A member of the Democratic Party , she is the first female U.S.
Senator in New Hampshire's history, was the first woman to be elected
After serving two terms in the
Shaheen became the first Democratic Senator from
* 1 Early life, education, and pre-political career
* 2 Early political career
* 3 Governor of
* 4 Presidential politics
* 4.1 2000 * 4.2 2004
* 5 U.S. Senate
* 5.1 Elections * 5.2 Tenure
* 5.3 Legislation
* 5.3.1 111th Congress (2009-2010) * 5.3.2 112th Congress (2011-2012) * 5.3.3 113th Congress (2013-2014)
* 5.4 Committee assignments
* 6 Electoral history * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links
EARLY LIFE, EDUCATION, AND PRE-POLITICAL CAREER
EARLY POLITICAL CAREER
A Democrat , she worked on several campaigns, including Jimmy
Carter’s 1976 presidential campaign, and as the New Hampshire
campaign manager for
In April 2005, Shaheen was named director of Harvard's Institute of Politics, succeeding former U.S. Representative and Secretary of Agriculture Dan Glickman .
GOVERNOR OF NEW HAMPSHIRE
Shaheen's decision to run for
In 1996, Shaheen was the first woman to be elected governor of New Hampshire. (She was not, however, the first woman to serve as New Hampshire's governor; Vesta M. Roy was acting governor from December 30, 1982 until January 6, 1983.)
In 1998, she was re-elected by a margin of 66 to 31 percent.
In both 1996 and 1998, Shaheen took a no-new-taxes pledge. After a court decision preventing education from being largely supported by local taxes, “her administration devised a plan that would have increased education spending and set a statewide property tax.”
Running for a third term in 2000, Shaheen refused to renew that
no-new-taxes pledge, becoming the first
In 2001 Shaheen tried to implement a 2.5 percent sales tax, the first
broad-based tariff of its kind in history of New Hampshire. Unlike
neighboring New England states
During the 2000 Democratic presidential primary in New Hampshire,
Governor Shaheen expressed support for
After a short time teaching at
2002 Main article:
United States Senate
After she was elected to three two-year terms as governor, Shaheen
declined to run for a fourth term, instead choosing to run for the
U.S. Senate in 2002 . She was defeated by Republican
John E. Sununu
In June 2004, former Republican consultant Allen Raymond pleaded guilty to jamming Democratic Party lines set up to get New Hampshire Democrats to the polls in 2002, an action that some (most notably former Senator Bob Smith , whom Sununu had defeated in the Republican primary) believe may have contributed to Shaheen's narrow loss. A judge sentenced Raymond to five months in jail in February 2005. Charles McGee , the former state GOP executive director, was sentenced to seven months for his role.
Raymond alleged that James Tobin , Northeast field director for the National Republican Senatorial Committee , masterminded the plot. In December 2005, Tobin was convicted of two federal felonies arising from the phone-jamming and sentenced to ten months in prison but that conviction was reversed after Tobin's lawyers appealed. In October 2008, prosecutors filed two new felony indictments which charged that James Tobin lied to a FBI agent when he was interviewed in 2003 about his role in the phone-jamming case. These subsequent charges were summarily dismissed in 2009 after the federal judge in Maine's District Court found them motivated by 'vindictive prosecution.'
The race was the first time two candidates with Lebanese-American families, although Shaheen herself is not Lebanese-American, have squared off in a Senate race. 2008 Main article: United States Senate election in New Hampshire, 2008
In early July 2007 through UNH, CNN and WMUR put out a poll
In April 2007, Shaheen met with Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid
(D-Nevada) and Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee Chairman Chuck
Schumer (D-New York) about a possible US Senate run. The Senators both
said that she would have strong support from the DSCC if she ran. On
September 14, 2007, Shaheen announced that she intended to run for the
Senate against Sununu. On September 15, 2007, she formally launched
her US Senate bid at her home in Madbury,
Shaheen defeated Sununu 52% to 45% (44,535 votes). 2014 Main
United States Senate
Shaheen ran for re-election to a second term in 2014, facing former Massachusetts Senator Scott Brown .
In March 2014, Brown announced he was forming an exploratory
committee to run against Shaheen. According to the
In June 2014, WMUR reported that Shaheen had never released her tax returns in her 18 years of public service in New Hampshire. Shaheen said she would not rule out releasing her returns, but would like to see her opponent do so first.
She was endorsed again by Emily’s List.
On election night, even as her party lost control of the Senate,
Shaheen won reelection with 51 percent of the vote to Brown's 48
percent. As a measure of how Republican
Senator Shaheen with Supreme Court Justice
On January 6, 2009, Shaheen was sworn into the
United States Senate
In 2009, Shaheen partnered with U.S. Senator
In December 2009, Shaheen voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA; commonly called ObamaCare or the Affordable Care Act).
In advance of the roll-out of the PPACA, Shaheen said that people who liked their current health care plans could keep them. When asked about individuals who were losing their health care plans due to the PPACA, Shaheen said people could keep their health care plans if they were "willing to pay more."
