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Jyutping
Jyutping
(Chinese: 粵拼; Jyutping: Jyut6ping3; Cantonese pronunciation: [jỳːt̚.pʰēŋ]) is a romanisation system for Cantonese
Cantonese
developed by the Linguistic Society of Hong Kong (LSHK), an academic group, in 1993. Its formal name is The Linguistic Society of Hong Kong Cantonese
Cantonese
Romanisation
Romanisation
Scheme. The LSHK promotes the use of this romanisation system. The name Jyutping
Jyutping
(itself the Jyutping
Jyutping
romanisation of its Chinese name, 粵拼) is a contraction consisting of the first Chinese characters of the terms Jyut6jyu5 (粵語, meaning " Cantonese
Cantonese
speech") and ping3jam1 (拼音 "phonetic alphabet").

Chinese romanization

Mandarin

Standard Chinese

Hanyu Pinyin
Hanyu Pinyin
(ISO standard) EFEO Gwoyeu Romatzyh

Spelling conventions

Latinxua Sin Wenz Mandarin Phonetic Symbols II Postal romanization Tongyong Pinyin Wade–Giles Yale romanization Lessing-Othmer Legge romanization Simplified Wade Comparison chart

Sichuanese

Sichuanese Pinyin Scuanxua Ladinxua Xin Wenz

Wu

Wenzhounese

Wenzhounese romanization

Yue

Cantonese

Jyutping Yale romanization Guangdong Romanization Hong Kong Government Macau Government Meyer–Wempe Sidney Lau S. L. Wong (phonetic symbols) S. L. Wong (romanization) Cantonese
Cantonese
Pinyin Standard Romanization Barnett–Chao Comparison chart

Southern Min

Taiwanese, Amoy and related

Pe̍h-ōe-jī Modern Literal Taiwanese Phofsit Daibuun Bbánlám pìngyīm Daighi tongiong pingim TLPA Tâi-lô Comparison chart

Teochew

Peng'im

Eastern Min

Fuzhou dialect

Foochow Romanized

Northern Min

Jian'ou dialect

Kienning Colloquial Romanized

Pu-Xian Min

Putian dialect

Hinghwa Romanized

Hainanese

Haikou dialect

Hainan Romanized

Wenchang dialect

Hainanhua Pinyin
Pinyin
Fang'an

Hakka

Meixian dialect

Kejiahua Pinyin
Pinyin
Fang'an Hagfa Pinyim

Sixian dialect

Pha̍k-fa-sṳ TLPA

Gan

Chang-Du dialect

Pha̍k-oa-chhi

See also

Other transliterations

General Chinese Cyrillization Xiao'erjing 'Phags-pa script Bopomofo Taiwanese kana Taiwanese Phonetic Symbols Mongolian transliteration of Chinese characters Manchu transliteration Transcription into Chinese

By place

Romanization in Hong Kong Romanization in Singapore Romanization in Taiwan

v t e

Contents

1 History 2 Initials 3 Finals 4 Tones 5 Comparison with Yale romanisation 6 Comparison with Cantonese
Cantonese
pinyin 7 Examples 8 Jyutping
Jyutping
input method

8.1 List of Jyutping
Jyutping
keyboard input utilities

9 See also 10 Footnotes 11 External links

History[edit] The Jyutping
Jyutping
system[1] marks a departure from all previous Cantonese romanisation systems (approximately, 12 including Robert Morrison's pioneering work of 1828, and the widely used Standard Romanization, Yale and Sidney Lau systems) by introducing z and c initials and the use of eo and oe in finals, as well as replacing the initial y, used in all previous systems, with j.[2] Initials[edit]

b /p/ 巴 p /pʰ/ 怕 m /m/ 媽 f /f/ 花

d /t/ 打 t /tʰ/ 他 n /n/ 那

l /l/ 啦

g /k/ 家 k /kʰ/ 卡 ng /ŋ/ 牙 h /h/ 蝦

gw /kʷ/ 瓜 kw /kʷʰ/ 誇

w /w/ 蛙

z /ts/ 渣 c /tsʰ/ 叉

s /s/ 沙 j /j/ 也

Finals[edit]

aa /aː/ 沙 aai /aːi̯/ 徙 aau /aːu̯/ 梢 aam /aːm/ 三 aan /aːn/ 山 aang /aːŋ/ 坑 aap /aːp̚/ 圾 aat /aːt̚/ 剎 aak /aːk̚/ 客

