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Generally, a local administrative unit (LAU) is a low level administrative division of a country, ranked below a province, region, or state. Not all countries describe their locally governed areas this way, but it can be descriptively applied anywhere to refer to counties, municipalities, etc. In the European Union, LAUs are basic components of Classification of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) regions. For each EU member country, two levels of Local Administrative Units (LAU) are defined: LAU 1 and LAU 2, which were previously called NUTS 4 and NUTS 5 respectively, until the NUTS regulation went into force in July 2003. For some countries, the LAU 1 level is not defined, and thus equivalent to the NUTS 3 level. A similar statistical system is defined for the candidate countries and members of the European Free Trade Association.

Countries LAU 1 LAU 2

EU members 28

8772

120845

Austria AT — (same as NUTS 3: Groups of Districts, Bezirke) 35 Municipalities (Gemeinden) 2100

Belgium BE — (same as NUTS 3: Arrondissements; Verviers split into two) 44 Municipalities (gemeenten / communes) 589

Bulgaria BG Municipalities (общини, obshtini) 264 Settlements (населени Места, naseleni Mesta) 5329

Croatia HR — (same as NUTS 3: Counties, županije) 21 Municipalities (općine) 546

Cyprus CY Districts (επαρχίες, eparchies) 6 Municipalities, communities (διμοι, κοινότητες, dimoi, koinotites) 613

Czech Republic CZ Districts (okresy) 77 Municipalities (obce) 6249

Germany DE Collective municipalities (Verwaltungs-gemeinschaften) 1457 Municipalities (Gemeinden) 12379

Denmark DK Municipalities (kommuner) 99 Parishes (sogne) 2148

Estonia EE Counties (maakond) 15 Municipalities (vald, linn) 227

Spain ES — (same as NUTS 3: Provinces + Islands + Ceuta
Ceuta
and Melilla) 59 Municipalities (municipios) 8111

Finland FI Sub-regions (seutukunnat / ekonomiska regioner) 77 Municipalities (kunnat / kommuner) 416

France FR Cantons (cantons de rattachement) 3787 Communes 36683

Greece GR Municipalities/Communities (διμοι, κοινότητες, dimoi, koinotites) 1034 Municipal districts/Community districts (δημοτικό διαμέρισμα, κοινότικο διαμέρισμα, demotiko diamerisma, koinotiko diamerisma) 6130

Hungary HU Statistical sub-regions (statisztikai kistérségek) 174 Settlements (települések) 3152

Ireland IE Counties/Cities (contaetha, cathracha) 34 Electoral districts (toghroinn ceantair) 3441

Italy IT — (same as NUTS 3: Provinces, provincias) 107 Municipalities (comuni, municipi) 7978

Lithuania LT Municipalities (savivaldybės) 60 Elderships (seniūnijos) 518

Luxembourg LU Cantons (French: cantons, German: Kantone, Luxembourgish: Kantounen) 13 Communes (French: communes, German: Gemeinden, Luxembourgish: Gemengen) 105

Latvia LV Districts, republic cities (rajoni, republikas pilsētas) 33 Cities, municipalities, parishes (pilsētas, novadi, pagasti) 527

Malta MT Local councils (kunsilli)[1] 68 - -

Netherlands NL — (same as NUTS 3: COROP
COROP
regions, COROP-gebieden) 40 Municipalities (gemeenten) 443

Poland PL Counties and city counties (powiaty i miasta na prawach powiatu) 379 Municipalities (gminy) 2478

Portugal PT Municipalities (concelhos, municípios) 308 Parishes (freguesias) 3091

Romania RO — (same as NUTS 3: Counties (județe) + Bucharest) 42 Communes + Municipalities + Cities (comune + municipii + orașe) 3174

