EL HIMNO DE BAYAMO (The Bayamo Anthem) is the national anthem of Cuba . It was first performed during the Battle of Bayamo in 1868. Perucho Figueredo , who took part in the battle, wrote and composed the song. The melody, also called LA BAYAMESA, was composed by Figueredo in 1867.
* 1 Overview * 2 Lyrics * 3 References * 4 External links
On October 10, 1868, the Cuban forces obtained the capitulation of the Spaniard authorities in Bayamo , the jubilant people surrounded Figueredo and asked him to write an anthem with the melody they were humming. Right on the saddle of his horse, Figueredo wrote the lyrics of the anthem, which was longer than the current official version. Figueredo was captured and executed by the Spaniards two years later. Just before the firing squad received the Fire command, Figueredo shouted the line from his anthem: Morir por la Patria es vivir. Officially adopted in 1902, the anthem was retained after the revolution of 1959. The Cuban composer Antonio Rodriguez-Ferrer , was the author of the musical introductory notes to the Cuban national anthem.
In addition to the Himno de Bayamo, there are two other well-known
Cuban songs called La Bayamesa. The first Bayamesa was composed in
Carlos Manuel de Céspedes and José Fornaris at the request
of their friend Francisco Castillo Moreno, who is sometimes also
credited with the lyrics. After 1868, during the Cuban war, a "mambí"
Originally, the song had six stanzas. The last four stanzas were removed in 1902 because the lyrics hurt the pride of the Spanish. Also, the section was too long compared to the other stanzas.
SPANISH LYRICS TRANSLATION
¡Al combate, corred, Bayameses!, Que la patria os contempla orgullosa; No temáis una muerte gloriosa, Que morir por la patria es vivir.
To arms, quickly, ye Bayamesans!
En cadenas vivir es vivir En afrenta y oprobio sumidos, Del clarín escuchad el sonido; ¡A las armas, valientes, corred!
To live in shackles is to live Mired in shame and disgrace, Now hear the sound of the bugle; Quickly, ye brave, to arms!
THIRD STANZA (EXCLUDED)
No temáis; los feroces íberos Son cobardes cual todo tirano No resisten al bravo cubano; Para siempre su imperio cayó.
Fear not the vicious Iberians They are cowards as is every tyrant They cannot oppose spirited Cubans Their empire has forever fallen.
FOURTH STANZA (EXCLUDED)
Free Cuba! Spain has already died , Their power and pride, where did it go? Hear the sound of the bugle Run, brave ones, to battle!
FIFTH STANZA (EXCLUDED)
Contemplad nuestras huestes triunfantes Contemplad a ellos caídos, Por cobardes huyen vencidos: Por valientes, supimos triunfar!
Behold our triumphant troops Behold they that have fallen As cowards they flee defeated: We triumphed because of our bravery.
SIXTH STANZA (EXCLUDED)
Free Cuba! we can shout From the cannon's terrible boom. Hear the sound of the bugle, Run, brave ones, to battle!
* ^ Symbols of the Cuban nation