Linz (/lɪnts/; German pronunciation: [ˈlɪnt͡s]; Czech: Linec) is
the third-largest city of
Austria and capital of the state of Upper
Austria (German: Oberösterreich). It is in the north centre of
Austria, approximately 30 kilometres (19 miles) south of the Czech
border, on both sides of the River Danube. The population of the city
is 200,839, and that of the Greater
Linz conurbation is about 271,000.
In 2009 Linz, together with the Lithuanian capital Vilnius, was chosen
as the European Capital of Culture. Since 1 December 2014
Linz is a
member of the
UNESCO Creative Cities (UCCN) network as a City of Media
Arts. Cities receive this title for enriching the urban lifestyle
through the sponsorship and successful integration of media art and
involving society in these electronic art forms.
Linz is well known
for the Linzer torte, which is said to be the oldest cake in the
world, with its first recipe dating from 1653.
8 Public safety
10 Points of interest
12.5 Culinary specialties
12.6 Regular events
12.7 Other cultural institutions and venues
13 Colleges and universities
14 Leisure activities
14.1 Parks and gardens
14.3 Harbor tour
16 Born in Linz
17 International relations
17.1 Twin towns — sister cities
18 See also
21 External links
Linz is in the centre of Europe, lying on the Paris–Budapest
west–east axis and the Malmö–
Trieste north–south axis. The
Danube is the main tourism and transport connection that runs through
Approximately 29.27% of the city’s 96 km2 (37 sq mi)
wide area are grassland. Further 17.95% are covered with forest. All
the rest areas fall on water (6.39%), traffic areas and land.
Since January 2014 the city is divided into 16 statistical
Linz was divided into 9 districts and 36 statistical
quarters. They were:
Innenstadt: Altstadtviertel, Rathausviertel, Kaplanhofviertel,
Neustadtviertel, Volksgartenviertel, Römerberg-Margarethen
Kleinmünchen: Kleinmünchen, Neue Welt, Scharlinz, Bergern, Neue
Heimat, Wegscheid, Schörgenhub
Lustenau: Makartviertel, Franckviertel, Hafenviertel
Pöstlingberg: Pöstlingberg, Bachl-Gründberg
St. Magdalena: St. Magdalena, Katzbach, Elmberg
Urfahr: Alt-Urfahr, Heilham, Hartmayrsiedlung, Harbachsiedlung,
Waldegg: Freinberg, Froschberg, Keferfeld, Bindermichl, Spallerhof,
See also: Timeline of Linz
A depiction of the town in 1594
The central part of the town.
The city was founded by the Romans, who called it Lentia. The name
Linz was first recorded in AD 799.
It was a provincial and local government city of the Holy Roman
Empire, and an important trading point connecting several routes, on
either side of the
River Danube from the east to the west and Bohemia
Poland from north to the
Italy to the south. Being the
city where the
Emperor Friedrich III spent his last years, it
was, for a short period of time, the most important city in the
empire. It lost its status to
Prague after the death of
Emperor in 1493.
One important inhabitant of the city was Johannes Kepler, who spent
several years of his life in the city teaching mathematics. He
discovered, on 15 May 1618, the distance-cubed-over-time-squared —
or 'third' — law of planetary motion. The local public university,
Johannes Kepler University, is named after him.
Another famous citizen was Anton Bruckner, who spent the years between
1855 and 1868 working as a local composer and organist in the Old
Cathedral, Linz. The
Brucknerhaus is named after him.
Adolf Hitler was born in the border town of
Braunau am Inn
Braunau am Inn but moved
Linz in his childhood.
Hitler spent most of his youth in the Linz
area, from 1898 until 1907, when he left for Vienna. The family lived
first in the village of
Leonding on the outskirts of town, and then on
the Humboldtstrasse in Linz. After elementary education in Leonding,
Hitler was enrolled in the Realschule (school) in Linz, as was the
philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein. Notorious
Holocaust architect Adolf
Eichmann also spent his youth in Linz. To the end of his life, Hitler
Linz to be his "home town", and envisioned extensive
architectural schemes for it, wanting it to become the main cultural
centre of the Third Reich. In order to make the city economically
Hitler initiated a major industrialisation of
before, and during, the Second World War.
In addition to an ordnance depot,
Linz has a benzol (oil) plant which
was bombed during the Oil Campaign on 16 October 1944. What was
Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp
Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp is 20 km (12 miles)
east of the city of Linz.
Processing of the Nazi-Past
In 1996, the Council of the city decided to account for its Nazi past.
The widespread scientific workup, which was implemented by the
municipal archives, covered the period prior 1938 and the
denazification after 1945.
Linz became the first city in
deal intensively with its own Nazi past. In May 2001, seven scientific
publications, online presentations, and numerous lectures were made
public as a result of these efforts. The culture of remembrance
extended to the construction of monuments for the victims of National
Socialism. Especially since 1988, numerous memorials have been created
in public spaces. The confrontation with the Nazi past resulted in the
renaming of many streets. In 1945, immediately after the end of the
Nazi dictatorship, 39 streets in
Linz were renamed, whereas from 1946
to 1987, only two streets were renamed. However, since 1988, 17 new
traffic areas were named after victims of National Socialism or
resistance fighters. In the recent past a number of Nazi victims and
activists who fought
Nazism were honored by the city. Simon
Wiesenthal, who founded the first Jewish Documentation Center in Linz
in 1945, received an award for his work in remembrance of victims of
the Second World War.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of
Linz developed from the seal image, which was used
as emblem since 1242. It showed the open city gate flanked by two
crenelated towers on rocky ground. From 1288 on, the gate was shown
standing on water. The coat of arms shows a red plate on which stands
a castle with twin towers. Those towers are crowned with three
crenelations. The towers include an open door; above the door the
red-white-red shield of
Austria is attached. The gate and towers
symbolise the medieval fortified city. The wavy bars indicate the
position of the city near the Danube. The Austrian shield is a
reference to the former territorial city.
The urban area includes (parts of) 13 other municipalities with
together 271,000 inhabitants.
Linz is also part of the Linz-Wels-Steyr
metropolitan area of Upper Austria, home to around one third of the
state's population (460,000 people) and second-largest urban area in
Linz has a total number of about 157,000 jobs.
However, only half of vacant jobs can be covered by its inhabitants.
This enormous job surplus causes a correspondingly high rate of
commuters from the surrounding communities of Linz, resulting in
enormous traffic problems.
Largest groups of foreign residents
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Linz has a continental climate (Dfb) with warm summers and quite cold
Climate data for Linz
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average snowfall cm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics
The hotel business is equipped with 4,544 beds – 2,302 are located
in the ten four star hotels of the city. Nine hotels have three stars
and count 1,226 beds. The seven two and one star hotels are equipped
with 472 beds. 544 beds are not categorised for commercial businesses.
