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The Resistance medal (French: Médaille de la Résistance) was a decoration bestowed by the French Committee of National Liberation, based in the United Kingdom, during World War II. It was established by a decree of General Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
on 9 February 1943 "to recognize the remarkable acts of faith and of courage that, in France, in the empire and abroad, have contributed to the resistance of the French people against the enemy and against its accomplices since 18 June 1940".[1] The Resistance medal was awarded to approximately 38,288 living persons and 24,463 posthumously. These awards were both for membership in the Free French forces
Free French forces
and for participation in the metropolitan clandestine Resistance during the German occupation of France
France
in World War II. Higher deeds were rewarded with the Ordre de la Libération. Proposals for the medal ceased to be accepted on 31 March 1947. For acts that occurred in Indochina, however, that date was moved back to 31 December 1947.[2] The medal was also awarded to 18 communities and territories, 21 military units, and to 15 other organizations including convents, high schools, and hospitals that particularly distinguished themselves.[1]

Contents

1 Award statute 2 Award description 3 Notable recipients (partial list) 4 Notable posthumous recipients (partial list) 5 Recipient communities and organizations (partial list) 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Award statute[edit] The Resistance medal is awarded by the Chief of a Fighting France
France
to French individuals and communities:[2]

who took an especially active part since 18 June 1940 in the resistance against Axis forces
Axis forces
and their accomplices on French soil or in a territory under French sovereignty; who took and effective and important part in the rallying of French territories to Fighting France
France
or rendered services in the war effort of those territories that were confirmed and logged; who played an eminent role in the actions of organizations of Fighting France
France
abroad or in propaganda destined at regrouping and supporting the forces of the resistance; who rallied troops, ships or aircraft in exceptionally difficult or dangerous conditions; who joined the Free French Forces
Free French Forces
in particularly dangerous and meritorious conditions.

The Resistance medal may be revoked by decree following any act contrary to honour or integrity, whether committed prior to or after bestowal of the medal.[2] Award description[edit] The Resistance medal is a 37mm in diameter circular medal struck from bronze. Its slightly concave obverse bears at center a vertical Cross of Lorraine with the relief semi circular inscription of the date of General de Gaulle's appeal of 18 June 1940 in Roman numerals "XVIII.VI.MCMXL" (18.06.1940) bisected by the lower part of the cross. The reverse bears the relief image of an unfurling ribbon bearing the relief inscription in Latin
Latin
"PATRIA NON IMMEMOR" translating into "THE NATION DOES NOT FORGET". The suspension is cast as an integral part of the medal.[3] The medal hangs from a 36mm wide black silk moiré ribbon with six vertical red stripes of varying widths, 3mm wide edge stripes, two 1mm wide central stripes 2mm apart, and two 1mm wide stripes 6mm from the central stripes. A 28mm in diameter rosette is on the ribbon of the Officer of the Resistance medal.[2] Notable recipients (partial list)[edit]

Resistance leader Jean Pierre-Bloch Resistance member Josephine Baker Resistance member Albert Haar Resistance member Andrzej Kuśniewicz Resistance member Georges Caussanel Resistance member Jane Vialle Resistance member lieutenant Henry Andraud Resistance member Marcel Dufriche Resistance member Édouard Le Jeune, former Senator Resistance leader Colonel Émile Coulaudon Admiral Philippe Auboyneau Lieutenant General Marcel Bigeard Foreign Legion general Bernard Saint-Hillier Foreign Legion Lieutenant Colonel Pierre Jeanpierre French paratrooper André Zirnheld (The Paratrooper's Prayer) Writer, statesman, resistance member André Malraux Irish playwright, director, novelist Samuel Beckett Resistance leader Pierre Kahn-Farelle Politician, resistance member general Pierre de Bénouville Resistance member doctor Charles Cliquet Resistance member Jeanne L'Herminier Free French soldier general François Binoche Resistance Leader Camille Nicolas Free French Forces
Free French Forces
and Office of Strategic Services
Office of Strategic Services
Captain René Joyeuse Diplomat Louis Alexis Étienne Bonvin Resistance member Émile Bollaert Resistance leader Edmond Proust Free French soldier warrant officer Walter Grand Resistance leader Joseph Dubar Free French navy admiral Georges Thierry d'Argenlieu Resistance member, captain in the French military, French art historian and "Monuments Men" member Rose Valland.

Notable posthumous recipients (partial list)[edit]

Grenoble resistance member Jean Pain Free French aviator lieutenant Gérard Claron Free French aviator captain Louis Flury-Hérard Resistance leader general Aubert Frère Captain, doctor, mayor of Saint-Rambert-en-Bugey, Michel Temporal Resistance member Pierre Guillou Free French aviator Pierre Brisdoux Galloni d'Istria Resistance leader Fernand Zalkinow Resistance member colonel Émile Bonotaux Resistance member brigadier general Georges Journois Abbot René Bonpain Resistance leader Pierre Brossolette Resistance leader Pierre Kaan Resistance member Léger Fouris Resistance member Gabriel Plançon Resistance member rabbi Samuel Klein Resistance member Laurent Matheron Resistance leader Marc Haguenau Resistance member Georges Lamarque Resistance leader rear admiral Jacques Trolley de Prévaux Resistance member Jean Chaffanjon Resistance member Pierre Chaffanjon Resistance member Robert Duterque

