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Kermanshah
Kermanshah
(Southern Kurdish: کرماشان, Kirmashan; Persian: کرمانشاه‎, Kermānshāh; also known as Bākhtarān or Kermānshāhān),[1] the capital of Kermanshah
Kermanshah
Province, is located 525 kilometres (326 miles) from Tehran
Tehran
in the western part of Iran. According to the 2011 census, its population is 851,405. A majority of the population speaks Southern Kurdish. Kermanshah
Kermanshah
has a moderate and mountainous climate.[2][3][4][5][6] Kermanshah
Kermanshah
is the largest Kurdish-speaking city in Iran.[7][8][9][10] Most of the inhabitants of Kermanshah
Kermanshah
are Shia
Shia
Muslims, but there are minorities such as Sunni Muslims, Yarsanism
Yarsanism
and so on.[11][12]

Contents

1 Prehistoric periods 2 Historic periods 3 Islamic periods 4 Recent 5 Naming dispute 6 Climate 7 Sightseeing

7.1 Taghbostan 7.2 Behistun 7.3 Qajar dynasty
Qajar dynasty
monuments

8 Bazars 9 Economy 10 Higher education 11 Notable people 12 Gallery 13 Footnotes 14 Twin towns – sister cities 15 See also 16 References 17 Sources 18 External links

Prehistoric periods[edit]

A view of Kermanshah
Kermanshah
in mid 19th century- toward south, Farokhshad Mt. and Wasi Mt. are visible at background

Because of its antiquity, attractive landscapes, rich culture and Neolithic
Neolithic
villages, Kermanshah
Kermanshah
is considered one of the cradles of prehistoric cultures. According to archaeological surveys and excavation, the Kermanshah
Kermanshah
area has been occupied by prehistoric people since the Lower Paleolithic
Lower Paleolithic
period, and continued to later Paleolithic
Paleolithic
periods till late Pleistocene
Pleistocene
period. The Lower Paleolithic
Paleolithic
evidence consists of some handaxes found in the Gakia area to the east of the city. The Middle Paleolithic
Paleolithic
remains have been found in the northern vicinity of the city in Tang-e Kenesht and near Taqwasan. Neanderthal
Neanderthal
Man existed in the Kermanshah
Kermanshah
region during this period. The known Paleolithic
Paleolithic
caves in this area are Warwasi, Qobeh, Malaverd and Do-Ashkaft Cave. The region was also one of the first places in which human settlements including Asiab, Qazanchi, Tappeh Sarab, Chia Jani, and Ganj-Darreh were established between 8,000-10,000 years ago.

Clay human figurine (Fertility goddess) Tappeh Sarab, Kermanshah
Kermanshah
ca. 7000-6100 BCE, Neolithic
Neolithic
period, National Museum of Iran

This is about the same time that the first potteries pertaining to Iran
Iran
were made in Ganj-Darreh, near present-day Harsin. In May 2009, based on a research conducted by the University of Hamedan
Hamedan
and UCL, the head of Archeology Research Center of Iran's Cultural Heritage and Tourism
Tourism
Organization announced that the one of the oldest prehistorian village in the Middle East
Middle East
dating back to 9800 B.P., was discovered in Sahneh, located west of Kermanshah.[13][14] Remains of later village occupations and early Bronze Age are found in a number of mound sites in the city itself.

Interior of the second room of Zagros
Zagros
Paleolithic
Paleolithic
Museum.

Historic periods[edit]

Hellenistic-era depiction of Bahram as Hercules
Hercules
carved in 153 BC.

In ancient Iranian mythology, construction of the city is attributed to Tahmuras, the third king of Pishdadian
Pishdadian
dynasty. It is believed that the Sassanids
Sassanids
have constructed Kermanshah
Kermanshah
and Bahram IV
Bahram IV
(he was called Kermanshah, meaning king of Kerman) gave his name to this city.[15] It was a glorious city in Sassanid
Sassanid
period about the 4th century AD when it became the capital city of Persian Empire
Persian Empire
and a significant health center serving as the summer resort for Sassanid
Sassanid
kings. In AD 226, following a two-year war led by the Persian Emperor, Ardashir I, against Kurdish tribes in the region, the empire reinstated a local Kurdish prince, Kayus of Medya, to rule Kermanshah.[citation needed] [1]</ref> Within the dynasty known as the House of Kayus
House of Kayus
(also Kâvusakân) remained a semi-independent kingdom lasting until AD 380 before Ardashir II
Ardashir II
removed the dynasty's last ruling member. Islamic periods[edit] Kermanshah
Kermanshah
was conquered by the Arabs
Arabs
in AD 640. Under Seljuk rule in the eleventh century, it became the major cultural and commercial center in western Iran
Iran
and the southern Kurdish-inhabited areas as a whole. The Safavids
Safavids
fortified the town, and the Qajars
Qajars
repulsed an attack by the Ottomans during Fath Ali Shah's rule (1797–1834). Kermanshah
Kermanshah
was occupied by Ottomans between 1723–1729 and 1731-1732. Recent[edit] Occupied by the Imperial Russian army
Imperial Russian army
in 1914, followed by the Ottoman army in 1915 during World War I, it was evacuated in 1917 when the British forces arrived there to expel the Ottomans. Kermanshah
Kermanshah
played an important role in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution
Iranian Constitutional Revolution
during the Qajar dynasty
Qajar dynasty
period and the Republic Movement in Pahlavi dynasty period. The city was harshly damaged during the Iran– Iraq
Iraq
War, and although it was rebuilt, it has not yet fully recovered. Naming dispute[edit] After the revolution in 1979, the city was named Ghahramanshahr for a short period of time, and later the name of the city as well as the province changed to Bakhtaran, apparently due to the presence of the word "Shah" in the original name. Bakhtaran
Bakhtaran
means western, which refers to the location of the city and the province within Iran. After the Iran– Iraq
Iraq
War, however, the city was renamed Kermanshah, as it resonated more with the desire of its residents, the Persian literature, and the collective memory of the Iranians. Climate[edit] Kermanshah
Kermanshah
has a climate which is heavily influenced by the proximity of the Zagros
Zagros
mountains, classified as a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa). The city's altitude and exposed location relative to westerly winds makes precipitation a little bit high (more than twice that of Tehran), but at the same time produces huge diurnal temperature swings especially in the virtually rainless summers, which remain extremely hot during the day. Kermanshah
Kermanshah
experiences rather cold winters and there are usually rainfalls in fall and spring. Snow cover is seen for at least a couple of weeks in winter.