Five star hotels are not available.
Linz counted 647,428 nights’ stay. In 2013 the number
increased to 775,396. 363,425 of the overnight stays were located in
the four star hotels, 226,647 in the three star hotels, 67,593 in the
two and one star hotels and 53,194 stays can be counted to other
accommodation. Overnight stays in 5/4-star hotels increased by more
than 5% from 20.590 to 21.655 between February 2017 and February 2018.
During the same period, overnight stays in 3-star hotels increased by
22%, from 13.383 to 16.330. The number of overnight stays in
non-categorized hotels dropped by almost 10%, from 4.177 to 3.763.
544 gastronomy businesses are located in the city.
In 2017 Germans were the most frequent guests (165,851), followed by
tourists from China, Hong Kong and Macao (26,161), making Italians 3rd
in comparison with the years before – the ranking is equal to the
overnight stays ranking which is listed in the following.
Number of overnight stays
The container terminal at the harbour.
Linz is one of the main economic centres of Austria. The Voestalpine
AG is a large steel concern (founded as the "Hermann-Göring-Werke"
during the Second World War), which is known for the LD-
("Linz-Donawitz") procedure for the production of steel. The former
"Chemie Linz" chemical group has been split up into several companies.
These companies have made
Linz one of Austria's most important
About 190,000 people are employed in Linz, which is almost twice as
many employed persons who live in Linz. Therefore,
Linz has to deal
with a lot of commuter traffic. At a workday around 100,000 employed
persons commute to
Linz and about 18,500 out of Linz.
Furthermore, due to the fact that one of the four Donau-Harbors
Austria is located in Linz, it constitutes an
attractive location in regards to logistic and trading enterprises.
Nonetheless manufacturing plants can – for instance - be found at
the waterfront as well. The economic importance of
Linz was founded
over centuries in trade. Moreover, the long-standing image of
an industrial city was a result of the National Socialism. As a result
of this large industrial enterprises are still located in Linz
nowadays. Great examples in regards to this are
Voestalpine AG or
“Chemie Linz” – as already mentioned above. From an economical
perspective they represent a large number of jobs and of course
industry related enterprises.
The Meeting Industry Report
Austria (mira) ranks
Linz as the third
most important destination for congresses in Austria, with a share of
7,4 % in the total number of congresses, conferences and seminars
held in Austria.
Linz has more than 60 congress and event venues.
With the Blue Meeting® concept, the local tourism association has
developed a conference format which focuses on individual needs of
participants and adapts to the idea of green meetings, therefore
supporting waste prevention, energy efficiency, climate-neutral travel
and regional added value. 
The eastern end of Pfarrplatz.
Linz offers many different shopping possibilities, which include
various shopping centres or popular shopping streets.
Thirteen malls can be found in Linz, three of them are situated in the
city centre. The total List of shopping centres in Linz:
Atrium City Center
Shopping Mall Auwiesen
Shopping Mall Biesenfeld
Shopping Mall Industriezeile
Shopping Mall Kleinmünchen
Shopping Mall Muldenstraße
Shopping Mall Wegscheid
According to a study of Infrapool in Oktober 2010, the Linzer
Landstraße is the busiest shopping street outside of Vienna. The
weekly frequency is noted between 240,500 (Monday-Saturday, 8 a.m.
until 7 p.m.) and 228,400 (8 a.m. until 6 p.m.) passers-by, which is
the second highest value - only in 2005 more passers-by were detected.
Further shopping streets in Linz:
Einkaufsviertel Wiener Straße
Close to Linz:
Plus City shopping center
There are eleven farmer’s markets as well as one weekly flea market
and two Christmas markets in Linz. One of the most popular ones is the
“Urfahraner Markt“, which takes place in spring and fall every
year. Visitors can enjoy a mix of leisure facilities, stalls and party
tents. Furthermore, there are annually Christmas and New Year’s
Markets. The aim of the market administration is to provide the
population with a wide range of products, as well as operating the
markets in an economical, suitable and customer oriented manner.
Additionally, the annual market called “Linzer Marktfrühling”
sets further accents and lures new customers with attractive offers.
The central Nibelungenbrücke
The Pöstlingbergbahn, a part of the tram network.
Linz serves as an important transport hub for the region of both Upper
Austria and, to a lesser degree, southern Bohemia.
The "Blue Danube"
Linz Airport lies about 14 kilometres (8.7 mi)
southwest of the town centre, in the municipality of Hörsching. The
airport can be reached easily via federal highways B139 and B1. The
bus line 601 connects the airport within 20 minutes with the centre of
Linz. There is also a free shuttle service from
station. Direct flights include Frankfurt,
additional seasonal routes added during the summer and winter months,
like for example Antalya, Kos, Ibiza or Korfu.
Ryanair flies to London
Stansted Airport and Tenerife.
The city also has a central railway station (German: Hauptbahnhof) on
Austria's main rail axis, the West railway, linking
Germany and Switzerland. There are also varying types
of river transport on the Danube, from industrial barges to tourist
Local public transport comprises the city tram network, the city
trolleybus network and the city bus network, all operated by the Linz
Linien division of
Linz AG. The city tram network includes the
Pöstlingbergbahn, a steeply graded tramway which climbs a small
mountain at the northwest edge of the town.
The National Police Directorate forms the security authority for the
city. The city’s police commands function as law enforcement
In Linz, one of six Austrian professional fire brigades is located.
Four volunteer fire brigades (Ebelsberg, Pichling, Pöstlingberg, St.
Magdalena) and nine company fire brigades complement Linz’
firemanship. Additionally, the national school of firemanship, which
is subjected to the Upper Austrian fire-brigade federation, is located
in Linz. In this school, all members of Upper Austrian fire brigades
are being educated.
Oberösterreichische Nachrichten has its head office in
Points of interest
The new cathedral.
A close up of the neogotic new cathedral.
The trinity column at the main square.
The main street "Landstraße" leads from the "Blumauerplatz" to
"Taubenmarkt" (Pigeonmarket) near the main square. In the middle of
the main square the high "Pestsäule" ("plague column", also known as
"Dreifaltigkeitssäule" (Dreifaltigkeit means Holy Trinity)) was built
to remember the people who died in the plague epidemics.
Near the Schloss/castle, being the former seat of Friedrich the III
— the oldest Austrian church is located: Sankt/Saint Martins church.
