HOME
ListMoto - Kangxi Dictionary


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i)

The Kangxi Dictionary
Dictionary
(Chinese: 康熙字典; pinyin: Kāngxī Zìdiǎn) was the standard Chinese dictionary
Chinese dictionary
during the 18th and 19th centuries. The Kangxi Emperor
Kangxi Emperor
of the Manchu Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
ordered its compilation in 1710. It used the earlier Zihui
Zihui
system of 214 radicals, today known as 214 Kangxi radicals, and was published in 1716. The dictionary is named after the Emperor's era name. The dictionary contains more than 47,000 characters, though some 40% of them are graphic variants. In addition, there are rare or archaic characters, some of which are attested only once. Less than a quarter of these characters are now in common use.[1]

Contents

1 Compilation 2 Structure of the Kangxi dictionary 3 See also 4 References 5 Notes 6 External links

Compilation[edit] The Kangxi Dictionary
Dictionary
editors, including Zhang Yushu (張玉書) and Chen Tingjing (陳廷敬), based it partly on two Ming Dynasty dictionaries: the 1615 Zihui
Zihui
(字彙 "Character Collection") by Mei Yingzuo (梅膺祚), and the 1627 Zhengzitong (正字通 "Correct Character Mastery") by Zhang Zilie (張自烈). Since the imperial edict required that the Kangxi Dictionary
Dictionary
be compiled within five years, a number of errors were inevitable. The Daoguang Emperor established a review board and their 1831 Zidian kaozheng (字典考證 "Character Dictionary
Dictionary
Textual Research") corrected 2,588 mistakes, mostly in quotations and citations.[2] The supplemented dictionary contains 47,035 character entries, plus 1,995 graphic variants, giving a total of 49,030 different characters. They are grouped under the 214 radicals and arranged by the number of additional strokes in the character. Although these 214 radicals were first used in the Zihui, due to the popularity of the Kangxi Dictionary
Dictionary
they are known as Kangxi radicals and remain in modern usage as a method to categorize traditional Chinese characters. The character entries give variants (if any), pronunciations in traditional fanqie spelling and in modern reading of a homophone, different meanings, and quotations from Chinese books and lexicons. The dictionary also contains rime tables with characters ordered under syllable rime classes, tones, and initial syllable onsets. The Kangxi Dictionary
Dictionary
is available in many forms, from old Qing Dynasty editions in block printing, to reprints in traditional Chinese bookbinding, to modern revised editions with essays in Western-style hardcover, to the digitized Internet
Internet
version. The Kangxi Dictionary
Dictionary
is one of the Chinese dictionaries used by the Ideographic Rapporteur Group for the Unicode
Unicode
standard. Structure of the Kangxi dictionary[edit]

Kangxi Dictionary, 1827 reprint

Preface by Kangxi Emperor: pp. 1–6 (御製序) Notes on the use of the dictionary: pp. 7–12 (凡例) Indication of pronunciation of characters: pp. 13–40 (等韻) Comprehensive table of contents by radicals: pp. 41–49 (總目) Facilitated consulting contents: pp. 50–71 (檢字) The dictionary proper: pp. 75–1631

Main text: pp. 75–1538 Addendum contents: pp. 1539–1544 (補遺) Addendum text: pp. 1545–1576 Appendix contents (No–source–characters): pp. 1577–1583 (備考) Appendix text: pp. 1585–1631

Postscript: pp. 1633–1635 (後記) Textual research: pp. 1637–1683 (考證)

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kangxi Dictionary.

Dai Kan-Wa jiten Han-Han Dae Sajeon Hanyu Da Zidian List of Kangxi radicals Peiwen Yunfu Zhonghua Da Zidian

References[edit]

Teng, Ssu-yü and Biggerstaff, Knight. 1971. An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Chinese Reference Works, 3rd ed. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-03851-7 Kangxi (Emperor of China) (1842). Chinese and English dictionary: containing all the words in the Chinese imperial dictionary; arranged according to the radicals, Volume 1. Printed at Parapattan. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 

Notes[edit]

^ Endymion Wilkinson. Chinese History: A New Manual. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, Harvard-Yenching Institute Monograph Series, 2012. ISBN 9780674067158), pp. 80-81. ^ Teng and Biggerstaff 1971:130

External links[edit]