Climate data for Kermanshah, Iran
Iran
(1961–1990, extremes 1951–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 20.2 (68.4) 21.8 (71.2) 28.4 (83.1) 33.7 (92.7) 38.5 (101.3) 43.0 (109.4) 44.1 (111.4) 44.0 (111.2) 40.4 (104.7) 34.4 (93.9) 28.4 (83.1) 25.4 (77.7) 44.1 (111.4)

Average high °C (°F) 6.5 (43.7) 8.9 (48) 14.3 (57.7) 19.7 (67.5) 25.8 (78.4) 33.3 (91.9) 37.8 (100) 37.0 (98.6) 32.5 (90.5) 25.0 (77) 16.7 (62.1) 9.7 (49.5) 22.3 (72.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) 0.6 (33.1) 2.5 (36.5) 7.7 (45.9) 12.7 (54.9) 17.6 (63.7) 23.6 (74.5) 28.2 (82.8) 27.2 (81) 22.4 (72.3) 16.0 (60.8) 8.9 (48) 3.5 (38.3) 14.2 (57.6)

Average low °C (°F) −4.3 (24.3) −3.0 (26.6) 1.2 (34.2) 5.1 (41.2) 8.2 (46.8) 11.4 (52.5) 16.1 (61) 15.4 (59.7) 10.6 (51.1) 6.4 (43.5) 1.8 (35.2) −1.7 (28.9) 5.6 (42.1)

Record low °C (°F) −24 (−11) −27.0 (−16.6) −11.3 (11.7) −6.1 (21) −1.0 (30.2) 2.0 (35.6) 8.0 (46.4) 8.0 (46.4) 1.2 (34.2) −3.5 (25.7) −17.0 (1.4) −17 (1) −27.0 (−16.6)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.1 (2.642) 62.9 (2.476) 88.9 (3.5) 69.9 (2.752) 33.7 (1.327) 0.5 (0.02) 0.3 (0.012) 0.3 (0.012) 1.3 (0.051) 29.2 (1.15) 54.3 (2.138) 70.3 (2.768) 478.7 (18.846)

Average rainy days 11.4 10.7 12.6 11.0 7.6 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.5 4.9 7.9 9.6 77.3

Average snowy days 5.9 4.7 1.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 3.1 16.1

Average relative humidity (%) 75 71 62 57 49 28 23 23 25 40 59 71 49

Mean monthly sunshine hours 134.8 150.1 180.7 204.6 268.0 348.3 349.1 336.7 304.6 242.8 187.6 147.9 2,855.2

Source #1: NOAA [16]

Source #2: Iran
Iran
Meteorological Organization (records)[17][18]

Sightseeing[edit]

Anahita
Anahita
on the left as the patron yazata of the Sassanian dynasty behind Emperor Khosrau Parviz with Ahura Mazda presenting the diadem of sovereignty on the right. Taq-e Bostan.

Kermanshah
Kermanshah
sights include Kohneh Bridge, Behistun Inscription, Taghbostan, Temple of Anahita, Dinavar, Ganj Dareh, Essaqwand Rock Tombs, Sorkh Deh chamber tomb, Malek Tomb, Hulwan, Median
Median
dakhmeh (Darbad, Sahneh), Parav cave, Do-Ashkaft Cave, Tekyeh
Tekyeh
Moaven al-molk, Dokan Davood Inscription, Sar Pol-e-Zahab, Tagh e gara, Patagh pass, Sarab Niloufar, Ghoori Ghale Cave, Khajeh Barookh's House, Chiyajani Tappe, Statue of Herakles in Behistun complex, Emad al doleh Mosque, Tekyeh
Tekyeh
Biglarbeigi, Hunters cave, Jamé Mosque of Kermanshah, Godin Tepe, Bas relief of Gotarzes II of Parthia, and Anobanini bas relief. Taghbostan[edit] Main article: Taq-e_Bostan Taghbostan is a series of large rock reliefs from the era of Sassanid Empire of Persia, the Iranian dynasty which ruled western Asia from 226 to 650 AD. This example of Sassanid
Sassanid
art is located 5 km (3 mi) from the city center of Kermanshah
Kermanshah
in western Iran. It is located in the heart of the Zagros
Zagros
mountains, where it has endured almost 1,700 years of wind and rain. The carvings, some of the finest and best-preserved examples of Persian sculpture under the Sassanids, include representations of the investitures of Ardashir II
Ardashir II
(379–383) and Shapur III
Shapur III
(383–388). Like other Sassanid
Sassanid
symbols, Taghbostan and its relief patterns accentuate power, religious tendencies, glory, honor, the vastness of the court, game and fighting spirit, festivity, joy, and rejoicing. Sassanid
Sassanid
kings chose a beautiful setting for their rock reliefs along an historic Silk Road
Silk Road
caravan route waypoint and campground. The reliefs are adjacent a sacred spring that empties into a large reflecting pool at the base of a mountain cliff. Taghbostan and its rock relief are one of the 30 surviving Sassanid relics of the Zagros
Zagros
mountains. According to Arthur Pope, the founder of Iranian art and archeology Institute in the USA, "art was characteristic of the Iranian people and the gift which they endowed the world with." One of the most impressive reliefs inside the largest grotto or ivan is the gigantic equestrian figure of the Sassanid
Sassanid
king Khosrau II (591-628 AD) mounted on his favorite charger, Shabdiz. Both horse and rider are arrayed in full battle armor. The arch rests on two columns that bear delicately carved patterns showing the tree of life or the sacred tree. Above the arch and located on two opposite sides are figures of two winged angels with diadems. Around the outer layer of the arch, a conspicuous margin has been carved, jagged with flower patterns. These patterns are also found in the official costumes of Sassanid
Sassanid
kings. Equestrian relief panel measured on 16.08.07 approx. 7.45 m across by 4.25 m high. Behistun[edit] Main article: Behistun Inscription

