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Kedarnath
Kedarnath
is a town in the Indian state of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
and has gained importance because of Kedarnath
Kedarnath
Temple. It is a nagar panchayat in Rudraprayag
Rudraprayag
district. The most remote of the four Chota Char Dham sites, Kedarnath
Kedarnath
is located in the Himalayas, about 3,583 m (11,755 ft) above sea level near Chorabari Glacier, the head of river Mandakini, and is flanked by snow-capped peaks. The nearest road head is at Gaurikund. The town suffered extensive destruction during June 2013 from flash floods caused by torrential rains in Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
state.

Contents

1 Kedarnath
Kedarnath
Visiting Time 2 Etymology 3 Location 4 Overview 5 Demographics 6 Climate

6.1 2013 flash floods

7 Places of interest 8 Gallery 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Kedarnath
Kedarnath
Visiting Time[edit] Kedarnath
Kedarnath
is visited by pilgrims and tourists only during Chardham Yatra time i.e between April-May to Oct-Nov. Kedarnath
Kedarnath
could be visited only when Kedarnath Temple
Kedarnath Temple
remains open (April-Nov). Exact dates of Kedarnath
Kedarnath
opening and closing is calculated each year by temple priests. Otherwise tourists have to take special permission from Rudraprayag
Rudraprayag
DM Office for any treks or visit to Kedarnath
Kedarnath
or nearby. Etymology[edit] Kedarnath
Kedarnath
is named in the honour of King Kedar, who ruled in Satya Yuga. He had a daughter named Vrinda who was a partial incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi. She performed austerities for several years and the land is named after her as Vrindavan. However, Kedarnath
Kedarnath
and its temple exist from the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
era when the Pandavas
Pandavas
are supposed to have pleased Lord Shiva
Shiva
by doing penance there.[citation needed] But lord shiva was angry with them, so they disappeared from there. It is one of the most important dhams amongst the Chota Char Dham. The Shiva
Shiva
statue here is considered to be decapitated where as the head is believed to be in Doleshwor Mahadeva Temple
Doleshwor Mahadeva Temple
in Bhaktapur, Nepal. Location[edit]

A view of Kedarnath
Kedarnath
and Kedar Dome (2013)

Kedarnath
Kedarnath
is located at a distance of 223 km from Rishikesh
Rishikesh
in Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
and close to the source of Mandakini river
Mandakini river
at a height of 3,583 m (11,755 ft) above sea level.[1] The township itself cannot be called attractive, as it is built on a barren stretch of land on the shores of Mandakini river
Mandakini river
but the surrounding scenery of Himalayas and green pastures makes it a very attractive place for pilgrimage and trekking. Behind the town and Kedarnath
Kedarnath
temple, stands the majestic Kedarnath
Kedarnath
peak 6,940 m (22,769 ft), Kedar Dome 6,831 m (22,411 ft) and other peaks of the range.[1][2] Overview[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (May 2016)