It was built during early medieval
Other points of interest include:
St. Mary's Cathedral (Mariä-Empfängnis-Dom), Roman Catholic., in
Gothic-Revival style. With a total height of 134,8 meters, the
cathedral is the tallest church in Austria. Constructed in the years
of 1862 and 1924, it is fully built of sandstone with unfinished front
Mozarthaus: birthplace and house of the famous Austrian composer
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, which was constructed at the end of the 16th
century. During 3 days in November 1783, being a resident of the
house, he composed the “Linzer Sinfonie” and “Linzer Sonate”.
Today, it is allowed to visit the backyard of the house but prohibited
to enter the house itself.
Pöstlingberg-Kirche: pilgrimage church on the
Pöstlingberg hill. The
basilica is the city’s landmark and was built from 1738 until 1774,
located on 537m sea level.
Pöstlingbergbahn is the steepest mountain rail in the world which was
built in 1898 and operates gear-wheel free (functional grip between
wheel and rail: gradient of 10.5%)
Linzer Grottenbahn: A grotto railway is based up on the hill of
Brucknerhaus — the concert hall named after the composer Anton
Bruckner, who was born in Ansfelden, a small town next to Linz.
The modern Concert Hall owes its unique acoustics to its wood
paneling. The Great Hall of the Bruckner House, also called
Brucknersaal, is the architectural jewel hosting an organ consisting
of more than 4,200 pipes and 51 registers. The spacious stage in
particular was designed for 220 performers. In 2017 the life and
Anton Bruckner were the focus of the Bruckner Festival held
under the motto “Bruckner elementar”. Bruckner’s works were the
focus of the festival presented by national and international
Gugl Stadium, is home to the LASK (Linzer Athletik Sport Klub), which
is claimed to be the third oldest football club in Austria.
Kremsmünsterer Haus: is to find at the „Alter Markt“, located in
the inner city of
Linz where, as legends say, emperor Friedrich III.
Landhaus: The country house was built in the 16th century and is the
headquarters of the governor, the Bavarian parliament and the
government of upper Austria.
Johannes Kepler used to teach here for
more than 14 years.
The former townhouse of Kremsmünster Abbey.
A historic suburban villa at Freinberg
The old town hall
As many central European cities, the cityscape of
characterised by small and several sacred buildings. The Mariä
Empfängnis Dom or New Cathedral is the biggest church in Austria, not
by height (it is roughly 2 metres shorter than the St. Stephen's
Cathedral (Stephansdom) in Vienna), but by capacity.
The historic centre is characterised by its medieval architectural
style, whereas in those parts of the city that border with the
historic centre the architecture is of neoclassical, neo-baroque and
neo-renaissance styles. Even further from the historic centre there
are living areas, such as Franckviertel, Froschberg, Bindermichl and
Kleinmünchen southern of the
Danube and Alt-Urfahr northern of the
Danube. These areas are where residential buildings can be found that
are still referred to as "Hitlerbauten" or "
Hitler buildings", because
they were built during the interwar period and the time of Nazi
dictatorship. The residential area called Gugl became a well liked
living area among the wealthy at around 1900, which is why there are
numerous villas still there today.
Amongst the newer buildings is the new Central Station, which was
Wilhelm Holzbauer and added the Terminal Tower skyscraper
as part of a mixed-use complex. Between 2005 und 2011 it was voted
Austria’s most beautiful railway station seven times in a row by the
Verkehrsclub Österreich. The Wissensturm ("Tower of knowledge") with
a height of about 63 metres, houses the public library and the
Volkshochschule, an adult education centre. It was designed by Franz
Kneidinger and Heinz Stögmüller and opened in 2007. Lentos Art
Museum, which opened in 2003, was designed by Zürich-based architects
Weber & Hofer and the Musiktheater (music theatre), which opened
in 2013, was designed by Terry Pawson.
Linz has 13 cemeteries, four of them are supervises by the LINZ
Friedhof der Israelitischen Kultusgemeinde
Friedhof St. Margarethen
Soldatenfriedhof beim Petrinum
Linz / St. Martin
Urnenhain Neue Verabschiedungshalle
The Ars electronica museum
The city is now home to a vibrant music and arts scene that is
well-funded by the city and the state of Upper Austria. Between Lentos
Art Museum and the "Brucknerhaus", is the "Donaulände", which is also
referred to as "Kulturmeile" ("culture mile"). This is a park
alongside the river, which is used mainly by young people to relax and
meet in summer. It is also used for the Ars Electronica Festival in
early September and the "
Linz Fest", which takes place annually in
May. In June, July and August the "Musikpavillon" is placed in the
park where musical groups of different styles perform on Thursdays,
Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays free of charge.
Linz has other culture institutions, such as the Posthof, which is
near the harbour, and the Stadtwerkstatt, which is by the River
Danube. The Pflasterspektakel, an international street art
festival, takes place each year in July in and around the Landstraße
and the main square.
Linz was the
European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture in
2009, along with Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania.
On 1 December 2014
Linz was accepted into the international network of
UNESCO Creative Cities (UCCN) as a City of Media Arts. Currently 69
cities worldwide are members of the Creative Cities network, which is
divided into seven thematic categories: literature, film, music, folk
art, design, media art and gastronomy. The title goes to cities which
enrich urban life and successfully involve society in electronic art
forms through the sponsorship and integration of media art. Seven
more cities can call themselves City of Media Arts: Enghien-les-Bains,
Lyon, Sapporo, Dakar, Gwangju,
Tel Aviv-Jaffa and York.
The aim is therefore to maintain and represent the cultural
diversity. The 69 cities share their experiences and think about
ways to cope with globalization. To create the most intensive
discourse possible with the other creative cities,
Linz has to do a
self-evaluation after a few years. After three years the UNESCO
Linz has fulfilled certain measures in the field of
media art and may continue to use the title. The Ars Electronica
Center can be considered as the centre of media art and attracts every
year during its festival national and international guests to Linz.
The latest project developed by
Linz in the context of the City of
Media Arts project is the
Valie Export Center, which is located in the
Tabakfabrik (tobacco factory) and carried out in cooperation with the
University of Art and Design Linz. It serves as an international
research hub for media and performance art. Beyond that, it comprises
the legacy as well as the archives of the most renowned media artist
coming from Linz, Valie Export, who has received numerous national as
well as international prizes. Along with the Ars Electronica
Linz hosts two internationally renowned archives for media
art. These archives serve as a starting point for an artistic and
a scientific interaction with media and performance art both in
Austria and around the world.
Since 2009, the Open Commons
Linz initiative has made available a wide
variety of “free” data: geo-data and statistical information
having to do with city life, local government, recreation and tourism.
An associated effort is the Hotspot initiative that has installed 202
hotspots providing free WLAN, as well as Public Server, the municipal
cloud available to all citizens registered in Linz.