Bisotun

UNESCO World Heritage Site

Location Iran
Iran
(Islamic Republic of)

Coordinates 34°19′00″N 47°04′07″E / 34.3167°N 47.0686°E / 34.3167; 47.0686

Area 97 km2 (1.04×109 sq ft)

Criteria Cultural: ii, iii

Reference 1222

Inscription 2006 (30th Session)

Website www.kermanshahcity.ir

Location of Kermanshah

[edit on Wikidata]

The Behistun inscription is considered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Behistun Inscription
Behistun Inscription
(also Bisitun or Bisutun, Modern Persian: بیستون ; Old Persian: Bagastana, meaning "the god's place or land") is a multi-lingual inscription located on Mount Behistun. The inscription includes three versions of the same text, written in three different cuneiform script languages: Old Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian. A British army officer, Henry Rawlinson, had the inscription transcribed in two parts, in 1835 and 1843. Rawlinson was able to translate the Old Persian
Old Persian
cuneiform text in 1838, and the Elamite and Babylonian texts were translated by Rawlinson and others after 1843. Babylonian was a later form of Akkadian: both are Semitic languages. In effect, then, the inscription is to cuneiform what the Rosetta Stone
Rosetta Stone
is to Egyptian hieroglyphs: the document most crucial in the decipherment of a previously lost script. The inscription is approximately 15 metres high by 25 metres wide, and 100 metres up a limestone cliff from an ancient road connecting the capitals of Babylonia
Babylonia
and Media ( Babylon
Babylon
and Ecbatana). It is extremely inaccessible as the mountainside was removed to make the inscription more visible after its completion. The Old Persian text contains 414 lines in five columns; the Elamite text includes 593 lines in eight columns and the Babylonian text is in 112 lines. The inscription was illustrated by a life-sized bas-relief of Darius, holding a bow as a sign of kingship, with his left foot on the chest of a figure lying on his back before him. The prostrate figure is reputed to be the pretender Gaumata. Darius is attended to the left by two servants, and ten one-metre figures stand to the right, with hands tied and rope around their necks, representing conquered peoples. Faravahar
Faravahar
floats above, giving his blessing to the king. One figure appears to have been added after the others were completed, as was (oddly enough) Darius' beard,[citation needed] which is a separate block of stone attached with iron pins and lead. Qajar dynasty
Qajar dynasty
monuments[edit] See also: Tekyeh Moaven al-molk
Tekyeh Moaven al-molk
and Khajeh Barookh's House

Jame-Shafeie Mosque

During the Qajar dynasty
Qajar dynasty
(1794 to 1925), Kermanshah
Kermanshah
Bazaar, mosques and tekyehs such as Moaven al-molk Mosque, and beautiful houses such as Khajeh Barookh's House were built. Tekyeh Moaven al-molk
Tekyeh Moaven al-molk
is unique because it has many pictures on the walls that relate to shahnameh, despite some of its more religious ones. Khajeh Barookh's House is located in the old district of Faizabad, a Jewish
Jewish
neighborhood of the city. It was built by a Jewish
Jewish
merchant of the Qajar period, named Barookh/Baruch. The house, an historical depiction of Iranian architecture, was renamed "Randeh-Kesh House", after the last owner, is a "daroongara"(inward oriented) house and is connected through a vestibule to the exterior yard and through a corridor to the interior yard.[19] Surrounding the interior yard are rooms, brick pillars making the iwans(porches) of the house, and step-like column capitals decorated with brick-stalactite work. This house is among the rare Qajar houses with a private bathroom.

Khajeh Barookh's House

Interior of the second room of Zagros
Zagros
Paleolithic
Paleolithic
Museum.

Bazars[edit]

Yahoudi-ha Bazar( Jewish
Jewish
Bazar) or (Islami Bazar) - It is one of the oldest shopping centers in Iran
Iran
from Qajar period(1785–present) in which you can find traditional clothes, the Kurdish traditional cloth, miscellaneous spice, Giweh, hand made metal knife, hand made leather, and some blacksmith stores, and some stores which sell distilled water from medical plants and flowers. The Kurds Bazar or (Tarikeh Bazar) - In this shopping center all kinds of jewelry and some special cookies like Nan Berenji Kaak and Naan Khormaei which are the famous souvenirs of Kermanshah
Kermanshah
are sold.