Demographics[edit] As of 2001[update] India
India
census,[3] Kedarnath
Kedarnath
had a population of 479. Males constitute 98% of the population and females 2%.[citation needed] Kedarnath
Kedarnath
has an average literacy rate of 63%: male literacy is 63%, and female literacy is 36%. In Kedarnath, none of the population is under 6 years of age. The floating population from May to October every year is more than 5000 per day.[citation needed] Climate[edit] During winter due to heavy snowfall, the Temple is closed and no one stays in Kedarnath. For six months (November to April) the Palki with the utsava murti of Lord Kedarnath
Kedarnath
is transferred to a place near Guptakashi
Guptakashi
called Ukhimath. People shift their settlement too from Kedarnath
Kedarnath
to nearby villages. Around 360 families of Tirtha Purohit of 55 villages and other nearby villages are dependent on Kedarnath
Kedarnath
for livelihood.[citation needed] 2013 flash floods[edit] Main article: 2013 North India
India
floods On 16 June 2013 at approximately 7:30 p.m., a landslide occurred near Kedarnath Temple
Kedarnath Temple
with loud thunder followed by gushing of huge amount of waters from Chorabari Tal or Gandhi Tal down Mandakini River at about 8:30 p.m. which washed away everything in its path. On 17 June 2013 at approximately 6:40 a.m., waters rushed down from Chorabari Tal or Gandhi Sarovar bringing along with its flow huge amount of silt, rocks and boulders. A huge boulder got stuck behind Baba Kedarnath
Kedarnath
Temple, protecting it from the ravages of the flood's fury. The flood water gushed on both sides of the temple destroying everything in its path.[4][5] Thus in the middle of pilgrimage season, torrential rains, cloud bursts and resulting flash floods nearly destroyed the town of Kedarnath. The town was the worst affected area by the floods.[6] Thousands of people were killed and thousands of others (mostly pilgrims) were reported missing or stranded due to landslides around Kedarnath. Although the surrounding area and compound of the Kedarnath temple
Kedarnath temple
were destroyed, the temple itself survived.[7][8] The Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
Chief Minister said that pilgrimage to Kedarnath
Kedarnath
would not be possible for next two to five years. The rescue operation resulted in more than 100,000 people being airlifted with the help of the Indian Army, Air force, NDRF and Indo-Tibet border police force. A helicopter (Mi 17) crashed during this exercise killing all 20 people on board (all of them were soldiers involved in relief and rescue work). The Air Force dropped logs to build pyres for mass cremations of the victims.[6] It was reported that previously uncollected bodies were still being found one year after the tragedy.[9] Places of interest[edit] Other than Kedarnath
Kedarnath
temple, on the eastern side of the town is Bhairava
Bhairava
temple[1] and the deity of this temple, the Bhairava, is believed to protect the town during winter months. About 6 km upstream from the town, lies Chorabari Tal, a lake cum glacier also called Gandhi Sarovar.[1] Near Kedarnath, there is a cliff called Bhairav Jhamp.[1] Gallery[edit]

Kedarnath
Kedarnath
in 1860's

Bhootnath Ji considered as the protector of the area

Lord-Kedarnath-Darshan-2014

Water Fall

See also[edit]

Kedarnath
Kedarnath
(Mountain) Kedarnath
Kedarnath
Temple Badrinath

References[edit]

^ a b c d e Abram, David (2003). The Rough guide to India
India
(2003 ed.). New York: Rough Guides. pp. 354–355. ISBN 9781843530893.  ^ Kala, CP (2014). "Deluge, disaster and development in Uttarakhand Himalayan region of India: challenges and lessons for disaster management". International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 8: 143–152. doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2014.03.002.  ^ " Census
Census
of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census
Census
Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  ^ "[First-person Account] 'How I Survived 16 June Fury At Kedarnath' - Manoj Rawat - Tehelka - Investigations, Latest News, Politics, Analysis, Blogs, Culture, Photos, Videos, Podcasts". www.tehelka.com.  ^ " Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
floods: Survivors of Kedarnath
Kedarnath
recount ordeal".  ^ a b https://www.economist.com/news/asia/21580209-natural-disaster-aggravated-poor-response-high-and-wet Floods in India: High and wet ^ "Monsoon fury leaves Kedarnath
Kedarnath
shrine submerged in mud and slush". The Indian Express. 19 June 2013.  ^ "Thousands missing near Kedarnath
Kedarnath
shrine".  ^ "Exclusive: Dead bodies of pilgrims found in Kedarnath, one year after Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
tragedy", News Nation, 13 June 2014

Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend (ISBN 0-500-51088-1) by Anna Dhallapiccola

External links[edit]

Media related to Kedarnath
Kedarnath
at Wikimedia Commons Kedarnath
Kedarnath
travel guide from Wikivoyage Places and updates about Kedarnath
Kedarnath
valley Website for Kedarnath
Kedarnath
Information Kedarnath
Kedarnath
Travel Guide Kedernath pilgrimage gets even tougher after last year's flood Kedarnath
Kedarnath
Opening & Closing Dates Kedarnath
Kedarnath
yatra by helicopter

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