Linz is thus at
the forefront in Europe when it comes to universal access to open
Linz houses 43 galleries and exhibit rooms, 13 cultural centres, one
club centre, as well as four educational institutes.
The recently built Lentos (2003) is a modern art gallery, presenting
art from the 20th and 21st centuries. It is situated on the south
banks of the River Danube. The building can be illuminated at night
from the inside with blue, pink, red and violet, due to its plastic
Ars Electronica Center
Ars Electronica Center (AEC) is a museum and research facility on the
north bank of the
Danube (in the Urfahr district), across the river
from the Hauptplatz (main square). The AEC is a significant world
centre for new media arts, attracting a large gathering of
technologically oriented artists every year for the Ars Electronica
Festival. The AEC museum is home to one of the few public 2D CAVEs in
City Museum Nordico houses an art collection as well as a historical
and an archeological collection, all of which relate to the city of
Linz. About 16,000 people visited the museum in 2013.
Upper Austrian Regional Museum (Oberösterreichisches Landesmuseum)
has three main locations that focus on different aspects of the
regional history: The Landesgalerie (regional gallery) exhibits modern
and contemporary art, the Schlossmuseum houses archeological findings
all of which retrace Upper Austria’s cultural history whereas the
aim of the Biologiezentrum Linz-Dornach (centre of biology) is to
retrace the region’s natural history with an exhibition of about 16
million objects (which makes it the second biggest museum for natural
history in Austria).
At the headquarters of the Upper Austrian art association
(Oberösterreichischer Kunstverein) in the Ursulinenhof in
are regular exhibitions of contemporary art.
Upper Austrian museum of literature (Oberösterrreischisches
Adalbert Stifter Institute for literature and
linguistics and the Upper Austrian house of literature
(Oberösterreichisches Literaturhaus) all are situated in the
StifterHaus, where Austrian writer, painter and educationalist
Adalbert Stifter lived from 1848 to his death in 1868.
Upper Austrian forum for architecture (Architekturforum
Oberösterreich) in the house of architecture (Haus der Architektur)
attracts about 6,000 visitors annually. The forum organises lectures,
exhibitions, conferences and competitions.
Upper Austrian open house of culture (Offenes Kulturhaus
Oberösterreich, acronym: OK) is an art institution focusing on
Museum of Dentistry (Zahnmuseum) shows an exhibition of equipment used
in dentistry from the early 18th century to the recent past.
Cowboy-Museum Fatsy presents cowboy culture, showing original pieces
from the United States.
The Brucknerhaus, a famous concert hall in
Linz is named after Anton
Bruckner. It is situated just some 200 metres away from the "Lentos".
It is home to the "Bruckner Orchestra", and is frequently used for
concerts, as well as balls and other events. It is also the venue of
Linz Fest" which takes place annually in May as well as one of
the venues during the Ars Electronica Festival in early September. In
June, July and August the "Musikpavillon" is placed in the park where
musical groups of different styles perform on Thursdays, Fridays,
Saturdays and Sundays free of charge.
The Musiktheater (music theatre) was opened in April 2013 and is
considered to be one of the most modern opera houses in Europe. It
offers five stages of varying sizes; the big hall ("Großer Saal")
with 1,200 seats, the BlackBox with up to 270 seats, the
BlackBoxLounge with up to 150 seats, the orchestra hall
("Orchestersaal") with up to 200 seats and another stage in the foyer
("FoyerBühne"). Performances at the Musiktheater include operas and
typically Austrian operettas, ballets and musicals.
The ensemble of the Landestheater (regional theatre)
Linz used to
perform musical productions as well as theatre productions at a venue
located on the "Promenade" in the inner city of
Linz (this venue is
still referred to simply as "Landestheater"). Since the opening of the
new Musiktheater, only theatre performances take place at the
"Promenade" venue, whereas musical productions are shown in the
Musiktheater. The Landestheater
Linz is especially renowned for its
theatre for young audiences called uhof:.
The Kapu is a venue for various contemporary music styles, such as hip
hop, noise rock and crust and also houses a cinema and a recording
The Posthof is one of the biggest event centres in
Linz with three
rooms offering up to 630 seats or standing room for about 1,200 people
respectively in the big hall. The programme focuses on contemporary
art and covers concerts, theatre, cabaret, dance and literature.
Linz are regularly invited in order to improve the local
cultural scene; e.g. bands from
Linz get the opportunity to play as
pre-bands alongside nationally and internationally known artists.
Altogether a total of about 250 events take place at the Posthof each
year with a total number of visitors of about 80.000.
Stadtwerkstatt is an independent association for culture and was
founded in 1979. Its headquarters is located in the Urfahr district on
the north bank of the
Danube close to the Ars Electronica Centre and
serves as venue for music events and other artistic and cultural
activities. Situated at the same address is the Stadtwerkstatt’s own
Café Strom, a café/bar popular amongst young adults.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote his Symphony No. 36 (1783) in
Linz for a
concert to be given there, and the work is known today as the Linz
Symphony. He reportedly also composed his Piano Sonata 13 in B flat
while in Linz, although it was published in Vienna. The first version
of Anton Bruckner's Symphony No. 1 in C minor is known as the Linz
Anton Bruckner was born in
Linz and spent several years
working as a conductor and organist in Linz, where he also started to
compose. The first version of Anton Bruckner's Symphony No. 1 in C
minor is known as the
Linz version. The Brucknerhaus, a concert hall
Linz as well as its annual international Brucknerfest are named
The musician and DJ Marcus Füreder, better known by his stage name
Parov Stelar was born in Linz.
The history of cinema and film begins in
Linz in September 1896, when,
as part of a variety programme, a film programme was shown in
"Roithner's vaudeville" for the first time in Upper Austria. Until the
next screening of a film it took until 20 March 1897, when Johann
Bläser’s travelling cinema guested in the "Hotel of the Golden
Until the opening of the first cinemas with regular programme, it took
till the end of the year 1908. At that time, Karl Lifka opened his
"Lifka's Grand Théâtre électrique" in that building, where already
the very first film showing took place. Subsequently, the second
Linz was opened a few months later.
As the owner of travelling cinemas, Johann Bläser, got settled in
Linz, he bought the “Hotel of the Golden Ship”, and installed a
cinema in it, the “Bio-Kinematograph”. The third stationary
cinema, called “Kino Kolloseum”, in town was founded around 1910
by the vaudeville operator Karl Roithner. Its first location was the
former festival hall at Hessenplatz.