Kangxi Zidian (Tongwen Shuju edition), with dictionary lookup – Chinese Text Project Kangxi (Emperor of China) (1842). Chinese and English dictionary: containing all the words in the Chinese imperial dictionary; arranged according to the radicals, Volume 1. Printed at Parapattan. Retrieved 2011-05-15.  康熙字典網上版 Kangxi Dictionary
Dictionary
Net Version Kangxi zidian 康熙字典, English translation of one definition, on Chinaknowledge.de 汉典 The Chinese Language Dictionary
Dictionary
Homepage (in Chinese only) Making Friends with the Kangxi zidian 康熙字典 at the Wayback Machine (archived February 7, 2012), Occasional paper with translation of Kangxi Emperor's preface 御製康熙字典序 訂正康熙字典 EPUB版 Revised Kangxi Zidian, EPUB Version

v t e

Dictionaries of Chinese

Monolingual dictionaries

Character dictionaries (字典 Zìdiǎn)

Shizhoupian Cangjiepian Jijiupian Fangyan Shuowen Jiezi Shiming Zilin Ganlu Zishu Longkan Shoujian Zitong Leipian Kangxi Dictionary Zhonghua Da Zidian Xinhua Zidian Hanyu Da Zidian Zhonghua Zihai

Word dictionaries (詞典 Cídiǎn)

Erya Xiao Erya Guangya Ziyuan Yupian Jingdian Shiwen Yiqiejing Yinyi (Xuanying) Yiqiejing Yinyi (Huilin) Piya Zihui Zhengzitong Ciyuan Zhongguo Renming Dacidian Cihai Zhongwen Da Cidian Xiandai Hanyu Cidian Hanyu Da Cidian Great Dictionary
Dictionary
of Modern Chinese Dialects

Rime dictionaries (韻書 Yùnshū)

Shenglei Qieyun Tangyun Yunhai jingyuan Guangyun Jiyun Yunjing Qiyin lüe Menggu Ziyun Zhongyuan Yinyun Qi Lin Bayin Peiwen Yunfu

Bilingual dictionaries

Character dictionaries (字典 Zìdiǎn)

Grammata Serica Recensa The Five Thousand Dictionary Concise Dictionary
Dictionary
of Spoken Chinese

Word dictionaries (詞典 Cídiǎn)

Pearl in the Palm
Pearl in the Palm
(Tangut) Pentaglot Dictionary
Pentaglot Dictionary
(Manchu) A Dictionary
Dictionary
of the Chinese Language Chinese and English Dictionary A Syllabic Dictionary
Dictionary
of the Chinese Language A Chinese-English Dictionary Mathews' Chinese-English Dictionary Dai Kan-Wa Jiten (Japanese) ABC Chinese-English Dictionary Han-Han Dae Sajeon
Han-Han Dae Sajeon
(Korean) CEDICT Adsotrans Thesaurus Linguae Sericae

List of Chinese dictionaries

v t e

Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
topics

History

Seven Grievances First Manchu invasion of Korea Second Manchu invasion of Korea Qing conquest of the Ming

Battle of Shanhai Pass

Great Clearance Revolt of the Three Feudatories High Qing era Sino-Russian border conflicts Dzungar–Qing War Chinese expedition to Tibet (1720) Chinese Rites controversy Ten Great Campaigns Miao Rebellion (1735–36) Lhasa riot of 1750 Sino-Burmese War (1765–69) Battle of Ngọc Hồi-Đống Đa Sino-Nepalese War Miao Rebellion (1795–1806) White Lotus Rebellion First Opium War Sino-Sikh War Taiping Rebellion Nian Rebellion Red Turban Rebellion (1854–1856) Miao Rebellion (1854–73) Nepalese–Tibetan War Panthay Rebellion Second Opium War Amur Acquisition Self-Strengthening Movement Tongzhi Restoration Dungan Revolt (1862–77) Mudan Incident (1871) Tianjin Massacre Margary Affair Northern Chinese Famine Qing reconquest of Xinjiang Sino-French War Sikkim Expedition Jindandao Incident First Sino-Japanese War Gongche Shangshu movement Dungan Revolt (1895–96) Hundred Days' Reform Boxer Rebellion

Red Lanterns

Eight-Nation Alliance New Policies British expedition to Tibet 1905 Tibetan Rebellion 1909 Provincial Assembly elections Chinese expedition to Tibet (1910) Railway Protection Movement Xinhai Revolution