Sweden SE — (same as NUTS 3: Counties, län) 21 Municipalities (kommuner) 290

Slovenia SI Administrative units (upravne enote) 58 Municipalities (občine) 211

Slovakia SK Districts (okresy) 79 Municipalities (obce) 2928

United Kingdom UK In England and Wales: districts or individual unitary authorities; In Scotland: Individual unitary authorities or LECs; In Northern Ireland: districts 443 Wards (or parts thereof) 10664

Candidate countries 4

1036

40786

Iceland IS Regions (landshlutar) 8 Municipalities (sveitarfélag) 79

Macedonia MK Municipalities (општини, opštini) 84 Settlements 1776

Montenegro ME Municipalities (општини, opštini) 21 Settlements 1256

Turkey TR Districts (ilçeler) 923 Municipalities (belediye) 37675

EFTA countries 3

257

3163

Liechtenstein LI Electoral districts (Wahlkreise) 2 Municipalities (Gemeinden) 11

Norway NO Economic regions 89 Municipalities (kommuner, kommunar) 431

Switzerland CH Districts (German: Bezirke, Ämter and Amtsbezirke; French: districts; Italian: distretti; Romansh: districts 166 Municipalities (German: Gemeinden, Einwohnergemeinden and politische Gemeinden; French: communes; Italian: comuni; Romansh: vischnancas) 2721

See also[edit]

Local government Local Government Area List of micro-regional organizations

References[edit]

^ Division of Powers, Malta
Malta
– portal.cor.europa.eu.

External links[edit]

Eurostat Local Administrative Units (LAU codes of each country can be downloaded here)

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Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

English terms

Common English terms1

Area

Insular area Local government
Local government
area Protected area Special
Special
area Statistical area

Combined statistical area Metropolitan statistical area Micropolitan statistical area

Urban area

Canton

Half-canton

Borough

County
County
borough Metropolitan borough

Capital

Federal capital Imperial capital

City

City
City
state Autonomous city Charter city Independent city Incorporated city Imperial city Free imperial city Royal free city

Community

Autonomous community Residential community

County

Administrative county Autonomous county Consolidated city-county Metropolitan county

Non-metropolitan

Viscountcy

Country

Overseas country

Department

Overseas department

District

Capital district City
City
district Congressional district Electoral district Federal district Indian government district Land district Metropolitan district

Non-metropolitan district

Military district Municipal district Police district Regional district Rural district Sanitary district Subdistrict Urban district Special
Special
district

Division

Census division Police division Subdivision

Municipality

City
City
municipality County
County
municipality

Norway Nova Scotia Regional county municipality

Direct-controlled municipality District
District
municipality Mountain resort municipality Neutral municipality Regional municipality Resort municipality Rural municipality Specialized municipality

Prefecture

Autonomous prefecture Subprefecture Super-prefecture Praetorian prefecture

Province

Autonomous province Overseas province Roman province

Region

Administrative region Autonomous region Capital region Development region Economic region Mesoregion Microregion Overseas region Planning region Special
Special
administrative region Statistical region Subregion

Reserve

Biosphere reserve Ecological reserve Game reserve Indian reserve Nature reserve

State

Federal state Free state Sovereign state

Territory

Capital territory

Federal capital territory

Dependent territory Federal territory Military territory Organized incorporated territory Overseas territory Union territory Unorganized territory

Town

Census town Market town

Township

Charter township Civil township Paper township Survey township Urban township

Unit

Autonomous territorial unit Local administrative unit Municipal unit Regional unit

Zone

Economic zone

Exclusive economic zone Free economic zone Special
Special
economic zone

Free-trade zone Neutral zone Self-administered zone

Other English terms

Current

Alpine resort Bailiwick Banner

Autonomous

Block Cadastre Circle Circuit Colony Commune Condominium Constituency Duchy Eldership Emirate Federal dependency Governorate Hamlet Ilkhanate Indian reservation Manor

Royal

Muftiate Neighbourhood Parish Periphery Precinct Principality Protectorate Quarter Regency Autonomous republic Riding Sector