In September 2007 the “Wissensturm”, next to the central station,
was completed. There the Main Library and the adult education centre
are housed. In the same year the expansion of the National Library on
Main Library and 10 branches: 1,159,212 borrowings (2013)
National library: 86,262 Borrowings (2005)
The Main Library is the largest public library in Upper Austria. The
library has a stock of 220,000 media, of which approximately 60,000
audiovisual media, as well as numerous magazines. The library also
offers public Internet access and computers for surfing. The public
library focuses on supporting reading. Thus in addition, regularly
events such as readings, workshops or reading consultations take
Linz you can find both traditional restaurants and old wine
taverns, as well as modern and exotic cuisine. The influence of 140
nations can be felt in Linz's culinary offerings. A coalition of over
40 restaurants, cafes and among other locations bars are called
Linz has several à la carte restaurants and
Gault Millau gourmet restaurants.
Typical dishes in
Linz include not only the famous
Linzer torte but
also knödel and strudel in all different kind of variations. Another
specialty is the erdäpfelkäs, a spread made from mashed potatoes and
cream. Some well-known chefs from
Linz are Lukas Erich, who cooks in
the Verdi and Georg Essig from the Der neue Vogelkäfig.
Ars Electronica Festival: the Ars Electronica Festival is a festival
for media art which has been taking place annually in
Linz since 1986
and includes exhibitions, concerts, performances, symposia and
interventions on changing themes that take place in public settings
such as churches and industrial halls. The events focus on art,
technology and society and the nexus among them. In 2015 about 92,000
visitors attended the Ars Electronica Festival. The topic in 2016
was “RADICAL ATOMS and the alchemists of our time“. In 2017
the festival took place under the theme “Artificial Intelligence –
The Alter Ego”. The festival takes place in different public
spaces and is considered to be a confrontation with and in the public
Black Humour Festival: Every two years in May, the Festival of Black
Humour with guests from all over Europe takes place in the Posthof in
Linz. The latest festival was in May, 2017 (04.-24.May) representing
performances from Italy, Sweden,
Germany and Spain.
Bubble Days: the Bubble Days have been taking place annually in June
since 2011 and are hosted by local creative collective LI.K.I.DO.
During the event a number of extreme sports shows, such as aviation
performances and a wake boarding contest, the Red Bull WAKE OF STEEL,
take place in the harbour of Linz. Additionally there are a number of
art exhibitions and live music acts and visitors can explore the
harbour on boat tours, in paddle boats or kayaks. In 2013 the Bubble
Days reached a total number of 12,000 visitors.
Crossing Europe Film Festival: Since 2004 this festival takes place
annually in Linz. Starting at a total number of 9,000 visitors in the
first year, the tenth edition of the Crossing Europe Film Festival in
2014 attracted over 20,000 people; 184 feature films, documentaries
and short films from 37 countries were shown. The film screenings are
accompanied by exhibitions, talks and live music acts ("Nightline").
There are currently eight different awards to be won at the Crossing
Europe Film Festival in categories such as "CROSSING EUROPE Audience
Award", the "FEDEORA AWARD for European Documentaries" and the
"CROSSING EUROPE AWARD Local Artist".
Donau in Flammen (
Danube in Flames): Annual music fireworks from June
to August in Upper
Austria on the banks of the Danube, accompanied by
a broad supporting program.
Festival der Regionen (Festival of the regions): The festival of the
regions focuses on contemporary local art and culture and takes place
every second year in varying locations across Upper Austria. It took
place for the first time in 1993 and has been dedicated to different
themes such as "the other", "marginal zones" or "normality".
International Brucknerfest: Following the opening of the
"Brucknerhaus" concert hall in
Linz three years earlier, the
international Brucknerfest took place for the first time in 1977.
Whereas the first two editions were only dedicated to classical music
in general and Anton Bruckner’s pieces in particular, this changed
in 1979 when the international Brucknerfest, the Ars Electronica
festival and the "Klangwolke" (sound cloud), which now marks the
beginning of the Brucknerfest, were merged to create a festival worthy
of competing with those in
Vienna and Salzburg. Taking place annually
for three weeks in September/October it closes the Austrian festival
Kinderfilmfestival (Kid’s Film Festival): The international
children's film festival is organized by the Kinderfreunde
Oberösterreich. Films are shown in the original version while being
live synchronised by an actor. The 29th festival will supposedly take
place in November 2017.
Kinderkulturwoche (Children’s Week of Culture): The children's
culture week has been taking place regularly since 2013 with plays,
workshops, intro courses for children and teenagers.
Klangwolke (Cloud of sound): Created as a link between the Ars
Electronica Festival and the international Brucknerfest, this open-air
multimedia musical event takes place annually at the beginning of
September at the riverside Donaupark in Linz. It is free of charge and
attracted about 110,000 people in 2013. Today there are three
different "Clouds of sound", the visualised Klangwolke, in which
modern music (mostly commissioned works) is staged with lasers, video
projections, fireworks, ships, cranes, balloons, etc., the Klangwolke
for children (since 1998) and the classical Klangwolke.
Linzfest: This open air festival has taken place in
Linz since 1990.
It is financed by the city of
Linz and several sponsors and organised
for the broad public of all ages in cooperation with partners such as
local cultural institutions. The festival is dedicated to a different
theme every year (the last one in 2014 was "Old is the new new") and
includes concerts, theatre, dance, comedy, art in the public space,
culinary art, literature and parties, all of which are in line with
the general theme of the event. It is held in the "Donaupark", a wide
park area next to the Danube, also referred to as "Donaulände" or
Linz Marathon is held annually in April and attracted over 15,000
participants and about 100,000 spectators in 2013.
Pflasterspektakel: The festival takes place annually since 1986 in the
city centre of
Linz and includes musical acts, juggling, acrobatics,
pantomime, improvisational theatre, clownery, fire dancing, painting,
samba parades, as well as a programme for children. With about 250,000
visitors (2014) the festival is one of the biggest street art
festivals in Europe; its 28th edition featured 300 artists from 36
The Stadtfest (City festival) is held annually in August in the inner
city of Linz. The three-day festival features live music acts of
different styles, with each music style being represented on a
different stage. The concerts are held by national and international
artists. Every year about 100,000 people take part in this event.
Urfahraner Märkte: These fairs are held twice every year (once in
spring, once in autumn) in Urfahr on the northern side of the Danube.
They include a fun park (with roller coasters and a Ferris wheel) and
a market (with food products from local and regional farmers) and
attract about 500,000 people.
Other cultural institutions and venues
Archive of the city of Linz: collection of important documents of the
city of Linz, presenting Linz‘ town history
Atelierhaus Salzamt: living and working space for artists, featuring
Botanic garden: about 100,000 visitors every year; featuring a summer
programme of music acts, readings and dance performances in the garden
Donaupark Linz: contains sculptures by national and international
artists such as Herbert Bayer,
Max Bill and David Rabinowitch. The
original idea of this project, called 'forum metall', by Helmuth
Gsöllpointner and Peter Baum, was to set an example of
Linz as an art
metropolis with sculptures symbolizing a fusion of art and economy.
