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ListMoto - List Of Endangered Languages In Russia


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An endangered language is a language that is at risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. If it loses all of its native speakers, it becomes an extinct language. A language may be endangered in one area but show signs of revitalisation in another, as with the Irish language. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization defines five levels of language endangerment between "safe" (not endangered) and "extinct":[1]

Vulnerable - "most children speak the language, but it may be restricted to certain domains (e.g., hkarome)" Definitely endangered - "children no longer learn the language as mother tongue in the home" Severely endangered - "language is spoken by grandparents and older generations; while the parent generation may understand it, they do not speak it to children or among themselves" Critically endangered - "the youngest speakers are grandparents and older, and they speak the language partially and infrequently" Extinct - "there are no speakers left; included in the Atlas if presumably extinct since the 1950s"

The list below includes the findings from the third edition of Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger (2010; formerly the Red Book of Endangered Languages), as well as the online edition of the afforementioned publication, both published by UNESCO.[2]

Russian Federation

Language Status Nations ISO 639-3

Abaza language[1] Definitely endangered Russia, Turkey

Abkhaz language[1] Vulnerable Abkhazia, Georgia, Russia, Turkey

Adyge language[1] Vulnerable Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Macedonia, Russia, Syria, Turkey

Agul language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Akhvakh language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Alabugat Tatar language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Aleut language (Western, Commander Islands)[1] Critically endangered Russia

Alutor language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Andi language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Archi language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Avar language[1] Vulnerable Russia

Bagvalal language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Baraba Tatar language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Bashkir language[1] Vulnerable Russia

Belarusian language[1] Vulnerable Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Ukraine

Bezhta language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Bohtan Neo-Aramaic language[1] Severely endangered Georgia, Russia

Botlikh language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Buryat language (Cis-Baikal)[1] Severely endangered Russia

Buryat language (Trans-Baikal)[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Central Selkup language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Central Siberian Yupik language
Central Siberian Yupik language
(Chukotka)[1] Severely endangered Russia

Chamalal language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Chechen language[1] Vulnerable Russia

Chukchi language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Chulym Turk language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Chuvash language[1] Vulnerable Russia

Copper Island Aleut language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Dargwa language[1] Vulnerable Russia

Dolgan language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

East Cape Yupik language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Eastern Khanty language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Eastern Mansi language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Eastern Mari language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Erzya language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Even language (Kamtchatka)[1] Severely endangered Russia

Even language (Siberia)[1] Severely endangered Russia

Evenki language (Northern Siberia)[1] Severely endangered Russia

Evenki language (Sakhalin)[1] Severely endangered Russia

Evenki language (Southern Siberia)[1] Severely endangered Mongolia, Russia

Forest Enets language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Forest Nenets language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Forest Yukagir language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Godoberi language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Hinukh language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Homshetsma dialect
Homshetsma dialect
(Caucasus)[1] Severely endangered Georgia, Russia

Hunzib language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Ingrian language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Ingush language[1] Vulnerable Russia

Inkhokvari dialect[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Itelmen language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Juhuri language(Judeo-Tat) (Caucasus)[1] Definitely endangered Azerbaijan, Israel, Russia

Kabard-Cherkes language[1] Vulnerable Russia, Turkey

Kalmyk language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Karachay-Balkar language[1] Vulnerable Russia

Karagash language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Karata language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Karelian language
Karelian language
(Karelia)[1] Definitely endangered Finland, Russia

Karelian language
Karelian language
(Tikhvin)[1] Severely endangered Russia

Karelian language
Karelian language
(Tver)[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Ket language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Khakas language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Khamnigan Mongol language[1] Definitely endangered China, Mongolia, Russia

Khvarshi language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Kildin Saami language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Kilen language[1] Critically endangered China, Russia

Kili language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Komi language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Koryak language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Kumyk language[1] Vulnerable Russia

Lak language[1] Vulnerable Russia

Latgalian language[1] Vulnerable Latvia, Russia

Lezgian language[1] Vulnerable Azerbaijan, Russia

Low Saxon language[1] Vulnerable Germany, Denmark, Netherlands, Poland, Russia

Lude language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Moksha language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Nanay language[1] Severely endangered China, Russia

Negidal language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Nganasan language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Nivkh language
Nivkh language
(Amur)[1] Critically endangered Russia

Nivkh language
Nivkh language
(Sakhalin)[1] Severely endangered Russia

Nogay language
Nogay language
(Caucasus)[1] Definitely endangered Russia

North Saami language[1] Definitely endangered Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden

Northern Altay language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Northern Khanty language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Northern Mansi language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Northern Selkup language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Olonetsian language[1] Definitely endangered Finland, Russia

Oroch language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Orok language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Ossete language[1] Vulnerable Georgia, Russia

Permyak language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Pontic Greek language[1] Definitely endangered Armenia, Georgia, Greece, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine

Romani language[1] Definitely endangered Albania, Germany, Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, United Kingdom, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, Serbia, Montenegro

Rutul language[1] Definitely endangered Azerbaijan, Russia

Shor language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Siberian Tatar language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Skolt Saami language[1] Severely endangered Finland, Norway, Russia

Southern Altay language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Southern Selkup language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Tabasaran language[1] Vulnerable Russia

Tazy language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Ter Saami language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Tindi language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Tofa language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Trukhmen language[1] Definitely endangered Russia, Turkmenistan

Tsakhur language[1] Definitely endangered Azerbaijan, Russia

Tsez language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Tundra Enets language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Tundra Nenets language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Tundra Yukagir language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Tuvan language[1] Vulnerable China, Mongolia, Russia

Udege language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Udmurt language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

Ulcha language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Urum language[1] Definitely endangered Georgia, Russia, Ukraine

Veps language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Vôru-Seto language[1] Definitely endangered Estonia, Russia

Vote language[1] Critically endangered Russia

Western Mari language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Yakut language[1] Vulnerable Russia

Yazva Komi language[1] Severely endangered Russia

Yiddish language
Yiddish language
(Europe)[1] Definitely endangered Germany, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Moldova, Norway, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, United Kingdom, Russia, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Ukraine

Yurt Tatar language[1] Definitely endangered Russia

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du Moseley, Christopher, ed. (2010). Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger. Memory of Peoples (3rd ed.). Paris: UNESCO Publishing. ISBN 978-92-3-104096-2. Retrieved 2015-04-11.  ^ For the online atlas version see here:[1]

See also[edit]

List of endangered languages in Europe List of endangered

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