  ai /ɐi̯/ 西 au /ɐu̯/ 收 am /ɐm/ 心 an /ɐn/ 新 ang /ɐŋ/ 笙 ap /ɐp̚/ 濕 at /ɐt̚/ 失 ak /ɐk̚/ 塞

e /ɛː/ 些 ei /ei̯/ 四 eu /ɛːu̯/ 掉[1] em /ɛːm/ 舐[2]   eng /ɛːŋ/ 鄭 ep /ɛːp̚/ 夾[3]   ek /ɛːk̚/ 石

i /iː/ 詩   iu /iːu̯/ 消 im /iːm/ 閃 in /iːn/ 先 ing /eŋ/ 星 ip /iːp̚/ 攝 it /iːt̚/ 洩 ik /ek̚/ 識

o /ɔː/ 疏 oi /ɔːy̯/ 開 ou /ou̯/ 蘇   on /ɔːn/ 看 ong /ɔːŋ/ 康   ot /ɔːt̚/ 喝 ok /ɔːk̚/ 索

u /uː/ 夫 ui /uːy̯/ 灰     un /uːn/ 寬 ung /oŋ/ 鬆   ut /uːt̚/ 闊 uk /ok̚/ 叔

oe /œː/ 鋸 eoi /ɵy̯/ 需     eon /ɵn/ 詢 oeng /œːŋ/ 商   eot /ɵt̚/ 摔 oek /œːk̚/ 削

yu /yː/ 書       yun /yːn/ 孫     yut /yːt̚/ 雪  

      m /m̩/ 唔   ng /ŋ̩/ 吳      

Only the finals m and ng can be used as standalone nasal syllables. ^ ^ ^ Referring to the colloquial pronunciation of these words.

Tones[edit] There are nine tones in six distinct tone contours in Cantonese. However, as three of the nine are entering tones (入聲, Jyutping: jap6sing1), which only appear in syllables ending with p, t, and k, they do not have separate tone numbers in Jyutping
Jyutping
(though they do in Cantonese
Cantonese
Pinyin; these are shown in parentheses in the table below).

Tone name jam1ping4 (陰平) jam1soeng5 (陰上) jam1heoi3 (陰去) joeng4ping4 (陽平) joeng4soeng5 (陽上) joeng4heoi3 (陽去) gou1jam1jap6 (高陰入) dai1jam1jap6 (低陰入) joeng4jap6 (陽入)

Tone Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 (7) 3 (8) 6 (9)

The tone name in English high level or high falling mid rising mid level low falling low rising low level entering high level entering mid level entering low level

Contour[3] ˥ 55 / ˥˧ 53 ˧˥ 35 ˧ 33 ˨˩ 21 / ˩ 11 ˩˧ 13 ˨ 22 ˥ 5 ˧ 3 ˨ 2

Character Example 分/詩 粉/史 訓/試 焚/時 奮/市 份/是 忽/識 發/錫 佛/食

Example fan1/si1 fan2/si2 fan3/si3 fan4/si4 fan5/si5 fan6/si6 fat1/sik1 faat3/sek3 fat6/sik6

Comparison with Yale romanisation[edit] Jyutping
Jyutping
and the Yale Romanisation
Romanisation
of Cantonese
Cantonese
represent Cantonese pronunciations with the same letters in:

The initials: b, p, m, f, d, t, n, l, g, k, ng, h, s, gw, kw, w. The vowel: aa (except when used alone), a, e, i, o, u, yu. The nasal stop: m, ng. The coda: i, u, m, n, ng, p, t, k.

But they differ in the following:

The vowels eo and oe represent /ɵ/ and /œː/ respectively in Jyutping, whereas the eu represents both vowels in Yale. The initial j represents /j/ in Jyutping
Jyutping
whereas y is used instead in Yale. The initial z represents /ts/ in Jyutping
Jyutping
whereas j is used instead in Yale. The initial c represents /tsʰ/ in Jyutping
Jyutping
whereas ch is used instead in Yale. In Jyutping, if no consonant precedes the vowel yu, then the initial j is appended before the vowel. In Yale, the corresponding initial y is never appended before yu under any circumstances. Jyutping
Jyutping
defines three finals not in Yale: eu /ɛːu/, em /ɛːm/, and ep /ɛːp/. These three finals are used in colloquial Cantonese
Cantonese
words, such as deu6 (掉), lem2 (舐), and gep6 (夾). To represent tones, only tone numbers are used in Jyutping
Jyutping
whereas Yale traditionally uses tone marks together with the letter h (though tone numbers can be used in Yale as well).