Design Centre Linz: modern congress and exhibition centre
Johannes Kepler Observatory: opened in 1983
Kinderkulturzentrum Kuddelmuddel: theatre for children which includes
KUBA Jugendkultur: cultural institution for teenagers and young
adults, founded by the Verein Jugend und Freizeit, which is an
association for teenagers and young adults interested in culture
Kulturhaus Reiman: venue for concerts, young theatre and cabaret
Kulturzentrum Hof: cultural institution featuring concerts of
different music styles, cabaret performances, theatre, readings and
various workshops. The Kulturzentrum Hof tries to appeal to
non-mainstream artistic styles.
Kunstraum Goethestrasse: founded in 1998, it is a location for
Landeskulturzentrum Ursulinenhof: The Ursulinenhof houses cultural
institutions and is a cultural venue (presenting e.g. exhibitions and
hosting readings and theatre performances) and a press and event
Tabakfabrik: location for exhibitions and musical events. For about
four decades Gerhard Haderer, a cartoonist from Linz, has been
criticizing and unmasking the obedient ones in our society. His most
recent project titled “Schule des Ungehorsams” (“School of
Disobedience”) is an appeal to all the people interfering in order
to contribute to shaping our society which makes us ponder on
disobedience in a playful way. It will be hosted in the Tabakfabrik
(tobacco factory) in
Linz and Haderer himself will be the janitor. The
planned activities will include exhibitions, public readings,
publications, lectures and workshops.
Colleges and universities
Anton Bruckner Private University for Music, Drama, and Dance
(private) for music (approx. 800 students)
Catholic-Theological Private University Linz
Catholic-Theological Private University Linz (private) for Catholic
theology (approx. 400 students), which has been a
Papal faculty since
Johannes Kepler University is situated in the north-east of Linz,
and hosts law, business, social sciences, engineering and science
faculties; about 13,416 students (October 2007) are enrolled. A
spin-off of the university, as well as a
Fachhochschule for various
computer-related studies, (polytechnic) is located 20 miles
(32 km) north of
Linz in the small town of Hagenberg im
Linz also hosts three other universities:
University of Arts and Industrial Design Linz, public, for arts and
industrial design (approx. 800 students).
Amongst the many "Gymnasien" (high schools) in Linz, is Linz
International School Auhof (LISA), which is one of four IB
(International Baccalaureate) schools in Austria, and uses English as
main language for instruction.
Parks and gardens
A sculpture at the Bauernberg park.
Linz offers many parks and holiday areas: Lakes and public swimming
pools: Pichlinger See, Pleschinger See, Weikerlsee, Biesenfeldbad,
Hummelhofbad, Parkbad, Schörgenhubbad. One of the first public
swimming pools was the former “Fabriksarm”, a
Danube branch stream
(from Parkbad to Winterhafen) that was filled up in 1890. Afterwards a
makeshift at the “Obere Donaulände” was built, which existed
until a flood in 1954. In 1901 the “Städtische Schwimmschule”
(city swimming school) was built at the place of the former Parkbad.
Botanischer Garten: About 100,000 visitors are attracted by
Botanischer Garten, which makes it one of the most visited sights of
the city since 1952. Situated at Bauernberg, and comprising 4.2
hectares, the arrangement distinguishes by its harmonious design, its
abundance of plant species (about 8,000 different types in culture)
and the multifaceted cultural and event programme.
Donaulände or "Lände": public park on the
Danube between Lentos and
the Brucknerhaus. In summer, the Donaulände is a popular meeting
point among young people living in Linz. It also hosts the Linzer
Freinberg: public park, very well frequented by families and joggers.
One of the most beautiful residential districts of Linz.
Pfenningberg: Pfenningberg is a part of the northeastern green belt
directioning to Steyregg. It offers stunning views of the port
facilities and the grounds of the VÖEST.
Wasserwald: Big Park (approximately 1 km²) in the south of Linz.
The park is located in the district of Kleinmünchen, where large
waterworks are situated. The most frequent visitors are walkers,
joggers, Nordic walkers and dog owners, who enjoy the idyllic
atmosphere of the park. The park is equipped with well-maintained
sidewalks, playgrounds, two toboggan hills, a fitness trail, a running
track and a senior park with chess. Furthermore, two public toilets
Stadtpark: On 22 August 2003, the new
Linz City Park between Huemer-,
Museum-, Noßberger- and Körnerstraße was officially opened. With
10,807 square metres of green area, it is the second largest
inner-city park. The city of
Linz has acquired this area due to a
barter with the Austrian postal service. Since Schiller Park in 1909,
there has been no newly openend park of this magnitude in the centre
Landschaftspark Bindermichl-Spallerhof: In the first phase of the
establishment of the 8.3 -hectare sized area, which reconnects the
boroughs Bindermichl and Spallerhof, the province of Upper
responsible for the expansion of the park. The park replaces the urban
motorway, which runs subterranean in this area since 2006. Old paths
were re-established and until mid 2007 city gardener designed prethe
new parkland with 550 trees and various shrubs, perennials and flower
beds that give the park a varied and beautiful boroughs appearance.
Linz Zoo is located at Pöstlingsberg and is home to
around 600 animals from 110 different species on 4 acres (2 ha).
In recent years, the zoo was able to increase its visitor numbers
continuously. In 2014, about 132,000 visitors visited
Kirchschlag ski resort is located 15 km north of
Linz and has
three ski lifts: The Hauslift, the Waldlift or the Babylift. The
special features of the ski area include the "How fast am I - route"
which automatically measures the time or the night skiing. The ski
area also has a 2 km long cross-country ski run, a curling ground
and a nature ice rink.
Especially in densely built-up inner-city areas smaller parks are
highly important for the inhabitants of Linz, the parks act as green
oases. Along the main axis of the city centre of Linz, the highway,
several such small gardens are located. These are on the one handside
the Landhaus Park, which has been redesigned as part of an underground
car park construction until 2009, whereby the old trees have been
preserved. In addition, Hessenplatz or – park is located in the city
centre of Linz. Hessenplatz was the centre of Neustadtviertel in 1884.
Just off the highway Schiller Park is located, which replaced the
Trainkaserne in 1909, and the Volksgarten, which was created in 1829
by an entrepreneur and bought up in 1857 by the city.
