WEST KAMENG (pronounced ˈkæmɛŋ) is a district of Arunachal
Pradesh in northeastern India. It accounts for 8.86% of the total area
of the state. The name is derived from the
Kameng river , a tributary
Brahmaputra , that flows through the district.
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Topography
* 2.2 Climate
* 3 Transport
* 4 Economy
* 5 Divisions
* 6 Demographics
* 6.1 Population
* 6.2 Language
* 6.3 Religion
* 7 Flora and fauna
* 8 References
* 9 External links
TM A .
Lamaism got a strong foothold among the tribal groups as early
as in the 7th century, where the Kachen Lama constructed the Lhagyala
Gompa in Morshing .
Whenever loose control was exerted over the area, small, feudal
chiefdoms ruled by the Miji and the Aka chiefs dominated control over
the area. This can be evidenced in the fact that ruined fortresses
like those in
Bhalukpong constructed in the 10th to 12th century and
Dirang fort, which was constructed in the 17th century to defend
against invasions from neighbouring chiefdoms.
Upon the arrival of the British , the entire area became what was
known as the
North-East Frontier Agency
North-East Frontier Agency . It was renamed as the
Balipara Frontier tract in 1919, with its headquarters at Charduar in
Assam. In 1946, the district area was carved out of the Balipara ,
with the name Sela Sub-Agency and its headquarters continued to be
Charduar of Assam.
Following the independence of India, the Sela Sub-Agency was renamed
as the Kameng Frontier Division . Its headquarters were later
Bomdila in 1954. However, with the invasion of
1950, Tibetan refugees started populating the area. Furthermore, with
the invasion of the Chinese troops into this area, many historical
monuments were either destroyed or defaced.
The Kameng Frontier Division was renamed as the Kameng District. The
Political Officer was also redesignated as the Deputy Commissioner of
Kameng . However, due to political reasons, the Kameng district was
East Kameng and West Kameng on 1 June 1980. Tawang
district, which initially belonged to part of the district, was
separated on 6 October 1984.
West Kameng district
West Kameng district occupies an area of 7,442 square kilometres
(2,873 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea 's New
Ireland . It lies approximately between 91° 30' to 92° 40' East
longitudes and 26° 54' to 28° 01' North latitudes. The district
shares an international border with
Tibet in the north,
Bhutan in the
Tawang District in the northwest, and
East Kameng district in
the east. The southern border is shared with
Sonitpur district and
Udalguri district of
Assam . The
Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary
Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary is
located in West Kameng. The scenic beauty of
Bhalukpong in West
The topography is mostly mountainous. Much of West Kameng area is
covered with the
Himalayas . The highest peak in the district and
state is Kangte .
East Kameng , the
West Kameng district
West Kameng district experiences an arid
tundra or a cool temperate climate in the north. Snow fall occurs from
mid-November to February. Snow can be also seen in Khupi, Bomdilla,
Nechiphu. Nechiphu is the highest place in the district, situated at
5690 feet above sea level.
The 2,000-kilometre-long (1,200 mi) proposed Mago-
Arunachal Pradesh Frontier Highway along the
McMahon Line ,
(will intersect with the proposed East-West Industrial Corridor
Highway ) and will pass through this district, alignment map of which
can be seen here and here.
Like most of
Arunachal Pradesh ,
Jhum , or shifting cultivation , is
practised among the tribes who live in lower elevations where there is
a temperate or subtropical climate. Horticulture is practised as well.
Small industries such as textile and handicraft factories can be
The district is divided into three subdivisions, Thrizino , Rupa and
Bomdila , which are further divided into twelve administrative
Dirang , Bomdila,
Kalaktang , Balemu, Bhalukpong,
Jameri, Sinchung, Nafra, Thrizino, Rupa, Thembang and Shergaon. The
four development blocks in this district are Dirang, Kalaktang,
Nafra-Buragaon, and Thrizino.
There are 4
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly constituencies
located in this district:
Bomdila . All of these are part of Arunachal West Lok Sabha
According to the 2011 census
West Kameng district
West Kameng district has a population of
87,013, roughly equal to the nation of
Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda . This
gives it a ranking of 618th in India (out of a total of 640 ). The
district has a population density of 12 inhabitants per square
kilometre (31/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade
2001–2011 was 16.64%. West Kameng has a sex ratio of 755 females
for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 69.4%.
West Kameng comprises five major tribes: Monpa (which includes
Dirang, Bhut, Lish, and
Kalaktang Monpa), Miji (Sajolang), Sherdukpen
, Aka (Hrusso), and
Bugun (Khowa). Minority tribes include
Chugpa , and Butpa . All of these indigenous communities use
the Nefamese language (an Assamese pidgin) to communicate with each
Languages spoken in West Kameng include the following.
Hruso language (Aka)
Khowa language (Bugun)
Lish language (and Chug)
Most of the inhabitants are
Buddhist , though the Aka, Khowa, and
Miji have indigenous religions and those tribe members follow a mix of
Buddhism, H and
Donyi-Polo (a form of
FLORA AND FAUNA
West Kameng district
West Kameng district became home to the Eaglenest Wildlife
Sanctuary , which has an area of 217 km2 (83.8 sq mi). It is also
home to the Sessa Orchid Wildlife Sanctuary , which was established in
1989 and has an area of 100 km2 (38.6 sq mi).
* ^ A B C "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved
* ^ A B Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India".
Statoids. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
* ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union
Territories: Arunachal Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference
Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General,
Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Government of India
Government of India . p. 1113. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7 . CS1
maint: Extra text: authors list (link )
* ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations
Environment Program . 18 February 1998. Retrieved 2014-01-07. New
* ^ "Top officials to meet to expedite road building along China
border". Dipak Kumar Dash. timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 27
* ^ "Narendra Modi government to provide funds for restoration of
damaged highways". www.dnaindia.com. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
* ^ "Indian Government Plans Highway Along Disputed China Border".
Ankit Panda. thediplomat.com. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
* ^ "Govt planning road along McMohan line in Arunachal Pradesh:
Kiren Rijiju". Live Mint. Retrieved 2014-10-26.
* ^ "China warns India against paving road in Arunachal". Ajay
Banerjee. tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2014-10-26.
* ^ "Assembly Constituencies allocation w.r.t District and
Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Arunachal
Pradesh website. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011.
Retrieved 21 March 2011.
* ^ A B C D E F "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011.
* ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country
Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Antigua and Barbuda
87,884 July 2011 est.
* ^ A B Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected
areas: Arunachal Pradesh". Archived from the original on 23 August
2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.