Economy[edit] Kermanshah
Kermanshah
is one of the western agricultural core of Iran
Iran
that produces grain, rice, vegetable, fruits, and oilseeds, however Kermanshah
Kermanshah
is emerging as a fairly important industrial city; there are two industrial centers with more than 256 manufacturing units in the suburb of the city. These industries include petrochemical refinery, textile manufacturing, food processing, carpet making, sugar refining, and the production of electrical equipment and tools. Kermanshah
Kermanshah
Oil Refining Company (KORC) established in 1932 by British companies, is one of the major industries in the city. After recent changes in Iraq, Kermanshah
Kermanshah
has become one of the main importing and exporting gates of Iran. Higher education[edit]

Islamic Azad University of Kermanshah [20] Kermanshah
Kermanshah
University of Medical Sciences Kermanshah
Kermanshah
University of Technology[21] Payame Noor University Razi University

Notable people[edit]

Doris Lessing, writer, 2007 winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature (born in Kermanshah
Kermanshah
to British parents) Mojtaba Mirzadeh, master of violin and setar Shahram Nazeri, vocalist and musician Kayhan Kalhor, musician Rahim Moeini Kermanshahi, poet, lyricist Shahram Mokri, film director Pouran Derakhshandeh, film director, producer, screenwriter Abdol Ali Badrei, commander of the Imperial Iranian Army
Imperial Iranian Army
and the Imperial Guard Reza Shafiei Jam, actor Marganita Vogt-Khofri, pianist, classical musician and vocalist Karim Sanjabi, Iran's attorney during oil nationalization movement, former foreign minister Massoud Azarnoush, archaeologist Rashid Yasemi, one of the Five-Masters of Persian Literature Ali Mohammad Afghani, novelist Ali Ashraf Darvishian, novelist and writer Seyed Khalil Alinezhad, Tanbour
Tanbour
master Mirza Mohammad Reza Kalhor, calligrapher Peter Warr, businessman, racing driver and a manager for several Formula One teams Abolghasem Lahouti, poet Sousan
Sousan
(Golandam Taherkhani), singer Nozar Azadi, actor Reza Fieze Norouzi, actor Alexis Kouros, writer, documentary-maker, director and producer Roknoddin Mokhtari, violin player Bijan Namdar Zangeneh, minister of Petroleum Ebrahim Azizi, member and spokesman of the Guardian Council Mir Jalaleddin Kazzazi, writer Al-Dinawari, botanist, historian, geographer, astronomer and mathematician Shahram Amiri, nuclear scientist Mohammad Ranjbar, former Iran
Iran
national football team player and headcoach Mohammad Hassan Mohebbi, light heavyweight freestyle wrestler & Iran's national team coach Kourosh Bagheri, world weightlifting champion Ali Mazaheri, 2006 Asian Games
2006 Asian Games
gold medalist, Asian champion & Olympic boxer Homa Hosseini, rower Ali Akbar Moradi, Musician and Tanbour
Tanbour
Player Guity Novin, painter & graphic designer Sohrab Pournazeri, musician Mahshid Amirshahi, writer Kianoush Rostami, world weight lifting champion Mojtaba Shamsipour, analytical chemist Neda Shahsavari, table tennis champion AbdolReza Razmjoo, musician Latif Safari, Reformist politician Yadollah Behzad Kermanshahi, Poet, teacher Evin Agassi, singer Nicky Nodjoumi, modern painter Reza Karam Rezaei, actor Darioush Asadzadeh, actor Makwan Amirkhani, mixed martial artist, UFC champion Parvin Dowlatshahi, actress Fakhri Khourvash, actress Hannibal Alkhas, sculptor, painter, writer Mohammad Torkashvand, volleyball champion Jalal Moradi, international soccer referee Hanif Bali, member of Swedish Riksdag Aref Lorestani, actor, comedian

Gallery[edit]

 

Anahita
Anahita
Temple in Kangavar 

Mount Dalekhani  

Ghouri Ghaleh Cave  

Close-Up of Bisotun
Bisotun
Inscription  

Taghbostan Carving [fn 1] 

Footnotes[edit]

^ Women playing harp while the king is standing in a boat holding his bow and arrows, from 6th century Sassanid
Sassanid
Iran.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Roseburg, United States
United States
of America Sicily, Italy
Italy
(2010) Gaziantep, Turkey
Turkey
(2010) Split, Croatia
Croatia
(2011)

See also[edit]

Iran
Iran
portal

Kalhor Kermanshah
Kermanshah
Province Kermanshahi Warwasi
Warwasi
cave Visual Art High school of Kermanshah Ayatollah Ashrafi Esfahani

References[edit]

^ Kermanshah
Kermanshah
can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3070245" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database". ^ "Arrest of the Assyrian leader of the Kermanshah
Kermanshah
Church in iran". Assistnews.net. Archived from the original on 2011-09-29. Retrieved 2011-12-02.  ^ Iran
Iran
Chamber society: accessed: September 2010. ^ روزنامه سلام کرمانشاه Persian (Kurdish) ^ آشنایی با فرهنگ و نژاد استان کرمانشاه(Persian) ^ سازمان میراث فرهنگی، صنایع دستی و گردشگری استان کرمانشاه[permanent dead link] بازدید 2010/03/11 ^ http://www.shahrekhabar.com/economic/1425128820035607 ^ http://www.kordha.ir/?p=1423 ^ http://www.mehrnews.com/news/1563659/%DA%A9%D8%B1%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%A7%D9%87-%D9%BE%D8%B1%D8%AC%D9%85%D8%B9%DB%8C%D8%AA-%D8%AA%D8%B1%DB%8C%D9%86-%D8%B4%D9%87%D8%B1-%DA%A9%D8%B1%D8%AF%D9%86%D8%B4%DB%8C%D9%86-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86 ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-27. Retrieved 2016-03-18.  ^ www.justice.gov ^ www.artkermanshah.ir/ ^ "Most ancient Mid East village discovered in western Iran". 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-02-01. Retrieved 2009-05-23.  ^ "با 11800 سال قدمت، قديمي‌ترين روستاي خاورميانه در كرمانشاه كشف شد". 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-23. [dead link] ^ Dehkhoda: Kermanshah
Kermanshah
Archived 2011-05-11 at the Wayback Machine.. ^ " Kermanshah
Kermanshah
Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 8, 2015.  ^ "Highest record temperature in Kermanshah
Kermanshah
by Month 1951–2010". Iran
Iran
Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 8, 2015.  ^ "Lowest record temperature in Kermanshah
Kermanshah
by Month 1951–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 8, 2015.  ^ "سازمان ميراث فرهنگي، گردشگري و صنايع دستي استان كرمانشاه". Kermanshahmiras.ir. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2011-12-02.  ^ iauksh.ac.ir ^ kut.ac.ir

