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The LATER ZHOU (simplified Chinese : 后周; traditional Chinese : 後周; pinyin : Hòu Zhōu) was the last in a succession of five dynasties that controlled most of northern China
China
during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period , which lasted from 907 to 960 and bridged the gap between the Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
and the Song Dynasty
Song Dynasty
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Founding of the Dynasty * 2 Rule of Guo Wei * 3 Rule of Guo Rong * 4 Fall of the Later Zhou
Later Zhou
* 5 Rulers * 6 Later Zhou
Later Zhou
emperors family tree * 7 References

FOUNDING OF THE DYNASTY

Guo Wei, a Han Chinese , served as the Assistant Military Commissioner at the court of the Later Han , a regime ruled by Shatuo Turks . A teenager came to the throne of the Later Han in 948 after the death of the founding emperor, Gaozu . Guo Wei led a successful coup against the teenage emperor and declared himself emperor of the new Later Zhou
Later Zhou
on New Year’s Day in 951.

RULE OF GUO WEI

Guo Wei, posthumously known as Emperor Taizu of Later Zhou
Later Zhou
, was the first Han Chinese ruler of northern China
China
since 923. He is regarded as an able leader who attempted reforms designed to alleviate burdens faced by the peasantry. His rule was vigorous and well-organized. However, it was also a short reign. His death from illness in 954 ended his three-year reign.

RULE OF GUO RONG

Guo Rong, posthumously known as Emperor Shizong of Later Zhou , was the adoptive son of Guo Wei. Born Chai Rong, he was the son of his wife’s elder brother. He ascended the throne on the death of his adoptive father in 954. His reign was also effective and was able to make some inroads in the south with victories against the Southern Tang in 956. However, efforts in the north to dislodge the Northern Han , while initially promising, were ineffective. He died an untimely death in 959 from an illness while on campaign.

FALL OF THE LATER ZHOU

Guo Rong was succeeded by his seven-year-old son upon his death. Soon thereafter Zhao Kuangyin usurped the throne and declared himself emperor of the Great Song Dynasty
Song Dynasty
, a dynasty that would eventually reunite China
China
, bringing all of the southern states into its control as well as the Northern Han
Northern Han
by 979.

RULERS

SOVEREIGNS OF THE LATER ZHOU 951–960 TEMPLE NAMES (MIAO HAO 廟號) POSTHUMOUS NAMES (SHI HAO 諡號) PERSONAL NAMES PERIOD OF REIGNS ERA NAMES (NIAN HAO 年號) AND THEIR ACCORDING RANGE OF YEARS

Tàizŭ (太祖) Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign 郭威 Guō Weī 951–954 Guǎngshun (廣順) 951–954

Xiande (顯德 xian3 de2) 954

Shìzōng (世宗) Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign 柴榮 Chái Róng 954–959 Xiǎndé (顯德) 954–959

Did not exist 恭帝 Gōngdì 柴宗訓 Chái Zōngxùn 959–960 Xiǎndé (顯德) 959–960

LATER ZHOU EMPERORS FAMILY TREE

LATER ZHOU EMPERORS FAMILY TREE

Mr. Chai 柴翁

Chai Shouli 柴守礼 896–967 Empress Shengmu 圣穆皇后 Guo Wei 郭威 904–954 TAIZU 太祖 951–954

Chai Rong 柴榮 921–959 SHIZONG 世宗 954–959

Chai Zongxun 柴宗训 953–973 GONGDI 恭帝 959–960

REFERENCES

* Mote, F.W. (1999). Imperial China
China
(900-1800). Harvard University Press. pp. 13, 14. * "5 DYNASTIES & 10 STATES". Retrieved 2006-10-08.

* v * t * e

Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period

FIVE DYNASTIES

* Later Liang * Later Tang
Later Tang
* Later Jin * Later Han * Later Zhou

TEN KINGDOMS (STATES)

* Wu * Former Shu * Chu * Wuyue * Min * Southern Han * Jingnan * Later Shu * Southern Tang * Northern Han
Northern Han

OTHER STATES

* Jin * Qi * Zhao * Yan * Yin

DE FACTO INDEPENDENT ENTITIES

* Yiwu Jiedushi * Dingnan Jiedushi * Qingyuan Jiedushi * Jinghai Jiedushi * Wuping Jiedushi * Guiyi Jiedushi

NEIGHBORING STATES

* Balhae
Balhae
* Gansu Uyghur Kingdom * Liao dynasty
Liao dynasty
* Tibetan kingdoms * Dali * Ngô dynasty

HISTORIES

* Old History of the Five Dynasties * New History of the Five Dynasties * Spring and Autumn Annals of the Ten Kingdoms * Wudai Huiyao

Xia → Shang → Zhou → Qin → Han → 3 Kingdoms → Jìn / 16 Kingdoms → N. & S. Dynasties → Sui → Tang → 5 Dynasties

.