Comparison with Cantonese
Cantonese
pinyin[edit] Jyutping
Jyutping
and Cantonese
Cantonese
Pinyin
Pinyin
represent Cantonese
Cantonese
pronunciations with the same letters in:

The initials: b, p, m, f, d, t, n, l, g, k, ng, h, s, gw, kw, j, w. The vowel: aa, a, e, i, o, u. The nasal stop: m, ng. The coda: i (except for its use in the coda /y/ in Jyutping; see below), u, m, n, ng, p, t, k.

But they have some differences:

The vowel oe represents both /ɵ/ and /œː/ in Cantonese
Cantonese
Pinyin whereas eo and oe represent /ɵ/ and /œː/ respectively in Jyutping. The vowel y represents /y/ in Cantonese
Cantonese
Pinyin
Pinyin
whereas both yu (used in the nucleus) and i (used in the coda of the final -eoi) are used in Jyutping. The initial dz represents /ts/ in Cantonese
Cantonese
Pinyin
Pinyin
whereas z is used instead in Jyutping. The initial ts represents /tsʰ/ in Cantonese
Cantonese
Pinyin
Pinyin
whereas c is used instead in Jyutping. To represent tones, the numbers 1 to 9 are usually used in Cantonese Pinyin, although the use of 1, 3, 6 to replace 7, 8, 9 for the checked tones is acceptable. However, only the numbers 1 to 6 are used in Jyutping.

Examples[edit]

Traditional Simplified Romanization

廣州話 广州话 Gwong2zau1waa2

粵語 粤语 Jyut6jyu5

你好 你好 nei5 hou2

Sample transcription of one of the 300 Tang Poems:

春曉 孟浩然 Ceon1 hiu2 Maang6 Hou6jin4

春眠不覺曉, Ceon1 min4 bat1 gok3 hiu2,

處處聞啼鳥。 cyu3 cyu3 man4 tai4 niu5.

夜來風雨聲, Je6 loi4 fung1 jyu5 sing1,

花落知多少? faa1 lok6 zi1 do1 siu2?

Jyutping
Jyutping
input method[edit] The Jyutping
Jyutping
method (Chinese: 粵拼輸入法) refers to a family of input methods based on the Jyutping
Jyutping
romanization system. The Jyutping
Jyutping
method allows a user to input Chinese characters by entering the jyutping of a Chinese character
Chinese character
(with or without tone, depending on the system) and then presenting the user with a list of possible characters with that pronunciation. List of Jyutping
Jyutping
keyboard input utilities[edit]

Online Jyutping
Jyutping
Input Method (網上粵拼輸入法) MDBG Type Chinese Red Dragonfly (紅蜻蜓粵語拼音詞語輸入法) LSHK Jyutping
Jyutping
for Macintosh
Macintosh
Mac OS X
Mac OS X
and OS 9
OS 9
(The page also includes Yale input version 0.2) Hong Kong Cantonese
Cantonese
2010 (via Microsoft Office IME 2010) Canton Easy Input (粵語拼音輸入法) Cantonese
Cantonese
Phonetic IME (廣東話拼音輸入法) (also called ' Cantonese
Cantonese
Phonetic IME (CPIME) Jyutping' in Windows 10[4])

See also[edit]

Hong Kong portal China portal Languages portal

Cantonese
Cantonese
phonology

Footnotes[edit]

^ "The Jyutping
Jyutping
Scheme". The Linguistic Society of Hong Kong. Archived from the original on 26 April 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2016.  ^ Kataoka, Shin; Lee, Cream (2008). "A System without a System: Cantonese
Cantonese
Romanization Used in Hong Kong Place and Personal Names". Hong Kong Journal of Applied Linguistics: 94–98.  ^ MATTHEWS, S.; YIP, V. Cantonese: A Comprehensive Grammar; London: Routledge, 1994 ^ FAQ: How to select Cantonese
Cantonese
Phonetic IME (CPIME) in Windows 10

External links[edit]

Jyutping
Jyutping
Pronunciation Guide 粵語拼盤: Learning the phonetic system of Cantonese Chinese Character Database (Phonologically Disambiguated According to the Cantonese
Cantonese
Dialect) The CantoDict Project is a dedicated Cantonese-Mandarin-English online dictionary which uses Jyutping
Jyutping
by default MDBG free online Chinese-English dictionary (supports both Jyutping and

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