Recipient communities and organizations (partial list)[edit]

Oyonnax
Oyonnax
commune University of Strasbourg Montceau-les-Mines
Montceau-les-Mines
commune Lalande de Bourg-en-Bresse high school 6th Engineers Regiment Preparatory Military School of Autun Marsoulas
Marsoulas
commune Caniac-du-Causse
Caniac-du-Causse
commune Miribel commune Béthincourt
Béthincourt
commune Meximieux
Meximieux
commune 1st Line Infantry Regiment Terrou
Terrou
commune Nantua
Nantua
commune Notre-Dame de Timadeuc abbey Submarine Surcouf 13th Demi-Brigade of the Foreign Legion 1st Marines Regiment City of Brest Caen
Caen
commune

See also[edit]

France
France
portal War portal World War II
World War II
portal Military history of France
France
portal

Free French Forces French Resistance Milice Liberation of France Maquis

References[edit]

^ a b c d "History: Médaille de la Résistance". Chancellerie de l'Ordre de la Libération. 28 October 2006. Retrieved 2009-01-09.  ^ a b c d " France
France
Phaléristique web site" (in French). Marc Champenois. 2004-01-01. Retrieved 2013-10-31.  ^ Battini, Jean; Zaniewicki, Witold (2003). Guide pratique des décorations françaises actuelles. Paris: LAVAUZELLE. ISBN 2-7025-1030-2. 

External links[edit]

La Commission nationale de la Médaille de la Résistance (in French)

v t e

Orders, decorations and medals of France

Orders

National

Legion of Honour Order of Liberation National Order of Merit National Recognition Medal for Victims of Terrorism

Ministerial

Ordre des Palmes Académiques Order of Agricultural Merit Ordre du Mérite Maritime Ordre des Arts et des Lettres

Civilian decorations

Honour medal for courage and devotion Médaille d'honneur de l'Aéronautique Honour medal of Foreign Affairs Médaille d'honneur agricole Honour medal of railroads Regional, departmental and municipal honour medal Honour medal of customs Médaille d'honneur des Eaux et Forêts Médaille d'honneur de l'Enseignement du 1er degré Médaille d'honneur pénitentiaire Honour medal for civilian personnel of the Defense Ministry Honour medal of the National Police Honour medal for firefighters Medal for internal security Médaille d'honneur de Sociétés musicales et Chorales Médaille d'honneur de la protection judiciaire de la jeunesse Honour medal for work Médaille d'honneur des Travaux publics Insignia for wounded civilians Médaille de la Famille française Honour medal for youth, sports and associative engagements Médaille des Mines Médaille du Tourisme Ordre de Tahiti Nui

Military decorations

Military Medal 1914–1918 War Cross 1939–1945 War Cross War Cross for foreign operational theaters Cross for Military Valour Médaille de la Gendarmerie nationale Resistance Medal Escapees' Medal Volunteer combatant's cross
Volunteer combatant's cross
1914–1918 Volunteer combatant's cross Cross of the resistance volunteer combatant Combatant's Cross Aeronautical Medal Overseas Medal National Defence Medal Medal for voluntary military service Medal of the Nation's Recognition Medal for the War Wounded See also: Military Health Service honour medal

Com- memorative medals

19th century

Saint Helena Medal Commemorative medal of the 1859 Italian Campaign Commemorative medal of the 1860 China Expedition Commemorative medal of the Mexico Expedition Commemorative medal of the 1870–1871 War Tonkin Expedition commemorative medal Dahomey Expedition commemorative medal 1892 Madagascar commemorative medal Colonial Medal

1900–1914

1901 China expedition commemorative medal Morocco commemorative medal (1909)

1914–1918: World War I

1914–1918 Inter-Allied Victory medal Dardanelles campaign medal Orient campaign medal 1914–1918 Commemorative war medal Medal of French Gratitude Medal for Victims of the Invasion Medal for civilian prisoners, hostages and prisoners of the 1914-1918 Great War

1918–1939 (Interwar period)

Syria-Cilicia commemorative medal

1939–1945: World War II

Commemorative medal for voluntary service in Free France 1943-1944 Italian Campaign medal Medal for deportation and internment for acts of resistance Political deportation and internment medal Médaille commémorative de la guerre 1939–1945 Medal of a liberated France Recusant's insignia

Since 1945

Commemorative medal for United Nations operations in Korea Indochina
Indochina
Campaign commemorative medal Middle East operations commemorative medal (1956) North Africa Security and Order Operations Commemorative Medal North Africa medal United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon medal French commemorative medal Medal for the Military Protection of the Territory

Defunct orders

Ministry orders

Ordre du Mérite combattant Ordre du Mérite militaire Ordre du Mérite civil Ordre du Mérite social Ordre du Mérite du Travail Ordre du Mérite touristique Ordre de l'Économie nationale Ordre du Mérite commercial et industriel Ordre du Mérite artisanal Ordre de la Santé publique Ordre du Mérite postal Ordre du Mérite sportif

Colonial orders

Ordre du Mérite indochinois Ordre du Mérite saharien Ordre de l'Étoile Noire Ordre de l'Étoile d'Anjouan Ordre du Nichan el Anouar Ordre impérial du Dragon d'Annam Ordre royal du Cambodge

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