Shaheen has sponsored numerous bills relating to diabetes, including gestational diabetes , that would, among other things, improve and increase access to diabetes education, increase access to diabetes medicine, and increase funding for diabetes research. Fiscal
On October 11, 2011, Shaheen voted to proceed with a proposed bill which included $446 billion in spending on infrastructure and schools and provided funding for state and local governments, as well as an extension of the payroll tax deduction. The spending would have been paid for by a 5.6 percent surtax on incomes above $1 million. The bill failed to obtain cloture.
Shaheen used an earmark in a large appropriations bill to restore funding for a federal prison in Berlin, NH, despite a $276 million recommended cut. Gun control
On April 17, 2013, Shaheen voted for the Manchin-Toomey Amendment to expand background checks for gun purchases. Energy
Following the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010, Shaheen
proposed abolishing the
Minerals Management Service
On April 28, 2014, Shaheen introduced the Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act of 2014 (S. 2262; 113th Congress) , a bill that is intended to improve efficient energy use in the United States. Iraq war
In 2002, when Shaheen narrowly lost to Sununu, both supported "regime change" for Iraq.
Shaheen said that she came to supporting the policy of removing
Saddam Hussein from power after meeting with former
Clinton-administration National Security Advisor
Sandy Berger .
According to the
Shaheen later questioned
George W. Bush
“George (W.) Bush has taken us in the wrong direction. He misled us into war in Iraq. That war has not made us safer and more secure at home... You know, we have not stabilized Afghanistan. We have not stabilized Iraq. There is no plan to win the peace.”
On July 28, 2004, while serving as Chair of the Kerry-Edwards Campaign, Gov. Shaheen answered questions about her prior support of the Iraq war during an interview on C-SPAN.
"George (W.) Bush said that the reason we needed to go to war in Iraq, the reason we needed to remove Saddam Hussein was because he had weapons of mass destruction, weapons that could be used against this country, because he had ties to al Qaeda and the terrorists who were responsible for the Sept 11 tragedy.
What we know now and what George Bush and Dick Cheney have admitted is that in fact Saddam Hussein did not have weapons of mass destruction.... The links to al Qaeda that the president talked about were not there.... While I appreciate that there was an effort to make people in this county think that ... the fact is that's not true."
Shaheen initially opposed same-sex marriage as governor of New Hampshire. In 2009, however, she came out in favor of the legislative enactment of marriage for same-sex couples , and became a sponsor of the Respect for Marriage Act . She also voted in favor of the repeal of Don\'t ask, don\'t tell , and supports government recognition of same-sex spouses of military and other government personnel.
As a Senator, Shaheen has sponsored 87 bills, including:
111th Congress (2009-2010)
* S. 239, a bill to require the Secretary of Veterans Affairs (VA)
to ensure that veterans have access to at least one full-service
hospital for veterans in their state or to a comparable non-VA
full-service hospital, introduced January 14, 2009, reintroduced in
the 112th Congress as S. 910 and in the 113th Congress as S. 49
* S. 1295, a bill to include transitional services following
hospital discharges to be covered under Medicare Part B , introduced
June 18, 2009
* S. 1576, a bill to establish a program to provide incentives to
reduce greenhouse gas emissions on private forests through increasing
carbon sequestration and reducing deforestation , introduced August 4,
2009. Provisions similar to this bill were included in the American
Clean Energy and Security Act .
* S. 1778, a bill to allow for the approval of generic drugs if the
labeling of such drugs meets certain requirements, introduced October
* S. 2808, a bill to increase the allowable loan amount from the
Small Business Administration
112th Congress (2011-2012)
* S. 25, a bill to eliminate non-recourse support loans for sugar producers, to gradually lower loan rates for sugarcane and sugar beets to zero, to eliminate sugar price supports, and to increase tariff-rate quotas for sugar crops and refined sugars, introduced January 25, 2011. Shaheen introduced a similar bill, S. 345, in the 113th Congress. * S. 3618, a bill to prohibit the exclusion of U.S. citizens from serving as a juror simply because of their sexual orientation, introduced September 21, 2012, reintroduced in the 113th Congress as S. 38
113th Congress (2013-2014)
* S. 373, a bill to consider a military spouse as such if the
marriage of the spouse is considered legally valid in the state in
which the spouses married, introduced February 14, 2013
* S. 722, a bill to require the
Internal Revenue Service
* COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
* Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies * Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development * Subcommittee on Homeland Security (Ranking Member) * Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies * Subcommittee on the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
* COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES
* Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities * Subcommittee on Readiness and Management Support * Subcommittee on Seapower
* COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
* Subcommittee on European Affairs (Ranking Member) * Subcommittee on International Operations and Organizations, Human Rights, Democracy and Global Women\'s Issues * Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs
* COMMITTEE ON SMALL BUSINESS AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP (Ranking Member) * COMMISSION ON SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE
GOVERNOR ELECTIONS IN NEW HAMPSHIRE: RESULTS 1996-2000
DEMOCRATIC VOTES PCT
REPUBLICAN VOTES PCT
3RD PARTY PARTY VOTES PCT
3RD PARTY PARTY VOTES PCT
JEANNE SHAHEEN 284,175 57%
Ovide Lamontagne 196,321 40%
Fred Bramante Independent Reform 10,316 2%
Robert Kingsbury Libertarian 5,974 1%
JEANNE SHAHEEN (INC.) 210,769 66%
Jay Lucas 98,473 31%
Ken Blevens Libertarian 8,655 3%
Write-ins Write-ins 503