The Donausteig is a non Alpine Austrian- Bavarian long-distance hiking
trail, which is 450 kilometres (280 miles) long and is divided into 23
stages. Since the summer of 2010 it mainly leads alongside both banks
of the Danube, from
Linz and St. Nikola to Grein. The
trail mainly runs through nature and leads to popular landscapes and
From the end of April until the beginning of October the Design- Ship
„MS Linzerin“ offers a harbor tour of 100 Minutes – three times
a day (Tuesday until Sunday). Starting point of the tour is the Linzer
Donaupark and the tour goes along the Linzer Kulturmeile, passes the
Brucknerhaus and ends at the waterfront mouth of ÖSWAG Schiffswerft
There are 302 Sport Clubs in Linz. 224 of those are a part of the
three major umbrella organizations ASKÖ (108 Clubs with about 48,500
members), UNION (67 clubs with about 40,500 members) and ASVÖ (49
clubs with about 19,000 members). One of the more well-known clubs is
„LASK” – they moved to Paschinger Waldstadion in the meantime
– as well as “SK VÖEST Linz” – now called “FC Blau- Weiß
Linz”. Furthermore, the popularity of the ice hockey club “EHC
Black Wings Linz” has increased, in particular after they won the
championship in the seasons 2002/03 and 2011/12.
EHC Black Wings Linz
EHC Black Wings Linz play professional ice hockey in the Erste
Bank Eishockey Liga.
Generali Ladies Linz is annual WTA Tour tennis tournament held in
Born in Linz
Mary Anne of
Austria around 1729
Alois Riegl around 1890
A detailed view of the monument for
Adalbert Stifter at Promenade.
Mary Anne of
Austria (1683–1754), Queen consort of Portugal
Hermann Bahr (1863–1934), writer, playwright, director and critic
Sybille Bammer (born 1980), tennis player
Waltraut Cooper (born 1937), artist, pioneer of digital art
Fritz Eckhardt (1907–1995), actor, director and writer
Frank Elstner (born 1942), presenter on German television
Valie Export (born 1940), artist
Marcus Füreder (born 1974), producer, DJ
Igo Hofstetter (1926–2002), composer
Irene Kepl (born 1982), Austrian violinist and composer
Anton Koschany (born 1953), Canadian news producer, W5
Mateo Kovačić (born 1994), Croatian footballer
Marco Krainer (born 1981), Austrian specialty and TV chef with
connections to the United States
Hans Kronberger (1920–1970), nuclear physicist
Richard Link (born 1951), Canadian space scientist
Vera Lischka (born 1977), breaststroke swimmer and politician
Birgit Minichmayr (born 1977), actress
Ida Pellet (1838–1863), actress
Alois Riegl (1858–1905), art historian
Shlomo Sand (born 1946), professor of history at Tel Aviv University
and author of the controversial book The Invention of the Jewish
Franz Schumann (born 1960), professional wrestler
Herwig van Staa
Herwig van Staa (born 1942), former governor of Tyrol
Christina Stürmer (born 1982), Austrian pop/rock singer
Richard Tauber (1891–1948), tenor
Elisabeth Theurer (born 1956), equestrienne
Fritz von Thurn und Taxis
Fritz von Thurn und Taxis (born 1950), Austrian sportscaster
Franz Welser-Möst (born 1960), music director of the Cleveland
Orchestra and the
Vienna State Opera
Living in Linz:
Doug Hammond (born in Tampa, Florida, 1942) musician.
Andrew Edge (born in Leeds, England, 1956) musician.
Adalbert Stifter, (1805, Oberplan - 1868, Linz) writer
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Austria
Twin towns — sister cities
Linz is twinned with:
Charlottenburg, Berlin, Germany, since 1995
České Budějovice, Czech Republic, since 1987
Chengdu, China, since 1983
Gabès, Tunisia, since 1977
Halle, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, since 1975
Kansas City, Kansas, United States, since 1988
Gwangyang, South Korea, since 1991
Linköping, Sweden, since 1995
Linz am Rhein, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, since 1987
Modena, Modena, Emilia-Romagna, Italy, since 1992
Albufeira, Algarve, Portugal, since 2008
Sumgait, Azerbaijan, since 2009
Brașov, Romania, since 2012
Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, since 1993
Norrköping, Sweden, since 1995
Nicaragua since 1988
Zaporizhia, Ukraine, since 1983
Tampere, Finland, since 1995
Eskişehir, Turkey, since 2012
List of mayors of Linz
Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach
Gemeinden, Erstellt am 14.06.2016 (Last accessed 13.12.2016) for Linz.
^ a b "LINZ -
UNESCO City of Media Arts" (in German). Retrieved 10
Linz mit der Aufteilung der Flächennutzung, Mai 2014
^ http://www.linz.at/zahlen/010_Stadtgebiet/. Missing or empty
title= (help); External link in website= (help); Missing or empty
^ Paul Hofmann (5 April 1987). "Letting
Linz Castle cast a spell". The
York Times. Retrieved 2 December 2008.
^ Lundy, Darryl. "A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as
well as the royal families of Europe". The Peerage. Retrieved 15 April
^ Kershaw, Ian. Hitler: 1889–1936: Hubris. New York: Norton, 1998.
^ "Adolf Hitler's hometown in
Austria has opened an exhibition...",
^ Samuel W. Mitcham (2007). Eagles of the Third Reich. Stackpole.
p. 261. ISBN 9780811734059. Retrieved 27 September
^ City of
Linz Website statistik.at – Retrieved 31 October 2007
^ Population linz.at/zahlen – Retrieved 31 October 2007
Linz in Zahlen". Stadt Linz. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
^ "Klimadaten von Österreich 1971-2000 -Linz" (in German). Central
Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Retrieved 6 September
^ "LINZ AUCH IM KONGRESSBEREICH AUF ÜBERHOLSPUR" (in German).
Retrieved 29 January 2015.
^ "Tagungshandbuch 2014 web" (in German). Retrieved 29 January
Linz Linien GmbH for Local Transport.
Linz AG. Retrieved 29 August
^ The Plague Column liwest.at – Retrieved 31 October 2007
^ The top of the column Archived 23 July 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
linz.at – Retrieved 31 October 2007
^ "St. Martin's Church,
Linz (in English)".
Linz City Tourist Board.
Retrieved 6 April 2008.
^ "Mariendom (New Cathedral in Linz)". Mariendom. Archived from the
original on 28 January 2010. Retrieved 6 April 2008.
Brucknerhaus andreas-praefcke.de – Retrieved 31 October 2007
^ "Great Hall". Retrieved 29 January 2018.
^ "PK Internationales Brucknerfest 2017" (in German). Retrieved 29
^ "LASK". LASK. Archived from the original on 9 April 2008. Retrieved
6 April 2008.
^ George Tabori. "Mein Kampf: Farce in fünf Akten" (in German).