Sources[edit]

Borijan, Habib (2015). "KERMANSHAH i. Geography". Encyclopaedia Iranica.  Borijan, Habib (2016). "KERMANSHAH vii. Languages and Dialects". Encyclopaedia Iranica.  Calmard, Jean (2015). "KERMANSHAH iv. History from the Arab Conquest to 1953". Encyclopaedia Iranica.  Pirnazar, Nahid (2014). "KERMANSHAH viii. The Jewish
Jewish
Community". Encyclopaedia Iranica. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kermanshah.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kermanshah.

[2] Pictures of Inscription and Bas relief of Darius the Great - Free Pictures of IRAN irantooth.com Photos from Bisotun
Bisotun
Complex - From Online Photo Gallery Of Aryo.ir Photos from Taqwasan - From Online Photo Gallery Of Aryo.ir Photos from Moavenol Molk Tekieh - From Online Photo Gallery Of Aryo.ir

v t e

Kermanshah
Kermanshah
Province

Capital

Kermanshah

Counties and cities

Dalahu County

Kerend-e Gharb Gahvareh

Eslamabad-e Gharb
Eslamabad-e Gharb
County

Eslamabad-e Gharb Homeyl

Gilan-e Gharb
Gilan-e Gharb
County

Gilan-e Gharb Sarmast

Harsin
Harsin
County

Harsin Bisotun

Javanrud
Javanrud
County

Javanrud

Kangavar
Kangavar
County

Kangavar

Kermanshah
Kermanshah
County

Kermanshah Halashi Kuzaran Robat

Paveh
Paveh
County

Paveh Banevreh Bayangan Nowdeshah Nowsud

Qasr-e Shirin
Qasr-e Shirin
County

Qasr-e Shirin Sumar

Ravansar
Ravansar
County

Ravansar Shaho

Sahneh
Sahneh
County

Sahneh Mian Rahan

Salas-e Babajani County

Tazehabad Ezgeleh

Sarpol-e Zahab
Sarpol-e Zahab
County

Sarpol-e Zahab

Sonqor
Sonqor
County

Sonqor Satar

Sights

Kohneh Bridge Behistun Inscription Taq-e Bostan Temple of Anahita The Stone cave Hossein Kuhkan Dinavar Ganj Dareh Essaqwand Rock Tombs Sorkh Deh chamber tomb Malek Tomb Hulwan Median
Median
dakhmeh(Darbad,Sahneh) Ghar Parau Do-Ashkaft Cave Tekyeh
Tekyeh
Moaven al-molk Dokan Davood Inscription,Sar Pol-e-Zahab Tagh e gara,Patagh pass Sarab Niloufar Ghoori Ghale Cave Khaja Barookh's House Chiyajani Tappe Statue of Herakles in Behistun complex Emad al doleh Mosque Tekyeh
Tekyeh
Biglarbeygi Hunters cave,Behistun_complex Jamé Mosque of Kermanshah Godin Tepe Bas relief of Gotarzes II of Parthia Anubanini rock relief

populated places

List of cities, towns and villages in Kermanshah
Kermanshah
Province

v t e

Kermanshah
Kermanshah
County

Capital

Kermanshah

Districts

Central

Cities

Kermanshah

Rural Districts and villages

Baladarband

Baba Jan-e Palizi Choqa Kabud Choqa Qasem Choqa Zard Choqa-ye Sefid Daichi Dar Derafsh-e Ebrahim Beygi Dar Derafsh-e Farajollah-e Beygi Dar Derafsh-e Khanomabad Dar Derafsh-e Mohammad-e Amin Mirza Dar Derafsh-e Qaleh Dar Derafsh-e Seyyed Karim Deh-e Qasem Dust Vand Gelali Gelali-ye Jadid Geravand Gorgeh Choqa Hoseynabad Kahriz-e Kur Bolagh Kahriz-e Qaleh Kohneh Khersabad-e Bozorg Khersabad-e Jafari Kur Bolagh-e Do Kur Bolagh-e Yek Kusehvand Malek Khatabi Mazraeh-ye Katirayi Mazraeh-ye Qaleh Kohneh Kahriz Mehdiabad Murchi Nazarabad-e Olya Nazarabad-e Sofla Omar Mel Patiabad Qaleh Kohneh Qarah Tappeh Qez Qabri-ye Bahador Qez Qabri-ye Doktor Habib Qez Qabri-ye Ebrahim Qez Qabri-ye Jahan Bakhsh Qez Qabri-ye Rashid Rizvand Sarab Khoshkeh-ye Olya Sarab Khoshkeh-ye Sofla Sarab-e Nilufar Sarkan Sefid Choqa Shahid Rajai Garrison Shahini Shahrak-e Sarab Nilufar Siah Kamar Tanur Dul Tavakkolabad-e Darreh Deraz Tazehabad-e Murchi Veys Ahmad Yalveh-ye Olya Yalveh-ye Sofla

Dorudfaraman

Ali Akbar Bagh-e Falak Bijaneh Bozgodar-e Olya Bozgodar-e Sofla Chalabeh Deh Pahn Deh-e Kabud Estadabad Faraman Faraman
Faraman
Industrial Estate Gakiyeh Gav Panam Golah Jar Hajjiabad Base Hajjiabad Havanirooz Barracks Hesar-e Sefid Kavar Lavan Khal Khal Korani-ye Hashem Soltan Korani-ye Olya Korani-ye Sofla Manuchehrabad Mazraeh-ye Baraftab Mirza Kuseh Moradabad Murian Nimdangi Nukan Payervand-e Tekyeh Qaleh-ye Qobad Qomeshah Rahimabad Sararud-e Olya Sararud-e Sofla Seh Chek Shah
Shah
Maleki Siah Bid-e Olya Siah Bid-e Sofla Soleymaniyeh Tappeh-ye Shaban Tubreh Riz West Cement Plant Zangi Choqa

