

2nd President of India, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

11th President of India, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

M. S. Swaminathan, Father of green revolution

Computer scientist, Raj Reddy

PepsiCo
PepsiCo
Chairperson, Indra Nooyi

Chess Grandmaster, Viswanathan Anand

Cognitive neuroscientist, V. S. Ramachandran

Rankings[edit]

University rankings

General – international

QS (BRICS) (2018)[11] 171-180

General – India

NIRF (Overall) (2018)[12] 29

NIRF (Universities) (2018)[13] 18

Internationally, the university was ranked 171-280 in the QS University Rankings BRICS
BRICS
University Rankings of 2018.[11] In India, the National Institutional Ranking Framework ranked it 29 overall[12] and 18 among universities in 2018.[13] A study performed by the National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies on the performance of universities in India
India
in 1998-2008 listed Madras University as #5 based on publication for that period.[14] Grants[edit] In 2011, the University Grants Commission selected the university as a university with potential for excellence, under which the university gets ₹ 250 million (₹ 25 crore). The university had been selected under phase 1 of the scheme in 2001–02 along with a few other universities in the country. UGC has identified the school of geology and the school of zoology of the university as centres of excellence and has allotted ₹ 32.5 million (₹ 3.25 crore) each for their development. The university is planning to use the funds to buy equipment and improve infrastructure.[15] See also[edit]

Ramanujan Institute for Advanced Study in Mathematics

References[edit]

^ http://www.tnrajbhavan.gov.in/PressReleases/2017/PR270517-1.pdf ^ Indian Universities in the 2014 QS University Rankings: BRICS. Top Universities (24 June 2014). Retrieved on 2015-09-27. ^ University of Madras. Encyclopædia Britannica. ^ University Grants commission ::Universities (UPE). Ugc.ac.in. Retrieved on 27 September 2015. ^ "The Vice Chancellors". University of Madras. Retrieved 17 June 2013.  ^ Great Britain. India
India
Office. "The India
India
List and India
India
Office List for 1905". p. 634. Retrieved March 27, 2018.  ^ Kolappan, B. (22 June 2014). "Delay, howlers in Tamil Lexicon embarrass scholars". The Hindu. Chennai: The Hindu. Retrieved 25 December 2014.  ^ constituent colleges ^ "After earning a master’s degree in physics at Presidency College, University of Madras, in 1907, Raman became an accountant in the finance department of the Indian government." http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/490449/Sir-Chandrasekhara-Venkata-Raman ^ "Chandra studied at Presidency College, University of Madras, and he wrote his first research paper", http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/Biographies/Chandrasekhar.html ^ a b "QS BRICS
BRICS
University Rankings 2018". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2017. Retrieved 2 December 2017.  ^ a b " National Institutional Ranking Framework 2018 (Overall)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Human Resource Development. 2018.  ^ a b " National Institutional Ranking Framework 2018 (Universities)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Human Resource Development. 2018.  ^ "Measures of Performance of Universities in India: An Analysis of the Publication Output in Science and Technology (Study period 1998-2008)" (PDF). National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies. 2011.  ^ "UGC selects Madras univ as potential centre of excellence, grants Rs 25 cr". The Times of India
India
epaper. Chennai: The Times Group. 29 December 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to University of Madras.

Official website

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University of Madras

Leadership

Chancellor Governor of Tamil Nadu Vice-Chancellor Dr. P. Duraisamy Pro-Chancellor K. P. Anbalagan

Colleges

Loyola College Presidency College Madras Christian College Stella Maris College Ethiraj College for Women Pachaiyappa's College Women's Christian College Queen Mary's College The New College Madras School of Art Madras School of Social Work Meenakshi College for Women SHASUN College Vivekananda College A. M. Jain College Guru Nanak College DG Vaishnav College M.O.P. Vaishnav College

Research Centres

Adyar Cancer Institute Central Leather Research Institute Central Institute of Brackish Water Aquaculture Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology King Institute of Preventive Medicine and Research MS Swaminathan Research Foundation National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis National Institute of Epidemiology Ramanujan Institute for Advanced Study in Mathematics

Recognized Institutions

Defence Services Staff College Institute for Financial Management and Research Loyola Institute of Business Administration Madras Institute of Development Studies Madras School of Economics National Defence College

Formerly affiliated colleges

Alagappa College of Technology The American College College of Engineering, Guindy Central College of Bangalore Christian Medical College, Vellore Jaffna Central College JIPMER, Pondicherry Maharaja's College, Mysore Madras Institute of Technology Madras Medical College National Institute of Technology, Trichy Madras Agricultural College Madras Law College Madras Veterinary College Nizam College PSG College of Technology SRM Engineering College Stanley Medical College St. Joseph's College University College Trivandrum Vellore Institute of Technology

Category Commons Portal

v t e

Education in Tamil Nadu

List of educational institutions by districts

Chennai Coimbatore Cuddalore Dharmapuri Erode Kanyakumari Krishnagiri Madurai Namakkal Nilgiris Perambalur Pudukkottai Salem Sivagangai Thanjavur Thoothukudi Tiruchirapalli Tirunelveli Tiruvarur Vellore Viluppuram Virudhunagar

Institutes of National Importance

Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha Indian Institute of Information Technology Tiruchirappalli Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Kancheepuram Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli Indian Institute of Technology Madras Kalakshetra Foundation National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development

Central universities

Central University of Tamil Nadu Indian Maritime University

State universities

Alagappa University Anna University Annamalai University Bharathiar University Bharathidasan University Madurai Kamaraj University Manonmaniam Sundaranar University Mother Teresa Women's University Periyar University Tamil University Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Agricultural University Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Dr. M.G.R. Medical University Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Dr. Ambedkar Law University Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Fisheries University Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Music and Fine Arts University Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
National Law School Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Open University Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Teachers Education University Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Physical Education and Sports University Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Thiruvalluvar University University of Madras

Deemed universities

Academy of Maritime Education and Training Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham Avinashilingam University Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research B.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and Technology Chennai
Chennai
Mathematical Institute Chettinad Academy of Research & Education Dr. M.G.R. Educational and Research Institute Gandhigram Rural Institute Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education Karpagam Academy of Higher Education Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research Noorul Islam Centre for Higher Education Periyar Maniammai Institute of Science & Technology Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University - Coimbatore Campus Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology Saveetha Institute of Medical And Technical Sciences Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi Viswa Mahavidyalaya Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute SRM Institute of Science and Technology Vellore Institute of Technology Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and Technology Vels Institute of Science, Technology & Advanced Studies Vinayaka Mission's Research Foundation

Chennai
Chennai
portal Education portal

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