Landestheater. Retrieved 6 April 2008.
^ "Die Spielzeit 2007/2008". Landestheater. Retrieved 6 April
^ "Denkmäler" (in German). Retrieved 20 July 2016.
^ The Lentos homepage lentos.at – Retrieved 10 November 2007
^ "Welcome Posthof 04 2008". Posthof. Retrieved 6 April 2008.
^ "Stadtwerkstadt". Stadtwerkstadt. Retrieved 6 April 2008.
Pflasterspektakel Festival". Magistrat der Landeshauptstadt Linz.
Archived from the original on 8 August 2010. Retrieved 24 July
^ "European Capital of Culture".
Linz Tourist Board. Archived from the
original on 3 April 2008. Retrieved 6 April 2008.
^ "Creative Cities Network". Retrieved 20 January 2015.
UNESCO Creative Cities Beijing Summit". Retrieved 30 June
UNESCO City of Media Arts". Retrieved 30 June 2015.
Valie Export Center in der Tabakfabrik". Retrieved 29 January
Linz & Media Arts". Retrieved 29 January 2018.
^ "Open Commons Linz". Retrieved 26 May 2017.
Linz – größte naturkundliche Sammlung des
Landes Oberösterreich" (in German). Archived from the original on 25
October 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
^ "Musikpavillon im Donaupark, Nähe Brucknerhaus" (in German).
Retrieved 25 September 2014.
^ "Das Musiktheater am Volksgarten-
Linz hat ein neues kulturelles
Wahrzeichen" (in German). Retrieved 27 August 2014.
^ "About". Retrieved 27 August 2014.
^ "Posthof" (in German). Retrieved 27 August 2014.
^ "Chronologie" (in German). Retrieved 27 August 2014.
^ "2013 mehr als eine Million Entlehnungen in der Stadtbibliothek" (in
German). Retrieved 19 July 2016.
^ "Stadtbibliothek Linz" (in German). Retrieved 19 July 2016.
^ "Linzer Gastronomie" (in German). Retrieved 20 July 2016.
^ "Ars Electronica Festival 2015". Retrieved 29 January 2018.
^ "2016 Ars Electronica Festival at the PostCity". Retrieved 29
^ "Fallout Shelter, Conveyer Belts, Spiral Packet Chutes and Lots of
Media Art: Highlights of the 2017 Ars Electronica Festival in
POSTCITY". Retrieved 29 January 2018.
^ "Ars Electronica Festival – About". Retrieved 25 September
^ "Black Humour Festival". Retrieved 15 September 2017.
^ "Bubble Days – das etwas andere Linzer Hafenfest" (in German).
Retrieved 4 November 2014.
^ "CROSSING EUROPE Festival History 2004-2014". Retrieved 25 September
^ "Das sagenhafte Musikfeuerwerk auf der Donau". Retrieved 15
^ "THE FESTIVAL OF REGIONS". Archived from the original on 5 November
2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
^ "Brucknerfest – The Idea". Archived from the original on 13
January 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
^ "Festivals in
Linz – Brucknerfest Linz" (in German). Retrieved 25
^ "Willkommen beim Internationalen Kinderfilmfestival!". Retrieved 15
Linz 2017". Retrieved 15 September 2017.
^ "Mission Statement" (in German). Retrieved 4 November 2014.
^ "Der 12. Borealis
Linz Donau Marathon sprengt alle
Teilnehmerrekorde" (in German). Retrieved 4 November 2014.
Pflasterspektakel 2014". Archived from the original on 18 October
2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
^ "Haderers "Schule des Ungehorsams" eröffnet" (in German). Retrieved
29 January 2018.
Kirchschlag bei Linz
Kirchschlag bei Linz - Schilifte Kirchschlag GmbH" (in German).
Retrieved 28 April 2014.
^ "Skigebiet Kirchschlag nördlich von Linz" (in German). Retrieved 28
April 2014. [permanent dead link]
Doug Hammond biog". Doug Hammond. Retrieved 6 April 2008.
^ "Andrew Edge". Andrew Edge. Retrieved 6 April 2008.
^ "Sister Cities of Linz". Retrieved 27 October 2011.
Sumgait to be twinned with Austria`s Linz" (in eng). AzerTac. 6
June 2009. Archived from the original on 23 January 2017. Retrieved 4
February 2017. CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link) CS1 maint:
BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
^ "Twin-cities of Azerbaijan". Azerbaijans.com. Retrieved 9 August
^ News Report concerning the Twinning with
Linz Archived 4 February
2015 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Міста-побратими м. Запоріжжя [Twin Cities
Zaporozhye]. City of Zaporizhia (in Ukrainian). Шановні
відвідувачі і користувачі сайту. Archived
from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
See also: Bibliography of the history of Linz
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Linz.
Wikisource has the text of the 1921
Collier's Encyclopedia article
Linz travel guide from Wikivoyage
"Linz". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
LinzGenesis and Museum of the History of Dentistry in Upper Austria
Landesgalerie (Provincial gallery)
Nordico – Museum of the City of Linz
O.K Center for Contemporary Art
Linz Picture tour through Linz
360° Panoramic Photos from Linz
University of Arts and Industrial Design Linz
Official homepage of
Linz — The Capital of Culture 2009
Independent Platform of
European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture 2009
Comprehensive independent travel guide to
Linz written by a local
Linz International School Auhof
Ars Electronica Centre
Lentos Art Museum
Brucknerhaus concert hall
Linz web site
(in German) Data about the city
Anton Bruckner Private University for Music, Drama, and
(in German) Catholic-Theological Private University Linz
Articles and topics related to Linz
Principal cities of Austria
Cities and districts (Bezirke) of Upper Austria
Braunau am Inn
Kirchdorf an der Krems
Ried im Innkreis
Administrative seats of Austrian states
European Capitals of Culture
Santiago de Compostela
Luxembourg City and Greater Region
List of islands in the Danube
List of crossings of the Danube
Last will and testament
Rise to power
World War II
Places of residence
Special train (Führersonderzug)
Braunau am Inn
Vienna (Meldemannstraße dormitory)
Munich (16 Prinzregentenplatz)
Wealth and income
Hitler's Table Talk
In popular culture
The Victory of Faith
Triumph of the Will
Hitler: The Last Ten Days
The Meaning of Hitler
Hitler: The Rise of Evil
Eva Braun (wife)
Johann Georg Hiedler (grandfather)
Maria Schicklgruber (grandmother)
Leo Rudolf Raubal Jr. (half-nephew)
Geli Raubal (half-niece)
William Patrick Stuart-Houston (half-nephew)
Hitler's possible monorchism
Conspiracy theories about Hitler's death
Streets named after Hitler