Miyan Darband

Ahmadabad-e Olya Ahmadabad-e Sofla Ahmadvand Akbarabad Akbarabad-e Khaleseh Tappeh Ginu Aliabad Amaleh-ye Olya Amaleh-ye Sofla Amirabad Baqerabad Bektashabad Beleh Kabud Berenjan Berimvand Bi Abr-e Choqamaran Chenareh Cheraghabad Cheshmeh-ye Bagh Choqa Maran Choqa Maran Deh Bagh Deh Gol Do Cheshmeh Do Choqa Do Tappeh Dowlatabad Gakiyeh Gav Bandeh Goreh Choqa Goruran-e Chahar Dang Goruran-e Do Dang Gowhar Chaqa Hashilan Hojjatabad-e Olya Hojjatabad-e Sofla Industrial Estate Jafarabad Jahanabad Jelugireh-ye Olya Jelugireh-ye Sofla Kamak Karnachi Kasirabad Khaneh-ye Khoda Khanomabad Khelek Khvoshinan-e Olya Khvoshinan-e Sofla Khvoshinan-e Vosta Kolah Kabud-e Olya Kolah Kabud-e Sofla Kolah Kabud-e Vosta Kur Sarab Lalabad-e Olya Mahmudabad Malek Tappeh Mazraeh-ye Pir Veysabad Melavard Meserkhan Meymun Baz Miankuh Nafteh Nezamabad Nowruzabad Pa Emam Pir Hayati Qaqelestan Qazanchi Rahimabad Rahmatabad Rostamabad-e Rika Safiabad Salarabad Sarab-e Sheleh Sarabeleh Sarasiab Sartipabad Saruran Seh Cheshmeh Shahrak-e Sarabeleh Shahrak-e Varleh Shahrokhabad Shirali Siah Choqa Soltankuh Surgal Tabarabad Tappeh Afshar Tappeh Lari Tappeh Sabz Tasurehjan Tavallali Tazehabad-e Amaleh Tekyah Valiabad Varavis Varleh Varmenjeh Vozmaleh Yavari Yuvan

Poshtdarband

Baqerabad Meyanrud Bulan Darab Deh-e Kharan Dizgaran Gandabad Goruran-e Olya Goruran-e Sofla Hanyandar Hasanabad Huker Hurtekah Jabbarabad-e Olya Jabbarabad-e Sofla Jazar Kahriz Kalian-e Olya Kalian-e Sofla Kalian-e Vosta Kam Shur Kamalabad Karam Bast Kulan Marzbani Meleh Sheykh Mianrud Mushakhan Pir Kashan Qaleh Lan Qarah Hasan Qazal Qeshlaq Razin Rezlansar Ruhollah Sarab-e Shah
Shah
Hoseyn Sarzamelah Saz Serenjageh Tamleh Varmazan Somaq Vozmaleh Zamelah Zeyn ol Din

Qarah Su

Ammeh Angaz Angazban Bala Gabri Balin Baqeleh Berimvand Chub Deraz Dashtelah-ye Olya Dashtelah-ye Sofla Dowkaneh Gavshan-e Olya Gavshan-e Sofla Gush Boran Haft Cheshmeh Hajji Alian Hoseynabad Hulan Jameh Shuran-e Olya Jameh Shuran-e Sofla Kabudeh-ye Olya Kabudeh-ye Sofla Kahrar-e Dejgah Kahrar-e Mowqufeh Kahrar-e Olya Kahrar-e Sofla Kahriz Kamarab Kanjur-e Olya Kanjur-e Sofla Kolah Hu Mavai-ye Olya Mavai-ye Sofla Nirevand Poshteh Kash Qurbaghestan-e Olya Qurbaghestan-e Sofla Sang-e Sefid Sar Dashtelah Sar Dowkaneh Sar Jameh Shuran Seyl Gabri Shademan Shalan Shirazi-ye Buri Shirazi-ye Olya Shirazi-ye Sofla Shirazi-ye Vosta Shurabeh Siyaban Tisheh Kan Varva Zangisheh Zangivand

Razavar

Abd ol Maleki Bahramabad Batman Cheshmeh Kabud Chub Tashan Darshademan Deh-e Kharani Dowlatyar Gand Ab Gorgan Hojumabad Kamareh Gareh Kolucheh Pir Mozd Qaleh Qalvaz Qalvaz-e Jadid Qarah Veys Qeysevand Raziyan Salarabad Soltanqoli Surni-ye Olya Surni-ye Sofla

Firuzabad

Cities

Halashi

Rural Districts and villages

Jalalvand

Anjirak Ban Ramazan Bara Belutestan-e Palkaneh Chenar-e Olya Chenar-e Sofla Chenar-e Vosta Cheshmeh Gach Cheshmeh Kabud-e Chenar Cheshmeh Kabud-e Olya Cheshmeh Kabud-e Sofla Cheshmeh Sorkh-e Qabr-e Baba Darreh Badam-e Sofla Darvand Deh Abbasan Deh Musa Dul-e Masum Dur Dasht Faryadras Galianeh-ye Ali Baqer Gavmareh Kaleh-ye San Kaleh-ye Zard Kalek-e Olya Karyan Khub Yaran-e Olya Khub Yaran-e Sofla Laleh Bag Malek Hasan Yarijan Markhvor Mianrud Mir Hasan Nuraz Porgoli-ye Olya Porgoli-ye Sofla Qaleh Sorkh Qapqovi Sagari Sar Jub Sarab-e Karian Sarailan-e Sar Qaleh Sarzal Seh Chekan-e Meleh Shahi Shah
Shah
Vali Shoja Talal Tavilehgah-e Olya Tavilehgah-e Sofla Tazehabad-e Khalifeh Tazehabad-e Sarayilan Toveh Khoshkeh Vargachgeh-ye Zeyyed Ali Yarijan-e Olya Yarijan-e Sofla Zaneylan-e Olya Zaneylan-e Sofla