Autonomous

Shire Sultanate Suzerainty Townland Village

Administrative Summer

Ward

Historical

Agency Barony Burgh Exarchate Hide Hundred Imperial Circle March Monthon Presidency Residency Roman diocese Seat Tenth Tithing

Non-English or loanwords

Current

Amt Bakhsh Barangay Bezirk Regierungsbezirk Comune Frazione Fu Gemeinde Județ Kunta / kommun

Finland Sweden

Län Località Megye Muban Oblast

Autonomous

Okrug Ostān Poblacion Purok Shahrestān Sum Sýsla Tehsil Vingtaine

Historical

Commote Gau Heerlijkheid Köping Maalaiskunta Nome

Egypt Greece

Pagus Pargana Plasă Satrapy Socken Subah Syssel Zhou

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Arabic
Arabic
terms for country subdivisions

First-level

Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) Wilayah (ولاية province) Mintaqah (منطقة region) Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) Imarah (إمارة emirate) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate")

Second / third-level

Mintaqah (منطقة region) Qadaa (قضاء district) Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) Markaz (مركز district) Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") Daerah/Daïra (دائرة circle) Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak)

City / township-level

Amanah (أمانة municipality) Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) Mahallah (محلة) Qarya (قرية) Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision")

English translations given are those most commonly used.

v t e

French terms for country subdivisions

arrondissement département préfecture subprefectures

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Greek terms for country subdivisions

Modern

apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis§ / diamerisma§ / periphereia nomos§ / periphereiaki enotita demos / eparchia§ / koinotita§

Historical

archontia/archontaton bandon demos despotaton dioikesis doukaton droungos eparchia exarchaton katepanikion kephalatikion kleisoura meris naukrareia satrapeia strategis thema toparchia tourma

§ signifies a defunct institution

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Portuguese terms for country subdivisions

Regional subdivisions

Estado Distrito federal Província Região Distrito Comarca Capitania

Local subdivisions

Município Concelho Freguesia Comuna Circunscrição

Settlements

Cidade Vila Aldeia Bairro Lugar

Historical subdivisions in italics.

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Slavic terms for country subdivisions

Current

dzielnica gmina krai kraj krajina / pokrajina městys obec oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast' okręg okres okrug opština / općina / občina / obshtina osiedle powiat / povit raion selsoviet / silrada sołectwo voivodeship / vojvodina županija

Historical

darugha gromada guberniya / gubernia jurydyka khutor obshchina okolia opole pogost prowincja sorok srez starostwo / starostva uyezd volost ziemia župa

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Spanish terms for country subdivisions

National, Federal

Comunidad autónoma Departamento Distrito federal Estado Provincia Región

Regional, Metropolitan

Cantón Comarca Comuna Corregimiento Delegación Distrito Mancomunidad Merindad Municipalidad Municipio Parroquia

Ecuador Spain

Urban, Rural

Aldea Alquería Anteiglesia Asentamiento

Asentamiento informal Pueblos jóvenes

Barrio Campamento Caserío Ciudad

Ciudad autónoma

Colonia Lugar Masía Pedanía Población Ranchería Sitio Vereda Villa Village
Village
(Pueblito/Pueblo)

Historical subdivisions in italics.

v t e

Turkish terms for country subdivisions

Modern

il (province) ilçe (district) şehir (city) kasaba (town) belediye (municipality) belde (community) köy (village) mahalle (neighbourhood/quarter)

Historical

ağalık (feudal district) bucak (subdistrict) beylerbeylik (province) kadılık (subprovince) kaza (sub-province) hidivlik (viceroyalty) mutasarrıflık (subprovince) nahiye (nahiyah) paşalık (province) reya (Romanian principalities) sancak (prefecture) vilayet (province) voyvodalık (Romanian provinces)

1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in italics. See also: Census division, Electoral district, Political division, and List of administrative di

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