Lanhydrock (Cornish: Lannhedrek, meaning "church enclosure of St
Hydrock") is a civil parish centred on a country estate and mansion in
Cornwall, United Kingdom. The parish lies south of the town of
Bodmin and is bounded to the north by
Bodmin parish, to the south
Lanlivery parish and to the west by
Lanivet parish. The population
was 171 in the 2001 census. This increased to 186 in the 2011
census. The Parish Council meets every two months in Lanhydrock
Lanhydrock ecclesiastical parish is in the Deanery and Hundred of
Pydar and in the
Bodmin Registration District. The parish is in the
Diocese of Truro
Diocese of Truro and is now part of the
Bodmin Team Ministry.
The parish church is dedicated to St Hydroc and stands in the grounds
Lanhydrock House. Parts date back to the late 15th century and the
church has a chancel, nave, north and south aisles and three-stage
battlemented tower with nine bells. Eight bells date from the late
19th century and are regularly rung. The ninth bell dates from circa
1599 and is only rung infrequently for tolling.
3 Recent history
The great house stands in extensive grounds (360 hectares or 890
acres) above the
River Fowey and it has been owned and managed by the
National Trust since 1953. Much of the present house dates back to
Victorian times but some sections date from the 1620s. It is a Grade I
listed building and is set in gardens with formal areas. The hill
behind the house is planted with a fine selection of shrubs and
Lanhydrock estate belonged to the
Augustinian priory of
St Petroc at
Bodmin but the
Dissolution of the Monasteries
Dissolution of the Monasteries during the 1530s saw it
pass into private hands. In 1620 wealthy merchant Sir Richard
Robartes, of Truro, acquired the estate and began building Lanhydrock
House, designed to a four-sided layout around a central courtyard and
constructed of grey granite. Robartes died in 1624 but work on the
building was continued by his son John Robartes, 1st Earl of Radnor, a
notable public figure who served as
Lord Privy Seal
Lord Privy Seal and Lord President
of the Council. The embattled walls were built of rude (rough),
massive granite blocks with years 1636 and 1642 on the walls,
indicating when they were built. A barbican gate was added and the
house was garrisoned by Parliamentary forces in August 1644 when Sir
Richard Grenville took possession.
During the 18th century the east wing of the house was demolished
leaving the U-shaped plan seen today. On 4 April 1881 a major fire
destroyed the south wing and caused extensive damage to the central
section. The fire started in the kitchen and the near gale-force wind
fanned the flames along the south wing and the ″communicating
block″. Of the main house only the north wing, with its 116 feet
(35 m) Long Gallery, and the front porch building survived
intact, along with the original gatehouse which also dates back to the
mid 17th century. The gallery was decorated with old plaster work
which was considered to be the finest of its type in the west of
England with figures representing the creation in ″bas-relief″.
The property was insured for £10,000 in the Royal Standard Office and
for £10,000 in the County Fire Office and the damage is estimated to
cost £8,000 to £10,000 It was reported in August 1881 that the
rebuilding of the house would cost £50,000 and was to be undertaken
by Messers Lang and Son of Liskeard. New sections were built
behind the south wing, including a kitchen block, in the style of the
original building – which was unusual at the time.
The Robartes family declined significantly during the First World War,
including the heir
Thomas Agar-Robartes MP, who was killed during the
Battle of Loos
Battle of Loos in France, while trying to rescue a colleague from
no-man's land. Only one descendant survives, living in a cottage on
There are two Cornish crosses and two cross bases (at Tredinnick Cross
and Reperry) in the parish. One cross is in the churchyard and the
other is half a cross head at Treffry. The cross in the churchyard is
ornamented on all four sides of the shaft. Of the Reperry Cross only
the base remains but the cross was illustrated in the Gentleman's
Magazine, vol. 75 (1805).
Most of the current building, therefore, dates from late Victorian
times. The second Lord Robartes (later the 6th Viscount Clifden)
rebuilt the house to meet the needs of his large family, appointing
Richard Coad to design and supervise most of the work.
Coad had previously (1857) worked as assistant to George Gilbert Scott
on earlier work at Lanhydrock.
In 1953 the house and approximately 160 hectares (400 acres) of
parkland were given to the National Trust by the 7th Viscount Clifden.
The public tour is one of the longest of any National Trust house and
takes in the service rooms, nurseries and some servants' bedrooms, as
well as the main reception rooms and family bedrooms. In 2004 it was
one of the Trust's ten most visited paid-entry properties, with over
In 1872 Lord Robartes MP of Lanhydrock, Bodmin, was listed in the top
ten land holdings in
Cornwall with an estate of 22,234 acres
(89.98 km2) or 2.93% of Cornwall.
Parts of the estate have been designated as an Important Plant Area,
by the organisation Plantlife, for its ancient woodland and
Lanhydrock was the main setting for a 1996 film version of Twelfth
Night directed by Trevor Nunn, and starring
Helena Bonham Carter
Helena Bonham Carter as
Olivia. On 12 June 2008
Lanhydrock hosted an episode of BBC TV's
Antiques Roadshow, which was first aired on 12 October 2008 (part 1)
and 30 November 2008 (part 2).
^ Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of
place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel Archived 15 May 2013 at
the Wayback Machine.. Cornish Language Partnership.
^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200
Newquay & Bodmin
^ GENUKI website; Lanhydrock; retrieved May 2010
^ "2011 census". Retrieved 6 February 2015.
Cornwall Council website Archived 3 January 2009 at Archive.is;
retrieved May 2010
^ Church of
England "A Church Near You" website; St Hydroc, Bodmin;
retrieved May 2010
^ "Dove Details". dove.cccbr.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
^ National Trust website:
Lanhydrock Archived 30 April 2010 at the
Wayback Machine.; retrieved May 2010
^ Historic England. "Details from image database (67548)". Images of
England. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
^ "Lanhydrock". National Trust.
^ a b c "Great Fire At
Lanhydrock House, The Seat Of Lord Robartes".
The Cornishman (143). 7 April 1881. p. 5.
^ "Local News". The Cornishman (162). 18 August 1881. p. 6.
^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard;
pp. 382–83, 183, 227 & 423
^ Who Owns Britain - by Kevin Cahill (author)
Lanhydrock Park". Plantlife. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
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