Osmanvand

Anarak Anarak-e Olya Anarak-e Sofla Anjab-e Buzhan Ashbakh Bijak Tappeh Cheshmeh Shahrokh Masgareh Cheshmeh Sorkh Darreh Duzakh Diven Geyeh Dar Golil Goljiran Gorgavan Hezar Khani Jahangirvand Jujar Kalek-e Bayeh Kalkushk Khorunan Masgareh Masgareh-ye Bala Mast Ali-ye Olya Mast Ali-ye Sofla Mazraeh-ye Bezeh Rashian Gol Zard Meydan Muli Namdar Pa Qaleh-ye Khoskheh Rud Palkaneh Posht Kabud-e Jahangirvand Posht Tang-e Shah
Shah
Mirza Poshtaleh Qader Marz Salatin Sar Jub-e Qaleh Masgareh Sarab-e Sarin Seyyed Abbas Shineh Sorkh Darreh Tavamen Shineh Vazem Khoshkeh Rud Vinah Zard-e Sheykh Hasan Zeynalan-e Olya Zeynalan-e Sofla

Sar Firuzabad

Abtaf Ahmadabad Akhundi Aliabad Amid Ali Qasemi Asadabad Bagh-e Beyglari Bagh-e Karambeyg Bagh-e Tighun Bagh-e Yasam Banrivand Chalab-e Pain Cham Nuzdeh Chelleh-ye Olya Chenar Cheraghabad Cheshmeh Kabud Cheshmeh Makan Cheshmeh Puneh Cheshmeh Sefid Chorvorish Daramrud-e Olya Daramrud-e Sofla Darbadreh Darband Zard Darbid Dilanchi-ye Olya Dilanchi-ye Sofla Doborji Firuzabad-e Pacheqa Gamizaj-e Olya Gazaf-e Olya Gazaf-e Sofla Gerdakan Dar-e Olya Gerdakan Dar-e Sofla Godar Pir-e Olya Godar Pir-e Sofla Gol Darreh Golam Kabud-e Olya Golam Kabud-e Sofla Golam Kabud-e Vosta Goveni Hoseynabad-e Ruintan Jelow-e Olya Jelow-e Sofla Jeyran Bolagh Kahriz-e Olya Kahriz-e Sofla Kalegah-e Amid Ali Kalleh Jub Kargan Karvaneh-ye Olya Karvaneh-ye Sofla Karvaneh-ye Vosta Kazhak Kenar Marg Khalilan-e Olya Khalilan-e Sofla Kharagab-e Olya Koreh Jub Kul Aseh Kureh-ye Khosravi Mazraeh-ye Nazargah Mehdiabad-e Olya Mehdiabad-e Sofla Mianeh Miansarvan-e Zardalan Musa Naranj Najafabad Now Jub Nur-e Olya Nur-e Sofla Poshteh Rizeh-ye Olya Poshteh Rizeh-ye Sofla Poshteh Rizeh-ye Vosta Qomesh Rikhel Sameleh-ye Olya Sameleh-ye Sofla Sar Tappeh-ye Zanganeh Sarab-e Sar Firuzabad Sardar Sarpuzal Sarv-e Nav-e Olya Sarv-e Nav-e Sofla Sekher-e Olya Sekher-e Sofla Seyyed Shekar Shah
Shah
Bodagh Siah Kol Tahaneh-ye Nurollah Tahaneh-ye Olya Tahaneh-ye Sofla Tahaneh-ye Vosta Talandasht Taq Taq Taviran-e Olya Taviran-e Sofla Tekeyeh Taviran-e Sofla Valikhani Zalan-e Olya Zamanabad Zangi

Kuzaran

Cities

Kuzaran

Rural Districts and villages

Haft Ashiyan

Aliabad-e Golbanu Amirabad Baziani Bidgol Cheshmeh Sefid-e Aqabeygi Cheshmeh Siah Dar Gol-e Seyyed Hasan Dar Gol-e Seyyed Salim Dar Gol-e Teymaz Darkhvor-e Aqa Reza Golali Haft Ashiyan Marivani-ye Bidgoli Milkeh-ye Baqer Milkeh-ye Buchan Milkeh-ye Shir Khan Mirakeh-ye Qaleh Qazi Rashidali Shirzadabad Sufivand Tazehabad-e Bidgoli Tazehabad-e Khosrow Tazehabad-e Marivani Zandhar