Wuchang Uprising Xinhai Lhasa turmoil Mongolian Revolution of 1911 Xinhai Revolution
Xinhai Revolution
in Xinjiang

Manchu Restoration

Government

Emperor

List Family tree

Amban Cup of Solid Gold Deliberative Council Flag of the Qing dynasty Grand Council Great Qing Legal Code Imperial Clan Court Imperial Commissioner Imperial Household Department Lifan Yuan Ministry of Posts and Communications Nine Gates Infantry Commander Provincial governor Provincial military commander Qinding Xianfa Dagang Royal and noble ranks of the Qing dynasty Viceroys

Zhili Shaan-Gan Liangjiang Huguang Sichuan Min-Zhe Liangguang Yun-Gui Three Northeast Provinces

Zongli Yamen

Military

Military of the Qing dynasty Beiyang Army Chu Army Eight Banners Ever Victorious Army Green Standard Army Huai Army Hushenying Imperial Guards Brigade New Army Peking Field Force Shuishiying Wuwei Corps Xiang Army

Special
Special
regions

Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
in Inner Asia Manchuria under Qing rule Mongolia under Qing rule

Administrative divisions

Tibet under Qing rule

Golden Urn List of imperial residents

Xinjiang under Qing rule

General of Ili

Taiwan under Qing rule

Provincial Administration Hall

Palaces & mausoleums

Chengde Mountain Resort Forbidden City Mukden Palace Old Summer Palace Summer Palace Eastern Qing tombs Fuling Mausoleum Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties Western Qing tombs

Society & culture

Booi Aha Changzhou School of Thought Dibao Four Wangs Gujin Tushu Jicheng History of Ming Islam during the Qing dynasty Kangxi Dictionary Kaozheng Literary Inquisition Manchu Han Imperial Feast Peiwen Yunfu Pentaglot Dictionary Qing official headwear Qing poetry Quan Tangshi Queue Researches on Manchu Origins Sacred Edict of the Kangxi Emperor Shamanism in the Qing dynasty Siku Quanshu

Zongmu Tiyao

Treaties

Treaty of Kyakhta (1727) Treaty of Nerchinsk Unequal treaty

Boxer Protocol Burlingame Treaty Chefoo Convention Convention Between Great Britain and China Respecting Tibet Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory Convention of Peking Convention of Tientsin Li–Lobanov Treaty Sino-Portuguese Treaty of Peking Treaty of Aigun Treaty of the Bogue Treaty of Canton Treaty of Kulja Treaty of Nanking Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1881) Treaty of Shimonoseki Treaty of Tarbagatai Treaty of Tientsin Treaty of Wanghia Treaty of Whampoa

Other topics

Aisin Gioro Anti-Qing sentiment Canton System Chuang Guandong Draft History of Qing Imperial hunt of the Qing dynasty Manchu people Names of the Qing dynasty New Qing History Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
coinage Qing conquest theory Timeline of late anti-Qing rebellions Treaty ports Willow Palisade

This article about a dictionary is a stub. You can help by expandi

.

Time at 25452478.9, Busy percent: 30
***************** NOT Too Busy at 25452478.9 3../logs/periodic-service_log.txt
1440 = task['interval'];
25453687.3 = task['next-exec'];
0 = task['last-exec'];
daily-work.php = task['exec'];
25452478.9 Time.

10080 = task['interval'];
25462327.3 = task['next-exec'];
0 = task['last-exec'];
weekly-work.php = task['exec'];
25452478.9 Time.

30 = task['interval'];
25452487.616667 = task['next-exec'];
25452457.616667 = task['last-exec'];
PeriodicStats.php = task['exec'];
25452478.9 Time.

1440 = task['interval'];
25453687.3 = task['next-exec'];
0 = task['last-exec'];
PeriodicBuild.php = task['exec'];
25452478.9 Time.

1440 = task['interval'];
25453687.3 = task['next-exec'];
0 = task['last-exec'];
build-sitemap-xml.php = task['exec'];
25452478.9 Time.

60 = task['interval'];
25452487.416667 = task['next-exec'];
25452427.416667 = task['last-exec'];
cleanup.php = task['exec'];
25452478.9 Time.

60 = task['interval'];
25452487.5 = task['next-exec'];
25452427.5 = task['last-exec'];
parse-contens.php = task['exec'];
25452478.9 Time.