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The Kipchak language (also spelled Qypchaq) is an extinct Turkic language of the Kipchak group. The descendants of the Kipchak language include the majority of Turkic languages spoken in Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
and the Caucasus
Caucasus
today, as Kipchak-Cuman was used as a lingua franca in Golden Horde–ruled lands. Kazakhs
Kazakhs
are remnants of Eastern Cuman-Kipchak tribes who lived in Northern Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
in the 10th century, but migrated to Europe later. So, their language originates from a more isolated form of earlier Kipchak. Bolgar-speaking Volga Bulgarians
Volga Bulgarians
(later Kazan Tatars), Astrakhan Tatars, Balkars, Karachays, Kumyks, Cumans
Cumans
(later Crimean Tatars), Bashkirs
Bashkirs
and Mongolian aristocracy adopted the Kipchak language in the days of the Golden Horde. See also[edit]

Cuman language Kipchak languages Kipchaks Cumans Kazakh language Crimean Tatar language Fergana Kipchak language

References[edit]

^ a b Kipchak at MultiTree
MultiTree
on the Linguist List

External links[edit]

Kipchak language test of at Wikimedia Incubator

Language museum Written monuments of Turkic languages

v t e

Turkic languages

Italics indicate extinct languages

Proto-language

Proto-Altaic Proto-Turkic

Common Turkic

Arghu

Khalaj

Karluk

Äynu1 Khorezmian Turki1 Chagatai Ili Turki Lop Uyghur Uzbek

Kipchak

Ponto-Caspian

Cuman Crimean Tatar Karachay-Balkar Karaim Kipchak Krymchak Kumyk Urum2

Aralo-Caspian

Siberian Tatar Fergana Kipchak Karakalpak Kazakh Kyrgyz Nogai

Uralo-Caspian

Bashkir Old Tatar Tatar

Oghuz

Afshar Azerbaijani

Salchuq

Crimean Turkish Gagauz Balkan Gagauz Turkish Khorasani Turkic Old Anatolian Turkish Ottoman Turkish Pecheneg2 Qashqai Salar (Anatolian) Turkish Turkmen Urum2

Siberian

Altai Chulym Dolgan Fuyu Kyrgyz Khakas Old Turkic Old Uyghur Shor Tofa Tuvan

Dukhan

Yakut (Sakha) Western Yugur2

Oghur

Bulgar Chuvash Khazar

1 Mixed language. 2 Classification disputed.

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Turkic language
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