Sanjabi

Abbasabad-e Kol Kol Ali Hasan-e Olya Azreh-ye Mohammad Khan Azreh-ye Mokarrami Babaha Baban Yavar-e Azizi Baban-e Sardar Qasemkhan Bandar Burbur Chalabi Chaqa Gonuzh Chegeni-ye Olya Chegeni-ye Sofla Choqa Elahi Choqa Kabud-e Olya Choqa Kabud-e Sofla Choqa Khazan Choqa Reza Darvish Beygeh Dayar-e Assad Khan Deh Azam Deh Bagh Deh Nomam Fakhriabad Galu Darreh Gandomban-e Olya Gandomban-e Sofla Gaval Gol Darreh-ye Olya Gol Darreh-ye Sofla Haft Cheshmeh Hoseynabad Jafarabad Kakiha Karkareh Khalevan Khvorneh-ye Olya Khvorneh-ye Sofla Kurpeh Marivani-ye Kakiha Mazraeh-ye Ali Hasan-e Sofla Mazraeh-ye Khureh Zardi Meleh Beyglar Mir Azizi-ye Qadim Nazargah Nilavareh-ye Olya Nilavareh-ye Sofla Nimdangi Nowruzabad Pol Havas Qabaq Tappeh Qaleh Gelineh-ye Monfared Qaleh Gelineh-ye Olya Qaleh Gelineh-ye Sofla Qaleh-ye Asghar Khan Qaleh-ye Soleyman Khan Qelij Khani Qeysevand Sabz Ali Khan Safarabad Salarabad Sarab-e Tiran Sarbor-e Jadid Seyyed Seyfur Sharafvand Sheykh Mostafa Shurabad Siah Siah-e Dayar Tappeh Laleh Tappeh-ye Hoseyn Khan Tazehabad Tazehabad-e Sarab Tiran Vaneh Rangineh Yavari Dayar

Mahidasht

Cities

Robat

Rural Districts and villages

Chaqa Narges

Abbasabad-e Seh Choqa Aliabad-e Sofla Ban Ganjab Bandarabad Band-e Balut Chaqa Bahar Chaqa Hoseyn Chaqa Narges Chaqa Zard Baghi Choqa Balk-e Alireza Choqa Kabud Choqa Naqd Ali Deh Pir Deh Sefid Do Choqai Gowharabad Hoseynabad Juzeh Kangarban-e Olya Kangarban-e Sofla Kangarban-e Vosta Kashanbeh-ye Chahardangi Kashanbeh-ye Lak Kashanbeh-ye Sofla Khaneh Beygi Koleh Savari Molla Zaman Namivand-e Olya Namivand-e Sofla Patiabad Qaleh-ye Darab Khan Rahimabad-e Olya Rahimabad-e Sofla Sangtarash Sartapah Seh Choqa Seh Tappeh Sharaf Tazehabad-e Namivand Valiabad

Mahidasht

Agricultural Training Centre Ali Bar Aliabad-e Olya Banlarini Belmaneh-ye Olya Belmaneh-ye Sofla Chahar Zabar-e Olya Chahar Zabar-e Sofla Chalabeh-ye Olya Chalabeh-ye Sofla Chavoshan Cheshmeh Sefid Choqa Balk-e Khvajeh Bashi Choqa Balk-e Kuchek Choqa Balk-e Mohammad Zaman Choqa Ginu Choqa Kalbali Choqa Safar Choqa Zard Darageh-ye Molla Ali Karam Dargeh-ye Cheshmeh Said Dargeh-ye Gholam Ali Dargeh-ye Khalifeh Qoli Dizgeran-e Olya Dizgeran-e Sofla Dom Shemsheh Dowkushkan-e Hoseynkhani Dowkushkan-e Reza Khani Dowlatabad-e Olya Dowlatabad-e Sofla Garmiyan-e Posht-e Rah Hajji Aziz-e Cheshmeh Sefid Hajjiabad-e Olya Hajjiabad-e Shahlai Jameh Shuran-e Olya Jameh Shuran-e Sofla Khazal Khorkhor-e Sofla Kolyai Lalabad-e Hoseyn-e Qolikhani Lalabad-e Kol Kol-e Do Lalabad-e Kol Kol-e Yek Lalabad-e Seyyed Jafari Lalabad-e Seyyed Sadeq Mazraeh-ye Abdol Hamid Tamary Mazraeh-ye Boniad Amur Jangazdegan Mazraeh-ye Poshtuh Meymaz Mirag Pir Hayati-ye Olya Pir Hayati-ye Sofla Pir Hayati-ye Vosta Qalandar-e Laki Qaleh-ye Najaf Ali Khan Qeymas Qomsheh Tappeh Qomsheh-ye Baba Karam Khan Qomsheh-ye Lor Zanganeh Qomsheh-ye Seyyed Amin Qomsheh-ye Seyyed Qasem Qomsheh-ye Seyyed Yaqub Reshbugar Rizvand Samereh-ye Olya Samereh-ye Sofla Seyyed Taqi Rafiqabadi Siah Choqai-ye Olya Siah Choqai-ye Sofla Siah Kamar-e Olya Siah Kamar-e Olya
Siah Kamar-e Olya
Maruf Siah Kamar-e Sheykheh Siah Kamar-e Sofla Simeneh-ye Olya Simeneh-ye Sofla Toveh-ye Latif Zalakeh-ye Farajollah-e Montazeri Zalakeh-ye Hajj Abbas Qoli Zalakeh-ye Vaziri

 

v t e

Largest cities or towns in Iran 2016 census

Rank Name Province Pop. Rank Name Province Pop.

Tehran

Mashhad 1 Tehran Tehran 8,693,706 11 Rasht Gilan 679,995

Isfahan

Karaj

2 Mashhad Razavi Khorasan 3,001,184 12 Zahedan Sistan and Baluchestan 587,730

3 Isfahan Isfahan 1,961,260 13 Hamadan Hamadan 554,406

4 Karaj Alborz 1,592,492 14 Kerman Kerman 537,718

5 Shiraz Fars 1,565,572 15 Yazd Yazd 529,673

6 Tabriz East Azarbaijan 1,558,693 16 Ardabil Ardabil 529,374

7 Qom Qom 1,201,158 17 Bandar Abbas Hormozgan 526,648

8 Ahwaz Khuzestan 1,184,788 18 Arak Markazi 520,944

9 Kermanshah Kermanshah 946,651 19 Eslamshahr Tehran 448,129

10 Urmia West Azarbaijan 736,224 20 Zanjan Zanjan 430,871

Authority control

GND: 301241-4 BNF:

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