Kocs (Hungarian: [kot͡ʃ]) is a village in Komárom-Esztergom
county, Hungary. It lies west of Tata and 65 km (40 mi)
north-west of Budapest.
4 External links
Kocs is best known internationally as giving rise to the English word
coach and its equivalents in nearly all European languages, for
example: Czech kočár, Slovak koč, German Kutsche, Dutch koets,
Catalan cotxe, Italian cocchio, Spanish, Portuguese, and French coche,
During the reign of King Matthias Corvinus in the 15th century, the
Kocs began to build a horse-drawn vehicle with
steel-spring suspension. This "cart of Kocs" as the Hungarians called
it (kocsi szekér) soon became popular all over Europe. The spread of
the kocsi szekér has been linked by some theories personally to the
Hungary Ferdinand III, the younger brother of Charles V who
became the king of Spain, Emperor of Germany, and lord of the
Burgundian Netherlands, in the 16th century, and who promoted the
comfortable, spring-suspended wagons among the wealthy European
nobility. A 16th-century German depiction of a kocsi
without springs puts this theory in doubt, however, and it is
uncertain whether the springs or some other feature were responsible
for the spread of the word throughout Europe. The
Thurn-und-Taxis-Post, the imperial post service, employed the first
horse-drawn mail coaches in Europe since Roman times in 1650 –, as
they started in the town of
Kocs the use of these mail coaches gave
rise to the term "coach". In contemporary colloquial Hungarian the
word "kocsi" is most often used to mean "car".
The coat of arms of the town, in addition to displaying a ram and the
Árpád stripes, also depicts an early model cart or wagon that refers
to the wheelwrights' successful industry.
Oxford English Dictionary
Oxford English Dictionary (1st ed.). Oxford University Press.
^ "coach": The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989. OED Online.
Oxford University Press. 14 Oct. 2007
^ Mackay, James (1988). The Guinness Book of Stamps. Guinness
Publishing LTD, Enfield, UK. p. 26.
Street map (Hungarian)
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