Anne-Lucile-Philippe Desmoulins, née Laridon Duplessis (18 January
Paris – 13 April 1794) was the wife of the French
revolutionary and journalist Camille Desmoulins. She was the daughter
of Claude Etienne Laridon Duplessis, an official of the French
Treasury, and Anne (sometimes given as Annette) Françoise Marie
Boisdeveix. Her sister, Adèle Duplessis, was briefly engaged to
Though she would eventually marry Camille Desmoulins, the two first
met when she was much younger and he was an admirer of her mother. She
was headstrong and when she fell in love with Camille, ten years her
senior, her father refused the marriage. In one of her journals,
Lucile talks about what happened on Bastille Day.
"August 9th, 1792. What will become of us? I can endure no more.
Camille, O my poor Camille, what will become of you? O God, if it be
true that thou hast existence, save the men who are worthy of Thee. We
want to be free. O God, the cost of it! As a climax to my misery,
courage abandons me."
Her father finally agreed to allow Camille to marry her on December
29, 1790, at the Church of Saint Sulpice in Paris. Signatories to
their marriage included Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve, Jacques Pierre
Brissot, and Maximilien Robespierre. The Desmoulins's only child,
Horace Camille, was born July 6, 1792. Robespierre stood as his
On April 5, 1794,
Lucile Desmoulins was arrested on charges that she
had conspired to free her husband (then imprisoned in the Luxembourg
while on trial with Georges Danton) and for plotting the "Ruin of the
Camille Desmoulins was executed on the
same day Lucile was arrested, and Lucile followed him to the
guillotine on April 13, 1794. She is reported to have remarked, while
awaiting her execution, "They have assassinated the best of men. If I
did not hate them for that, I should bless them for the service they
have done me this day."
Following the deaths of his parents, Horace
Camille Desmoulins was
raised by Lucile's mother and sister. He migrated to Haiti in 1817,
and died there in 1825.
Lucile Desmoulins is the heroine of Georg Büchners play Danton's
Lucile Desmoulins has been played in movies by:
Charlotte Ander in Dimitri Buchowetzki's Danton, 1921
Francine Mussey in Abel Gance's Napoleon, 1927
Gemma Jones in teleplay Poor Bitos, 1965
Edith Scob in Claude Barma's La mort de Danton, 1970
Claude Jade in Jean-Paul Carrères La Passion de Camille et Lucile
Angela Winkler in Andrzej Wajda's Danton, 1982
Marie Bunel in Robert Enrico' La Révolution française, 1989
^ Guillotine, Madame (2011-03-08). "International Women's Day –
Lucile Desmoulins". Madame Guillotine. Archived from the original on
2016-12-20. Retrieved 2016-12-12.
^ ", From the journal of Lucile Desmoulins, wife of the..."
bunniesandbeheadings. Retrieved 2016-12-12.
^ "Desmoulins, Lucile (1771–1794) - Dictionary definition of
Desmoulins, Lucile (1771–1794) Encyclopedia.com: FREE online
dictionary". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2016-12-12.
^ Mallock, Daniel (2016-02-02). Agony and Eloquence: John Adams,
Thomas Jefferson, and a World of Revolution. Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.
Camille Desmoulins and His Wife: Passages from the
History of the Dantonists. London: Smith, Elder, & Co., 1876.
Methley, Violet. Camille Desmoulins: A Biography. New York: E.P.
Dutton & Co., 1915.
She appears prominently in A Place of Greater Safety (1993) by Hilary
ISNI: 0000 0003 6495 405X
BNF: cb125593904 (da