JOHN BLOOMFIELD JERVIS (December 14, 1795 – January 12, 1885) was an American civil engineer . America's leading consulting engineer of the antebellum era (1820–60), Jervis designed and supervised the construction of five of America's earliest railroads, was chief engineer of three major canal projects, designed the first locomotive to run in America, designed and built the 41-mile Croton Aqueduct – New York City's fresh water supply from 1842 to 1891 – and was a consulting engineer for the Boston water system.
* 1 Family and early life
* 2 Work
* 2.1 Jervis steam locomotive * 2.2 Croton Aqueduct
* 3 Legacy * 4 Works * 5 References * 6 External links
FAMILY AND EARLY LIFE
John Bloomfield Jervis was born in 1795 at
Huntington, New York , on
In 1831, he became the chief engineer for the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad , a predecessor of the New York Central , and two years later he was appointed chief engineer of upstate New York's Chenango Canal project and helped in its design and construction. In 1836, Jervis was chosen as the chief engineer on the 41-mile long Croton Aqueduct . After his work on the Croton Aqueduct, Jervis served as a consulting engineer for the Boston water system from 1846 to 1848.
In the 1850s and into the early 1860s he worked on railroads in the
Jervis retired in 1864 to his homestead in Rome, New York , but he continued to work actively in the area. In 1869, he helped form the Merchants Iron Mill, known today as the Rome Iron Mill in upstate New York industry. He was also the founder of the Rome, New York public library, named for him. Much of the remainder of Jervis's life was spent writing. He published The Question of Labor and Capital on economics in 1877.
JERVIS STEAM LOCOMOTIVE
Jervis' first steam locomotive design was the
Stourbridge Lion .
Later, in 1832, while working as chief engineer for the Delaware and
Hudson Canal and Railroad , he built the first steam locomotives with
a leading bogie , a four-wheel leading truck that guides the
locomotive into curves. This
Upon his death, Jervis bequeathed his homestead to the city of Rome
to use as the location for a public library. His personal library now
John B. Jervis
The city of
Port Jervis, New York
* Railway Property (1859) * The Construction and Management of Railways (1861) * Labor and Capital (1877)
* ^ A B C "A Veteran Engineer\'s Death; John B. Jervis, Who Helped
to Construct the Erie Canal". New York Times. 1885-01-14. Retrieved
* ^ A B C D Spears, John R. "John Bloomfield Jervis." The Railway
and Locomotive Historical Society Bulletin 30 (1933): 5-29.
* ^ Garraty, J. A., Carnes, M. C., & American Council of Learned
Societies. (1999). American national biography. New York, NY: Oxford
University Press. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link )
* ^ A B C D E F "John Bloomfield Jervis Papers". Central New York
Library Resources Council. Retrieved 2005-03-09.
* ^ Beydler, John. "The Rock founders faced tragedy and travail
before triumphing". The Railroad Comes to Town. Archived from the
original on 2012-07-13. Retrieved 2008-03-14.
* ^ "The First One Hundred Years". Jervis Public Library. Retrieved
National Park Service
* Jervis, John B.; FitzSimons, Neal, ed. (1971). The Reminiscences of John B. Jervis. Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, New York. ISBN 0-8156-0077-1 . CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link )CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * Larkin, F. Daniel (1990). John B. Jervis: An American Engineering Pioneer. Iowa State University Press. ISBN 0-8138-0355-1 . * Museum of the City of New York, The Croton Aqueduct. Retrieved March 9, 2005. * White, John H, Jr. (Spring 1986), America's Most Noteworthy Railroaders, Railroad History, 154, p. 9-15.